Method for the treatment of chronic alcoholism

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to medicine, in particular to addiction. Conduct the session of the collective, and then individual psychotherapy. Form protivooskolochnye code. In doing so, a suggestion of control over the generated code by changing the amount of current produced by the patient's body, which is measured, for example, biostimulant universal "biome-01M". Offer the patient to look at the performance of the device, while massaging his carotid sinus area. Focus the patient's attention to the change of parameters and state the formation of a strong code. The method allows to increase the effectiveness of treatment and to create a more comfortable environment when carrying out a treatment session. table 2.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to addiction.

Currently, the most widespread are two directions - medication and psychotherapy. Treatment with drugs without psychotherapy is not effective. Psychotherapeutic methods allow to obtain a better result. The most popular among patients using short-term methods psychothera is highlighted by the creation of negative conditioned reflex on alcohol and irritation of the vagus and trigeminal nerves mechanical impact at the points of their output and irrigation of the mouth-chloroethyl in amount of 0.2 - 0.3 ml within 1 to 2 seconds. The disadvantage of this method is stressful nature of the impact, which can lead to various complications.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism using exposure to suggestion for the formation of negative attitudes to alcohol. To secure this installation to a patient irritation of the vagus and trigeminal nerves by mechanical pressure on the point Valle, and then irrigate the surface of the throat and mouth chloroethyl (see the patent of Russian Federation N 1165392, M CL A 61 H 39/04, 1985). The way to achieve good and stable results, but the use of chloroethyl causes various autonomic disorders, retching and vomiting, and may cause a heart attack.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism, including multi-suggestive effects and mechanical stimulation of reflex zones. When suggestive influence to create a positive setting for a sober life, maintain pressure for 5 to 7 seconds per point YES-JU, irrigate with cold water region of the back, chest and head, spend a violent head tilts forward and backward and the pulse is 374, M CL A 61 H 39/04, A 61 M 21/00, 1993).

The disadvantage of this method is use to secure alcohol install heavy exposure to stress (sudden involuntary movement of the patient's head), which can lead to a variety of autonomic and emotional disorders.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism, including individual and collective psychotherapy sessions with irritation reflexogenic zones of the head, the formation of the psychology of abstinence from alcohol. Conduct mechanical irritation exit points of one of the branches of the trigeminal nerve and sudden violent inclinations of the head, uttering the formula of suggestion (vow) with indication of the term encoding (see the patent of Russian Federation N 2034576, M CL A 61 M 21/00, A 61 H 39/00, 1995). The disadvantage of this method is the strong stress on the patient during mechanical stimulation of reflex zones.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism in an individual psychotherapeutic conversation install on abstinence from alcohol. Formed iatrogeny to alcohol, is special the Institute of alcohol (see the patent of Russian Federation N 2057549, M CL A 61 M 21/00, A 61 K 35/64, 1996). The disadvantage of this method is that the irrigation is carried out by propanolol, which is easily recognized by patients.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism with the formation of negative conditioned reflex on alcohol and positive on a sober lifestyle due to irritation of different representational systems. On the stage of individual exposure to impose nicotinic acid and can irritate the gastrointestinal tract-chloroethyl in the volume of 3,0-5,0 ml (see the patent of Russian Federation N 2089229, class A 61 M 21/00, And 61 H 39/00, 1997). The disadvantage is stressful nature of the session and use chloroethyl in much larger quantities.

There is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism, including performing breathing exercises in the regime of intensive breathing 50-70 breaths per minute. Formed install on abstinence from alcohol. At the end of the session, the patient is offered the text with formulas suggestions and offers him before going to sleep to speak of formula suggestions, spelling out their left hand (see the patent of Russian Federation N 2089232, M CL A 61 M 21/00, 1997). The disadvantage of this method is conducting exercises in the mode intenzivnog the alcoholism in essential characteristics is a method of treatment of chronic alcoholism, includes sessions of individual and collective psychotherapy with reflexogenic zones, with the formation of installation on a sober life and formation protivoallergennogo code. The formation of installation on the sober life produced by the methods of direct and indirect suggestion, the impact on all hierarchical levels of regulation of activity of the patient (the views of the patient on the world and way of what he wants, likes to sobriety and aversion to alcohol, the readiness to act). The formation protivoallergennogo code to remove the craving for alcohol spend suggestion of the code image in the form of material (graphic representation) energetic substances and by using mechanical stimulation of reflex zones of the head with a sharp crowding and rotation of the head. The code is enhanced by therapist by show of hands and offer to see a glowing aura around them (patent RF N 2018326, M CL A 61 M 21/00, A 61 H 39/04,1994).

When creating the installation on the sober life is not taken into account methods of identity, i.e. the development of a sense of somatostatinoma, own truthfulness, usefulness, imprecatory to the world and other people, there is no new model New Actvie objective visual monitoring of the code reduces the confidence of the patient in the effectiveness of the treatment.

Use in forming protivoallergennogo code sharp impacts doctor (sharp supraciliary and turns head) causes an unpleasant sensation and autonomic disorders.

The aim of the invention is to increase the effectiveness of treatment and create a more comfortable environment when carrying out a treatment session.

This objective is achieved in that in the method of treatment of chronic alcoholism, including collective and individual psychotherapy with reflexogenic zones, the formation of installation on the sober life is carried out by using techniques of identity (the development of a sense of somatostatinoma, own truthfulness, usefulness, imprecatory to the world and other people) and the model of the "New Me" with confusion, "I'm bad" and "I'm good", and the formation of protivoallergennogo code produced by the induction of kinesthetic sensations in the head of the patient and the suggestion ideomotor response deviations head back with further control over the generated code to change the size of the current produced with the help of a patient and measured, for example, using the biostimulator universal biome-01M(aslk-1).

The way lesystem on reflexogenic zones, the formation of installation on a sober life and the formation of protivoallergennogo code for a certain period.

At the first meeting with the patient (preparatory phase) collect alcohol history, strengthen and support the installation of the treatment, the correct choice to refuse alcohol and form the setting for a new sober life. To do this, use the methods individually rational psychotherapy. Tell a few stories or metaphors that motivate changes in the patient's life, to life in a new fashion. In the stories of former patients live now and what they have changed in my life. During psychotherapeutic conversation it turns out the goal pursued by the patient, and therapist using the techniques of neuro-linguistic programming helps the patient to formulate it (according to the five conditions are properly defined objectives). Find out the main belief of the patient that he was satisfied, taking alcohol, and make their changes using unrolling (reframing). Using direct and indirect suggestions hold the belief of the patient that he required assistance will be provided and there will be new opportunities for living sober. Spend their anosognosia.

Appointed tonic and detoxifying treatment for two weeks.

After a two-week break, the patient comes in for a session of group psychotherapy, which is carried out in a group of 5-7 patients. Preferably the presence of relatives. First, therapist conducts an individual assessment of each patient on the suggestibility five or six ways. This strengthens the credibility of therapist and assures patients and their relatives in the capabilities of his influence and assistance. With the help of a reasoned suggestion strengthen the installation of sobriety, on the possibility of a "new" sober life, to the success of the treatment. Spend examples of those cases, when after treatment were very good results. Told metaphors. Semantic sanogenic installation is strengthened by the use of techniques of direct and indirect imperative, explicit or hidden suggestive impact.

Using the techniques of rational-logical impact of therapist increases the motivation and gives the patient a chance to be a teetotaler. Using a graphic representation therapist helps patients to create a mental image of the nidus of alcoholism in the form of the excitation focus in on the th, and it may even destroy the pathological focus.

Then there is a session hypnotic suggestion alone with patients. Once the patient has reached the required depth, conduct the formation of the model of the "New me" with the formation of kinesthetic motivation, entry into this image and experience in its respective state in various situations. The formation of installation on the sober life is produced using the techniques of identity (the development of a sense of identification, your own truth, complicately to the world and other people) and confusion, "I'm bad" and "I'm good" by integrating images of "bad" and "good" and experience a new integrated image in the associated state in a variety of situations.

Patients present themselves as they would like to be in 1-2 years, forming kinesthetic motivation, that is, the desire to be so. From this state, they look at two years ago today, as in the past, and analyze what you need to do now to be that way.

therapist helps the patients to imagine themselves in the past when they showed all the unnecessary kachestvenii. Then the same situation, the patients present in the associated state, all this is brought to a negative kinesthetic and secured audioline sound of a certain frequency.

therapist invites the patient to create a beautiful image that has the set of positive qualities, merits, which they themselves consider it necessary, draw a beautiful image of myself in the future with a halo over his head. therapist invites the patient in a dissociated state to see yourself in different life situations. The more situations, the better. Then from a disassociated state patients are transferred to the associative status and experience as if they have become such. Positive tactile associated condition is fixed audioline, the sound of a different frequency. Subjects then imagine two images. To the left of themselves, they represent the image of a cartoon of himself, and on the right the positive image of the future. Both these images are brought to maximum brightness and agree with each other. And when they match each other, shake hands, join in the hug, therapist establishes this new integrated from positive and negative about the AZ, filling them fully, to experience it in the associated state. The session ends motivating suggestion for future new life. When conducting individual therapy session, the patient sits on a chair. Standing beside the table on which the apparatus is biostimulator universal "biome-01M", manufactured by the scientific-innovative self-supporting Association "FISLI-3" (Odessa). Defines the encoding time and the patient explains that the quality control code made the doctor will perform the reading device. If the patient is interested in this, then he can watch them too. The electrodes VT(+) VT(-) is placed on the knees of the patient, and it firmly puts his palms. Arrow appliance is rejected, the doctor shows the original figure. The doctor puts his hands to the patient's head and says it will now affect the head and as soon as the patient will feel some impact, may immediately say. Within one minute (usually) the patient begins to feel something and tells the doctor about it. The patient is instructed to close his eyes. The doctor puts his hand on the head of the patient and suggests to him that now, after a few minutes, the code will automatically begin its work, it completely blocks heteropic fingers lightly massaging the area of the carotid sinus. Then therapist becomes the back of the patient, puts his hands on his head and says, "Now I will count and every time I score You will feel like your head will pull back, she starts to move backwards. And as soon as the head will lean back, the code will automatically begin its work". therapist will begin to consider using the suggestion, and the head will slowly begin to lean back. It is enough to count to 10-15, because during this time the head is bent backward. Spoken words: "Good, excellent". Then therapist stands in front of the patient, puts his hands on his head, and thumbs on the eyes. Makes a suggestion: "the Code is well started its work. He completely blocked the center of the attraction to alcohol". While therapist gently presses his fingers to his eyes for one second.

Then the patient is instructed to open their eyes and ask about his health. Any response is interpreted as positive. Then therapist shows the device with a finger, attracting the attention of the patient, and says: "the Measure of such magnitude has changed to so-and-so. This suggests that the code generated is very strong." The patient sees changes on the device.

The patient is issued a new I" and the confusion of the concepts of "I'm bad" and "I'm good", it is recommended to do at home every other day for months.

Using the methods of identity in the formation of installation on a sober life and creating a model "New I" increase the efficiency of the installation and the efficiency of the treatment process.

Holding formation protivoallergennogo code by calling kinesthetic sensations in the head of the patient and the suggestion ideomotor response deviations head back avoids sharp supraciliary and turns of the head and, thereby, to prevent unpleasant sensations and autonomic disorders and create a more comfortable treatment session.

The use of control created by the code for changing the magnitude of the current generated by the body of the patient and measured by the device, for example biostimulant universal biome-01M, can improve the effectiveness of treatment at the expense of objective visual quality control of the treatment and increase the confidence of the patient in the effectiveness of the treatment, as confirmed by the conducted research. The use of the "biome-01M safe for the client, since it does not require external power.

Patients who were session encoding apparatus biome-01H code (data shown in table 1).

As can be seen from table 1, the use of control code-generated by the apparatus of the biome-01M allows you to increase the confidence of the patient in treatment.

The overall effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed by studies conducted on 115 patients (data are shown in table 2). Evaluation criteria conform in substance abuse practice.

Method for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by conducting collective and individual psychotherapy with reflexogenic zones, formation of installation on a sober life and formation protivoallergennogo code for a certain period, wherein during the formation of protivoallergennogo code of conduct the suggestion of control over generated code for changing the magnitude of the current generated by the body of the patient and measured, for example, biostimulant universal "biome-01 m", offer the patient to look at the performance of the device, while massaging his zone carotid sinus, show the change in performance and indicate the formation of a strong code.

 

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: table has frame, desk with the opening, support of jack with the traverse provided with members for massage and gymnastics, which can be moved with respect to the opening in the desk. The table is additionally provided with electromagnetic therapy. Each therapy block is connected with the power source, programmer, timer, and commutating device.

EFFECT: improved design.

2 cl, 12 dwg, 2 ex

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