Combined with the annular water, steam boilers

 

(57) Abstract:

The plant comprises a steam boiler, power plant, connected to the generator, the condenser and the condensing pump. The steam boiler has a ring and is connected with the power plant, which is made in the form of a rotary steam engine. The condenser is made in the form of an annular water boiler installed above the steam boiler. The condensation pump is a rotary. Steam and water boilers carried out constructively: the Central tube with a gap put the second pipe with length equal to the length of the Central tube, the ends of which are closed by a circular lid, made with annular recesses, when are the ends of two pipes, worn on each other, and welded together. In a steam boiler installed belt stiffness. The invention allows to reduce heat loss in the system and increases the efficiency. 6 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

Ends 20th century, the world population of 6 billion people, 120 million school-age children, is untenable, can't learn in schools. In 50 years will burn natural gas, in 200 years will burn solid fuel, and then ... the world's Scientists are silent!?

The author has about 50 recognized image is C available) N 1807219, "Rotary engine Sultanov, A. H. - RF patent N 20162246 with relative internal efficiencyoi= 1, the effective efficiencye= 0,7, two contain 9 nelimousine, reliable, efficient parts in one unit easy to get 5 million kW of power.

Now to get to 1 million kW of power used steam turbine engine relative internal efficiencyoior = 0.6 (at full power), containing up to 20 thousand bistronomic details. In the Russian Federation is not working 1 million kW steam turbine. In CHP, Moscow mainly work 100 thousand kW steam turbines.

Humanity cannot live without energy. The most powerful Solar energy is not used because of the complexity of use with a utilization rate of about 5%. Secondary is the most powerful wind energy is used screw turbines with the utilization of wind energy the most powerful wind turbines (500 kW)E. in= 0.5 and below.

Helical wind turbine energy production start at wind speed of 4-6 m/s, when the wind speed is 14 m/s cease production, and hurricane winds are the most dangerous for the screws, so they don't work. Wind energy cannot be accumulated, and the RF coil wet.", RF patent N2116504 working with "Carousel windmill Sultanov, A. H. ", patent of Russian Federation N 2006665 with the utilization of wind energy = 4 or more, or (4:0,5 = 8 times 8 times larger than the screw turbine. With increasing wind speed is 2 times the tapered micropreemie its energy increases by the cube or E = 23= 8 times, three times E = 33= 27 times, etc. Carousel windmill starts production at wind speed V = 1-2 m/s and works with any high winds.

If along the ring road of Moscow to establish about 30 microdigital power plants with the cost of one nuclear power plant, the length of the construction period up to 5 years, the whole of Moscow will be provided with electricity, and at night the wind energy will be accumulated by the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen will be burned in power plant and vehicles will be burning accumulated hydrogen, releasing oxygen into the atmosphere, creates a pristine ecology.

The main types of modern power plants (East. 1, page 6, 7, 8) TPP - steam turbine power plants, which are divided into a condensing power plant (IES) that produce only electricity and CHP - replaces and CHP units unit capacity 100 MW and above apply intermediate steam superheat (East. 1, Fig. 1, 1A, page 7), with the huge expense of fuel with complex machines.

Known KES contains steam boiler, steam turbine, generator, condenser, condensate pump, feed pump, low pressure heaters (DWP), the high pressure heaters (HPH), a deaerator, adoptively installation.

The disadvantages are:

Very complex, expensive construction, which occupies a huge building, structures with large volumes, areas with very low efficiency e= 0,32, does not provide the warmth of residential, industrial premises.

Efficiency efficiency used in TPP piston pumps, rotary, centrifugal, axial compressors (East. 2, page 144 154) are very low and not prevyshayute= 0,720,64, liquid ring pumpe= 0,17. Only relative internal efficiency axial turbochargers oior = 0.6 (East. 2, page 183) at full load. The amount of detail turbojet engine reaches 20 thousand (two tens of thousands. East. 3, page 38), the steam turbine is the same.

CHP (prototype) contains (East. 1, page 7, Fig. 1.15) steam boiler with natural circulation, forced, straight-through and combined circulations, steam turbine with pump), LDPE (high pressure heater with pump, tank, heater water network, industrial steam extraction, adoptively installation.

The disadvantages are:

In addition to the disadvantages KES on CHP heat loss is significantly greater because of the additive water can reach 30-50%.

Very much wasted heat energy to produce steam high pressure (SVD) with pressure P = 25,5 MPa and steam reheating to a temperature 545-565oC. Surface superheat is made of tubes of small diameter 12-22 mm, wall thickness 1.2-1.5 mm (the East. 1, page 268), with the number of pipes, reaching tens of thousands (East. 1, page 268).

Huge volumes of furnace 7080 m3, 3810 m3(East. 1, page 264, 265, 258), the temperature of the effluent gases from the combustion chambers 1287oC.

In huge furnaces are combustion screens with burners, drop pipes, drums, radiation and convection superheaters, intermediate steam superheaters, economizers, convectional gas, air heaters. The core temperature of combustion for selenology coal T1= 1700oC, for fuel oil T1= 2200oC.

From these temperatures, the screens of the combustion chamber Vespucci (East. 1, page 264).

Combustion chamber with huge volumes are huge buildings, buildings with a large number of staff with relevant costs.

The loss of the leaving gases from pipes CHP is 7-5,8% (East. 2, page 90).

Due to the tremendous loss of CHP electricity comes from effective efficiencye= 30%.

This object is achieved in that the TEP (Fig. 1, page 7, Fig. 1) containing a steam boiler (emission source. 1, page 1, Fig. 1. 3) natural circulation, forced circulation, once-through and the combined circulation, steam turbine, electric generator, condenser, condensate pump, feed pump, LDPE (low pressure heater), LDPE (high pressure heaters, deaerator, the network water heater, industrial steam extraction, adoptively installation, characterized in that the TPP contains an annular water boiler installed above the annular steam boiler, rotary steam engine, the electric generator; an annular water boiler is ring-fired boilers, each of which consists of two, inserted with a clearance "e" in each other pipes, the ends of which are closed by a circular lid, made Colne Central ring of the boiler is put on the second, the third, fourth, etc. ring boilers that are installed on the support ring with a Central hole against the Central pipe which goes radial bearings with t ends, mounted on a brick wall; Central chimney - the chimney is closed by a stopper, and annular ducts are closed annular tubes mounted on the ropes, interacting rollers and reels; the design of the steam boiler is identical with the water ring boiler, but differs in that order exposure to high temperature and pressure pipes are made of heat-resistant steel, and inside the Central tube is mounted a ring made with a Central annular opening between boilers, for circular ducts are installed belt stiffness with double t-sections, made with holes for the passage of flame torches; between the outer wall of the annular steam boiler and internal brick wall belt stiffness with trentanove section in the zone of the chimney are openings for the passage of flame, and the second belt is made of brick masonry; an annular water boiler to fill with water ring steam boiler runs with water with a rotary pump neobgovorennye incision CITC;

1b - conical annular steam boiler.

In Fig. 2 - cut ring cover:

3 - ring bearing water boiler,

4 - the inner ring of the Central tube steam boiler,

5 - zone annular ducts steam boiler,

6 - zone of the outer ring of a steam boiler,

7 is a transverse section of the rotary steam engine (patent RF N 1807219, 2016246).

Combined heat and power is running to the ring, steam boilers (Fig. 1, a, b) of the same design. Annular water boiler with height H contains the Central tube 1 with diameter D, in which c annular gap "e" is put on the second pipe 2 with diameter D, and their ends are closed by a circular lid 3, 4 (Fig. 2) made with annular recesses 5 for the entrance of pipe ends 1, 2, and are welded, as a result of the work done is formed a Central annular boiler 6.

On the Central ring of the boiler 6 annular gap "e" forming an annular duct 7, is attached to the second annular boiler 8, made of pipe 9 through the annular gap e, the pipe 10 with diameters of D2D3closed circular lids 11, 12 (Fig. 2).

The ends of the two annular boilers 6, 8 are connected by a water supply system 13, 14.

Call dinnim etc. (not shown).

Between the outer wall 10 of the annular boiler 8 is annular gap "e3"serving as a duct 15, brick annular wall 16 with a diameter of D4.

Annular water boiler 8 is mounted on the annular support 17 made (Fig. 3) with radial bearings 18, t-rings 19 and serving as stops brick walls 16.

Lower tubular water boiler, on the ring support 20 with a gap H is set to ring a steam boiler with a height H. in View of the identical construction part numbers labeled annular water boiler with a single stroke.

Boilers are connected to a water supply pipe 21, a rotary pump 22, pipe 23 with the valve 24.

Ring the water boiler is supplied with water by the water supply 25 through the rotary pump 26 with valve 27.

As rotary pumps 22, 26, etc. are inventions of the author "rotary Steam engine Sultanov, A. H. ", patent of Russian Federation N 1807219 (working sample available) and "Rotary engine Sultanov, A. H.", patent of Russian Federation N 2016246 with relative internal efficiencyoi= 1 (centrifugal pumps and steam turbines, relative internal efficiencyoior = 0.6, East. 2, page 183), operating modes, liquid, 1807219, 20116246) work from superheated steam formed inside the annular working chamber of the engine during the stroke, and saturated steam (heated water up to 110oC) is supplied from the annular steam boiler.

It is known that when water is heated in a closed system 300oC its pressure is increased to 180 kgf/cm2.

To the annular steam boiler withstood this pressure (for insurance) the pipes are thick-walled and inside the main pipe 1' with a diameter of 10 cm is the ring stiffeners 28 (Fig. 1, 4), has a Central hole for the passage of flame from the torch (smoke).

A continuation of the Central pipe 1' annular steam boiler is the Central pipe 1 ring water boiler and the chimney 1" is connected with the atmosphere.

Inside the annular duct 7' put the belt rigidity 29 (Fig. 5) with two double t-sections, holes 30 (chimney).

Between the outer tube 10' and the inner brick wall 16 on the annular duct 15' put the belt rigidity 31 with trentanove cross-section (Fig. 6), and on the inner belt, closing the annular duct 15', are the holes 32.

The Central pipe 1 ring water boiler 6 are connected by cables 36 through the rollers 37, 38 with coils 39 for winding cables.

On the lower end of the annular steam boiler, against the Central pipe 1' and annular ducts 7', 15', are installed nozzle 40 on the annular fuel troubling 41 that is connected with a rotary pump 42, a fuel supply pipe 43 with the valve 44.

In the furnace 45 heated air is supplied by rubolini 46 rotary air pump 47.

For solid fuel combustion is the grate 48 (instead of the grate can be set ring water boiler with a maximum height of 1 m to heat water, coupled with the annular water boiler), ash tray 49. Furnace 45 is closed by the valve 50, and the ash chamber 49 of the valve 51.

From the diameters, heights and number of annular steam boilers depends on the overall volume and surface heating.

Take the height H2annular steam boiler H2= 10 m, clearances annular ducts e = 2 cm (Fig. 1, a), the thickness of the pipe wall b = 0.5 cm, the gap "e" between the inner walls of the annular pipe e = 2, see

The annular duct formed between the outer wall of the annular steam boiler and the inner wall of the outer ring of the boiler.

The height H2between the ring for the water and steam boilers is selected, taking into account youdim the walls of a steam boiler with the to the output of the steam boiler temperature does not exceed 500oC, and the output of an annular water boiler temperature does not exceed 50oC. thus the Carnot cycleinearlyi= 1.

The inner diameter of the Central pipe 1 D = 5 cm, the area of the inner wall S = DH = 3,140,0510 = 1.6 m2.

The outer diameter of the pipe 2' will be D1= D + 2b + e + 2b= 5 + 20,5 + 2 + 20,5 = 11 cm, the area of the outer wall of the pipe 2' will be S1= D1H = 3,140,1110 = 3.4 m2, the area of the inner pipe 9' S = P(11 + 2e)H = 3,140,1510 = 4.7 m2. The area of the outer wall of the pipe 10' when the diameter D3= D1+ 2 + 0,5 + 22 + 20,5 = 0,17 m will be S3= D3H2= 3,140,1710 = 5,3 m2the area of the inner wall of the pipe S4= P(D3+ 2e)H= 3,14(0,17 + 20,02)10 = 6,6 m2. In the manner determined by the diameter of the outer wall of the tenth pipe that is D10= 100 cm or D10= 1 m, and the area will be S10= DH = 3,14110 = 31,4 m2. When the diameter of the 20th pipe D2= 2 m area will be S20= DH = 3,14210 = 62,8 m2.

The entire area of the outer, inner walls 10 of the ring boilers installed in diameter D = 2 m, will be S10= 661 m2and square ring 20 boilers installed in diameter D = 4 m,tive.

For electricity generation installed steam rotary motor 52 (the above mentioned rotary engines - two patents) required power (up to 5 million kW in a single unit), running under steam saturation 110oC, with the lowest coming through the rotary pump 53 to the wire vapour 54 through the valve 55. Spent steam through the steam line 56, the rotary pump 57 to the line 58 is supplied to the annular water boiler, where condensation occurs, with the exhaust steam gives to heat cold water its heat.

The shaft 59 of the rotary motor 52 connected to the shaft of the electric generator 60.

A separate annular water, steam boilers will be required to perform other functions, for example, circular water boiler will perform the function of the capacitor, i.e., the spent steam, getting into the annular water boiler, will give up their heat to heat cold water.

To heat air supplied to the furnace will be used annular steam boilers, etc.

Industry and accommodations will be provided in the necessary quantities of steam and hot water.

To increase front heating (Fig. 1, b) diameter D niinemets annular water boiler.

For CHP KITC necessary, by opening the valve 27, start, a rotary pump 26 through the water pipe 25 to fill water boiler liquid ring 8, with tubular walls 9, 10, closed circular lids 11, 12 (Fig. 3) with an annular undercut 5 mounted on the annular support 17 made with radial bearings 18 with t ends 19 on the annular wall 16, and through the pipes 13, 14 is filled in the annular boiler 6, has a Central pipe 1 and pipe 2, the closed ring covers 3, 4.

By opening the valve 24 and the water supply 21, a rotary pump 22 water 23 is filled in the annular steam boiler 8' with tubular walls 9, 10, closed by a circular lid 11', 12', and through pipe 14', 13' is filled in the annular steam boiler 6' with a tubular wall 1', 2' mounted on the annular support 20.

Open the Central tube 33 (it is open) and the annular tube 34, 35, tied to the cables 36, interacting with rollers 37, 38 and coils 39.

By opening the valve 44 of the fuel line 43, runs a rotary fuel pump 42 and the oil ring on the fuel line 41 through a nozzle 40 is injected into the Central 1', circular ducts 7', 15' and is ignited. At the same time through a rotary air pump 47 number of the fuel will be hydrogen, obtained by the decomposition of water into hydrogen H and oxygen O using electricity generated from "Microdigital power Sultanov, A. H.", patent of Russian Federation N 2116504 where you will use the "Carousel windmill" Sultanov, A. H. , RF patent N 2006665 with an efficiency of utilization of wind energye= 4, above.

Annular steam boiler, made with a Central duct 1' with ring stiffeners 28 with a Central hole, the belt rigidity 29 with double t-cross section with holes 30, mounted on the annular duct 7', the belt rigidity 31 with trentanove section, on the inner belt, closing the annular duct 15, is made with holes 32, through which the flame of the torches, withstands high pressure.

Heated to 110oC the water in the annular steam boiler, rotary pump 53 turboline 54 through the valve 55, served in the coil is placed inside pustulosa shaft Rotary motor Sultanov, A. H.", patent of Russian Federation N 2016246 (i.e., the coil), the heating flame nozzle, simultaneously heated hollow shaft with his fist, located inside the annular working chamber. In Fig. 7 in the hollow shaft 1 (digits only for Fig. 7), instead of the coil, set the ring parova A. H.", A. S. USSR N 1820010, depending on the load on the hollow rotary shaft 1 of the engine is injected into the heated annular working chamber 3 of the engine. Saturated steam, getting into a heated surface of the hollow shaft 1, the knuckle 4, faster burning of the working mixture in reciprocating internal combustion engines and ignition of the powder in the gun, turning into superheated steam with high pressure, rotates the shaft 59 of the rotary motor 52, and the electric generator 60 begins to generate electricity. The spent steam from the rotary motor 52 rubolini 56, rotary pump 57 by rubolini 58 enters the section of the annular water boiler for heating cold water, serving as a condenser.

When using solid fuel by opening the valve 50 in the furnace 45, on the grate 48 is filled with solid fuels (wood, peat, coal and so on), opening the valve 51, fired simultaneously via the air duct is fed into the heated air. The accumulation of ash in the ash pan 49 it is removed.

So, the torches directly contacting with the annular ring sections of a steam boiler, giving heat energy, raising the temperature of the water before saturation - 110oC with a temperature of 200-300oC, comes out of the steam boiler and enters to idet annular water boiler and through the chimney 1" is emitted.

Here's a quick calculation (Fig. 7) when the following data: the frequency of rotation of the shaft 1 n = 3000 rpm, the average pressure on the fist 4 P = 50 kN/cm2the inner diameter of the shell 5 D = 2 m (200 cm), the thickness of the annular chamber 3 h = 40 cm, length along the axis of the shaft 1 l = 120 cm, inner diameter d of the tubular shaft 1 d = 80 cm, outer diameter Dinthe tubular shaft 1 Din= 120 cm

Find the area S of the cross section of the annular chamber 3 along the axis of the shaft 1 S = lh = 12040 = 4800 cm2the total pressure Ptotal= SP = 480050 = 240000 kg, the torque on the shaft 1 will be MkrRcSP = 0,8480050 = 192000 KGM. The power of one section 975 Where the conversion factor per kW.

The eight-section of the rotary engine with the length of the working chambers L = 1208 = 960 cm or L = 9.6 m is the length of one gas turbine engine. The total capacity of N will be N = 5760008 = 4608000 kW.

This rotary motor can be manufactured in any macmasters.

Thanks to rotary engines is the author of flying saucers from the realm of fantasy turned into a real Flying saucer Sultanov, A. H.", patent of Russian Federation N 2123456 and thanks to real flying saucers eliminated all the Railways, roads, coffins for a healthy, cheerful people, aircraft, helicopters will disappear Newcastle.

Relative internal efficiencyoisteam turbines at maximum poweroior = 0.6 (East. 2, page 183). Rotary engineoi= 1, hence, saves 40% energy, i.e., transforms into useful work!

When the core temperature of the combustion selenology coal T = 1700oC, for fuel oil T = 2200oC. these temperatures screens furnace CHP perceive 40-50% of the energy, and the temperature of the effluent gases from the combustion chambers is 1287oC (East. 1, page 258, 264, 265). The loss of the leaving gases from pipes CHP is 7% (the East. 2, page 90). Friction with the steam turbine blade lose 7%, mechanical efficiency at full load steam turbinesm= 0,9 (East. 2, page 183), the efficiency of the generator of 0.92 to 0.97.

Efficiency Rotary engine Sultanov, A. H.", patent N 2016246 with relative internal efficiencyoi= 1, even the end flaps in contact with the surface of the rotor through the bearing, therefore, the resource rotary engine is equal resources bearings. The temperature of the flue gases not exceeding 50oC, because the exhaust vapors are condensed in the annular water boilers up to a temperature of 50oC and less.

Mechanical efficiencym= 0,99. Due to the very high performance rotary engines is menesida more than three times!

The reader has probably realized that instead of modern CHP appeared multilayer pipe with a diameter of 4 meters, providing work 3-5 million kW generator.

10-meter pipe is easy to make even in macmasters.

The cost of CHP with an annular water, steam boilers (CITC) will be a hundred times cheaper with the construction period of less than one year.

Literature

1. Reznikov, M. I., Lipov Y. M. Boilers of power plants. - M.: Energoizdat, 1987.

2. Balan S. C. Technical thermodynamics and heat engines. - Leningrad: Mashinostroenie, 1973.

3. Gelsin K. A. Motors unprecedented speeds. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1965.

1. Combined heat and power, containing a steam boiler, associated with a power plant connected to a generator, a condenser and condensing pump, characterized in that the condenser is made in the form of an annular water boiler installed above the steam boiler, made by ring, power unit made in the form of a rotary steam engine and condensing the rotary pump is made.

2. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that the annular water boiler vypolnyaetsya second pipe length, equal to the length of the Central tube, the ends of which are closed by a circular lid, made with annular recesses, which includes the ends of two pipes, wearing each other, and welded together.

3. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that depending on the performance of power on the Central ring of the boiler is put on the second, third, etc. ring boilers that are installed on the support ring with a Central hole against the Central tube of the ring of the boiler, from which depart radial bearings with t-ends, mounted on a brick wall.

4. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that the Central tube - duct closes the opening of the tube, and annular ducts are closed annular tubes mounted on the ropes, interacting with rollers and reels.

5. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that the ring design of the steam boiler is identical with the water ring boiler, but differs in that order exposure to high pressure and temperature, the tubes are made of heat-resistant steel and IUI on the annular ducts are installed belt stiffness with double t-sections, made holes for the passage of flame torches.

6. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that between the outer wall of the annular steam boiler and the inner wall of brick walls belt stiffness with trentanove section in the band, falling into the chimney, are openings for the passage of flame and the second belt is made of brick masonry.

7. Combined with the annular water, steam boilers under item 1, characterized in that the annular water boiler is supplied with water by the water supply through a rotary pump.

 

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