Installation for heating greenhouses

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a power system, can be used in heating greenhouses. Installation for heating greenhouses contains the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, the contact of heat of the flue products of combustion, a system of subsurface heating greenhouses, tank battery, air decarbonization with pipe outlet vapour, United pipeline suction duct of the blower fan boiler, two heater outlet one of which is connected by a pipe through the exhaust channel exhaust the flue products of combustion into the atmosphere, and the second air decarbonization, the distribution system of the greenhouse. The distribution system of the greenhouse is connected through the filter pipeline with channel tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere and additionally pipe - generator of carbon dioxide. Installation of heaters can improve the efficiency and reliability of the unit for filing in decarbonisation heated air, which improves the degassing of the water and the temperature of the blast air and drying the flue products of combustion Poteet increasing the number passing through the combustion gases. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to a power system and can be used in heating greenhouses.

Known installation for heating greenhouses, including the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, the contact of heat of the combustion products with a closed water circulation loop, the system subsoil heating greenhouses, tank battery heated water, air decarbonization with a gas outlet pipe connected to the pipe with the suction duct of the blower fan of the boiler, and distribution system having a generator of carbon dioxide, reported by pipeline through the filter cleaning the flue gases from nitrogen oxides and carbon channel tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere and adopted for the prototype (see RF patent N 2087094, class A 01 G 9/24, 1997).

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result when using the known installation for heating greenhouses, adopted for the prototype, is that known device for heating greenhouses has reduced efficiency and reliability at the expense of heat consumption for heating of the air in decarbonisation and heated flue products to the performance of the contact heat exchanger and increases the moisture content of the flue products of combustion, which reduces the reliability of the installation.

The invention consists in the following. In the flue gas duct between the boiler and contact the waste heat of the combustion products are installed sequentially in the direction of leaving two flue gas air heater, the air path of the first air heater is connected at the output of the pipeline to channel combustion gases in the atmosphere, and an air path of the second air heater is connected to the outlet pipe to the air decarbonisation. Installation of heaters can improve the efficiency and reliability of the unit for filing in decarbonisation heated air and drying the flue products of combustion by adding it to him hot air.

The technical result - increase in the efficiency and reliability of the unit for filing in decarbonisation heated air and drying the flue products of combustion by adding it to him hot air.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved in that in the known installation for heating greenhouses containing the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connect ATOR heated degassed water, air decarbonization with a gas outlet pipe connected to the pipe with the suction duct of the blower fan of the boiler, and distribution system having a generator of carbon dioxide, and reported by pipeline through the filter cleaning the flue gases from nitrogen oxides and carbon channel tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere. The peculiarity lies in the fact that the installation is further provided with two heaters that are installed sequentially in the direction of leaving flue gases in the flue between the boiler and contact the waste heat of the combustion products. In addition, the feature installation for heating greenhouses is that an air path of the first in the direction of the combustion air heater connected to the output of the pipeline to channel combustion gases in the atmosphere. In addition, the feature installation for heating greenhouses is that the second air path in the direction of the combustion air heater connected to the output of the pipeline to the air decarbonisation.

Conducted by the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources the applicant had not discovered similar, characterized by symptoms that are identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype, as the most similar in essential features analogue, has identified a set of essential towards perceived by the applicant to the technical result of the distinctive features of declared facilities set forth in the claims.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of "novelty."

To verify compliance of the claimed invention the term "inventive step", the applicant conducted an additional search of the known solutions to identify signs that match the distinctive features of the prototype of the characteristics of the claimed device. The search results showed that the claimed invention not apparent to the expert in the obvious way from the prior art because the prior art defined by the applicant, not the influence provided the essential features of the claimed invention transformations on the achievement of the technical result, in particular, the claimed invention does not provide for the following conversions:

- dopolnennym rules to achieve a technical result, in respect of which it is the effect of such additions;

- replacement of any part (s) of the other known means known part to achieve a technical result, in respect of which it is the effect of such a change;

- the exclusion of any part (element) means while the exclusion of its functions and the achievement of a result of such exclusion (simplification, weight, dimensions, material consumption, higher reliability, etc.);

- increasing the number of identical elements to enhance the technical result due to the presence in the vehicle is of such elements;

- execution of a known drug or its part (s) of a known material to achieve a technical result due to the known properties of this material;

- creation of tools, consisting of well-known parts, the choice of which and the relationship between them is carried out on the basis of known rules, recommendations, and achievable technical result is due only to the known properties of the parts of this tool and the relationships between them.

The described invention is not based on sevida. Have in mind the case where the known fact of the influence of each of these features on the technical result, and the new values for these characteristics or their relationship could be obtained on the basis of the known dependency relationships.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of "inventive step".

The drawing shows the setup diagram for heating greenhouses.

Installation for heating greenhouses contains the boiler 1, the system 2 heating tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, contact the exchanger 3 heat exhaust of products of combustion, system 4 subsurface heating greenhouses, tank battery 5, air decarbonisation 6 with pipe outlet a flash unit connected to the pipe 7 with the suction duct of the blower fan boiler, air heater 8, the outlet of which is connected by a pipe 9 through the exhaust fan 10 with a channel 11 venting flue products of combustion into the atmosphere, the heater 12, the outlet of which is connected by a pipe 13 with the air decarbonization system 14 timing of the greenhouse. 14 timing greenhouses are connected through the filter 15 by a pipe 16 with the channel 11 of the combustion gases in the I heating the greenhouse is carried out as follows.

Water heated in the boiler 1, circulates in the system 2 heating tent greenhouse, cooled and returned to the boiler 1. Leaving the combustion products after boiler 1 is sequentially pass air heaters 8 and 12. The air heated in the heater 8, is fed into the channel 11 with the purpose of drying the combustion products before taking them into the atmosphere, which increases the reliability of external flues and chimney (not shown). Installation of the heater 8 eliminates the bypassing part of non-refrigerated gases in the channel 11. This increases the performance of the contact exchanger 3 by increasing the number of passes through the combustion products. The air heated in the heater 12, is served in decarbonisation 6, which improves the degassing of the water and the temperature of the blast air. After the heater 12, the products of combustion come in contact heat exchanger 3, where the heated water circulating in the system 4 subsurface heating of greenhouses. While water passes successively air decarbonisation 6, where the removal of dissolved carbon dioxide tank battery 5, the system 4 subsurface heating and returns to the heat exchanger 3 heats the e calciner 6, through pipe exhaust steam pipeline 7 is fed into the suction duct of the blower fan of the boiler 1. The feed to the furnace blowing humidified air reduces the output of nitrogen oxides, increases the service life of high-stressed elements of the furnace and the moisture content of the flue from the boiler 1 flue gases, thereby increasing the heat output pin exchanger 3.

Part of the dried products of combustion, saturated with carbon dioxide by pipeline 16 through the filter 15 of flue gases from nitrogen oxides and carbon is fed into the system 14 timing of the greenhouse. The required additional amount of carbon dioxide being released into the system 14 timing greenhouses on the pipe 17 from the generator 18 of carbon dioxide. During periods when the greenhouse is not necessary to submit carbon dioxide, the combustion products are completely discharged to the atmosphere through the channel 11.

Thus, the above data confirm that the implementation of the use of the claimed device the following cumulative conditions:

the tool embodying the claimed unit in the implementation, is intended for use in the energy sector, namely in the heat;

- for the claimed condition is s the possibility of its implementation using the steps described in the application or known before the priority date tools and techniques;

the tool embodying the claimed invention in its implementation, is able to achieve perceived by the applicant of the technical result.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of "industrial applicability".

1. Installation for heating greenhouses containing the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, the contact of heat of the combustion products, a system of subsurface heating, tank battery heated degassed water, air decarbonization with a gas outlet pipe connected to the pipe with the suction duct of the blower fan of the boiler, and distribution system having a generator of carbon dioxide and reported by pipeline through the filter cleaning the flue gases from nitrogen oxides and carbon channel tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere, characterized in that the installation is further provided with two heaters, installed sequentially in the direction of leaving flue gases in the flue between the boiler and contact the waste heat of the combustion products.

2. Installation for heating greenhouses under item 1, characterized in that an air path first haddow combustion into the atmosphere.

3. Installation for heating greenhouses under item 1, characterized in that the second air path in the direction of the combustion air heater connected to the output of the pipeline to the air decarbonisation.

 

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