Mountain harvester

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of mining engineering and can be used in the construction of mining machines. The technical result is to increase operational reliability and reduce labor costs for maintenance and repair work of the harvester. Mountain harvester consists of a chassis having a frame mounted on the guide frame caterpillar trucks with individual gear and actuator, the rotary column is fixed, with the possibility of dismantling the support column and the rotary part of the Executive body, the lugs of the rotary part of the bearing slewing column axis, the cylinders rotate Executive body, one end of which is connected with a rotary part of the rotary columns, feeder, conveyor, magnetic station, pumping station, tank. The second ends of the hydraulic cylinders rotate Executive body are located on the support column, the frame of the chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad mounting platform extending on either side of the longitudinal axis of the chassis and located in the rear of the hour is I. On the frame and its mounting platform is separately mountable Assembly unit of the harvester with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other. The axis of the fastening of the Executive body can be performed in three stages. 11 Il.

The invention relates to the field of mining engineering and can be used in the construction of mining machines. Famous mountain-continuous miner GPX (see prospectus GPX ed. The Association N 01 In 011/7) that includes a chassis having a frame connected to the gearbox together with the drive track chain mounted on the walking beam suspension, bearing slewing column, containing made in one piece with the frame supporting column and a rotary part, the Executive body, the lugs of the rotary part of the bearing slewing column axis, the cylinders rotate Executive body, one end of which is connected with a rotary part of the rotary columns, the second end of the gearbox and the chassis, feeder, conveyor located above the support-rotating column, magnetic station, oil-pumping station and tank.

The disadvantage of this technical solution is low maintainability harvester, its technical difficulty on roncallo conveyor, for disassembly of the gearbox chassis to remove a large part of Assembly units of the combine.

All this reduces the efficiency of repair work, makes them time-consuming. In addition, connecting the cylinders rotate to the chassis causes razbaltyvaniya space connecting the gearbox to the frame and as a consequence reduces the reliability of this node.

The closest technical solution adopted for the prototype is to combine AM (see prospect Mountain harvester AM company "Alpina", report of the N1 Western coal mines of Australia, page 1, 13, 16, 19, 20, 21),includes a chassis having a frame mounted in vertical guides of the frame of the crawler tracks with individual gear and drive with a fixed axis located at the inner side tracked trucks, rotator fixed to the frame by bolting. For horizontal displacements of the Executive body is integrated cylinder with a toothed rod and a ring gear. Specified harvester also includes a loading machine, chain conveyor, electrical equipment, hydraulic equipment.

Assembly unit electrical and hydraulic equipment installations and in most cases, the stiffness associated with caterpillar trucks. This solution complicates the design makes it difficult to dismantle the individual Assembly units and makes this impossible without dismantling dismantling neighboring units.

For example, for dismantling caterpillar trucks, due to inaccessibility to the place of their connection, you need to dismantle the equipment located on the caterpillar. All this complicates repairs and maintenance of the combine and is a disadvantage of this construction.

Rotates the Executive body in the form of an integrated cylinder with a toothed rod and a ring gear significantly complicates the design and makes it less reliable, especially for harvesters heavy series.

The present invention is to increase operational reliability and reduce labor costs for maintenance and repairs.

In the famous mountain harvester, comprising a chassis having a frame mounted on the guide frame of the crawler tracks with individual gear and actuator, the rotary column containing fixed, with the possibility of dismantling the support column and the rotary part, the Executive body is stipulated in clause is in the end of which is connected with a rotary part of the rotary columns, feeder, conveyor, magnetic station, oil station, oil tank, the second end of the hydraulic cylinders rotate Executive body is located on the support column, the frame of the chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad mounting platform extending on either side of the longitudinal axis of the chassis and located in the rear part of the frame, and the frame rails are made in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chassis, the frame and its mounting platform is detached mounted Assembly units combine with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other, and the axis of the fastening of the Executive body made a three.

Comparison of the inventive mountain harvester prototype allows to make a conclusion about the absence in the latter of signs similar to a distinctive signs with the inventive mountain harvester:

the second end of the hydraulic cylinders rotate Executive body is located on the support column;

- frame chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad mounting platform extending on both storiesonline plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chassis;

- the frame and its mounting platform is separately mountable Assembly unit of the harvester with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other,

the axis of the fastening of the Executive body made a three.

The set of features of the proposed technical solution is different from the prototype and known analogues and should not be explicitly studied the prior art, therefore, the authors believe that the object is new and involves an inventive step. The invention involves an inventive step and due to the fact that the combination of characteristics, namely:

the second end of the hydraulic cylinders rotate Executive body is located on the support column;

- frame chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad mounting platform extending on either side of the longitudinal axis of the chassis and located in the rear part of the frame;

guide frame is made in the horizontal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chassis;

- the frame and its mounting platform is separately mountable Assembly unit of the harvester with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other;

the axis of the fastening used in loitation reliability and reduced labor costs for maintenance and repairs.

These characteristics are related to each other so that when the removal of one of them disappears produced by the invention of the technical result.

The invention also represents a step in the development of technology and is a progressive, because it allows one to increase operational reliability and reduce labor costs for maintenance and repairs.

Mountain harvester, which States this invention will find wide application in the mining sector and other sectors of the economy, i.e. an industrial applicable technical solution.

The achievement of the technical result, when the operation of the mining machine and its repair is provided that:

the second end of the hydraulic cylinders rotate Executive body is located on the support column.

This design allows you to remove the load acting on the cylinders rotate on the joints, also to simplify the design of the turn of the Executive body in the horizontal plane and thereby make it more reliable.

- Frame chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad montain is. what all this technical solution allows to separately fasten the Assembly unit of the combine, additionally, the installation of the platform in one piece with the frame provides rigidity, i.e., increases the reliability of the frame in the work.

Guide frame is made in the horizontal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chassis. This condition gives the opportunity to separately install the caterpillar truck on the frame, and fastening trucks to organize outside of the combine. This solution allows you to remove and install the caterpillar truck independently of the other units of the harvester, thereby significantly reducing labor costs for maintenance and repairs.

- The frame and its mounting platform is detached mounted Assembly units combine with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other. Implementation of technical solutions in the design provides independent dismantling of any unit of the harvester and accessibility to each node processor. This condition increases the maintainability of the combine, makes the design easy to maintain.

The axis of the fastening of the Executive body made a three. In connection with whom the Association has two points of support and there are three levels of diameters. This solution significantly improves the reliability of connection and facilitates its removal.

The essence of the invention is illustrated the accompanying drawings. In the drawings shows:

Fig. 1 - General view of the mountain harvester (side view)

Fig. 2 - General view of the mountain harvester (top view)

Fig. 3 is a General view of the suspension of mining combine (side view)

Fig. 4 is a General view of the suspension of mining combine (top view)

Fig. 5 is a General view of the frame of the chassis (side view)

Fig. 6 is a General view of the frame of the chassis (top view)

Fig. 7 is a General view of the supporting column (side view)

Fig. 8 is a General view of the supporting column (top view)

Fig. 9 is a cross - section rotation of the column (IN-IN)

Fig. 10 is a cross - section of the fastening caterpillar trucks to the frame (AND AND)

Fig. 11 is a cross - section of the fastening of the Executive body of the axis to the rotary part of the bearing slewing column (b-B).

Mountain harvester contains (Fig. 1,2) chassis 1 having a frame 2 (Fig. 5,6) mounted on the rails 3 of the frame 2 of the caterpillar truck with 4 individual gear 5 and the actuator 6,the rotary column 7 (Fig. 3, 4, 9), including fixed, with the possibility of dismantling the support column 8 (Fig. 7, 8) and the rotary part 9 (Fig. 9), the Executive, hydrocylinder turn 12 (Fig. 3, 4) of the Executive body 10, one end 13 of which is connected with the rotary part 9 control-rotary column 7, the feeder 14 (Fig. 1, 2), the conveyor 15, the magnetic station 16, the oil station 17 and the oil tank 18 (Fig. 1, 2). The second end 19 (Fig. 3, 4) cylinder rotation 12 of the Executive body 10 is located on the support column 8. Frame 2 of the chassis 1 is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening 20 platform, the mounting platform 21 (Fig. 5, 6, 10) extending on either side of the longitudinal axis "A" (Fig. 3, 4) chassis and located in the rear part of the frame 2 and rails 3 of the frame 2 is made in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis "A" of the chassis 1,with the frame 2 and its mounting platform 21 is separately mountable Assembly unit of the harvester with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other (Fig. 1, 2).

The work of the mining combine and work related to maintenance and repair, as follows:

Served the pressure in the cylinders of rotation 12 of the Executive body 10, which its one end 13 is connected with the pivoting part 9 control-rotary column 7, and the second end 19 with the support colon is bedstvie this does not razbaltyvaniya support column 8 cylinders turning 12 during operation of the harvester, and thereby increases the reliability. In addition, when the combine efforts arising from the power structures of the harvester, snap on the frame 2 of the chassis 1 (Fig. 3, 4, 5, 6). The presence in the construction of the frame 2 mounting platform 21 extending across the entire width of the chassis 1,increases rigidity, thereby increasing the reliability of its work.

The dismantling of the nodes during the repair work is carried out as follows:

For example, caterpillar trucks 4.

Dismantled the fastening elements caterpillar trucks 4 to rails 3 (Fig. 3, 4, 10), which are outside the caterpillar trucks 4 and are freely available to them, and the elements connecting them with control systems. Then the caterpillar truck 4 is removed in a horizontal direction with rails 3, while the caterpillar truck 4 out of the mounting platform 21.

For example, the conveyor 15.

When removing the conveyor 15 (Fig. 1, 2) first remove the elements, connecting it with the frame 2, and the elements of control systems. Then remove from the harvester conveyor 15.

For example, the Executive body 10.

When dismantling the Executive body 10 (Fig. 1,2) dismantled the axis 11 (Fig. 11) and the elements of control systems.

Similar clicks the ri dismantling of any node remains in place.

The mounting Assembly units of the harvester is driven in the reverse order.

Offering mountain harvester due to the location of the second end of the hydraulic cylinders rotate the Executive body on the support column, having a mounting platform on the frame, the execution of the guides on the frame in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the axis of the chassis, with separate mounting Assembly units of the harvester frame and its mounting platform, run to the axis of the fastening of the Executive body of the three-step - allows you to increase the operational reliability of the combine, and reduce labor costs for maintenance and repair work.

1. Mountain harvester, comprising a chassis having a frame mounted on the guide frame of the crawler tracks with individual gear and actuator, the rotary column containing fixed, with the possibility of dismantling the support column and the rotary part, the Executive body, the lugs of the rotary part of the bearing slewing column axis, the cylinders rotate Executive body, one end of which is connected with a rotary part of the rotary columns, feeder, conveyor, magnetic station, oil station, oil tank, ExC is e, frame chassis is made in one piece with it in the form of horizontal elements for fastening the pad mounting platform extending on either side of the longitudinal axis of the chassis and located in the rear part of the frame, and the frame rails are made in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chassis, the frame and its mounting platform is separately mountable Assembly unit of the harvester with the possibility of dismantling independently from each other.

2. Mountain harvester under item 1, characterized in that the axis of the fastening of the Executive body made a three.

 

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FIELD: open-cast mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to continuous-operation self-propelled device designed for checking possibility of mining mineral materials and taking out interlayers whose properties, from point of view of their breaking and further transportation, are of vital importance at open cast mining. Proposed device has running gear, frame with drive unit and control panel and cutting drum arranged before running gear and equipped with cutting tools. Said drum is installed in supports of carrying frame for rotation around horizontal axis and is made for adjusting position in height by means of cylinder installed between frames and carrying frame. Crawler-type running gear is used. Cutting drum passes over entire width of device, and it is furnished with guide partitions and guard shield, is functionally connected with chute-like housing and is made for stepless change of speed of rotation, speed of feed and adjusting transverse tilting from one of two sides relative to working platform owing to vertical adjustment of position of one of hinge joints connection device frame and carrying frame which is made in form of forked rotary cantilever.

EFFECT: improved operating capabilities of device.

5 cl, 5 dwg

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