Submersible pumping unit
(57) Abstract:Water lifting unit is designed to supply water from rivers. The device comprises a support fixed to rotate a plate associated with the pump. Support is provided stand, and the connection plate with the pump is made in the form of a pivotally suspended on the rack frame, consisting of two beams with a barbell, and rocking. The plate on the rear edge secured to rotate on an axis between the beams, and its front edge is connected with the damper and stop with rasmol. The device of the unit allows you to create stand-alone mechanical device for supplying water. 6 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to hydropower and, in particular, to devices water supply from rivers.Known feeder water, typically performed on the basis of the electric motor, which causes the rotation of the various hydraulic pumps: centrifugal, reciprocating, gear, diaphragm and other  . The main disadvantages of such devices is the inevitable need for outside energy sources: electric batteries, mechanical actuators based on thermal engines or mobile power station is. The disadvantage of such devices is the inability to obtain high values of efficiency, power and specific indices: weight/power ratio, and low, for devices with perpendicular to the flow axis of rotation, the values of the energy utilization factor ).Object of the invention is the creation of an Autonomous mechanical device that would use energy from the environment to perform mechanical work for water supply.To solve this problem is proposed a device that uses only the energy of the moving river water. It can be used in any location where there is a river, canal or similar artificial structure.In the proposed device used well-known phenomenon of self-oscillations of a plate in the fluid flow , called flutter. Using the proposed device is the conversion of vibrational energy into mechanical energy to move the liquid.The essence of the invention is a submersible pumping unit supplying water from the river or canal through the use of energy water stream containing a support and installed with the possibility regards the but hanging on the rack frame, consisting of two beams with a barbell, and rocking, and the plate on the rear edge secured to rotate on an axis between the beams, and its front edge is connected with the damper and stop with frame. Submersible pumping unit is installed on the bottom of the river and balanced load. The pump through intake valves takes water from the surrounding space and delivers it under pressure through the main pipeline to the consumer. The consumer (capacity, power, etc.,) may be located on shore or elsewhere.The list of drawings.Fig. 1 - General view of the submersible pumping unit.Fig. 2 - scheme of installation of submersible pumping unit.Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a submersible pumping unit.Fig. 4 - device and circuit operation of the valve of the pump.The device consists of a support 1 (Fig. 1) and installed with the possibility of rotation of the plate 13 connected to the pump 4. The pump 4 is made two-way. Bearing 1 is equipped with a rack 7, and the connection plate 13 with the pump 4 is made in the form of a pivotally suspended on the rack 7 of the frame 12 consisting of two beams from the rod 9, and rocking 8, and the plate 13 to the rear edge of the fixed 12. The stop 10 is arranged to change the position relative to the frame. The angle and speed of rotation of the plate 13 are limited to special hydraulic damper 11. The rod 9 is arranged to adjust the line size to change the area of the plate 13. The frame ends 12 self-cleaning hinges, by which it is hung on the rack 7. At the top of the rack by means of the bracket 5 is mounted two-way hydraulic pump 4. Mentioned rocking 8 is connected to the frame 12, allowing the transmission of motion from the frame 12 on the piston rod of the pump 4. Hour 7 is adjusted by means of the slot 2 on the support 1. The rigidity of the connection of the rack 7 with the support 1 is provided by the statement of marks 3.The principle of the proposed device consists in the following. Submersible pumping unit is installed on the bottom of the river or canal with flowing water (Fig.2). When the flow stream of the liquid on the plate occurs hydrodynamic force F (Fig.3), which is the projection of Fuon the axis perpendicular to the axis of the frame. Force Fucreates a moment about the pivot point of the frame Acting on the opposite end of the frame is valid, the resistance force from the piston pump fn. Under the action of SOA depends on the generalized axial moment of inertia of all rotating elements J and the current torque M
< / BR>Rotation of the frame causes the change in the angle of the leakage flow (decrease) on the plate. As soon as he becomes another sign, the force acting on the plate, also changes its sign. This leads to a moment of force which makes the plate rotates about a point a (Fig.3) to shift to the opposite extreme angular position defined by adjusting the position of the damper. The speed of the transfer plate is determined by the characteristics of the damper. After putting the plate frame is decelerated to a complete stop, and then starts a rotational movement in the opposite direction. Thus, under the action of alternating hydrodynamic forces arising on the plate, the frame performs an oscillatory motion. It is converted by the rocking 8-in reciprocating movement of the rod with the piston in the pump 4. When the piston one cavity (the opposite direction) is filled with liquid, and the other cavity at this time, the liquid displaced by the piston. To implement such a cycle in the pump uses special valves, which are made in the form of freely rotating end cap, closed in the absence of differential pressure. The design of such a valve is shown in Fig.4. ing the closing of the valve even when the equality of the pressures P and P0(Fig.4). When P>P0(A) is the opening of the valve, while PP0the valve is closed (B). At the same time cleans the contact surfaces from mechanical particles are washed out, because the valve does not close instantly. River water is a chemically aggressive environment with a variety of mechanical impurities in the form of sand, silt, etc., To extend the service life of the hinge joints in locations with high load hinges of the frame 12 (Fig. 1) and the rack 7 are self-cleaning in the form of a cage and sleeve with grooves on them, arranged at an angle to the axis of rotation and towards each other. During rotation of the sleeve relative to the stationary casing grains of sand and other solids, rolling, discharged into the grooves, where washed with water. At the same time the water from the grooves ensures wetting of the rubbing surfaces, which reduces friction and wear.Changing the position of the stop 10 with respect to the beams of the frame 12 allows you to set the value of the limit angle of deflection plates 13.Thus, the proposed device allows to achieve the desired result using the energy of the flow of fluid to perform useful mechanical work and the supply of water to the consumer is 66.2. Inventor's certificate SU N1173058, CL F 03 In 17/06 from 22.214.171.124. Eggleston M. David, Forest S. Stoddart. Wind turbine engineering Design. Van Nostrand Reinhold company. New York, 1987.4. Krasnov N. F. Aerodynamics. - M.: Higher school, 1980. 1. Submersible pumping unit containing a support and mounted to rotate plate associated with the pump, characterized in that the bearing provided with a rack, and a connection plate with a pump made in the form of pivotally suspended on the rack frame, consisting of two beams with a barbell, and rocking, and the plate on the rear edge secured to rotate on an axis between the beams, and its front edge is connected with the damper and stop with frame.2. Assembly under item 1, characterized in that the rod is made with the possibility of adjustment of the linear size to change the square plate.3. Assembly under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the pump is made two-way.4. Assembly under item 1, characterized in that it support is installed on the bottom of the river and balanced load.5. Assembly under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the hinge frame is made self-cleaning in the form of a cage and sleeve with grooves on them, arranged at an angle to the axis of rotation and towards each other.7. Assembly under item 1, characterized in that the stop is arranged to change the position relative to the frame.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.
EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed for converting kinetic energy of small and medium rivers into elastic energy. Proposed hydraulic unit contains hydraulic turbine installed on frame with bearings on its shaft, generator mechanically coupled with hydraulic turbine, stream shaper and device in form of plates to protect hydraulic unit from floating debris. Hydraulic unit has intermediate vertically and horizontally installed shafts with bearings interconnected by conical gears. Vertical shaft is arranged in well built near bank and communicating with river by channel made under level of maximum possible thickness of ice cover. Part of horizontal shaft connected with hydraulic turbine is arranged in said channel. Upper end of vertical shaft is connected with generator through ground horizontal shaft and step-up reduction unit. Stream shaper is made in form of flaps installed on shaft for turning to direct water stream of river to its central part between which turnable gate is installed for contacting with one of flaps to direct water stream to right-hand or left-hand side of hydraulic turbine.
EFFECT: provision of reliable operation all year round.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.
EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: conversion of river stream energy into electric power.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant has base in the form of catamaran that mounts current generators and their drive, current parameters stabilizing system, turbine capable of running in fully submerged condition, and its hoist. Turbine is made in the form of belt conveyer installed on edge at certain angle to river stream. Blades made of flexible material are secured throughout entire width and length of belt. Each blade is made in the form of bucket capable of folding and resting on belt during transfer from working to idle side of conveyer, and it has pocket on external surface for automatic raising of blade by river stream during transfer from idle to working position. Turbine hoist has rocker arm for turbine suspension hinged on one end to catamaran and on other end, to turbine frame that mounts generator-drive bevel gear so that longitudinal axes of hoist rocker-arm hinges and longitudinal axis of bevel-gear driven pinion are disposed on same line. In addition, hydroelectric power plant is equipped with device enabling variation of turbine angle of installation to water flow.
EFFECT: enhanced power capacity.
1 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.
EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.
SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.
EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.
22 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.
EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.
EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.
9 cl, 8 dwg