A device for finding geopathically zones

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for search and location on the earth's surface zones caused by anomalies in the distribution of aquifers and layers with different chemical composition, which has a negative effect on health, well-being and behavior of humans and animals, which can lead to pathological conditions and diseases, and can be used in various branches of national economy, in particular in medicine and agriculture. The technical result is greater accuracy and ease of finding the location geopathically zones. The device comprises a square frame with pinned at its corners the first to fourth electrodes, and the first subtraction unit, the input of which is connected to the first and third electrodes, the second subtraction unit, the input of which is connected to the second and fourth electrodes, the third subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, the fourth subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second memory elements, and the fifth subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the third and fourth memory elements. The outputs of the fourth and toe is which is connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, and exit through the first analog-to-digital Converter to one of the inputs of the first display unit. The output of the third subtraction unit 8 via a second analog-to-digital Converter connected to another input of the first display unit, and the control inputs of both analog-to-digital converters connected to one of the outputs of the control unit, the other output is connected to a sweep generator, and a third of its output to the control inputs of all of the memory elements and the switch, the other input of switch 18 is connected with one output of the sweep generator, a third input from the output of the measuring current, and the first to fourth outputs of the switch with the respective electrodes, another output of the sweep generator is connected to the input of the measuring current, the other output of the measuring current through the third analog-to-digital Converter to the inputs of all of the memory elements. 2 Il.

The invention is intended for search and location on the earth's surface zones caused by anomalies in the distribution of aquifers and layers with different chemical composition, and negatively affect the health, well-being and behavior of humans and animals, which can lead to pathological conditions and diseases, and can be used the STN different methods for the determination of soil properties, described, for example, copyright certificates of the USSR N 298915, MKI G 01 V 3/04 "geoelectroprospecting", from 16.03.1971 and N SU 1233078, MKI G 01 V 3/18 "Device for measuring magnetic susceptibility and conductivity", from 23.05.1986.

According to these technical solutions used meter grounding MS-08, with which to determine the specific resistance of the resistive rocks between two points on the earth's surface. Or in the environment induce a magnetic field. The result of the interaction of magnetic fields with matter soil is judged on the magnetic susceptibility of the soil at the site.

A common shortcoming of this analogy is the local dimension of the conductive properties of the portion of the earth that is not possible to know the direction geopathically area and to organize the search and localization.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is the device according to the author's certificate USSR N 1004938 from 15.03.1983, MKI G 01 V 3/02 "a Method for measuring the potential difference of the electric field". The essence of this technical solution is that the two points between which you want to measure the potential difference of the electric current, vozbujdaet is trade. For this configuration, the location of the supply and receiving electrodes determine the position of the equipotential lines passing through the receiving electrodes. Determining the position of the two equipotential lines, install them system of the at least three receiving electrodes connected through a summing operational amplifier, or through repeaters voltages, and measure the total difference of potentials between the lines.

The known solution has a number of disadvantages, which are as follows.

Because the supply electrodes placed in the soil separately from the receiving electrodes, for each option, the mutual configuration requires its rule defining an equipotential lines. Therefore, the structure of blocks that implement each new computation algorithm should be defined and implemented again for each selected configuration of electrodes.

Since receiving electrodes are only two, not in all cases it is possible to determine the position of the equipotential lines.

To determine the position of the two equipotential lines must double-conduct preliminary measurements by moving the position of the electrode is between two equipotential lines are not always indicates the direction of the gradient changes of soil properties.

The main disadvantage of this method is that it measures only the characteristics of the soil, stimulated external impulse action. At the same time, the heterogeneity of the chemical composition of the soil may create its own internal soil currents, which are not measured using the above method, but which serve as a direction indicator on geopathically area.

In addition, in the known solution is not separate measurement of soil properties under the influence of external electric current at different frequencies. At the same time, the soil of different chemical composition react differently to currents of different frequencies, having its frequency response, and possible measurement modes for them may vary.

Given the shortcomings indicate that using prototype difficult to conduct reliable search areas with anomalous soil properties and to determine the position of geopathically zones.

The problem solved by the invention is to improve the accuracy and convenience of searching and positioning geopathically zones.

This task is solved in that the device containing the first, second, third and fourth electrodes, the rst is the first subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the first and third electrodes, the second subtraction unit, the input of which is connected to the second and fourth electrodes, the third subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, the fourth subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second memory elements, and the fifth subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the third and fourth memory elements and outputs of the fourth and fifth blocks subtraction - with inputs of the second display unit, the adder, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, and exit through the first analog-to-digital Converter to one of the inputs of the first display unit, the output of the third subtraction unit via a second analog-to-digital Converter connected to another input of the first display unit, and the control inputs of both analog-to-digital converters connected to one of the outputs of the control unit, the other output is connected to a sweep generator, and a third of its output to the control inputs of all of the memory elements and the switch, the other input of the switch is connected with one output of the sweep generator, a third input from the output of the measuring current, and first, second, the third course of the measuring current, and another way of measuring current through the third analog-to-digital Converter to the inputs of all of the memory elements.

This embodiment of the device for search geopathically zones allows you to quickly determine the direction of geopathically zone using the framework and process measurement information in complex electronic units for convenient presentation on the screen.

Options image generated on the screen, allows a convenient way to present the results of measurements in different modes.

Localization geopathically zones using the proposed device allows to allocate space, adversely affecting the health and behavior of people and animals. This allows you to adjust the placement of residential buildings and other structures in order to reduce the influence of negative factors.

The drawings show: Fig.1 is a structural diagram of a device for searching geopathically zones.

In Fig.2 is a diagram explaining the principle of operation of the device.

The device consists of a first 1, second 2, third 3 and fourth 4 electrodes, square frame 5, the first 6, 7 second, third 8, 9 fourth and fifth 10 blocks subtraction, the first 11, wtov memory the switch 18, the sweep generator 19, the current meter 20, the first 21 and second 22 display unit, a control unit 23 and an adder 24.

The electrodes 1-4 reinforced in the corners of the square frame 5, frame horizontally placed in a selected area, the electrodes 1-4 brought into contact with the soil. In blocks subtraction 6-10 output voltage proportional to the difference between the voltages at the inputs. In the adder 24 is proportional to the sum of input voltages. Analog-to-digital converters 11-13 translate the continuous value of the input signal (in analog form) in the digital output code. The memory elements 14-17 remember the digital code received at their inputs, and keep it up until their control inputs will not come control signal. At the time of his coming, remember the new value of the input digital signal and stored until another control signal.

The switch 18 connects two of its input signal to two of its four outputs. Connection option is determined by the control signal supplied to the control input of the switch. The sweep generator 19 is a generator of sinusoidal signals with varying within a certain interval) frequency. Start frequency ASU is running and at the other output signal is produced, is proportional to the current flow. The first display unit 21 has a visual indication in the form of a screen, on which is formed the label. Deviation marks on two perpendicular axes control input signals of the first 11 and second 12 analog-to-digital converters. The second display unit 22 also has a screen with a label, a deviation which two perpendicular axes control input signals 9 fourth and fifth 10 blocks subtraction. The measurement process is divided into two stages.

In the first stage measure the direction and magnitude of soil currents in the selected area of the surface.

In the second stage measure the magnitude and direction of the gradient of the conductivity in a selected area at different frequencies.

Work on the first and second stages is controlled by the control unit 23. In the first stage, the switch 18 is closed and the sweep generator 19 is disconnected from the electrodes.

Differences in the chemical composition of the soil leads to the appearance of a potential difference at different points of the surface currents and soil. These potential differences are to the electrodes 1-4. In the first subtraction unit 6 is determined and amplifies the potential difference between the first 1 and 4 fourth electrodes is childbirth. In the third subtraction unit 8 is determined by the difference, and in the adder 24 is the sum of the output voltages of the first 6 and second 7 blocks subtraction. After conversion to digital form these two digital code caught on the first display unit 21. It has a screen rigidly oriented relative to the frame 5. If the digital codes correspond to the zero voltage at the inputs of the blocks 11 and 12, the label remains in the center of the screen. If the ground currents are present, the label on unit screen 21 is offset from the center in the direction of the flow of these currents and by a distance proportional to their size, which is the purpose of the measure at this stage.

In the second stage, the control unit 23 turns off the analog-to-digital converters 11 and 12 and includes a switch 18. It also includes a sweep generator 19 and the memory elements 14-17. Frequency sweep generator 19 is changed continuously or discretely in the range of low frequencies, for example, from tens of Hertz, with similar properties to a constant voltage to a high frequency, for example, up to hundreds of kilohertz. The rate of change of frequency is set (e.g., kilohertz per second) to be able to measure the direction and magnitude of the gradient resistance.

Two poles sweep-gene is management 23 the switch 18 connects the voltage generator 19 connected in series to the electrodes 1-2, to 2-4, 1-3, 2-4. In each of the four States of the meter 20 measures the current. Its value is converted from analog form to digital form using a third analog-to-digital Converter 13. Digital codes corresponding to the result of current measurement in each of the States stored in the memory elements 14-17. Recall mode in each of the memory elements 14-17 included as a control signal of the control unit 23. The result of the measurement in each of the four States of the switch 18 is fixed in one of the four memory elements 14-17. In the fourth subtraction unit 9 is the difference of numbers encoded digital codes of the blocks 14 and 15, and a fifth unit subtracting the 10 - codes of the blocks 16 and 17. Codes of blocks 9 and 10 are served on the second display unit 22, and controls the position of the label on the screen. The signals of the blocks 9 and 10 are used to offset the label in two perpendicular directions by an amount proportional to the conductivity of the soil and in the direction of its gradient.

Searching geopathically zones using the proposed device consists in the following. From the starting point of the search is carried out step-by-step procedure. At each step, with the help of the device by measuring the direction of soil t is t at different frequencies. In the direction where the gradient is most pronounced, the operator moves the specified distance for the next step of the procedure. The whole operation is repeated determines the direction for the next move and so on

Thus, the operator is shifted toward geopathically area, representing an anomaly in the form of spots or "fault line".

The measurement process in each step is based on the following. The first stage determines the direction of the currents on soil aggregate potentials on the electrodes (Fig.2). The current I, flowing through the soil with a finite resistance, creates a potential difference at different points on the surface. Let the direction of current I is oriented relative to the frame 5, as shown in Fig.2 (X and Y axes are directed along the sides of the frame). The potentials on the electrodes 1-4 - U1-U4. Then the ratio of the differences of potentials U31=U3-U1and U34=U3-U4equal to the ratio of the projections of current Iyand Ixon two perpendicular axes along the sides of the square frame 5.

To improve the accuracy of the potential difference is measured twice: U31and close to her largest U42=U4-U2and ladywood. Thus, the ratio of Ix: Iydefining the orientation direction of the current I relative to the frame, is determined by measuring the ratio of the voltage (U1-U2+U3-U4): (U3-U1+U4-U2), or that the same [(U3-U2)+(U1-U4)]:[(U3-U2)-(U1-U4)] . Value (U1-U4and U3-U2) are determined in blocks 6 and 7, respectively. The proportion of Ixformed at the output of the adder 24 and analog-to-digital Converter 11. The value of conducting Iyformed at the output of the third subtraction unit 8 and the second analog-to-digital Converter 12. These values control the offset of the label on the screen of the first display unit 21 along the corresponding axes. Because the screen is rigidly connected with the frame, the operator will know the direction of current I in the soil relative to the frame.

Measurement of the conductivity gradient is produced in the second stage. Current meter 20 sequentially measures the current between the electrodes 1 - 2, 3 - 4, 1 - 3,2 - 4, created after the connection of the voltage sweep generator 19 to these electrodes. The output voltage of the sweep generator 19 is kept constant, so the measured current proporz the second form in block 13 and sequentially recorded in the blocks 14-17. They represent a magnitude proportional to the conductance G12, G34, G13, G24where the indices indicate the number of electrodes.

Next is the gradient by comparison of the respective conductivities. If from electrode 3 to the electrode 1 to send the Y-axis, and from electrode 3 to the electrode 4 to the X-axis, then the projection of the gradient of the conductivity on the X-axis will be proportional to Gx=G13-G24and the projection on the Y-axis of the Gy=G12-G34. Thus, the digital code at the output of block 9 contains information about Gyand the code output unit 10 - Gx. These signals are fed to the second display unit 22 and are used to offset marks on his screen along the corresponding axes. The screen block 22 is also rigidly connected with the frame 5 and the position of the label it is possible to determine the direction and magnitude of the gradient of the conductivity of the soil that is uniquely associated with resistance) at a given frequency. If the conductivity value is different at different frequencies, the operator observes the graph in polar coordinates and can shift the frame in the next step in the direction of greatest radius-vector.

Screens both display units 21 and 22 can be constructively 2 combined, and the labels corresponding to mark the corresponding measurements at different frequencies sweep generator 19.

A device for finding geopathically zones containing the first to fourth electrodes, characterized in that it introduced a square frame with pinned at its corners the first to fourth electrodes, and the first subtraction unit, the input of which is connected to the first and third electrodes, the second subtraction unit, the input of which is connected to the second and fourth electrodes, the third subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, the fourth subtraction unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second memory elements, and the fifth block subtraction, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the third and fourth memory elements and outputs of the fourth and fifth blocks subtraction - with inputs of the second display unit, the adder, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of the first and second blocks subtraction, and exit through the first analog-to-digital Converter to one of the inputs of the first display unit, the output of the third subtraction unit via a second analog-to-digital Converter connected to another input of the first display unit, and the control inputs of both analog-to-digital converters connected to one of the outputs of the control unit, the other output is connected to Mutator is connected with one output of the sweep generator, the third

the input of the switch - output measuring current, and the first to fourth outputs of the switch with the corresponding electrodes, the other output of the sweep generator is connected to the input of the measuring current and the other output of the measuring current through the third analog-to-digital Converter to the inputs of all of the memory elements.

 

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