(57) Abstract:The invention relates to plumbing fittings and can be used in household and public mental attitudes and baths. A shower head includes a housing with an input channel, hermetically mounted in a glass case with a perforated holes in the bottom, two manifold and jet element with the channel power associated with the input channel of the housing, two control channel connected through feedback channels to output channels connected to two reservoirs. The feedback channels are interconnected by means of a sealed flexible partitions. The technical result of the invention is the frequency of oscillation of the pressure of the expiration, which is easily accomplished by changing the stroke, square or rigidity of the flexible walls, which increases the functionality of the shower nozzle. 5 Il. The invention relates to plumbing fittings and can be used in household and public shower facilities and bathtubs.The famous shower head, comprising a housing in the form of a socket, provided with a hole for the supply of water in the cavity, which by a great Foundation closed the aperture is f cylinder with side holes (USSR Author's certificate N 1426645, class B 05 B 1/18, 1987).When the supply of water to the cylindrical part of the socket it enters into the interior of the funnel and then through the hole in the diaphragm occurs in the space bounded by the cylindrical screen. Thanks to the special shape of the opening in the diaphragm after the water from the hole is in the form of a diverging cone, the base of which is limited by a cylindrical screen. In the space between the conical jet and cylindrical screen through the side of the cylinder bore ejectives the air, saturating water jet gas fixation. When a certain ratio of the height of the bounding camera to the diameter of the holes in the diaphragm are ripple flowing stream, creating an additional massaging effect.A disadvantage of the known device is the small amplitude and the precarious nature of the pulsation-dependent hydrodynamic characteristics of the expiration of the properties of the working environment and the ratios of the geometric dimensions of the nozzle.Also known shower head containing a cylindrical housing with an input channel, hermetically mounted in a glass case with a perforated holes in the bottom and concentric with the cylindrical housing Simcoe's certificate of the USSR N 1479117, class B 05 B 1/18, 1987).This shower head is equipped with a switching device made in the form of installed inside the enclosure can be rotated around the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical element with inlet openings at one end and end-to-end channels within this element. The device is also equipped with a ball off valves installed in the inlet holes with the possibility of contact with the end face of the cylindrical element of the switching device. End-to-end channels are at an angle to the axis of the cylindrical element of the changeover valve is made with arc extensions from the side of the inlet holes. Cylindrical element from the side opposite to the distribution element, provided with a drive for regulating the speed of this element. After leaving the nozzle sequentially and periodically emitted a jet of working fluid's temperature.The disadvantage of this device is the design complexity and the lack of stability in the work.Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result of the present invention is a shower head, comprising a housing with an input channel, gment, with the supply associated with a water channel casing, two control channel connected through feedback channels to output channels connected to two reservoirs, two side walls bounding the cavity of the switch, which reported to the food channel, control channels and the output channels (USSR Author's certificate N 1752432, class B 05 B 1/18, 1989).Water is supplied to the input channel of the casing and enters the channel power jet element. Resulting from channel power stream is deflected to one of the walls of the cavity of the switch and enters one of the output channels, where water flows into the first header and expires under pressure through the holes in the environment. Some water is diverted through the channel feedback through a delay element (long line) to the first control channel. Under the action of the jet flowing from the first control channel, the supply jet is deflected to the opposite cavity wall switch and begins to act in a different output channel. As a result of pressure in the first reservoir and the first feedback channel fall in the other output channel and the second collector is increased. This increases the pressure of the expiration of the second collector who R already to the second control channel, forming therein a control stream, under the action of which the feed stream is returned to its original state. Thus the outputs of the jet element, and hence the collectors are generated periodic fluctuations in pressure and flow expiration.A disadvantage of the known device is the high frequency fluctuations of the pressure of the discharge from the low transmission delay of signals in the feedback channels and the impossibility of its adjustment, which reduces the efficiency effects of pulsations on the human body.The aim of the invention is to expand the functionality of the nozzles by eliminating these disadvantages.This objective is achieved in that the shower nozzle holding body with the input channel, hermetically mounted in a glass case with a perforated holes in the bottom, two manifold and jet element with the channel power associated with the input channel of the housing, two control channel connected through feedback channels to output channels connected to two reservoirs, the feedback channels are interconnected by means of a sealed flexible partitions.The invention is illustrated at h is s In Fig. 2; Fig. 4 - section G-G of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 - section d-D of Fig. 1.A shower head includes a housing 1 with an inlet channel 2, which is tightly mounted in the housing 1 Cup 3 with perforated holes 4 of the bottom 5, the first cylindrical charge 6 with one channel 7 feedback on one end and a jet element 8 on the other end, the second cylindrical charge 9 with another channel 10 feedback on one end and a channel 11 for supplying fluid to the other end. Between the ends of the cylindrical circuit Board 6 and 9 from the feedback posted without gap sealed flexible wall 12 (e.g., polyethylene film). Inkjet element 8 has a channel power supply 13, which is connected through a channel 11 for supplying fluid to the input channel 2, two control channels 14 and 15 connected by the channels 7 and 10 feedback with the appropriate output channels 16 and 17 are connected to the manifolds 18 and 19 separated from each other by separator 20, two side walls 21 and 22, bounding the cavity of the switch 23, which reported the food channel 13, the control channels 14 and 15 and the output channels 16 and 17.Works shower head as follows.When the water supply to the input channel 2 on channel 11 for supplying fluid Postup and sticks to one of the side walls, for example, to the side wall 21, and enters the corresponding output channel 16. From the input channel 16 jet of water enters the outlet manifold 18 and under pressure flows through the openings 4 into the environment. In the output channel 17, the water is received and the expiration of their collector 19 is not happening. At the end of the water from the output channel 16 part of it is selected in the channel 10 feedback. The pressure in the channel 10 is increased and sealed flexible wall 12 connecting channels 7 and 10 feedback, bending in the direction of the channel 7, wynema from this channel volume V1water corresponding to the square and move the flexible septum 12. In the channel 10 when it enters volume V2water, compensating the movement of a flexible airtight septum 12. When the movement of the partition 12 is stopped, due to structural limitations of the stroke or its finite stiffness, the pressure in the channel 10 increases, and the channel 7 and decreases, resulting in the control channel 14 pressure appears in the control channel of 15 disappears. Arise between the channels 14 and 15 differential pressure switches jet power to the opposite side wall 22. After switching the stream of water enters the output channel 17 and d is l 16 water ceases to flow and the end of the manifold 18 is terminated. At the end of the water from the output channel 17 part of it is selected in the channel 7 feedback. The pressure in the channel 7 feedback increases and tight flexible wall 12 connecting channels 7 and 10 feedback, bending in the direction of the channel 10, wynema from this channel volume V3water corresponding to the square and move partitions 12. In the channel 7 when it arrives volume V4water, compensating the movement of a flexible airtight septum 12. When the movement of the partition 12 is stopped, the pressure in the channel 7 increases, and the channel 10 is reduced. Resulting between the channels 15 and 14 differential pressure switches jet power in its original position. Then the cycle repeats.Thus, in the process, the jet power jet element 8 periodically switches, modulating the pressure fluctuations at the outputs 16 and 17 and pressure of the outflow stream of water from reservoir 18 and 19 through the openings 4 into the environment. The frequency f of these oscillations is determined by the delay time , i.e. f = 1/, and in the known device:
=p+o.c.< / BR>wherepthe time for transferring fluid from a supply to output channels;
o.c.the time is responsive is by changingpando.c.quite complex and requires changes to the basic design parameters of the device.In the proposed decision, the delay time is increased byin:
=p+o.c.+in< / BR>whereinthe time required for draining and filling the liquid volume V, due to the movement of the flexible wall.And timeinmuch more than timeporo.c..The frequency due to the change timeineasily accomplished by changing the stroke, square or rigidity of the flexible walls, which increases the functionality of the shower nozzle. Shower head, comprising a housing with an input channel, hermetically mounted in a glass case with a perforated holes in the bottom, two manifold and jet element with the channel power associated with the input channel of the housing, two control channel connected through feedback channels to output channels connected to two reservoirs, wherein the feedback channels are interconnected by means of a sealed flexible partitions.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: in end piece, flow conic slit-like channel of variable section is made screwed with rotation of longitudinal axis for angle 20-60°. Section at output is decreased in comparison to input in 1.5-3 times.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly for domestic, medical and transport use.
SUBSTANCE: device includes lavatory pan with hinged seat, flushing tank, composite tube with operating handle to supply water from water source to pouring head, namely to shower head. Operating handle includes L-shaped connection pipe arranged in depression formed in seat and having short and long parts. L-shaped connection pipe rotates around long part axis during water pouring out process and may be longitudinally displaced. L-shaped connection pipe is freely arranged on lavatory pan and freely detached from it. Connection pipe is secured to pouring head. Short part of connection pipe is attached from below with water source by means of flexible hose. Short part axis is always parallel to pouring direction of pouring head. Operating handle includes two mutually perpendicular arms provided with seating areas for L-shaped connection pipe installation in different positions is socket of wall holder. Shower head made in accordance with the first embodiment comprises hollow body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and inlet L-shaped connection pipe. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket. Shower head made in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and handle. Arranged inside body are relief valve, shutoff member and operating lever connected to relief valve by the first lever arm and kinematically linked with control member of shower head handle by another, free, end. L-shaped connection pipe is used as shower head handle. Shower head handle has inner water hose. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket.
EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced number of supply pipeline branches, elimination of hinge and sealing connections usage, improved ability of device detachment.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: nozzles, particularly for cleaning reservoir bottom from residual viscous, high-viscous and hardening liquids and for removing deposits near connection pipes of fire-extinguishing systems adapted for extinguishing fire in reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: device bottom is provided with radial eccentrically located distributors formed as plates having chamfers on the first plate sides. Plate length is less than device bottom radius. Plate height exceeds width of gap defined by device body and bottom.
EFFECT: increased efficiency along with maintaining design effective volume of the reservoir, reduced reservoir damage due to corrosive action.
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering, particularly for medium and deep water spraying in cooling towers, scrubbers, gas and steam condensing plants, gas-cleaning systems, for spraying high-viscous liquids or liquids with considerable content of impurities.
SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises connection pipe and deflecting members formed so that cone angle of each next deflecting member is less than that of previous one. Nozzle has conical body. Deflecting members made as deflecting washers are arranged along vertical axis between at least two fixing posts. Deflecting washers have inner orifices decreasing in direction away from inlet connection pipe. Each deflecting washer is made as truncated cone. Outermost deflecting washer is of hemispheric shape and adapted for water spraying into area located under nozzle connected with pipeline by straight and adapter couplings. To increase hydraulic capacity and system flexibility cascade nozzles with lesser inlet connection pipe diameters are substituted for ones with greater diameters.
EFFECT: increased cooling efficiency, simplified structure, improved flexibility, minimizing of nozzle clogging.
FIELD: environmental protection.
SUBSTANCE: furnace comprises combustion chamber whose bottom section is provided with the igniter and branch pipe for supplying fuel, intermediate section is provided with the branch pipe for supplying waste, and top section is provided with the exhaust branch pipe connected with the duct for discharging flue gases. The casing is mounted around the chamber to define the air passage between the casing and outer side of the chamber. The passage is in communication with the bottom section of the combustion chamber and branch pipe for supplying fuel. The casing is provided with the air supply branch pipe. The branch pipe for supplying fuel receives at least one pair of vortex cyclonic chambers whose openings for air supply are made in opposite tangential directions.
EFFECT: enhanced environmental safety.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation equipment, in particular, fine-dispersion or drop sprinkling equipment used in mobile and stationary sprinkler units for producing of sprays with droplet sizes admissible for irrigation of wide range of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has hollow cylindrical casing with partition wall, wherein guiding rod is rigidly fixed centrally of partition wall. Conical deflector with curved grooves is fixed on guiding rod for displacement along it. Location of conical deflector in predetermined position on guiding rod is provided by means of adjustment nut which may is fixed by lock nut. In order to form uniform liquid film around perimeter of conical deflector, grooves are provided in such a manner that they do not reach edge by distance equal to width of casing outlet opening ring, when conical deflector is lifted to maximal extent. Fluoroplastic layer is built in friction surface of conical deflector.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of finely dispersed uniform spray, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for carrying out health-improving and curing hydrothermal treatment. Proposed contrast sprays set has sprays panel made of two non-communicating tubular systems consisting of collecting and operating pipes installed parallel to each other at preset angle to sides of sprays panel. Operating pipes are provided with great number of holes pointed to side of operating zone. Panel is installed on supports for reciprocating in plane of panel under action of drive.
EFFECT: provision of convenience in treatment of patient, and accurately checking of main parameters.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: spraying equipment, particularly hydrodynamics of delivery pipeline adapted to be used in different industries.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises pump, liquid vessel, barrel with control arm and flexible hoses. Barrel includes valve with grooves to provide working liquid jet bypass in reverse direction to pump inlet. Device also has means aimed at reduction of losses and minimization of force to be applied to valve control arm. More particularly, valve grooves are inclined at 60° angle one to another, device comprises collars for valve securing having outer and inner packing members with seats and providing free valve rotation about valve axis. The rotation is performed around pin with packing member. Pin diameter is considerably lesser than valve diameter.
EFFECT: simplified structure, improved performance and increased safety.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: liquid spraying equipment, particularly used in fire-fighting, sanitary and watering facilities, for liquid fuel combustion, etc.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has body with channels for liquid jets forming and liquid supply nipple. The channels are directed so that axes thereof cross beyond channel outlets in sprayed liquid flow generation space. Minimal distance between crossing axes does not exceed hydraulic channel radius Rh value. Distance between outlet channel sections and sprayed liquid flow generation space defined by plane with minimal distance between crossing channel axes preferably does not exceed 80Rh. Sprayer body may be provided with chamber shaped as solid of revolution and installed beyond outlet channel sections. Axial channel may be formed in the sprayer body. Channels may have equal cross-sections. Sprayer in accordance with the second embodiment has one channel with cross-sectional area, which is not more than 2 times greater than that of another one.
EFFECT: increased uniformity of droplet intensity and dispersion over flow section, reduced energy consumption.
1 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: spraying or atomizing.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises housing with the lid provided with even number of nozzles and disk deflector provided with odd number of ring recesses. Each ring recess has central corner that overlaps the outlet openings of adjacent nozzles.
EFFECT: improved design.
5 cl, 8 dwg