Method of cooking food from the waste oil industry

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the feed industry, namely the production of feed of the waste oil industry. The method includes grinding sunflower husks, and loading into the vacuum boiler. Then in a pot filled with water at a ratio of 1:3-1:2, respectively. Install a pressure of not more than 1.5:2.5 MPa and incubated for 5-7 hours and Then the husks again crushed and mixed with prescription components, which are used, for example, fat flour animal origin. This technology will improve the utilization of raw materials and waste oil industry. 1 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to the feed industry, namely the production of feed for farm animals from waste oil industry, mainly sunflower husks.

Known feed for farm animals containing waste oil and fat industry, such as sunflower seeds husk. Sunflower husk before mixing the pre-treated with chemicals, such as ammonia (RF patent 2120765, A 23 To 1/14, 1999), sodium hydroxide, solesmense.

The closest analogue is the way to obtain food from the waste oil industry, mainly from sunflower husks, by mixing biomass with prescription components, with the husks before mixing is subjected to grinding and consistent impact perborate and hydrochloric acid at a temperature 115-118oC for 1.8 to 2 min (USSR author's certificate 592403 And 23 To 1/14, 1976).

Known methods adequately interpret the husks in digestible animal form. However, chemical reagents come not only in the reaction with the raw material, but also affect the internal surface of tanks in which carry out improvement that leads to corrosion of metal equipment.

The technical objective of the proposed method is the direction to increase the use of raw materials and waste oil industry, environmental safety, and however, the method does not affect the operational capabilities of the equipment.

To solve the problem sunflower husk powdered, is directed into the vacuum boiler, where water is supplied at a ratio of 1:3 to 1:2, respectively. Create pressure does not exceed 1.5-2.5 MPa. The treatment is carried out for 5-7 hours is economical to use-fat meal, derived from waste from the meat industry, such as meat and bone meal.

The sunflower is 19-39% by weight of the processed grain. Husk is a potential source of complex carbohydrate, in addition, contains essential micro - and macronutrients, residual fat, has a high absorption capacity. All these characteristics determine the use of husks in feed for farm animals.

However, it should be noted that the degree of grinding, in which sunflower husk assimilated by animals, is no more than 100-200 μm, which is large-tonnage production is economically feasible, but it requires tremendous energy and grinding equipment has a low productivity.

The proposed techniques and processing modes allow you to maximize the use of husks animals in the process of digestion.

The method is environmentally safe, because as a reagent use water, not chemicals.

Mixing the processed shells with meat and bone meal, followed by drying allows to obtain a complete food for farm animals.

Food can be SS="ptx2">

Food obtained by the proposed method meets the sanitary-hygienic requirements.

The use of secondary resources oil industry is an important aspect in the provision of waste-free production and the improvement of the ecological environment by reducing harmful discharges, increase the production of valuable feed for livestock.

Example 1. To acquire feed charge 100 kg seed husk, which is ground to 3 mm and contribute in a vacuum pot. Then deliver the water to 200 l (ratio 1: 2), sealed boiler, install a pressure of 1.5 MPa and incubated for 7 hours. At the end of the process the husk re-milled. Processed husks mixed with meat and bone meal in the ratio of 1.5: 6, respectively, and sent for drying. Prepared food has a moisture content of 11.0%, crude protein 45, fiber 25, calcium 0,9, nitrogen 8,1, fat 5, ash of 1.7%, sugar 64 mg/100.

Example 2. Food is prepared analogously to example 1, except that the pressure is set to 2.5 MPa, the process is carried out for 5 hours. Prepared food has the following characteristics: moisture 10%, crude protein 50, the fiber 20, the calcium of 1.5, nitrogen 8,0, fat 6, ashes of 1.4%, sugar of 60 mg/100.

1. The way the cooking is, application of chemical reagent and mixing with prescription components, characterized in that the husks additionally crushed before mixing, and processing chemical reagent are in a vacuum boiler at a pressure of not more than 1.5 : 2.5 MPA for 5 to 7 h, at the same time as a chemical reagent use water at a ratio of 1 : 3 to 1 : 2, respectively.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as prescription components, use the-fat meal of animal origin.

 

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FIELD: fodder production.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for preparing fodder product from sugar beet seeds by their grinding and by addition of soybean grist in the ratio = 10:(2-3), extraction with hydrochloric acid followed by precipitation of the end product. Invention provides elevating level of lysine in the end product.

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2 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing sunflower oil foots with crushed cereal component in high-speed mixer having shaft rotational speed of 1,000-1,500 rev/min, with optimal dose of feeding of sunflower oil foots in the course of mixing with crushed cereal component being 30%. Method allows precise dosage of sunflower oil foots into crushed feed to be provided and homogeneous non-sticky mass to be produced. Also, method provides for purposeful utilization of sunflower oil foots and deficit of energy feeding of farm animals and poultry to be eliminated.

EFFECT: increased energy value of crushed feed, reduced labor intensity, simplified process and increased productive quality of farm animals and poultry.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture, in industrial feed production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes utilization of full-allowance compound feed and sorbent addition thereto. As sorbent predefecation precipitate together with probiotic microorganisms with titer of 107-109 kl/g in used. Claimed feed product contains (mass %): compound feed 90-95; modified sorbent 5-10.

EFFECT: feed product with improved sorption of mycotoxins, containing additional feedstuffs; increased population productivity and preservation in poultry industry.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, preparing of feeds for cattle, in particular, for young animals.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing agricultural products and mixing with water; providing hydrodynamic, cavitational and thermal processing thereof; during preparing, directing mixture through system of movable channels having section variable in the course of flow, with energy of collapsing cavitational bubbles being released during passage of mixture through said system of movable channels; directing obtained energy to processable mixture repeatedly movable along closed contour for bringing it to homogeneous state at temperature of 50-70ºC. Apparatus for preparing of feeds has chamber with inlet and outlet branch pipes. Stator and rotor are incorporated in chamber. Apparatus is further provided with preliminary mixing hopper connected through inlet and outlet pipings with chamber branch pipes so as to define closed contour for flowing of mixture. Rotor is furnished with large-sized tangential blades uniformly distributed thereon for dividing it into sections. Small-sized radial curved blades are arranged around the circumference of rotor in sections. Blades, both large-sized and small-sized, have variable height increasing from rotor center toward periphery thereof, and are adapted for defining variable section channels. Stator has nozzle-type channels arranged radially and uniformly around the circumference thereof.

EFFECT: simplified process of preparing feeds and improved quality of resultant feeds.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, production of expanded combined feeds in animal farms and combined feed manufacturing enterprises.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing dosed bulk combined feed components and liquid additives; conditioning portions of resultant mixture with water and/or steam in fluidized bed provided in mixer-conditioner; before expanding procedure, wetted mixture is supplied in portions into feeder-holder for uniform saturation of moisture by feed particles over the entire volume thereof. Temperature of mixture before expanding procedure is 60-87°C and moisture content is up to 22%. Mixing and conditioning time in feeder-holder is 6 min.

EFFECT: reduced capital and operation costs for producing of combined feeds, increased nutritive value and improved dietary properties of expanded end product.

1 dwg

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with supplementing cattle diet with Chlorella Vulgaris-based bioregulator for 1 mo, once daily, moreover, as the above-mentioned bioregulator one should apply the products of Chlorella Vulgaris suspension processing. Moreover, the main product of processing - the complex of biologically active substances BAS should be fed for animals before morning feeding at the quantity of 1 l/animal, and secondary product of processing - residues of cell walls - should be given together with feedstuffs at the quantity of 1 g/kg body weight. The main product of processing - BAS is obtained due to twice freezing biological mass separated against supernatant liquid as the result of Chlorella Vulgaris cultivation, strain IFR N C-111 to achieve suspension density of 50-60 mln. cells/ml due to dividing defrosted biomass into cell fluid and solid fraction, infusing the latter upon a catholyte at pH being 6-8 at the ratio of 1:3 for 20 min and combining the extract obtained with cell fluid and liquid fraction, and secondary product of processing - the residues of cell walls should be obtained due to drying solid fraction remained after separating an extract under natural conditions and reducing.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: feed additives for poultry.

SUBSTANCE: as feed additive guelder rose seeds are added into commons of broiler chickens and layer hens.

EFFECT: improved preservation of broiler chickens and layer hens; increased yield of meat and egg production.

4 tbl

FIELD: agriculture, in particular feed production from plant products.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes high temperature drying of cut grass up to humidity of 40-45 %, separation of leaf and stem fractions. Stem fraction is contaminated with trichoderma fungi, cultivated for 20-24 h with homogeneous agitation, blended with leaf fraction followed by drying up to humidity of 10-12 %.

EFFECT: vitamin feed additive of improved quality due to increased content of carotene and protein and increased cellulose levels.

1 tbl

FIELD: food-processing industry and food-concentrates industry, in particular, equipment for thermal processing of bulk cereal products.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has transportation mechanism, hopper-accumulator with dosing device, heating device and lateral baffles. Heating device is made in the form of linear or flat emitters arranged lengthwise of conveyor and perpendicular to transportation path. Vertical baffles are positioned in equally spaced relation at site adjoining emitters, lengthwise of transportation path, with said space being at least 0.5 the height of emitter above conveyor surface.

EFFECT: improved quality of ready product.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with feeding technique in poultry. The fodder has been suggested that includes combined feedstuffs at decreased portion of food grain, millet, MEK-SH-3 at the quantity of 1 kg/t. The innovation enables to increase body weight gain and decrease fodder expenses per a body weight gain unit.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of feeding.

1 ex, 4 tbl

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