The method of stimulation of feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds and installation for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the industrial poultry to poultry meat breeds. The method consists of multiple repetitions during the day cycle optical effects on the bird in the areas of feeding and rest. Each cycle consists of impacts on bird light respectively in the orange part and the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in dark and light periods. Stimulation to eating food before feeding phase birds produce acoustic tone parcels that combine simulation of the onset of dawn and dusk changing light and color of the lighting. At night every day in a darkened periods through cycle impacts produce aeroionization air negative ions. The system includes a light cable that is located above the feeding grounds and resting birds, sources of acoustic tone of parcels and aeroionizatora negative ions. Light cable is made with two separate channels of light, respectively, in orange and blue parts of the visible spectrum radiation. Each lighting channel formed by the light sources, rabotaushi emuu electrical circuit, connected to the power source through the automatic control modes. The invention allows the use of biological rhythms birds for maximum realization of their in achieving high productivity. 2 C. and 7 C.p. f-crystals, 7 ill., table 1.

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the industrial poultry, and can be used to reduce the cost of feed and energy of the growing period while reducing it labor costs of personnel and improve the productivity of birds.

Famous author's certificate USSR N 1625467, class A 01 To 67/02, 1988, a method of increasing the productivity of birds, including consecutive periodic its lighting and shading, and period lighting make feeding and watering, during which stimulate these operations intermittent tone parcels.

The disadvantages of this method are the large energy consumption, the uneven distribution of light and acoustic impacts on birds in the area of its feeding and watering.

Closest to the claimed method is known from the patent of the USSR N 1831281, class A 01 To 67/02, 1991, method of stimulation preimum light emission and stimulation tone parcels, imitating the voice of the birds during feeding, watering and burning in the rest period.

The disadvantages of this method are the high cost of feed and energy, the uneven distribution of light fluxes over differentiated in light of technological areas feeding activity and resting birds, which leads to increased cost of fattening poultry and eggs.

Closest to the requested installation is known from the patent of Russian Federation N 2095974, class A 01 K 31/00, 1997 installation to stimulate feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds, containing light cable located along its habitats over feeding areas and recreation, in the form of prisoners in protective translucent membrane and sequentially disposed with an equal interval of point sources of visible light radiation, connected to the current-carrying elements connected to the power source through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird.

The disadvantages of this setup is the inability to deliver highly directional lighting, lack of tone of acoustic effects, imitating the call of birds in the periods of differentsirovannymi in light of technological areas feeding activity and resting birds, the result is increased cost of production.

The task of the invention is to improve the preservation and classification of birds, the life of fattening and productivity while reducing energy consumption, feed consumption, water, electricity, and labor costs of its contents.

These goals are achieved by the fact that in the method of stimulation of feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds by repetition during the day cycle impact in the areas of feeding and resting in the range of visible light emission is variable on time of light in the bright and dark periods in combination with the stimulation of eating food before feeding phase acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds, during each cycle of light and dark periods, a bird impact oriented directional lighting, respectively, in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 600 to 615 nm, and the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 440 to 460 nm, and the stimulation to eating food before feeding phase birds acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds, combined with simulation in which the group of oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum visible light focused on the light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation, and Vice versa, thus smoothly increase or decrease within 5 - 15 minutes of illumination, which in dark and light periods in the areas of feeding and resting birds are respectively 4 - 6 1 - 3 Lux and 15 - 30 5 - 15 Suite, and at night every day in a darkened periods through cycle impacts on the bird within 1 to 3 hours to produce aeroionization air environment of its host streams of negative ions with a concentration of 30,000 to 70,000 ions/cm3.

The proposed method achieves the highest positive result only in the case when the installation for implementing the method of stimulation of feeding and raising and digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds, containing light cable located along its habitats over feeding areas and recreation, light cable, formed of prisoners in protective translucent membrane and sequentially disposed with an equal interval of point sources of visible light radiation, connected to the current-carrying elements connected to the power source through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird with aeroionotherapy supporting density concentrations urwah parcels, imitating the call of the birds eating poop, light cable is made adjustable in height, with filters, sequential and alternating through one of the sources of visible light radiation of separate channels oriented directional lighting in orange and blue parts of the spectrum of visible light radiation, respectively, in the ranges of 600 - 615 and 440 - 460 nm, and the sources of visible light radiation channel separate oriented directional lighting to one of the parts of the spectrum of visible radiation, are connected by connecting their current-carrying elements in parallel-sequential independent electrical circuit, connected through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird to a power source, and the sources of visible light radiation sections of the separate channel oriented directional lighting in a different part of the spectrum of visible radiation are connected through connecting their current-carrying elements in the other parallel-sequentially independent electrical circuit connected through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird to a power source.

Light cable can also be done with a triangular or in the form of a segment of the cross sections, the major threads oriented directional visible light radiation which passes through the work surface exceeds the threads of the other light radiation passing through the upper outside surface.

One of the options structure length of cable may be its performance with reflector light radiation on its upper outside surface, and light) is th literature, showed that the claimed combination is unknown, that is claimed is the invention of "novelty."

And since when using this method and installation for its implementation leads to higher effect, obvious to the experts, it is claimed meets the condition of "industrial applicability".

The method of stimulation of feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds is to synchronize the phases of the feeding activity of birds with phases of light and dark periods poultry.

In the phase of the light period on the bird impact oriented directional lighting in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 600 - 615 nanometers when ambient light is equal to 15-30 Suite, and in the phase of a dark period for bird impact oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 440 to 460 nm when light is 5 - 15 Suite. The transition from the dark period of the light period and Vice versa carry out due to the gradual changes of illumination within 5 - 15 minutes. In a dark period of illumination in the areas of feeding and resting birds is soostone 15 30 5 - 15 Suite.

In the transition from the dark period of the light period and Vice versa mimic the onset of dawn and dusk, during which stimulate the feeding of poultry feed using acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds to eat the feed (Callsign feeding activity). When moving from a dark period light period oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation varies smoothly on oriented directional lighting in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation and Vice versa when moving from light blackout period to period lighting.

At night every day of fattening poultry in a dark periods in the absence of staff within 1 to 3 hours to produce aeroionization air flow of negative ions with a concentration of 30,000 to 70,000 ions/cm3.

The temperature in the room containing the bird is maintained in the range of 18 - 32oC.

This combination adjustable light intensity and spectrum of visible radiation oriented directional lighting birds and acoustic impact on her aeroionization air to provide the parameters of the main factors of the external environment of the poultry, which are light, sound, temperature and cleanliness of the environment.

The method is illustrated in the schedule of daily poultry meat breeds in Fig.1.

An example of the method. For fattening poultry meat breeds were used daily program switch light modes (photo periods) "day - night", which correspond to light and dark periods. IN THE 2400hours gently for 15 minutes to simulate the onset of dawn, i.e. oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 450 pressure gauges under illumination 5 Lux change on oriented directional lighting in orange (yellow-orange) part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 610 nm with illumination at 25 Lux in the feeding area and 10 Lux in the recreation area, with simulated daylight combine with the inclusion of acoustic sources distinct parcels, imitating the call of the birds to eat the feed what stimulates and brings her reflex memory oriented in time signals of light and sound on the presence of food, while only turns on the light in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation, which stimulates the functional and locomotor Actinia.

After 2 hours simulate dusk for 15 minutes reduced illumination in the areas of feeding and rest respectively to 5 and 2 suites with a simultaneous change oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 450 nm, which promotes peace, birds and reduces nervous stress of the previous light period, relieves stress factor that helps enhance digestion and, consequently, the digestibility of feed, increase body weight and viability birds.

After that "day - night" again and so continuously during the day.

In addition, three times per day in the absence of the personnel in blackout periods include aeroionization air hosting environment birds streams of negative ions from the ion concentration equal to 50,000 ions/cm3that saturates the blood with red blood cells, and tissue cells of the body of a bird and therefore strongly encourage its viability and growth of muscle tissue, reproductive function and increases the productivity of birds (see table).

The pace is Aholibamah for light and visible radiation, oriented directional lighting birds and acoustic impact on her aeroionization air provides stimulation of feeding and improving the digestibility of feed consumed by the birds, by ensuring optimal parameters of the main factors of the external environment of the poultry.

As can be seen from the table created by the claimed method, the technological mode of stimulation and synchronization feeding when exposed synchronously directional lighting in certain parts of the spectrum of visible radiation and sound in accordance with the natural biological rhythms of feeding activity in the morning and especially in the evening creates the best conditions for high digestibility (feed conversion), better feed intake and ultimately the preservation of food resources while improving the productivity of poultry.

In Fig.2 schematically shows a General view of the facility to stimulate feeding and increase the digestibility of feed.

In Fig.3 - light cable in the cut.

In Fig. 4 - rectangular cross-section length of cable with a plot of the distribution of the light fluxes.

In Fig.5 - trapezoidal cross-section length of cable with a plot ri distribution of the light fluxes.

In Fig.7 is a cross section cable length in a segment with a plot of the distribution of the light fluxes.

Installation to stimulate feeding and increase the digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds consists of a height-adjustable cable length, made in the form of prisoners in protective translucent shell 1 and sequentially disposed with equal intervals of alternating one and having the filters point sources 2 and 3 of visible light radiation oriented directional lighting, respectively, in orange and blue parts of the spectrum of visible radiation, which form channels separate lighting along its habitats over feeding areas 4 and rest 5, springs 6 acoustic tone of parcels and aeroionizatora 7 negative ions. The 2 sources of visible light radiation oriented directional lighting channel in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation are connected through connecting their current-carrying elements 8 and 9 in parallel-sequential independent electrical circuit connected through the device 10 automatic control modes impacts on the bird to a power source, and the sources 3 are visible to the teachings connected by connecting their current-carrying elements 9 and 11 in a separate parallel-sequentially independent electrical circuit, connected to the power source through the device 10 automatic control modes impacts on the bird. To the power source through the device 10 automatic control via current-carrying elements 9 and 11-parallel circuit point sources 3 visible light radiation channel oriented directional lighting connected aeroionotherapy and sources 6 acoustic tone parcels connected respectively to the power source through the device 10 automatic control via current-carrying elements 8 and 9-parallel circuit channel point sources 2 visible light radiation oriented directional lighting. Protective translucent shell, 1 cable length depending on the need can be met with a cross section in the form of a rectangle, or a trapezoid, or a triangle or segment and color used part of the spectrum of visible radiation.

Installation to stimulate feeding and digestibility of feed for poultry meat breeds operates as follows. After turning on the power source in the device 10 of the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird entered the daily program the switch is riodan, in zone 4 feeding the illumination of which is respectively 25 and 5 Lux, which direct the main luminous flux of the light cable, and its smaller luminous flux directed to the area 5 recreation, light, respectively, 10 and 2 suites. Then in the 2400hours the device 10 automatic control modes, effects on bird includes point sources 2 visible light radiation channel oriented directional lighting light cable and smoothly for about 5-15 minutes, simulating the occurrence of "dawn", increasing the illumination up to 25 Lux in the feeding area and when it includes sources 6 acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds to eat the feed, thus it is included only channel oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation length of the cable. Thus stimulated and entered into reflex memory poultry oriented in time signals of light and sound on the presence of food, which stimulate locomotor activity, the vital processes of the body of the bird, which provides an increase in live weight and more rapid maturation.

2 hours after the start of the cycle "day - night", the device 10 automatically uprange at the onset of the "twilight" reduction of illumination in zone 4 feeding to 5 Lux, this includes sources 6 acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds to eat the feed and channel oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation, smoothly, within 5-15 minutes, disabling this channel oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation. The blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation stimulates peace birds and reduces nervous stress of the previous light period, relieves stress factor that also contributes to enhancing digestion, respectively, digestibility of feed and increase body weight and viability birds.

After that "day - night" is repeated, and so continuously throughout the day.

In addition, the device 10 automatic control modes of the impact on the bird three times a day, during the absence of staff, including blackout periods aeroionotherapy 7 for saturated air environment poultry negative ions, which contributes to the saturation of the blood with red blood cells, and cells and tissues of the body of the bird, and thereby stimulates its viability and growth of muscle tissue, reproductive functions, and therefore, and productivity is Kratovo recurrence during the day cycle optical impact in the areas of feeding and resting in the range of visible light radiation is variable in time the intensity of bright and dark periods in combination with the stimulation of eating food before feeding phase acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds, characterized in that during each cycle of light and dark periods on the bird impact oriented directional lighting, respectively, in the orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range 600-615 nanometers in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation in the range of 440-460 nm, and stimulation to eating poop acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds combined with the simulation of the onset of dawn and dusk through a transition from dark age to bright and Vice versa by changing oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum of visible radiation is focused directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible radiation, and Vice versa, thus smoothly increase or decrease within 5-15 min illumination, which is accordingly 4-6 and 1-3 Suite in a darkened and 5-15 and 15-30 Suite light periods in the areas of feeding and resting birds, and at night every day in a darkened periods through cycle impacts on the bird within 1-3 h produce aeroionization of air flow of negative ions with a concentration of 30000-70000 ions/cm3.

2. Installation to stimulate feeding and improving the recreation and educated prisoners in protective translucent membrane and sequentially disposed with an equal interval of point sources of visible light radiation, connected to the current-carrying elements connected to the power source through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird, characterized in that it is provided with aeroionotherapy supporting density concentration of negative ions in 30000-70000 ions/cm3air feeding areas and recreation and sources of acoustic tone parcels, imitating the call of the birds eating poop, light cable is made adjustable in height with filters, sequentially spaced and alternating through one of the sources of visible light radiation of separate channels oriented directional lighting in orange and blue parts of the visible parts of the spectrum of the radiation, respectively, in the ranges 600-615 and 440-460 nm, and the sources of visible light radiation channel separate oriented directional lighting to one of the parts of the spectrum of visible radiation are connected through connecting their current-carrying elements in parallel-sequential independent electrical circuit, connected through the automatic control mode of the impacts on the bird to a power source, and the sources of visible light radiation ucertainty by linking their current-carrying elements in the other parallel-sequentially independent electrical circuit, connected through the automatic control mode of the exposure on the bird to a power source.

3. Installation under item 2, characterized in that aeroionotherapy connected to the current-carrying elements of the parallel-sequential independent electrical circuit of sources of visible light radiation sections of the channel is oriented directional light in the blue part of the spectrum of visible light radiation.

4. Installation under item 2, characterized in that the sources of acoustic tone parcels connected to the current-carrying elements of the parallel-sequential independent electrical circuit of sources of visible light radiation channel is oriented directional lighting orange part of the spectrum of visible light radiation.

5. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.2 to 4, characterized in that the light cable is made rectangular or trapezoidal in cross-section, the major threads oriented directional visible light radiation which passes through longitudinal workers and associated lateral surface, exceeds the amount of threads other light radiation passing through the upper outside poverkhnostnom section, the major streams oriented directional visible light radiation which passes through the side surfaces exceeds the threads of the other light radiation passing through the upper outside surface.

7. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.2 to 4, characterized in that the light cable with cross-section in the form of a segment, and the value of the key threads oriented directional visible light radiation passing through a convex working surface, exceeds the threads of the other light radiation passing through the upper outside surface.

8. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.2 to 7, characterized in that the light cable is made with a reflector of light radiation on its outside surface.

9. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.2 to 8, characterized in that the sources of visible light radiation in the form of LEDs.

 

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1 dwg, 3 tbl

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