Power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

The unit is designed to produce electrical energy. The novelty of the design is that it is equipped with turbines placed along the vertical axis of symmetry, the upper and lower walls with holes, gauges, gas chambers, pipelines removal of "excess" gaseous working fluid control valves, tank mixer, piping inlet and outlet natural gas, flexible domed gotobaby.com, cargo anchors, fasteners, hinges and cables, flexible dome-shaped floats, inner and outer bottom, middle, top compression rings. The paper uses the natural phenomenon of self-regulation working pressure working fluids in a few energy units. The unit has a simple design, clean and has high efficiency. 2 Il.

The invention relates to the field of energy, in particular to power plants for generation of electric energy, the energy Converter fluid into mechanical and then electrical.

Known power plants convert the energy of the fluid into mechanical and then electrical capacity, placed it on top of each other the horizontal axis with the pulleys and covering their endless belt with buckets - working bodies and connected to the vessel piping for supply and discharge of the gaseous working medium. Copyright certificate of the USSR N 1321905, CL F 03 G 3/00, 07.07.67. Bull. N 25, it is the same as the patent of the Russian Federation, N 1321905, CL F 03 G 3/00, March 12, 1993, as the gaseous working medium gases used combustible mixture, the tank is provided with placed between the axes, the longitudinal vertical wall and pipes for supplying and discharging fluid to control valves and actuators for the system of electrosurgery. Copyright certificate of the USSR N 1592573, CL F 03 G 3/00, 16.09.90. Bull. N 34, and the same RF patent N 1592573, CL F 03 G 3/00, 12 March 1993, the installation includes a second tank placed in her turbine combustion chambers with the electrodes and the tank is a settling tank. Moreover, the combustion chamber with electrodes at the outlet is in communication with the second tank, and tank-tank - pipeline supplying the gaseous working medium. According to the patent of Russian Federation N 2066787, CL F 03 G 3/00, 20.09.1996, the apparatus comprises a compressor, a few additional energy blocks interconnected by piping inlet and outlet gaseous working fluid with electromagnetic technology each energy unit is equipped with gotobaby.com, placed over the holes formed in the vessel, and through a nozzle lifting gaseous working fluid soobseniem with tank-otstoyam and pipe lifting and draining of the liquid, the latter of which communicates with the tank is a settling tank, and the other is installed in the vessel and is located in the direction of rotation of the turbine, and automation of security and regulation.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is energy installation according to the patent of Russian Federation N 2066787, CL F 03 G 3/00, 1993

Signs of a power plant according to the patent of Russian Federation N 2066787, CL F 03 G 3/00, 20.09.1996, coinciding with the essential features of the invention are appropriate container filled with the working fluid, which is located in her turbine, with pipes for supplying and discharging the gaseous working medium with multiple power units.

The obstacles to achieve the required technical result is the following: the blades of a turbine placed on a horizontal axis, they are gaseous working medium, in the direction of rotation of the turbine, affects only half of the turnover of the axis of the turbine.

The basis of the offer of the invention is: izgotovlenie deep pressure a quantity of flowable substances used as working fluids, to make the work safe, perfectly clean, without the cost of traditional natural resources, to simplify the technology and design, and to achieve compactness and significantly reduce the use of metals.

This object is achieved as follows: power plant equipped with multiple power blocks, in which the turbine is placed on the vertical axis of symmetry, on the bottom and top walls with holes there are gas chambers, equipped with a drainage piping-supply of gaseous working fluid, piping removal "extra" gaseous working fluid, is provided with a control valve and tank mixer, also the piping inlet and outlet natural gas, inside the lower, middle, upper and outer lower, middle, upper clamping rings, providing stability and compactness of the power block.

Between the set of essential features of the claimed invention and the technical result that can be achieved is evident causality: some energy blocks contain generators with gearboxes is Lennie working fluid and placed in them by the turbines.

The housing of the power unit provided an opportunity to place the turbine, the working fluid, the gas chamber and other equipment.

Lower, middle and upper inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings ensured the stability and compactness of the power plant.

Liquid and gaseous working body provided the rotation of the turbine, therefore, the rotation of the armature of the generator, namely the generation of electric power in the electric power supply unit installation

Rownames established control over the necessary level of liquid working fluid in the power unit, therefore providing optimum mode of operation of the power block.

The pipe feeding the working fluid to the valve is provided commissioning of the power plant.

The bottom and top walls with holes that secured the placement of turbines in the power block on the bearings and through the holes - passing the gaseous working fluid, therefore, ensured the efficiency of the power block.

The brackets that secured the placement of switchgear, therefore the efficiency energies working fluid under turbine power block therefore, provided the efficiency of the power block.

Gas chamber ensured the efficiency of the power block.

Coupling secured to the clutch axis turbine with the axis of the gear, and secured the efficiency of the power block of the power plant.

The gearbox has provided the required speed of rotation of the armature of the generator, therefore, the efficiency of the generator.

The generator provided power production, therefore, has ensured the work of the power plant.

The terminals of the generator provided the diversion of energy produced energy unit.

Interconnecting piping exhaust-supply of the gaseous working medium provided economical operation of the power plant, its unity.

The outlet pipe "extra" gaseous working fluid control valves /solenoid/ ensured optimum performance of power plants.

Tank mixer provided the economic operation of power plant.

Valve removal gazoobrazovania with the valve on the suction side of the air valve provided adjustment rabouilleuse installation.

The receiver has provided the energy efficiency of the installation.

The gas meter has provided commissioning of the power plant.

The gauges provided the adjustment power plant, and control of the work.

Drainage is provided for draining the working fluid /recovering working body/.

The control valve has provided oversight of the health check valve switchgear.

All valves have provided the energy efficiency of the installation.

Piping exhaust-supply of the gaseous working medium in a few energy units provided a cost effective, safe, environmentally friendly, without the cost of traditional natural energy work power plant.

The natural gas pipeline with veterem and gauges provided operation of power plants without additional energy costs for compression of the gaseous working medium.

Comb the discharge of natural gas pipelines with valves and pressure gauges provided the exhaust of natural gas, therefore, has ensured the work of the power plant.

Open water /ensured the efficiency of power plants.

A flexible dome-shaped gadobenic ensured the collection /extraction/ gaseous working fluid, namely, the operation of the power installation in the sea or ocean.

The cargo anchors secured a constant location of power plants in the sea or ocean, therefore, ensured her work.

Base power units provided their stability.

A pipeline with a valve for supplying the collected natural gas, hydrogen in the sea or ocean ensured the efficiency of power plants.

The connecting loops, ropes provided the strength and the permanent location of the flexible dome-shaped gas collector, namely ensured the efficiency of power plants.

The simplification of the structure lies in what is not used lubricator, electric contact pressure gauges, solenoid valves, automatic safety regulation.

The simplification of the technology is that the pressure drop of the gaseous working medium in a few energy units carried out automatically, i.e. self-regulating way.

Based power plants are the physical properties of flowable substances: m is what the body and almost the incompressibility of the other, fluidity working phone

Utility power plant is that it used deep pressure fluid substances, as working fluids used fluid substances: atmospheric air and atmospheric, water or natural gas, hydrogen and atmospheric water or sea water, the construction uses the minimum number of metals that allows to reduce the generation of electric power.

The invention is illustrated in Fig. 1, figs. 2.

In Fig. 1 shows a power plant in cross section along the vertical axis of symmetry. In Fig. 2 is a cross section on the horizontal axis of symmetry, with additional equipment, allowing to carry out work under water in the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen. In Fig. 1 shows an energy installation comprising several identical power blocks, each of which comprises a sealed enclosure 1, frame 2, the bottom wall with holes and slot for bearing 3, the top wall with the holes and the slot of the bearing 4, the axis of the turbine 5 turbine 6 coupling 7, the gear 8, the generator 9, the terminals of the generator 10, the main valve is ode/ 14, level 15 to level 16, the supply liquid working fluid 17, the drain 18, the gas chamber 19, the exhaust tube is the supply of the gaseous working fluid 20, the control valve of the gaseous working medium 21, the gauge of the gas chamber 22, the pressure gauge gaseous working fluid received on the next power unit 23, the gauge "extra" gaseous working fluid 24, the residual gauge pressure gaseous working fluid 25, tank mixer gaseous working fluid 26, the pressure gauge gaseous working medium tank-mixer 27, the valve supplying gaseous working fluid /air/ 28, the supply of gaseous working fluid from the tank of the mixer 29, the blower 30, a receiver 31, a pressure gauge receiver 32, the valve discharge gaseous working fluid /air/ 33, the gas meter 34, the bypass valve 35, the pressure gauge feed gaseous working fluid 36, the valve control health check valves 37, every four power unit contains the inner lower, middle and upper clamping ring shown in Fig. 2/ 38, the outer lower, middle and upper clamping ring shown in Fig. 2/ 39, manometer received natural gas 40, the supply of natural gas 41, the pressure gauge feed gaseous nedelitelna comb 44, the distribution valves manifold valves 45, 47, 49, 51, pressure distribution manifold 46, 48, 50, 52, valve drain "excess" of natural gas from the tank of the mixer 53, a supply of gaseous working fluid extracted from the seabed or ocean 58, some four power block I, II, III, ..., n. In Fig. 2 depicts the power plant, placed in the sea or ocean where there is no deep currents and from the bottom of the allocated natural gas or hydrogen, and optionally containing a flexible dome-shaped gadobenic 54 with cargo anchors 55, the connecting loops 66, the retaining cables 57, a pipeline system with veterem supplying gaseous working fluid /also depicted in Fig. 1/ 58, a flexible dome-shaped floats 59.

Technical efficiency is high efficiency, perfect clean, safe operation, simplicity of design and technology, dematerialise, compactness, minimum use of metal, used as a liquid working fluid atmospheric water, and as the gaseous working medium is air, natural gas received by the customer or produced in the sea or ocean, natural gas, hydrogen, universal work.

The work of aosdana working condition as follows: through the supply liquid working fluid 17 all energy blocks filled with the liquid working fluid /air water/ 14 level 15 level 16, and through the valves supplying gaseous working fluid from the atmosphere /air/ 28, the supply of operating air 33, blower 30 produced by the injection of this gaseous working fluid /air/ pressurized, for example by 3.1 kgf/cm2to excess pressure in the air chamber of the first energy block of 2.1 kgf/cm2and in the tank-mixer 26 to the excess pressure of 1.1 kgf/cm2the pressure gauge 27. When created working condition veil supplying gaseous working fluid from the atmosphere /air/ 28 closed. It should be noted that this gaseous body /air/ passed through the check valves 11, 12 through the holes of the bottom wall 3, surfaced in a liquid working fluid /water/ 14 and acting on the turbine 6, while it rotates, and accordingly, through the coupling 7, through the reduction gear 8 rotates the armature of the generator 9. Further, the gaseous working fluid /air/ passed through the holes of the upper partition 4, gathered in the gas chamber of the first energy block 19 with a working pressure of 2.1 kg/cm2the gauge of the gas chamber 22 and the exhaust tube is the supply of the gaseous working fluid 20, due to the automatically generated differential pressure in not the and gaseous working fluid 20, lateral pipelines "extra" gaseous working fluid through a pressure regulating valve 21 has entered the tank mixer 26, in which the excess pressure gaseous working fluid of 1.1 kgf/cm2. Through the supply of gaseous working fluid /air/ 29 blower 30 produced by the injection of gaseous working fluid /air/ to excess pressure of 3.1 kg/cm2. Thus, the movement of the gaseous working fluid /air/ in a few energy blocks indefinitely closed, and power plant works perfectly ecologically clean and safe, with high efficiency, if the number of energy units is 30 - 40 or more, and the height of the "column" liquid working fluid /water/ equal to 10 m or more. It should be noted that the power of the power plant depends on the diameter of the turbine 6 /the larger the diameter of the turbine 6, the more powerful power plant with powerful generators 9/. If gaseous working - the body's natural gas powered power plant with closed valves 28, 29, 43 and open the gates 41, 33, 44, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53. It should be noted that the initial pressure of the natural gas may be equal to the working pressure, which determines MANOVA collection flexible domed gotobaby.com 54, energy blocks are placed in the sea or ocean on the vertical axis of symmetry, the power plant works without peripheral equipment 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 and purposefully can be provided in addition to other oborudovanie.

Power plant illustrated in Fig. 1, figs. 2.

Energy installation comprising several power units with compressors, several additional energy blocks, pipelines for supplying and discharging a gaseous working fluid from the solenoid and check valves, and thus the energy blocks are communicated to each other through the compressor by pipeline, the capacity of each power unit is equipped with gotobaby.com placed over the holes formed in the vessel, and through a nozzle lifting the gaseous working medium, in communication with the tank-the tank and also the pipe lift and drain the fluid, the latter of which communicates with the tank is a settling tank, and the other is installed in the vessel and is located in the direction of rotation of the turbine, automation of security and regulation, characterized in that it is equipped with some of the top and walls with holes, the level gauge, the gas chamber, piping removal "extra" gaseous working fluid control valves, tank mixer, piping inlet and outlet natural gas, inside the lower, middle, upper clamping rings, outer bottom, middle, top clamping rings, blower, can additionally be provided with a flexible domed gotobaby.com with cargo anchors, fasteners, hinges and cables, flexible dome-shaped floats, located on the sea or ocean, from the bottom of which is allocated to natural gas or hydrogen.

 

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2 dwg

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