(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the sexual mats for cleaning Shoe soles at the entrance to the building. Sexual Mat consists of elongated elements connected through mushroom-shaped protrusions in a single element and the corresponding holes in the join, with a net structure, scaly form cells through walls and is made of polyvinyl chloride. Cell walls provided with additional projections on the outer side, partially reproducing the shape of the cells, but smaller thickness, the cylindrical projections and transverse grooves on the walls of the cells from the side facing the floor, which facilitates cleaning of the Mat and the floor under it and increases the durability of the Mat. 4 Il., table 2. The invention relates to the field of household appliances and can be used as a sexual mats to remove dust and dirt from the soles of shoes when entering a building, hallways, lobbies and other common areas.Known sexual mats such appointment, made of different materials and different designs PCT WO 99/12465, EP 0940115A1, EP 0117707B1.The disadvantages of these solutions are associated mainly with the structural features pollinose care elements of the Mat and the floor, there are disadvantages associated with rigid mounting elements genital mats between them, which also complicates the care of floors and transportation genital mats. A significant effect on the cleaning ability of the genital mats have and the materials from which they are made.The prototype of the invention is sexual Mat described in patent PCT WO 89/09008, consisting of a narrow oblong elements, with a net structure scaly form due to the partitions between cells.Each element on one long side by some distance, perpendicular to the element, has a mushroom-shaped protrusions, and on the other, in strict conformity - hole equal to the diameter of the legs of the ledge.Mushroom-shaped projections of one element are inserted into the corresponding holes of the other, forming any desired area of sexual mate.The sexual elements of the Mat is made of polyvinyl chloride.The disadvantage of the prototype is not effective cleaning of Shoe soles, blockage of cell Mat mud and sleet in inclement weather, slipping sexual Mat at small sizes on a smooth and damp floors and reducing cleaning properties when the properties of a sexual mate, extending the scope of its application, facilitating care for sexual coatings under the Mat.This objective is achieved in that the sexual Mat consisting of elongated elements connected through mushroom-shaped protrusions in a single element and the corresponding holes in the join, with a net structure, scaly form cells through walls, and is made of polyvinyl chloride, according to the invention the cell walls of the sexual Mat provided with additional projections on the outer side, partially reproducing the shape of the cells, but smaller thickness, the cylindrical projections and transverse grooves on the walls of the cells from the side facing the floor.Fig. 1-4 are plots of element that forms featured sexual mate.Fig. 1 is a plot element from the side adjacent to the floor, where position 1 - mushroom ledge, 2 - neck mushroom tabs, 3 - hole mushroom ledge next item (separately fragment element with holes shown in Fig. 4), 4 - cylindrical protrusion on the wall of the cell (shown also in Fig. 3, 4), 5 - transverse indentations on the walls of the cell).Fig. 2 represents the plot is EEK 6.From the drawings it follows that each element has a mushroom-like protrusions 1 in the form of a truncated pyramid with rounded corners and corresponding holes 3 on the opposite flat side of the element. While pushing the mushroom-shaped projections of one element in the corresponding holes of the other elements are firmly fastened in place of the neck 2, which allows you to create sexual Mat of any size and shape without loss of design flexibility in General.The sexual edge of the Mat, ending with a mushroom-shaped projections, "stitched" straps with holes in them (Fig.4). Opposite side straps with a mushroom-like protrusions.Position 6 of the drawings marked ledges, partially reproducing the configuration of each cell. These projections, unlike the prototype, form a rough elastic surface sexual Mat that improves the removal of dust and dirt from Shoe soles.In table. 1 shows comparative data on the effect of dust Mat-prototype and offer sexual Mat during the day when the weather is dry in the summer.In Fig. 1 presents a plot element of the proposed sexual Mat from the side adjacent to the floor. POS. 4 marked the cylindrical protrusions on the surface is t prototype does not fit the whole surface of the walls to the floor and rests on the ledges having a small area. When the load is abruptly increased specific pressure, which leads to an increase of the coefficient of friction between the sexual Mat and the floor. Comparative tests showed that unlike Mata prototype of the proposed sexual Mat does not slip on wet smooth genital surfaces, which is important when using small genital mats in the entrances, shower enclosures, etc.In Fig. 1, 3, 4 shows the location of the transverse grooves on the edges of the cells of the Mat. Through these recesses and the fact that the Mat does not fit the entire area of the cell to the floor, unlike the prototype, the proposed sexual Mat and the floor under it easily cleaned from dust and dirt in a natural way (by rain or running water without additional effort that is essential when sexual Mat covers a large area of the floor on the street or in areas with high hygienic requirements, such as basins, baths, etc.In table. 2 shows comparative data on the remaining mud sediments after the rain in the cell Mat of the prototype and the proposed Mat (before the rain mats and floors under them have not been cleaned for the dummy before the entrance to the building on the streets, and inside are actually samples of Mat-prototype and recommended Mat) showed a significant advantage of the proposed sexual Mat for cleaning ability and care for the floor under the mats.The presence of cylindrical protrusions together with transverse recesses enables the creation of very flexible design that allows the use constantly loosen mud deposits, additional removable tabs top of the Mat. The arrangement of the recesses in the transverse direction is a sign of significant, because this location allows you to easily remove the loosened mud deposits across the surface - emission deposits inside of the Mat, and out of it. Transverse recesses function and baking powder, and conductors mud sediments and in conjunction with cylindrical protrusions form an additional corridor for permanent removal of mud sediments. Thus, there has been a continuous process of quality cleaning of the Mat, which facilitates maintenance of the floor under the Mat and operation of the Mat.It should be noted that the flexibility of the design does not affect the reduction to the function scrapers, as mentioned earlier, serve the function of "connectors" cells, providing overall strength and durability.The greatest effect advantages became apparent when using sexual mats of small sizes in areas with smooth and wet floors, i.e., expanding the range of applications and prevents injuries. Sexual Mat consisting of elongated elements connected through mushroom-shaped protrusions in a single element and the corresponding holes in the join, with a net structure, a scaly shape of the cells, through walls and is made of polyvinyl chloride, characterized in that the cell walls of the sexual Mat provided with additional projections on the outer side, partially reproducing the shape of the cells, but smaller thickness, the cylindrical projections and transverse grooves on the walls of the cells from the side facing the floor.
FIELD: equipment used for attachment of fastening sheets to one another and to floor.
SUBSTANCE: blind floor designed for forming of surface for laying of detachable decorative floor covering has plurality of fastening sheets, each comprising first upper surface substantially covered with detachable attachment means, plurality of fastening sheets arranged so as to substantially cover floor for forming of blind floor with upper surface. Blind floor has plurality of passages defined completely or partly in at least one sheet and oriented from blind floor upper surface to floor, passages having part made flush with blind floor upper surface and defining first supporting surface arranged lower than blind floor surface, plurality of fastening devices, each comprising second upper surface substantially covered with devices for detachable attachment means. Blind floor has plurality of fastening devices shaped to conform to passages for introducing into passages. Fastening devices have wider upper part for defining second supporting surface, plurality of fastening parts for insertion into passages so that second supporting surface faces first supporting surface, and at least several fastening devices attached to floor. Various versions of fastening sheets, assembly methods and construction of fastening devices are described. Fastening devices, which may be inserted into fastening sheet portion of reduced thickness are preferably used, said portion surrounding slot in fastening sheet.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing laying of fastening sheets for loose movement with respect to one another and, as a result, free expansion and shrinkage of modular sheets.
39 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: floor coating production.
SUBSTANCE: fastening sheet, carpet and lining assembly for laying carpet on floor includes fastening sheet having upper layer of thin flexible rigid material and lower layer of elastic resilient substrate arranged along periphery of area to be covered and defining above area. The assembly comprises contact band with hooks connected to the sheet along perimeter thereof and elastic lining with height corresponding to that of fastening sheet. Fastening sheet dimensions correspond to area defined by the sheet. The assembly also includes carpet with backing surface covered with loops to provide detachable carpet connection to the band having hooks. The carpet is located above fastening sheet and lining. Modular frame for carpet, process of fastening sheet and decorative coating assembling, fastening sheet and unfinished floor structure for base substrate covering are also disclosed. Method of modular frame laying involves laying frame of predetermined size on surface to be covered, laying coating modules mating each other along frame perimeter, removing frame and laying decorative coating on area from which frame was removed. Sheet may be cut and laid within a room. Sheet has rigidity and mass enough to maintain its shape without bends and buckling formation after carpet laying on floor by freely floating method without connection to floor.
EFFECT: improved ability to floor coating arrangement and replacement.
29 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: sanitary and hygienic facilities for dwelling, equipment for sportive and sanitation complexes, household articles such as things for bathrooms, or floor mat-like articles for swimming pools.
SUBSTANCE: mat has at least two modules formed as sheets of cellular structure connected with one another through retaining members positioned in openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer and retaining members are formed as webs made from tape or strip. Width of web exceeds diameter of opening. Web has two-beveled wedge-shaped ends and thinned portion provided at the side of base of each wedge-shaped end for arranging thereof in cell opening and providing adhering of base and web to cell. According to another version, mat has at least two modules formed as sheets consisting of cells connected with one another by ribs, and retaining members positioned within openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet free of ribs. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer. Retaining members are formed as webs of tape or strip having width exceeding diameter of opening, with tips formed as equilateral trapezium and thinned regions provided at the side of larger base of each tip being adapted for locating it in cell opening and for providing adherence of base and web to tip. Length of web positioned between thinned portions corresponds to length of ribs. Mats may be of any sizes.
EFFECT: light-weight and simplified construction, convenient usage, and reduced labor intensity for manufacture and retention of pattern structure.
9 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: intended for use in production of carpets. Polyurethane bases of carpet coatings are produced with application of polyurethane-forming composition, where polyurethane is a product of interaction of polyisocyanate component and polyol component, containing mixture of isocyanate reaction materials, from which one or more of unnecessarily alkoxylated hydroxymethyl-containing (polyester) polyols make 25-90 wt %.
EFFECT: formula provides for considerable replacement of traditional polyols with polyols produced from yearly renewable energy sources, with preservation of important properties, like edge curling, strength of bundle fixation, viscosity and proper hardening rates.
40 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: intended for application in manufacturing of floorings. Connecting unit comprises part of one flooring element provided with hole and pin of the other attached element arranged in this hole with facilities of fixation in the form of long tabs that surround through axial channel of rod and are bent till contact with side surface of hole by central spacer rod. Rod is inserted into channel between tabs on side opposite to their ends. Mat comprises upper and lower surfaces with upper and lower shelves arranged along edges with thickness that is less than mat thickness. Upper shelves are equipped with vertical pins that protrude downwards, and lower shelves comprises holes for the possibility of coupling with similar pins of another mat in process of flooring assembly by superposition of upper shelves of one mat over lower shelves of the other one. Pin comprises axial channel with flexible longitudinal tabs arranged along periphery. Free end part of pin produced by tabs in cross dimension is less than according section of hole, with the possibility to open as rod element is inserted into channel, which exceeds its cross dimension. Channel is equipped with through expanded section in upper shelf.
EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of detachable flooring.
15 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises three layers, two of which are electrically-insulating, and the third one in-between is a screen made of a composite metallised film which includes a metal film one-side coated by a first layer of a polymer film having a smooth surface characterised by a high EHF and infrared electrical field reflection coefficient; the other side of the film is coated with a second layer of the polymer film. The screen represents applications laid on the electrically-insulating layers by the side coated by the second layer of the polymer film. The applications are laid on each electrically-insulating layer with uncoated segments left; the applications on the first electrically-insulating layer overlap the uncoated segments between the applications on the second electrically-insulating layer with an application strip width to exceed the uncoated segments by 10 % and more. A method for manufacturing of the apparatus consists in coating the composite metallised film by a cotton strip 70±40 mm wide with an interstitial space 60±40 mm. The total strip and space width is equal to d = D/2N, where D is a cotton strip width, and N is a number of the strips arranged on cotton.
EFFECT: use of the invention provides allows enhanced performance characteristics of the apparatus.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: articles of personal use.
SUBSTANCE: carpet contains a basic structure and features high and low nap. Some fibres of the high nap have smaller linear density than finest fibres of the low nap. At least some fibres of high nap have linear density under 15 dtex, preferably under 5 dtex.
EFFECT: reduced content of fine dust in environment.
10 cl, 8 dwg