Autonomous heating system for buildings personal use

 

(57) Abstract:

The device is intended for use as the building heating system for individual use (the cottage) and in the heating apparatus of different purposes. Autonomous heating system includes a closed hydraulic circuit with a gas cushion, a pump connected to the heat generator hydrodynamic cavitation-type pressure through the nozzle with the liquid flow regulator, and heat exchangers. When this heat is made in the form of a sealed container located in the upper part of the hydraulic circuit and filled with liquid above three quarters of its height with the formation of the gas cushion in the upper part. The cavitation device made in the form of at least one jet nozzle and one blade of the turbine wheel, immersed in the liquid container. A nozzle connected to the liquid flow regulator, and a blade of the turbine wheel is located opposite the nozzle and is connected to the energy consumer. This design of the heating system allows economical heating of buildings, it is possible to perform the heating process without the use of non-renewable oblasti heat and can be used in heating systems, and in the heating apparatus for various purposes.

A device for heating the liquid containing the heat source with the accelerator fluid, the heat exchanger, the pump actuator connected to the heat source through the discharge port, and a controller mounted on the pipe connecting the heat source to the heat exchanger. Part of the heat source includes at least one additional accelerator fluid, spatial distribution system, in parallel channels which are installed accelerators liquid, made with a different degree of reduction of the bore, and a flat grid established for the distribution system downstream of the liquid. The internal cavity of the heat generator in front of bars communicated with the surge tank (see patent of Russian Federation N 2132025 C1, IPC 7 F 24 D 15/02, 20.06.1999).

This device allows to achieve a temperature increase due to the heating system of the cavitation process, however, has a complex structure and requires a constant supply of electrical energy from the power grid.

The closest analogue to the claimed invention is a method for those who replicase circuit, which has been consistently found to expansion tank with a piston, provided with a device for moving it, the fitting and cavitator centrifugal type (for example, a multi-line centrifugal atomizer). After the cavitator in the hydraulic circuit is mounted a heat exchanger to transfer heat to the consumer. The hydraulic circuit is equipped with an orifice, temperature sensors and pressure. Expansion tank, in turn, contains a drain valve (see the patent of Russian Federation N 2061195 C1, IPC 7 F 24 J 3/00, 27.05.1996).

In closed-loop liquid gas inclusions can be formed only in the presence of the contour of the volume of free fluid. The increase in the total volume of gas inclusions and gradient changes in velocity of the fluid is carried out by the organization vortex fluid flow. In this case, bubbles are formed predominantly in the bulk liquid, which ensures the safety of the walls of the hydraulic circuit and, accordingly, improves reliability and increases durability. This invention allows for the process of heat dissipation at the expense of achieving self-oscillating cavitation mode. However, to achieve optimal management of this PI requires a constant supply of electrical energy from the power grid.

The proposed invention is illustrated graphic material, where Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an Autonomous heating system, and Fig. 2 is a top view of the cavitation device.

Autonomous heating system includes a closed hydraulic circuit 1 with a gas cushion 2, a pump 3 connected to the heat generator hydrodynamic cavitation type through the discharge port 4 controller 5 of the fluid flow, and heat exchangers 6 and 7, when the heat source is designed as a sealed vessel 8, located in the upper part of the hydraulic circuit 1 and filled with liquid above three quarters of its height with the formation of the gas cushion 2 in the upper part. Moreover, the cavitation device made in the form of at least one jet nozzle 9 and one blade of the turbine wheel 10, immersed in the liquid tank 8, the nozzle 9 is connected to the controller 5 of the fluid flow, and the turbine blade wheel 10 is located opposite the nozzle 9 and is connected to the energy consumer 11. The drive of the pump 3 can be used the motor 12 and/or the turbine 13, and/or diesel (Fig. 1 not shown) connected to the pump 3 through a coupling 14. The motor 12 pree 15.

The last flow of the fluid heat exchanger 7 can be placed in the well 16 with ground water, located in the basement or outside. Thus, before the heat exchanger 7 can be installed bypass valve 17 for feeding the working fluid by an additional pipe 18 into the pump 3, bypassing the heat exchanger 7. The well 16 may be provided with a pipe 19 for sampling ground water through the filter 20, and the pump used for lifting, can be used, for example, the user 11. In addition, the tank 8 is supplied with a temperature sensor, gas fitting, drain valve and water meter tube (Fig. 1 is not shown).

The heating system operation is as follows.

Closed circuit 1 through the fitting tank 8 is filled with working fluid, for example water. Capacity 8, located in the upper part of the circuit 1, is filled with liquid above three quarters of its height. With a jet nozzle 9 and the turbine blade wheel 10 should be submerged under the water level of the tank 8, and in the upper part of the tank 8 should be formed of the gas cushion 2 required for saturation of water by air and ensure the flow of cavitation is 1, while using the controller 5 of the liquid flow rate to achieve the occurrence of cavitation process in the vessel 8, the intensity of which is measured by reading of the temperature sensor. To increase the power of the heating system can be installed several jet nozzles 9 and located just opposite the blade of the turbine wheel 10, mounted on the same shaft PTO with shear blades of each wheel relative to each other, and the shaft connects with the consumer energy 11, which can be used as a generator, pump or other mechanism requiring drive.

The generated heat by means of heat exchangers 6 and 7 can be used for heating the building, and heating the ground water in the well 16, which by means of, for example, pump (energy consumer 11), pipeline 19 and filter 20 can be used for household needs. In the absence of the necessary water from the well 16 through the bypass of the valve 17 and pipe 18 can be water circulation, bypassing the last stream in the heat exchanger 7.

The pump drive 3 focuses more on the use of wind energy, which uses wind movement the machine 12, working in generator mode and supply the battery 15, the energy of which can be used the same electrical machine 12 is operating in motor mode and cause the pump 3 in the absence of wind. However, the pump 3 can operate in emergency cases from diesel and centralized electric grid.

1. Autonomous heating system, containing a closed hydraulic circuit with a gas cushion, a pump connected to the heat generator hydrodynamic cavitation-type pressure through the nozzle with the liquid flow regulator, and heat exchangers, and the heat made in the form of a sealed container located in the upper part of the hydraulic circuit and filled with liquid above three quarters of its height with the formation of the gas cushion in the upper part, and the cavitation device made in the form of at least one jet nozzle and one blade of the turbine wheel, is immersed in a liquid tank, a nozzle connected to the liquid flow regulator, and bladed turbine wheel is located opposite the nozzle and is connected to the energy consumer.

2. Heating under item 1, characterized in that Thu is the exploits of clutches.

3. Heating system on p. 2, characterized in that the drive motor of the pump is made in the form of a reversible electric machine and connected to the battery.

4. Heating under item 1 or 2, or 3, characterized in that the last flow of the liquid heat exchanger placed in the well with ground water, located in the basement or outside.

 

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FIELD: heating systems using heat accumulated in storage masses, particularly to heat buildings not linked to central heating system.

SUBSTANCE: heating system comprises motor-driven compressor to increase heat-carrier pressure, radiators installed in rooms to be heated, heat-carrier supply pipelines provided with regulation valves. The heating system has closed heat-carrier circulation loop. The heat-carrier is compressed air adiabatically heated in compressor. The system additionally has compressed air cylinder filled with air at 10-150 atm pressure and adapted to fill the heating system and to regulate heating system pressure. The system also comprises heat-insulated hot air accumulation means installed between the compressor and radiators connected with water heating heat-exchangers, which heats water for domestic use. The motor is combustion engine, which uses natural gas or liquid fuel or electrically powered motor. The pipelines are provided with heat-insulation means. Heating system operation method is also disclosed.

EFFECT: possibility of heating system usage in all climatic conditions.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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