House wall

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of low-rise houses with walls of panels based on wood and drevesnoplitnye or other sheet cladding materials. The technical result of the invention is the saving of lumber for the frame members to 22%, leak proof and windproof joints of wall panels and increase thermal qualities of the wall cladding due to the exclusion of the joints of the panels additional conductive inclusions in the form of dual edges of the frame panels. The technical result is achieved due to the fact that ordinary corner wall panels are made without extreme racks of ribs. While the outer skin member panel occupies the entire surface, and covering the corner panels extends beyond the upper and lower studs of the frames of the panels by an amount equal to the thickness of the panels. When the mounting member panels in the junction is established between the I-shaped connecting element in the form of a rack equipped with top and bottom horizontal plates intended for connection of the upper and lower studs of the frames of adjacent panels. In the corner of the junction of the panels to be equipped with top and bottom horizontal plates, designed for connection of the upper and lower studs of the frames of adjacent panels in the corners of the walls of the house. Exterior sheathing panels are joined and connected to each other on the outer vertical faces of I-shaped and L-shaped connecting elements without forming the through slit. 12 Il.

The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of low-rise buildings based on timber and sheet materials.

Known for the construction of walls of houses based on wood and wood based sheet materials consisting of a skeleton collected from separate wooden parts (racks that are installed with a certain step and the upper and lower studs) at the construction site with the subsequent plating in construction conditions outside of the frame in any wood-based sheet material (plywood, chipboard, cement-bonded particle boards, etc.,) [1].

The disadvantage of this construction of the walls of the houses are large work on the construction site, the long period of construction and the risk of latent defects of installation.

Closest to the proposed technical solution is to design the walls of the homes of panels factory th the slight pressure from the beginning of racks of ribs, United on top and bottom wooden studs. On the outside of the frame in the factory sheathed wood based sheet materials [2].

The disadvantage of this technical solution is wastage of timber on the edges of the frames of the panels due to the effect of their doubling in the ground near one panel to another. In addition, the joints of the panels due to the presence of dual edges-racks degrade thermal performance of wall fences, they also require the use of a set of sealing materials, careful sealing joints and are the most vulnerable places of the house from the point of view of heat preservation, air and water resistance and durability of structures in General.

The objective of the invention is the reduction in the construction of walls of houses consumption of sawn timber, eliminating the need for the use of sealing materials with simultaneous increase in heat and performance and durability of a wall covering.

This task is solved in that the joints between ordinary panels installed I-shaped vertical connecting elements consisting of uprights and upper and lower horizontal necedah outer surface is on one side beyond the upper and lower studs on the value, equal to the thickness of the panel, and when mounting the upper and lower strapping frames of adjacent panels are interconnected with the upper and lower horizontal plates I - and L-shaped connecting elements, and the outer casing adjacent panels are connected and interconnected to the outer vertical faces of the I - and L - shaped connecting elements.

List of drawings includes:

Fig. 1, representing an ordinary wall panel comprising a frame (indicated by the dotted line) with the stand-edges 1 and the top of the harness 2, bottom piping 3 and the outer wall. Frame and cladding panels are connected by nails 5;

Fig. 2, represents a side view of an ordinary wall panel;

Fig. 3, representing a corner wall panel comprising a frame with racks of ribs 1, the upper harness 2, bottom piping 3 and the outer wall 4, protruding from one side beyond the upper and lower studs on the value of "m", is equal to the thickness of the panel;

Fig. 4, represents a side view of a corner wall panel;

Fig. 5, represents a top view of a corner wall panel;

Fig. 6, representing the I-shaped connecting element includes a rack 6, the upper horizontal plate 7 and the lower horizonal coupling element;

Fig. 8, representing the L-shaped connecting element, which includes rack 9 and 10, are mounted at right angles to each other, the rack 11, installed parallel to the rack 10, the upper horizontal plate 12 and the lower horizontal plate 13. All parts are connected by nails 5;

Fig. 9, represents a side view of the L-shaped coupling element;

Fig. 10, represents a top view of the L-shaped coupling element;

Fig. 11, representing the connection node between an ordinary panels using I-shaped connecting element;

Fig. 12, representing the connection node between the panels in the corner of the house with L-shaped connecting element.

The implementation of the invention is as follows. The building is delivered to a set of ordinary panels, shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, and an angular panels shown in Fig. 3, 4 and 5. Ordinary panel installed on a Foundation close to each other. In the vertical joint between panels installed I-shaped connecting element shown in Fig. 6 and 7, so that its upper horizontal plate 7 is positioned underneath the upper studs 2 connecting member panels of the cover plate 7, and the cover plate 8 is nailed to the studs 3. The outer casing 4 panels are nailed to the rack 6 of the I-shaped connecting element. The number of panels end with the installation of the corner panel having overhang exterior cladding on the value of "m". Opposite this overhang is set at right angles ordinary panel, and in the angle between the panels is inserted into the L-shaped (in plan) of the connecting element shown in Fig. 8, 9 and 10, so that the wide side of the rack 9 and the edge of the rack 10 adjoined to overhang the outer skin 4 of the corner panel. The upper horizontal plate 12 of L-shaped connecting element is put under strapping 2 panels, and the lower horizontal plate 13 mounted on the bottom strapping 3 dockable panels. After that, lining and piping are connected by nails 5. The eaves of the casing 4 corner panels are nailed to the posts 10 and 9, and the outer cladding 4 member panel is nailed only to the rack 9. Hour 11 L-shaped coupling element is used to carry out the coupling in the corner of the inner shell.

This design decision walls of the house allows you to avoid doubling the vertical edge of the racks in places splicing wall panels, when the width of the panels, for example, 1.2 m OBE between the panels, that eliminates the need for sealing and Weatherproofing sealing and sealing materials. In addition, a single edge in the seam between the panels skips half the heat in the cavity of the panel compared to the dual edges, which significantly increases thermal insulation quality wall covering, prevents condensation and rotting wood.

Wall of a house, including panels on a wooden frame with racks-ribs, upper and lower studs and with the outer skin of sheet material, characterized in that the joints between ordinary panels installed I-shaped vertical connecting elements consisting of uprights and upper and lower horizontal plates, and corner junction panels - L-shaped vertical connecting elements, with the corner panels of the outer skin acts on the one hand, beyond the upper and lower studs by an amount equal to the panel thickness, but during installation, the upper and lower strapping frames of adjacent panels are interconnected with the upper and lower horizontal plates I - and L-shaped connecting elements, and the outer casing adjacent panels are connected and are connected on the outer VERTIC is

 

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