Method of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals

 

(57) Abstract:

Method of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals. The method includes the installation of the technological equipment of emitters associated with electromagnetic generators. Processing lead equipment production wells, pipelines, compressor stations, etc. On the emitters serves modulated signals. Processing are modulated signal with carrier frequency 150-2000 kHz, modulation frequency 1-200 kHz and a deviation of 1 Hz. The emitters generate an electromagnetic field, an electric component which does not exceed 0.02 V/m and magnetic - less than 0,00002 A/m Increases the efficiency of production and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals. Reduced energy costs. 3 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to the field of mining industry and can be used in the extraction of oil, natural gas and other minerals.

The known method of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals, including installation of technological equipment, the extraction of minerals from the reservoir equipped wells, Agneta aiutatemi compressor stations and distribution on distribution stations (see D. F., Gurevich, and other Reference valves for gas and oil pipelines. M.: Nedra, 1988, S. 4-6).

The disadvantage of this method are significant energy losses due to friction in equipment and pipelines.

Task to be solved by the present invention is directed, is to increase the efficiency of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals. Effect: reduce energy costs for production and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals due to changes in viscosity, friction and other properties.

The technical effect is achieved in that in the method of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals, including installation of technological equipment, the extraction of minerals from the reservoir is equipped with wells, the injection of the main compressor station in the pipeline, maintaining pressure on its length intermediate compressor stations and distribution on distribution stations at the technological equipment installed emitters associated with electromagnetic generators that served on the modulated emitters sight electromagnetic field, electrical component which does not exceed 0.02 V/m and magnetic - less than 0,00002 A/m

The emitters are installed on process equipment compressor and distribution stations.

The emitters are installed on process equipment wells.

The emitters are installed on process equipment wells and compressor and distribution stations.

This set includes all the essential features, each of which is indispensable, and all sufficient to achieve a technical result.

The method is as follows.

On the technological equipment wells, compressor and distribution stations in contact with the flow of liquid or gaseous mineral (or part of the equipment - only wells, only compressor stations and so on), set the emitters associated with electromagnetic generators. The latter serves on the emitters of the simulated signals with carrier frequency from 150 to 2000 kHz, modulation frequency from 1 to 200 kHz and a deviation of 1 KHz (produce resonance-active modulation).

The emitters generate an electromagnetic field, electricity is Olya is a phenomenon, called electromagnetic catalysis.

Variations of the resonant frequency active modulation can extend electromagnetic catalysis through the process equipment on the large mass of the substance subjected to technological processing.

Processing the modulated electromagnetic field should begin before the start of operation of technological equipment. This time - the so-called pumping, determine, on the basis of 0,06 - is 0.0002 h/kg, and the more weight, the less time is required for pre-processing unit of its mass.

After the start of operation of technological equipment emitters and electromagnetic generators continue to operate.

As a result of processing the roaming equipment wells, compressor, distribution stations and pipelines for liquid or gaseous fossil changes its viscous properties of internal friction, friction on the wall of the pipeline and structural equipment wells, compressor stations (blade assemblies axial compressors, centrifugal compressors, and so on).

Changes in total wascott what I energy loss for different types of friction.

Similarly, when the operation of gas turbine engines at compressor stations as a result of change of the total viscous properties of gas and air and their secondary manifestations - diffusion mutual diffusion, the gas mixture with air becomes more homogeneous. As a result of this reduced number of local overheating, narrows the effective temperature profile of the flame increases the lower limit temperature of the flame), which has a beneficial effect on reducing harmful emissions. The decrease in viscosity characteristics supplied in the combustion air, reducing the coefficient of friction, facilitating desorption air with elements of turbine unit air compressors reduce the PTO to drive the air compressor.

The application of this method will significantly reduce energy and material losses during extraction and transportation of minerals in wells, pipelines, etc.

1. Method of extraction and transportation of liquid and gaseous minerals, including installation of technological equipment, the extraction of minerals from the reservoir is equipped with wells, the injection of the main compressorium stations and distribution on distribution stations, characterized in that the technological equipment installed emitters associated with electromagnetic generators that served on the emitters modulated signals with carrier frequency 150 - 2000 kHz, modulation frequency 1 - 200 kHz and a deviation of 1 Hz, and the emitters generate an electromagnetic field, an electric component which does not exceed 0.02 V/m and magnetic - less than 0,00002 A/m

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the emitters are installed on process equipment compressor and distribution stations.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the emitters are installed on process equipment wells.

4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the emitters are installed on process equipment wells and compressor and distribution stations.

 

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