The vehicle driven by human muscle force
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to land vehicles. The tool includes a frame mounted on her steering wheel, front and top rear wheels with a pair of overrunning clutches on the drive axis, a pair of actuating levers, each of which is equipped with a platform for the feet, the carriage and the carriage with the eye, and the front end of the swivel is suspended on one side of the frame. Provided by a pair of flexible rods, each of which one end is threaded through the carriage with eyelet and attached to the carriage. The other end of each flexible rod, covering the supporting pulley mounted on one of the overrunning clutches, which are connected for more flexible thrust, which covers the intermediate pulley mounted on the frame. There is also covering the second intermediate pulley of the second rod, each end of which is attached to one of the flexible rod, which is suspended drivers. Overrunning clutches are located in a bearing housing with holes for flexible traction. The invention is aimed at improving convenience in use. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to vehicles driven by human muscle force.Known transport is established on it the steering wheel from the steering fork, front and top rear wheels, a pair of actuating levers, each of which is a front end pivotally mounted on one side of the frame and provided with a platform for the feet, flexible rod, one end of which is mounted on the drive lever, hanging his, covering the support pulley, then flexible rod wound on one of the overrunning clutches, pair mounted on a drive axis, and then covering the intermediate pulley is wound in the opposite direction to the second overrunning clutch, and covering the second support pulley, a flexible rod mounted on the second drive lever, suspending it. The drive mechanism is made open.Known also Drive mechanism with rocking pedal" /application UK N 2044194, 1980/, containing a frame, a driving wheel mounted on the axis of the sleeve type, which has two overrunning clutches mounted with them bevel gears and related third bevel gear and overrunning clutch connected with the swinging pedals flexible rods. Swinging pedals interconnected three bevel gears. And as a variant of the Actuator swing pedals", made a driving wheel mounted on the axis of the sleeve type, which is equipped with a twelve frame. The mechanism is made open.Known vehicle driven by human muscle force, "Bike with pedal drive /Patent UK N 116036, 1969/ containing frame, handlebar, front and top rear wheels, a pair of levers with pedals, pivotally attached at the rear of the frame on both sides, overrunning clutch, with the possibility of returning to its original position by the spring, and each overrunning coupling attached to the flexible rod and covering the supporting pulley, the other end attached to the lever with a pedal to lock fastening at different points along its length.The disadvantage is characterized by the first vehicle is
the flexible rod slippage on the surface of the winding it on the overrunning clutch by increasing the load on the platform or wet, overrunning clutch, which causes erratic operation of the device and its rapid wear.Raising both platforms up, the release from the tension of the intermediate pulley and slide flexible rod on the surface of the winding it on the overrunning clutch occur when moving the device back and this makes possible spaziani flexible rod with a pulley or overrunning, SDA is it dirt, dust and precipitation, which leads to rapid wear and possible failure.The disadvantage "of the Drive mechanism with rocking pedal" are:
runout bevel gears as bearing wear overrunning, the difficulty of adjustment and quick disorder meshing bevel gears mounted on the overrunning clutch, with the third bevel gear, a characteristic noise of bevel gears, their need for constant lubrication, significant power losses on their work, all this contributes to the instability of their work, accelerated wear, difficult maintenance, and lowering the efficiency of the device.The lack of options "of the Drive mechanism with rocking pedal" is:
the need to use this option in conjunction with the swinging pedals connected three gears, which have all the disadvantages related to the use of three bevel gears described above.The device drive open facilitates the ingress of dirt, dust and precipitation, which leads to rapid wear and possible failure.The disadvantage is characterized by "Bike with pedal drive" is:
is trojstva.The present invention is the task of creating a vehicle driven by human muscle force, which is due to changes in design would be more simple, reliable, easy to use, would have a high efficiency and a private drive mechanism.This task is solved in that in the vehicle driven by human muscle force, containing a frame mounted on it the steering wheel from the steering fork, front wheel, rear wheel, mounted on the drive axis with a pair of overrunning clutches, a pair of actuating levers, each of which is a front end pivotally mounted on one side of the frame and has a platform for the feet, to suspend one pair of drive levers flexible rods, each of which is attached at one end to the drive lever to lock the attachment in different locations and covering the supporting pulley, the other end fixed to the overrunning clutch, the intermediate pulley mounted on the frame, and additional flexible traction covering the intermediate pulley, according to the invention for driving levers mounted on the carriage, with the eyelet under a flexible rod, the carriage is made to lock the fixing in opredeleniya comes with a second intermediate pulley, mounted on the frame, and the second additional flexible shaft, which is around the second intermediate pulley attached to a flexible Tagam to suspend one drivers, if it is provided with a bearing housing for a pair of overrunning clutches, which made holes flexible rod, which closed tubes, it is provided with a casing for the intermediate pulley, which is made with holes flexible rod and tubes, made with thread for entry into the tube support casing and the tension of the respective flexible rod.The possibility of shortening or lengthening the flexible rods to suspend one drivers through the carriages with eyelets under the ropes in conjunction with limiters rolling actuating levers, it is very important in the case of legs, a small or a large increase in users.The application of the second intermediate pulley covering it with a flexible shaft attached to the flexible tagum linking drivers with overrunning clutches allowed to block the rotation of the leading rear wheels, and means to exclude the rotation of each overrunning back, raising both drive levers up to lock the spool with both overrunning flexible rod to the intermediate pulley and WWS is edenia overrunning in the bearing housing, and flexible rods in the attached tubes allowed to increase the efficiency of the device, to increase its service life and to make the device environmentally friendly.Placing the intermediate pulley in the casing with holes, limited handsets made on them by the thread made it possible to increase the service life of the device and make it adjustable and easy to assemble and operate.Ultimately, the device is comfortable to use, durable, simplifies its manufacture and maintenance.The invention is further explained in the description of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 depicts a vehicle according to the invention, side view,
Fig. 2 - the same device according to the invention, a top view,
Fig. 3 - drivers with overrunning clutches, the supporting pulleys and intermediate pulleys associated flexible rods, view in isometric.The vehicle, driven by human muscle force, according to the invention includes a frame 1 /Fig. 1, 2, 3/, mounted on it, the steering wheel 2 to the steering fork 3, a front wheel 4 and the rear wheels 5, a pair of actuating levers 6, each of which SN and 9, also on the levers installed carriage 10 with the lugs 11 to move freely in them flexible rods 9. The carriage 8 and 10 are made with the possibility of fixation at a given point of the drive lever 6. Flexible rod 9, to suspend one drive levers 6, covering the supporting pulleys 12, mounted with their ends on the overrunning clutch 13 mounted on the drive axis 14, while they are placed in the bearing housing 15 with its holes for flexible traction and limited attached to the tubes 16. The bearing housing 15 is made in one piece with the frame 1. On the overrunning clutch 13 is also fixed to the winding in the opposite direction with their ends of the flexible rod 17, the envelope of the intermediate pulley 18 mounted in the casing of the pulley 19, the holes of the flexible rod 17, reduced attached to the pulley casing tube 20 inserted in the tube 16 of the bearing housing 15 by adjusting the two nuts 21. Along the flexible rod 9 is installed on the frame 1 of the second intermediate pulley 22, covered by a flexible shaft 23, the ends of which is fixed a bracket 24 on the flexible rods 9, and a second intermediate pulley 22 in the casing with attached tubing 25, the limiting hole flexible rod. Flexible rod between ogreode levers.The method of installation of the drive axis in a bearing sleeve can be selected from any known in the art and is not a symptom of the present invention, because the details on the drawings are not illustrated.The proposed vehicle is used as follows.Standing with one foot on the platform 7 of one of the actuating levers 6, located on the stopper 27 and the other pushing off from the ground, the driver presses on another platform 7, and the bending rod 9 attached by means of the carriages 8 and 10 to the drive lever 6 around the supporting pulley 12, causes the rotation of the attached overrunning clutch 13 with the drive axle 14 and rear wheels 5, overrunning clutch 13 is wound a flexible rod 17 and around the intermediate pulley 18, is unwound from the second overrunning clutch 13, at the same time twisting this overrunning clutch 13 fixed thereto a flexible rod 9 attached to the second drive lever 6 by means of the carriages 8 and 10, with flexible rod 9 mount 24 to pull 23 covering the second intermediate pulley 22, bring it in motion. Clicking on the second platform 7 of the drive lever 6 and the process repeats.Using Forex is I, and lifting height of the first drive lever 6 is reduced relative to the second drive lever 6, which is on the limiter 27 swing actuating levers. Thereby decreases the average swing line actuating levers 6. While shortening the flexible rods 9, the driver pushes the carriage 8 and 10, with the length of the flexible rod 9 is shortened, and the lifting height of the first drive lever 6 is increased relative to the second drive lever 6, which is on the limiter 27 swing actuating levers. This increases the average swing line actuating levers 6. As the power shot from a slightly bent leg to straight leg much more than power from the bent leg to bent, this means lowering the center line of the swing actuating levers 6 the power of the device increases. It should be noted that this applies to drivers who have not very long, sick or weak legs, and long rises, when the driver no time to rest.When moving the device back to the second intermediate pulley 22 blocks the movement of the flexible rod 23, the envelope it as a flexible rod 23, around the intermediate pulley 22 attached to the bracket 24 to the two flexible tagum 9, fastening the drive lever 6 about the action driving axis 14 mounted on it driving wheels 5.It should be understood that the above-described exemplary embodiment of the vehicle are given in a purely illustrative purposes and does not limit the invention, which can be made various changes or modifications not beyond its size, which is determined by the proposed formula.For example, the device may be equipped with a saddle for the driver, which is also carried out by methods and means known in the art.The proposed tool can be used in transportation, household, medical and sports equipment. 1. The vehicle, driven by human muscle force, containing a frame mounted on it the steering wheel from the steering fork, front wheel, rear wheel, mounted on the drive axis with a pair of overrunning clutches, a pair of actuating levers, each of which is a front end pivotally mounted on one side of the frame and has a platform for the feet, to suspend one pair of drive levers flexible rods, each of which is attached at one end to the drive lever to lock the attachment in different locations and covering the supporting pulley, the other end is fixed on obecny pulley, characterized in that it is provided with a carriage that has the eyelet under the flexible rod and mounted on the driving levers to lock the attachment in length at different points, and the frame is made limiting swing of the actuating levers.2. Vehicle under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a second intermediate pulley mounted on the frame, and the second additional flexible shaft, which is around the second intermediate pulley attached to a flexible Tagam to suspend one drivers.3. Vehicle under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a bearing housing for a pair of overrunning clutches, which made holes flexible rod, which closed tubes.4. Vehicle under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a casing for the intermediate pulley, which is made with holes flexible rod and tubes, made with thread for entry into the tube support casing and the tension of the respective flexible rod.
FIELD: transport engineering; three-wheel tandem.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to three-wheel tandem part of which is made in form of sedicar. Driven bicycle without front wheel is attached to side of driving bicycle. Reciprocating drive of driving bicycle in form of levers with drum is furnished additionally with shaft connected with axle of levers of driven bicycle to form common power system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of tandem drive.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drives with reciprocating levers. Driving rocker 2 and driven rocker 4 are connected by connecting rod 3. Pedals are secured on driving rockers 2, and tie-rods are connected to driven rockers 4 for coupling them with freewheeling mechanisms 6. Driven rockers 4 can be suspended from slider 10, rocker or eccentric to change ratio of drive in motion.
EFFECT: enlarged ratio change range in drives with reciprocating levers.
6 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; bicycles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to brake control drive with reciprocating levers. Levers 1, 2 are provided with two overrunning clutches mounted o one axle with sprocket 4 coupled by first flexible transmission 5 with drive sprocket 6. Levers 2, 2 are interconnected by second flexible transmission with disk 9 on axle 10. Said levers, being bell cranks, are additionally interconnected by third flexible transmission 14 with disk 15 fitted on axle 10 to provide transmission of forces applied to toe-clips from pedal to pedal. Axle 10 can be made either fixed or provided with joint 11 and coupling with brake 13 set into operation when forces are applied to both levers 1, 2.
EFFECT: accelerated transfer of force from pedal to pedal.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foot drive of electric transmission. Proposed small-size vehicle for individual use has base 1 with two driving wheels 3 connected through belts 29 of variable-speed drive with two electric motors 27 supplied by battery 8 and/or generators 11 with possibility of recuperation. Base 1 is hinge-connected with one- or two-axle bogie 4 with two generators 11. Generator armatures are rotated by pedals 14 provided with spiral rods 17 with pull-back springs 17 or equipped with levers and gears for rotating the armature.
EFFECT: increased distance covered without charging.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: muscular drives; roller skates.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lever drive of roller skates. Hinge joint 4 of pedal 1 is arranged in middle part of pedal. Pedal 1 is connected with one of flexible member 12 secured by ends on sheaves 13,14 of mechanism with flexible coupling and passed over sheaves 13,14 of said mechanism from two sides. Flexible material tapes of cables are used as flexible members. One of sheaves 14 is connected with drive gear 15 of toothed mechanism.
EFFECT: possibility of use of smaller diameter sheave as compared with diameter of standard toothed gear, increased transmission gear ratio and speed of running.
16 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; entertainments.
SUBSTANCE: proposed vehicle contains traction motor 47 and stepless gearbox - variable-speed drive. Used as variable-speed drive can be amplifier consisting of power differential 1, comparing differential 30, regulating differential 2, control differential 36 and two-self-braking mechanisms 3, 4. Input of power differential is connected with traction motor and input of regulating differential, central gears 17, 18 of power differential are connected with driven links 15, 16 of self-braking mechanism and with central gears 32, 33 of comparing differential to provided rotation of central gears of comparing differential in opposite directions. Driving links 13, 14 of self-braking mechanisms are connected with central gears 19, 20 of regulating differential and central gears 42, 43 of control differential to provide rotation of central gears of control differential in opposite directions, and change of gear ratio is carried out by means of bicycle-type pedal unit 46 mechanically coupled with control differential with possibility of changing speed of rotation of its central gears. Central of regulating differential are closed by speed equalizer 41.
EFFECT: provision of vehicle with ratio change and reversing by means of bicycle-type pedal drive.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; bicycles with crank-and-connecting rod transmission.
SUBSTANCE: proposed bicycle contains frame 1, driven sprocket 5, driven sprocket 2, chain, steering column 6 with handlebar. Reciprocating pedals are secured to levers to of driven sprocket 2 through rigid tie-rods 3. Devices to bring levers of driving sprocket 2 out of extreme point is hinge-secured on frame 1 and on rigid tie-rods 3. Frame 1 of bicycle provides distance of 10 cm between front and rear wheels in operating position of bicycle. Compactness of bicycle at shipment is provided by pressing of pedals to tie-rod 3.
EFFECT: use of rider weight as main moving force.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: drives with reciprocating foot levers and with energy accumulation and release units.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drive includes drive shaft with cranks (1) and pedals, driven shaft with overrunning clutch in drive wheel and ropes (4). Secured to right-hand crank (1) is double-arm lever (2) which may be also mounted on drive shaft; ends of this lever have curvilinear surfaces through which ropes (4) are thrown which are secured on ends of double-arm lever (2). Center parts of ropes (4) are wound on two pulleys on which they are secured; pulleys are mounted on drive wheel for engagement with it through overrunning clutches. Fitted in center portion of double-arm lever (2) is lever (7) provided with elastic drive, spring (8) for example; second end of spring (8) is caught by frame. Proposed drive ensures accumulation of energy of foot push at the end of turn of crank.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to two-wheel saddleless means of travel. The push cycle incorporates a support-and-drive foot-plate with two guides wherein foot-step platform (8) can move coupled by push rod (18) with the lower chain drive circuit (20). Idling of platform (8) is ensured by an elastic element, i.e. spring (27). Steering column is hinged to the frame by mean of cylindrical hinge (5) with transverse-horizontal axis of rotation allowing changing the foot-step and guides inclination.
EFFECT: increase component of working stroke in the reciprocating cycle of the foot-step platforms.
SUBSTANCE: pedal scooter comprises frame (1), steering fork (3) with steering column (2), front wheel (7), rear driving wheel (8) fitted on drive axle with a pair of overrunning couplings. Drive levers (9) are hinged onto frame (1) and have feet supports. Proposed scooter is provide with flutes (19) accommodating rollers and flexible con-rods (21), with their one end connected with rollers and flexible con-rods and their opposite connected with driving levers (9). The latter can be furnished with return springs arranged, for example on driving lever hinges. Aforesaid feet support length can be adjusted to suit feet of adults and kids.
EFFECT: reduced height.
3 cl, 5 dwg