(57) Abstract:Volokolamka applies to vehicles with a sidecar. Volokolamka contains the bike and the side frame. The frame has a seat, foot control pedal connected by a chain transmission is installed in the side frame of the wheel. The proposed solution is aimed at lowering the fatigue of the rider and passenger. 1 Il. The invention relates to velotron, namely to design the side of the trailer connected to the bike and employees for transportation of people and goods.Famous bike with a carriage comprising a housing, a wheel, a frame, a handle, a connecting device for its connection with the front fork and the frame of the bike when it is used as a cargo swivel front platform and the connecting element, while in the lower part of the hull of the cargo platform is fixed axis set at an angle to the vertical axis in the direction of rotation, and a connecting device made in the form of zigzag tubes attached to the ends of the sleeves (see U.S. Pat. N 2003571, RF, CL 62 To 27/12).The disadvantage of this bike with a sidecar is limited functionality.The disadvantages of this folding stroller-trailer for a Bicycle are the design complexity, the limited functionality.The closest in technical essence and adopted by the authors for the prototype is a side trailer single-track vehicles, primarily bike, containing the skeleton, forming the cargo capacity, wheel, mounted on the side of the frame on an axis, and fastening elements made in the form of a rigid plate with holes for the axle of the rear wheel of the Bicycle and two clamps for connection of a trailer in accordance with the receiver chain of the fork and the top element of the frame of the bike, with the fastening elements mounted on one side of the frame, the bottom of which is mounted a rigid plate, on which is fixed a clamp for connecting the trailer with a tube chain fork and yoke for connection with the upper part of the frame of the Bicycle is mounted on the upper edge of the side frame, and in the lower part of the opposite side of the last fixed additional hard plate under the axle of the wheels of the trailer (see and.with. USSR N 1206166, class B 62 K 27/12, 7/04).The disadvantage of this laterally the The technical result that can be obtained by carrying out the present invention, is as follows: extending the functionality of the bike, increasing the ease of accommodation of passengers and cargo, increasing the stability of the vehicle. Movement Volokolamsky can be carried out as a joint effort of the cyclist and Volokolamskoye and efforts of each individual (depending on road conditions) that significantly reduces energy consumption and enables them in turn to relax (reduces fatigue). Simple design locks 32, 33 and connecting rods 30, 31 provides quick detach stroller 2 bike 1 and the latter regardless of the stroller 2. Use sprockets with different numbers of teeth allows 2-3 times to increase torque.Technical result is achieved by using a known Volokolamsky containing a Bicycle frame for shipping, wheel, mounted on the side of the frame on an axis, and fastening elements, and the frame is made in the form of a tubular frame, U-shaped, smoothly curved upward from the middle and constitutes the basis of a stroller, comprising three transverse tube, and two of poolenalena and damping springs can be moved along the tubular frame, curved outer lateral pipe for mounting the wheel, the curved pipe for mounting wing reflector, curved at an angle of 90 degrees to the front and rear tubes and front and rear connecting rods for securing a wheelchair to the bike, and curved at an angle of 90 degrees at the front and rear tubes of the upper part are attached by means of fixing elements made in the form of locks to the steering column tube and seat tube, and the lower part is fixed to the tubular frame, the front link rod to its upper part is attached to the steering column of a Bicycle, and the lower part to the base curved at an angle of 90 degrees to the front tube of the stroller, the connecting rod one end of which is attached to the lower bridge to the Bicycle frame and the other end to the tubular frame at the base of the curved angle of 90 degrees to the rear tube of the buggy, while the front part of the tubular frame connected with the first cross pipe by means of a vertical pipe that carries the carriage, and the third pipe is made as of the beginning of the trunk for cargo, while the carriage is further provided with a pedal-operated, consisting of pedals with rods, mounted coaxially on the carriage, two leading domestic and foreign stars and two of the Vedas, the Oh chain drives, which are equipped with shields, and stretch the chain gear set with wheels and roller, the leading internal asterisk installed on the axis of the cradle and leading external sprocket and driven internal installed on the shaft, the latter is mounted on two bearings.The drawing gives a General view of Volokolamsky.Volokolamka contains bike 1 and the carriage 2, which consists of the chairs 3 knob 4 of inclination of the wall of the seat 3, the depreciation of the springs 5, 6 and trunk 7 installed on a tubular frame 8 P-th form, to which is fixed a wheel 9 with wing 10 includes a cover 11, and the carriage 2 is provided with a foot actuator 12, consisting of pedals 13 with rods 14 mounted coaxially on the axis of the carriage 15, the two leading 16, 17 sprockets, one of which is internal and the other external and two wingmen 18, 19 sprockets, one of which is internal and the other external, the latter is located on the brake hub wheel 9 connected between the chain drives 20, 21, the latter provided with flaps 22, 23, and stretch chain drives 20, 21 carried by the roller 24 and the wheel 9, while the inner leads 16 asterisk installed on the axis of the carriage 15, and the outer leading the x (not shown). Tubular frame 8 P-th form completed smoothly curved upward from the middle and contains three additional transverse tube (not shown), and a curved outer lateral pipe 26 for fastening the wheel 9, a curved outer side pipe 27 for fastening the wing 10, bent at an angle of 90 degrees to the front 28 and rear pipe 29, the front 30 and rear 31 of the coupling rod for mounting the carriages 2 to the Bicycle 1, the front 28 and rear pipe 29 of the upper part are attached by means of fixing elements made in the form of locks 32, 33 to the pipe 34 steering steering column 35 and seatpost tube 36, and the lower part is fixed to the tubular frame 8, and the curvature of the pipes 28, 29 at an angle of 90 degrees and the optimum distance from the longitudinal axis of the Bicycle 1 is arranged to ensure free rotation of the cyclist pedals. The front 30 of the connecting rod to its upper part is attached to the steering column 35 of the Bicycle 1, and the lower part to the base pipe 28 strollers 2, the rear 31 of the connecting rod one end of which is attached to the lower bridge 37 to the Bicycle frame 1, and the other end to the tubular frame 8 in the bottom of the tube 29 of the stroller 2. The front part of the tubular frame 8 is connected to the first cross pipe (not shown) in order for the feet, and on the second and third transverse pipes (not shown) installed in the seat 3 can move along the longitudinal axis of the tubular frame to change the distance between the seat 3 and the pedals 13, depending on the growth of Volokolamskoye, and folding of the seat back 3 stroller 2 horizontally for use stroller 2 as a loading platform. The third cross pipe is the beginning of the trunk 7, also on the front part of the tubular frame 8 has two bracket 39 for fixing the protective frame (not shown).Volokolamka is operated as follows.The carriage 2 is attached to the Bicycle 1, using bent at an angle of 90 degrees to the front 28 and rear pipes 29 and the front 30 and rear 31 of the connecting rod, with the front 28 and rear pipe 29 of the upper part are attached by means of fixing elements made in the form of locks 32, 33 to the pipe 34 steering steering column 35 and seatpost tube 36, and the lower part is fastened to the tubular frame 8. The front 30 of the connecting rod to its upper part is attached to the steering column 35 of the Bicycle 1, and the lower part to the base pipe 28 strollers 2, the rear 31 of the connecting rod one end of which is fastened to ninemillion adjusts the tilt of the seat back 3 with damping springs 5, 6, the controller 4 and sits down in a chair 3 stroller 2, sets foot on the pedal 13 foot actuator 12, consisting of rods 14 mounted coaxially on the carriage 15, and affecting the foot pedal 13, actuates the internal lead 16 star, which through the chain drive 20, provided with a flap 22 that is associated with the internal slave 18 with an asterisk are on the same shaft 25 with the external leads 17 with an asterisk, which through a chain drive 21, provided with a flap 23, transmits torque to the external 19 driven sprocket, mounted on the brake hub wheel 9 with the wing 10, is installed on the reflector 11, and the wheel 9 is fixed with a curved outer side of the pipe 26. Cyclist while on the bike 1, directs the movement of Volokolamsky. Hand baggage is placed on the trunk 7, located behind the chair 3. When lowering the seat back 3, and shift it forward, the carriage 2 can be used as a loading platform for transportation of various cargoes without Volokolamskoye, only through the efforts of the cyclist. If necessary, the carriage 2 is additionally a protective frame with two brackets 39.The present invention in comparison with the prototype as in the economic, and tourism (business) purposes, but also as a trainer for the rehabilitation of people with disorders of musculoskeletal system.2. The possibility of joining Volokolamsky with any rental.3. The increase of seats (with two bike + cargo) without increasing the load on the cyclist. The possibility of using muscular force another person involved when riding together, through independent bike drive.4. The reduction of energy consumption by improving the efficiency of pedaling and balancing.5. The increase in torque (tractive force) due to the peculiarities of the drive Volokolamsky. If necessary, you can install the derailleur.6. The design is taken components and parts manufactured by the domestic industry.7. The simplicity of manufacture and, consequently, lower the production cost.8. Environmentally friendly vehicle.9. Comfortableness. Volokolamka containing a Bicycle frame for shipping, wheel, mounted on the side of the frame on an axis, and fastening elements, wherein the frame is made in the form of th three transverse tube, with the latter two pipes are located on the gently curved upward tubular frame and have the seat Adjuster and shock-absorbing springs can be moved along the tubular frame, a curved outer side pipe for mounting the wheel, the curved pipe for mounting wing reflector, curved at an angle of 90othe front and rear tubes and front and rear connecting rods for securing a wheelchair to the bike, and curved at an angle of 90oC front and rear tubes of the upper part are attached by means of fixing elements made in the form of castles, to the pipe steering steering column and seat tube, and the lower part is fixed to the tubular frame, the front link rod to its upper part is attached to the steering column of the Bicycle, and the lower part to the base curved at an angle of 90ofront tube of the stroller, the rear connecting rod one end of which is attached to the lower bridge to the Bicycle frame and the other end to the tubular frame at the base of the curved angle 90othe rear tube of the buggy, while the front part of the tubular frame connected with the first cross pipe by means of a vertical pipe that carries the carriage, and a third pipe first of pedals with rods, mounted coaxially on the carriage, the two leading domestic and foreign stars and two slaves inner and outer sprocket installed on the brake hub wheel, and the driving and the driven sprocket coupled between a chain transmission, which is equipped with shields, and stretch the chain gear set with wheels and roller, the leading internal asterisk installed on the axis of the cradle and leading external sprocket and driven internal installed on the shaft, the latter is mounted on two bearings.
FIELD: transport engineering; three-wheel tandem.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to three-wheel tandem part of which is made in form of sedicar. Driven bicycle without front wheel is attached to side of driving bicycle. Reciprocating drive of driving bicycle in form of levers with drum is furnished additionally with shaft connected with axle of levers of driven bicycle to form common power system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of tandem drive.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting standard bicycle into tricycle by fastening car instead of front fork. Connecting device 3 of car 1 has upper and lower parts with axle tilter relative to bicycle frame 8 to provide tilting of bicycle frame 8 to side of cornering. Connecting device 3 consists of upper and lower brackets on car 1. Plate fastened to frame 8 through hole for passing front fork of bicycle is hinge-connected with upper bracket of connecting device 3. Tube consisting of two parts connected by two cover plates enclosing tilted tube of bicycle frame 8 is hinge-connected with lower bracket. Tube is secured in its rear part by two cover plates in unit of under-saddle intersection of tubes of bicycle frame 8. Wheels of car are mounted on cantilever axle. Synchronous operation of caliper brakes of car wheels is provided by tensioning of cable, common for two brakes, and passing along steering tube of car skeleton. When brakes are used as parking brakes, cable is tensioned and put on hooks on said tube. Sides of car are made of gauze. Hinged front board can be fixed in horizontal position. Car is provided with seat for passengers, which can be used as tent for covering loads, or as sail.
EFFECT: increased load carrying capacity of car, possibility of use with any bicycle without its modification.
4 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.
EFFECT: reduced load on front wheels, improved stability at turning and braking.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; sidecars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed folding sidecar contains bicycle 1 and sidecar 2 consisting of seat 3 with backrest rake adjuster 4, seat fastening brackets 5, 6, 7, 8 luggage carrier 9 installed on T-shaped tubular frame 10 on which wheel 11 and with mudguard 12 is fastened. Sidecar 2 is furnished with pedal drive 14. Tubular 10 consists of two interconnected parts and unit fastening sidecar 2 to bicycle 1. First part of frame includes tube with U-shaped bracket made to provide folding of frame 10. Second part of frame includes tubes 29, 30, 31 used to fasten wheel 11, and connecting tubes used to attach sidecar 2 to bicycle 1 by means of locks 35.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of pedaling and reduced overall dimensions.
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.
EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.
4 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to folding bicycle-tandems and their couplings. Bicycle comprises front two-wheel part with handlebar (4) and saddle (15), and rear one-wheel part with handlebar (27) and saddle (16) coupled with the former. All open-type frames are identical and folding. Frame of every subsequent rear part is coupled with front part frame via coupler consisting of horizontal (30) and vertical (28) hinges. Axle of horizontal hinge (28) is inclined forward from vertical through certain angle varying from 4 to 9 degrees. Aforesaid coupler comprises front wheel fork (25) resting upon axle (21) of previous part wheel. Fork (25) is rod-jointed to saddle tube of previous part frame and receiver handlebar (27). Sleeve with bearings is fitted on fork top end to make vertical hinge (28). Aforesaid sleeve is jointed, via two tubes (29), to axle of horizontal hinge (30) that is furnished with outer sleeve running in bearings on axle of horizontal hinge (30). Aforesaid sleeve accommodates vertical rod (31) whereto rear part frame tube (32) is rigidly attached.
EFFECT: higher stability, ease of folding.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: drive sprocket rims are arranged on overrunning coupling. Drive comprises pair of boomerang-like bell cranks, each having pedal arm resting upon opposite ends of carriage shaft and arm that transfers torque. Both aforesaid arms are bent in the plate perpendicular to carriage axis to form boomerang-like shape. Arm that transfers torque is rigidly coupled with similarly bent element intended for transfer of toque to carriage shaft. Overrunning coupling is rigidly coupled with aforesaid elements that transfer torque. Pedal arm of one of the levers and arm that transfers torque are furnished with weights rigidly fixed thereon. Aforesaid drive is designed for bicycles, bicycle-tandems and bicycles with trailers.
EFFECT: optimising pedaling, increased tractive characteristics.
30 cl, 14 dwg, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sidecar machines. Motorcycle-to-sidecar linkage comprises: transverse links 9 of motorcycle and sidecar frames, controls of front wheel 4 provided with rotary lever 11 hinged by crossarm 10 with handlebar 24, and engine 22 coupled via gearbox with drive wheel 2. Additionally, motorcycle-to-side car linkage comprises: lengthwise frame 6 arranged on right-hand side of sidecar, additional lengthwise 12 and crosswise 13 elements jointed to said transverse links 9 to form bearing frame (9, 12, 13) arranged between motorcycle frame 1 and lengthwise frame 6 and jointed thereto by split joints. Bearing frame (9, 12, 13) is additionally provided with fasteners of body 14 with handlebar 24, auxiliary and additional equipment of aforesaid body. Body 14 is protected from on top and sides by lining 23 and wind glass. Note here that front and rear compartments double as luggage chambers 25.
EFFECT: higher comfort and ease of control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bicycles with back support and foot drive with reciprocating levers jointed with cranks by con rods. Flexible plate 21 prevents the end of crank 18 equipped with horizontal roller from reaching "dead point" position. Removable seat 10 is fitted with the help of seat stay 24, split fastener, inclined regulator slide 25 and shock absorber 26 of variable-rigidity ensured by varying shock absorber inclination on fastening its lower end in different openings of bracket 27. Releasable luggage frame 43 may be arranged on detachable stays 39 of support wheels 13.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of drive and easier use.
10 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to snowmobile with trailer. Caterpillar transport facility 4 and ski trailer 5 comprise fuel tanks that make the support of closed cabins 6. Similar power and communication systems are arranged in every section 4, 5 of proposed complex.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
8 cl, 6 dwg