The way to obtain therapeutic and preventive medication from ambrosia
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of processing of bee products and seafood, in particular the production of therapeutic and prophylactic drug of ambrosia and laminaria blades. Carry out the drying of the product in a vacuum chamber to a moisture content of not more than 1% at a pressure not more than 100 mm RT.article with heating and removing pollen. Before drying in a vacuum chamber conducts pre-drying of raw materials by convective method of process air. Then the raw material is sterilized, cooled and extracted the ambrosia in the form of granules. The product is then mixed with pre-milled by laminaria blades and grind until you get a powder. The invention allows the use of the product for the prevention of endemic goiter. 1 Il. The invention relates to the field of joint processing of bee products and seafood, in particular the production of therapeutic and prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu" from ambrosia with the addition of various components and shredded laminaria blades.A method of obtaining medication from ambrosia and device for implementing the method, which is the closest analogue to the claimed invention (the patent is in the vacuum chamber, perform microwave heating, the temperature during treatment is maintained at the level not more than 45oC, which allows to preserve the biological activity of the product, after which the pollen is extracted from the honeycomb by shaking.The known method is not effective enough in getting a quality product and, in addition, is inefficient, energy-intensive and is an increased danger when using microwave heating for the biological properties of the product, and for staff, i.e., is not sufficiently reliable.The known method, which consists in obtaining clean, with maximum preservation of the biological properties of medical-preventive product WINIUS", as well as to improve productivity, efficiency due to the two - stage drying and pre-drying of raw materials and final drying Perkovich granules, security and reliability of the method and the device receiving it. (Patent of Russia 2128050, a positive decision from 23.10.98, BI N 9, 1999.The disadvantage of this method is the absence in the preparation of seafood that contribute to the prevention of endemic goiter (antistruminum prevention).Postavlenaya in preparation to enter the pre-milled laminaria thallus.Thus, the method of obtaining treatment-and-prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu" includes drying in a vacuum chamber with heating to a temperature not exceeding 45oC and removing the pollen from the honeycomb. What's new is that before drying in a vacuum chamber conduct preliminary drying by convective method to a moisture content of not more than 15%, processing raw materials process air pre-dried raw materials sterilized by treatment with ozone and simultaneously cooled to cure pollen in the comb, remove the bread from the honeycomb in the form of granules, and in the vacuum chamber are drying obtained Perkovich granules to a moisture content of 1% at a pressure not more than 100 mm RT. Art., intensify the process of steam condensation by cooling the outer surface of the camera. After drying in the vacuum chamber the product is mixed with components and simultaneously grind until a homogeneous powder. Heating in a vacuum chamber carried by the infrared source. Treated with ozone and extract purgavie granules at a temperature of 0 - (-5)oC. Installation for therapeutic and prophylactic drug "VINIUS-u" contains a vacuum chamber with located inside the heating device. What's new is that the mouth of the kelp and dosing.The essence of the proposed method to obtain treatment-and-prophylactic product VINIUS-Yu" from ambrosia and laminaria blades is that implementing the two-stage drying, first convective drying of raw material to the set point humidity, for example 15%, at a temperature not higher than, for example, 45oC, and then the final douchka finished drug substance Perkovich granules to a moisture content of not more than 1% at a temperature of no more than 45oC. Convective drying is more efficient and can handle large volumes of raw materials to the desired humidity and prepares the product for further processing. Drying to a moisture content of not more than 15% is sufficient to carry out further operations disinfection with ozone and retrieve Perkovich granules. The pre-dried product is cooled to solidification and sterilized by treatment with ozone. In addition, the pre-dried product (pergola drought) does not lose its biological properties upon cooling. The disinfection process when the moisture content of the product is not more than 15% and at a temperature of 0 - (-5)oC is more efficient, because the ozone exerts its properties disinfection at low temperatures and at a certain setpoint is obstet biological properties of the product during prolonged storage. In addition, the cooled product to cure and not fully dried (moisture content not exceeding 15%) better is divided into components (wax, pollen and bee bread is separated in the form of granules. The second stage of drying includes drying the finished product - Perkovich granules to a moisture content of not more than 1% and at a temperature not exceeding 45oC. Douchka Perkovich granules is carried out under vacuum at a pressure not more than 100 mm RT. Art. This is because when the pressure is 100 mm RT.article for ambrosia begins effective the process of evaporation, with the progressive reduction of pressure this process continues and at a pressure of 1 mm RT. Art. is achieved by the evaporation of moisture from the product to a moisture content of 1%. The heat inside the vacuum chamber carried by an infrared source, such as electric spiral, to maintain the temperature not exceeding 45oC. the Infrared heat source is environmentally friendly and does not have a destructive influence on the biological properties of the product. Cooling the surface of the housing provide for the most effective removal of moisture inside the camera, which significantly intensifies the process of steam condensation inside the vacuum chamber. The resulting product damp the natural ground to a homogeneous powder. It also allows you to preserve biological properties, the properties of the obtained substance - ambrosia and laminaria blades, as it has a high absorbency and quick grinding in conjunction with additional components is not possible at this stage to absorb additional moisture from the environment, which ultimately allows you to get the finished product with desired biological properties, which is further vacuum packaging, and retains its properties for a long time.The proposed technological process of obtaining treatment-and-prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu" allows you to get environmentally friendly product with maximum preservation of biological properties. In addition, the two-stage drying increases the efficiency of the process as raw materials, including by-products, does not require complete drying, and osselets only to a certain degree of humidity, fully ossified the final product - "VINIUS-Yu", resulting in lower energy costs. In addition, the proposed setup allows you to process large amounts of raw materials and is cost-effective, reliable, compact and easy to use.So oberschulte way take into account the characteristics of raw materials (fragility, hygroscopicity, biological properties) and provide the given characteristics of the final product.The drawing shows a diagram of the installation for the production of therapeutic and prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu".Installation for therapeutic and prophylactic drug comprises a sealed insulated chamber 1 for convective drying of raw materials with a duct 2 for supplying process air and duct 3 exhaust air saturated vapors, moisture, high-pressure fans 4, the coils 5 of the EC type with switches HES for heating the air supplied into the chamber 1, to a temperature not exceeding 45oC. Installation made of insulating blocks on the hearth along the side walls, the layout of the ducts 2 and 3 with the output Windows. The ceiling of the chamber 1 made in the form of a cone, insulated and acts as a guide, the pumped air from the entire surface of the camera. Through two doors located on one side (not shown), is the loading and unloading of mobile shelving with them drying raw materials. The plant is equipped with a refrigerating chamber 6 with ozone air 7. Cooling chamber 6 is morosita, located in a confined space. The ozonizer air 7 is an electrical discharge ozone generator, the device is based on the occurrence of ozone in the air passing through the zone of high-frequency electric discharge. The ozonizer air 7 supplied with recovery of the ozone 8, which is a device for pumping air, saturated with ozone, through the catalyst unit, i.e., the container filled with the catalyst. The installation is equipped with a cage grinder 9 representing non-standard equipment used for grinding the product of heterogeneous brittle consistency and split his compositions, as well as the vacuum chamber 10 for additional drying Perkovich granules, which is a vacuum-sealed barrel supplied inside the heating device is an infrared radiation 11, for example an electric coil. On the outer surface of the camera 10 are the pipes 12, which serves pre-cooled liquid, such as glycerine, for cooling the outer walls of the vacuum chamber 10 in order to intensify the process of steam condensation inside the vacuum chamber 10. The internal volume of the chamber 10 is connected with vacuum pumps. Preliminary pumping is Osom 14 type Ave. The camera 10 is equipped with devices for measuring the amount of vacuum and temperature. Purgavie granules are placed on racks and placed in the internal volume of the chamber 10. Consistently over the vacuum chamber 10 is set mixer granules 15 type MV-35M, go screw anchor type, in which the dosage Perkovich granules, pre-milled thalli of kelp and additional components and preliminary mixing, and micromelia 16 type A2-PWM for fine grinding of the mixture.Setup works as follows. In a sealed chamber 1 through the doors located on one side, download mobile racks (not shown) on raw materials. The drying process is carried out by feeding into the chamber 1 warm air in the duct 2 from the fan 4, heated by heaters 5. During the drying process the air is saturated vapors of moisture and is pumped out from the chamber 1 by the fan duct 3. In the camera 1 is the pre-convective drying of raw materials to a moisture content of not more than 15% at a temperature not exceeding 45oC. This process takes about 7-8 hours. Convective drying of raw materials allows you to dry large quantities of raw materials to neobhodimosti properties of the product. After pre-drying of raw materials to a moisture content of not more than 15% in the chamber 1, the product is fed into the cooling chamber 6 with ozone air 7. The process of simultaneous cooling of the product and its disinfection with ozone. The product is cooled to solidification. The effectiveness of disinfection is increased because the ozone in more properties disinfection manifests at low temperatures and in the absence of surface moisture, which is achieved by preliminary drying. In addition, ozone at low temperatures slowly falling apart. The cooled product is produced to a temperature of 0 - (-5)oC. this product has a hardness sufficient for improved separation of product waste and purgavie granules. Additionally, if this temperature is not lost biological properties of the product. The process of disinfection with ozone is carried out for two hours with subsequent recycling of ozone in the device utilization 8. Chilled and disinfected the product flows into the separator-crusher 9, in which the separation of the product, i.e. the separation of air according to the weight on purgavie pellets and wax. The product temperature in the process of separation is also supported 0 - (-5)oaetsa the quality of the product, its biological properties. For the final dosushki received ambrosia her send in the camera for more drying in the vacuum chamber 10, where the drying Perkovich granules to a moisture content of not more than 1%. The drying process takes place under a pressure not more than 100 mm RT.article First carry out the pumping of the liquid ring vacuum pump, type BBH, 13, and then further pumped up to 1 mm RT. article, carry out the vacuum-Bolotnikova pump, type AKZ, 14. In this range, the magnitude of the vacuum is an active process of separating moisture from Perkovich granules, while retaining the biological properties of the product, and the value of the moisture content reaches 1%. The temperature in the vacuum chamber also support 45oC by heating infrared emitter, such as an electric coil 11. At the same time to intensify the process of steam condensation in the chamber 10 is cooled to its outer surface. For this purpose the outer surface of the vacuum chamber 10 is supplied by a pipeline 12, which is supplied pre-cooling, the liquid, such as glycerin, that allows to intensify the drying process, save energy and reduce processing time. After dosushki Perkovich granules in a vacuum knersvlakte the laminaria blades and other components in a specific dosage and served on micromelic 16, where does the process of grinding the mixture to obtain a homogeneous powder - treatment-and-prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu", which includes physiologically balanced complex of vitamins and microelements, amino acids of natural origin. The number and range of the added components is determined according to the purpose of the drug. Next, the resulting powder is directed to a leak-proof packing.Thus, the proposed method for therapeutic and prophylactic drug "VINIUS-Yu" and installation for implementing the method allows to obtain ready-to-use medicinal product with desired biological properties suitable for long-term storage. Installation for implementing the method highly efficient, high-performance, reliable, easy to operate, allows a continuous process, including the processing of large volumes pergolas sushi, laminaria blades and getting the finished product. The way to obtain therapeutic and preventive medication from ambrosia, including pre-drying of raw materials by convective method of materials processing technology air disinfection and cooling ambrosia hundred in the 1% at a pressure not more than 100 mm RT.art., grinding to obtain a homogeneous powder, characterized in that to the stage of grinding the obtained granules are mixed with a pre-milled by laminaria blades, and the pre-drying of raw material is carried out to a moisture content of not more than 15%.
FIELD: pharmaceutical and food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes the composition that comprises the following components, wt.-%: bee breed homogenate, 98.5; sorbic acid, 0.75, and citric acid, 0.75. The proposed composition of bee breed preserved homogenate is more stable in storage.
EFFECT: improved properties of composition.