The method of using plasma for coolant
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to energy, in particular renewable energy appliances. In the combustion chamber to form a plasma torch, and in the process burning receive the coolant in the form of superheated steam and combustion products, which through pipelines and regulated items direct to the consumer. The technical result is a simplified process flow diagram for the production of coolant, expanding application areas. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to energy and can be used to obtain fluid.Known steam-plasma torch, comprising a housing, a fixed elektrogerate with fixed therein with an electrode, a nozzle attached to the housing with a gap relative to the electrode forming chamber forming an arc, a system of pipes in the casing, a pipe for supplying water from the regulating device, and the device of vaporization (patent N 2041039 IPC 23 To 10/00).The known method of plasma cutting of metal, which use aqueous medium fed by two streams, one of which, work is for elasmobranchii, and the other, dopolnitelnoi metal cutting have limited technical capacity (cutting, welding, welding) and cannot be used to obtain fluid.A method of obtaining the heated working medium by mixing the fuel with the oxidant and the subsequent combustion of the mixture on the catalyst in the combustion chamber (patent N 1327796 IPC F 23 C 11/00 - prototype).However, this method has a complex technological scheme (the fuel is pre-mixed with water at a mass ratio that provides thermal self-enrichment of the fuel and the oxidant fed to the mixing in stoichiometric amount upon receipt in the combustion process of the heated working medium in the form of a mixture of water evaporated and products of combustion) and the limited opportunities that are associated with the stationary performance of the device, a special selection of fuel and large energy consumption for preheating the mixture of fuel and has no easy maintenance and does not ensure the environmental safety of the process of obtaining a hot work environment.The invention is directed to a simplified process flow diagram for the production of coolant, enhancing its technical capabilities and applications, ensuring environmental safety and ease of Finance of the electric current, magnetic fields and water or aqueous solutions, and in the process burning receive the coolant in the form of superheated steam and combustion products, which through pipelines and adjustable elements directed to provide devices for heating water, cooking and heating.The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a block diagram of the method of application of plasma for coolant. The drawing shows the following symbols: 1 - capacity for water or water solutions; 2 - plasma torch; 3 - combustion chamber of a plasma torch; 4 - pipe coolant for heating; 5 - valve (adjustable element); 6 - the pipeline to ensure the operation of the device for cooking; 7 - pipelines for water heating; 8 - pipeline to return spent fluid; 9 - pipelines for water or aqueous solutions into the container 1.The method is as follows.When applying voltage to the plasma torch 2 and its inclusion in the work occurs spark that grows into the arc discharge. When water or aqueous solutions in the area of the arc discharge and due to the intense heat produced p is rtie into the combustion chamber 3, where is formed a plasma torch. In the combustion chamber is overheated steam. Superheated steam and combustion products form a coolant, which through pipelines (4,6,7 there) and adjustable elements 5 is supplied to devices for heating, cooking and water heating. As necessary, one or another pipeline can be overridden by the respective adjustable elements 5.Coolant (superheated steam) is moved through pipelines and perform its main function - gives off heat. After that it can heat the water in the tank 1 or to turn into water, which is reused in a closed loop.The application of this method allows to significantly simplify the process of obtaining a coolant and heat transfer, to expand its capabilities and areas of application, to ensure environmental safety and ease of maintenance. 1. Application of the plasma to obtain a brine by mixing the fuel with the oxidant and the subsequent combustion of the mixture in the combustion chamber, characterized in that the combustion chamber to form a plasma torch through the use of electric current, magnetic Pol combustion, using piping and adjustable elements is directed to providing devices for heating water, cooking and heating.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the coolant used in the closed loop.
FIELD: methods for burning of solid fuel.
SUBSTANCE: the method for salvaging of trinitrotoluene, whose term of safe storage has expired consists in the fact that trinitrotoluene is fed to the combustion chamber in a melted state (at a temperature of 80 to 90 C) and burnt off in the atmosphere of gaseous fuel-methane not containing oxygen in its composition, as a result of burning due to own oxygen of trinitrotoluene, a great amount of own carbon (soot) is extracted, which then finds industrial application. For burning of trinitrotoluene use is made of an installation including a combustion chamber, pressure regulators for delivery of molten trinitrotoluene and gaseous fuel (methane), electric igniter and a filter for catching soot.
EFFECT: provided safe method for salvaging of trinitrotoluene in the combustion chamber in the atmosphere of gaseous fuel (methane).
2 cl, 1 dwg