Device for increasing the permeability of car

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to road transport and for the establishment of retroist to improve cross vehicles when driving on uneven surfaces with low strength. Device for increasing the permeability of the car has drive and non-drive removable support device connected to the vehicle components. Driving support device includes pivotally mounted on the axles of the car truck with track rollers and elastic tape. The tape covers the track rollers and the drive sprocket. Instead of the truck with the supporting rollers and elastic tape drive device may include a drum or sprocket. Non-driving support device includes a ski with support for non-driving wheels and with a fixation on it. The front support roller may be pivotally connected with the levers. One of the levers may be pivotally connected to the body or frame of the vehicle. The other arm is articulated to connect with trolley. The cart is advisable to provide additional support rollers rigidly connected with the above-mentioned respective front and rear support rollers. options can be placed respectively on one or both sides of the truck and cover additional rollers or extra long part of the track rollers. The technical result of the invention is to improve the patency of vehicles type of vehicle and to empower their operation. 15 C.p. f-crystals. 11 Il.

The invention relates to devices improve cross vehicles when traveling over uneven surfaces with low strength.

The known device that improves the patency of the car. The closest to the invention is a device in the Federal Republic of Germany patent DE N 3146511 A1 from 1981 In the specified patent device for increasing the permeability of the car contains set in place the wheels removable device that represents the cart track rollers and mounted on a wheel of stars, which are covered by the flexible tape. To prevent turning of tracked devices front and rear bogies are attached to the body springs with shock absorbers.

However, the known devices are difficult to steered wheels, have limited opportunities to improve patency in particular do not provide movement through deep snow.

In this regard, the use of these funds to improve cross auto is to increase the permeability and empower application.

The technical result is achieved in that the device for increasing the permeability of the car is equipped with pivotally mounted on the major axis of the car trucks with track rollers and elastic ribbons rollers and drive wheels or installed instead of the drums or sprockets, and the non-driving wheels are mounted on rigidly associated with skiing.

In addition, to expand the possibilities of overcoming obstacles front rink installed on the leading axis track Assembly pivotally connected levers, one of which is hinged to the body or frame of the vehicle, and the other hinged to the cart.

To limit the stroke and damping the rotational movement of the supporting device pivotally connected with the body or frame of the vehicle, the lever may be spring-loaded.

The preservation of the body when turning the support device about the axis provided protective tension plates secured in the lower part of the wheel arches of the car.

The same features with additional maintaining a constant tension in the elastic tape can perform tension rollers elastically connected with the trolley and communicate with dni and/or the rear roller can be hinged with her cart, when this pivot levers are installed front and rear track rollers, connected to the trolley elastic elements.

To reduce the specific pressure on the supporting surface, for example, when driving on very loose snow to the cart with one or both sides rigidly attached additional caterpillars with trolley, track rollers and covering them with an elastic band, while the front and/or rear rollers additional caterpillars are driven, being rigidly connected with the front and/or rear wheels of the main truck.

When driving over rough terrain to allow entry into the obstacle of the front and/or rear rink for more caterpillars can be hinged with her cart.

When driving over rough terrain to allow entry into an obstacle to the cart from the front and/or rear fixed plate with upturned ends.

For vehicles with high ground clearance of the device can be mounted directly on the wheel of a car, the leading toothed sprocket contains mounted on pneumatic wheels elastic toothed tape with a locking device at the end.

To reduce size, weight and simplify the design and when driving off-road in a relatively short distance truck with track rollers and covering them with an elastic band mounted under the wheel of a car, while moving forward, the wheels rotate in the opposite direction.

For driving on the snow under the non-driving wheel is mounted ski, the increase in clearance is achieved by the fact that the ski is made with a support for installation under the non-driving wheel of the vehicle.

Rigidity and speed of installation and removal is provided by the fact that the ski is made with the legs of the fastening skis from opposite sides to drive the non-driving wheels of the vehicle.

Movement both forward and back is provided by the fact that both ends of the skis are bent upwards.

To enhance the security of skis contain spoilers made with the possibility of control from the brake system of the vehicle and providing braking of the vehicle due to the additional resistance to movement.

Movement as snow, and hard surfaces, such as crossing roads, pratali prop plane skis axes of the rollers from contact with the supporting surface.

For movement over a surface with a high coefficient of sliding friction device has to be installed under the non-driving wheel of the vehicle and rigidly associated with him the support, which is rigidly connected with located underneath the truck with the supporting rollers and elastic tape.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows a vehicle with front and rear supporting devices, increasing its permeability. In Fig. 2 shows a diagram of a track Assembly with pivotally connected the front roller. In Fig. 3 shows the tensioning rollers and pivot levers with elastic elements. In Fig. 4 and 5 shows a diagram with additional tracks. In Fig. 6 shows a variant with plates with upturned ends. In Fig. 7 shows a variant with elastic leading asterisk. In Fig. 8 is a diagram of the skis. In Fig. 9 shows a case where the ski brake is reached. In Fig. 10 shows a diagram of skis with rollers. In Fig. 11 shows a variant installed under the non-driving wheel support is located underneath the truck with the supporting rollers and elastic tape.

Device for increasing the permeability of vehicle 1 includes a driving support device 2, Ustani 6, covering the track rollers and drive wheels or installed instead of the drums or sprocket 7 and the non-driving wheels 8 are mounted on rigidly associated skis 9 (see Fig. 1). Supporting fixtures are connected with the suspension elements and the body or frame of the vehicle 1.

Front rink 10 (see Fig. 2) mounted on the leading axis of the support device 2 is pivotally connected with the levers 11 and 12, one of which is hinged to the body or frame of the vehicle 1, and the other hinged to the carriage 4.

Pivotally connected with the body or frame of the vehicle, the lever 11 has a flexible connection 13 in the form of a spring or shock absorber.

Protective idler plate 14 is fixed in the lower part of the wheel arches of the vehicle 15.

The truck can contain tension rollers 16, elastically connected with the carriage 22 by the springs 17 and communicates with the outer side of the elastic ribbon 6 (see Fig. 3).

In the variant shown in Fig. 3, pivot levers 18 and 19, which has a front 20 and rear track rollers 21, is connected with the carriage 22 of the elastic members 23.

To the cart with one or both sides (see Fig. 4 and 5) rigidly attached additional caterpillars with trolley 25, reference catcalled drive, being rigidly connected with the front 20 and/or 21 rear wheels (see Fig. 4) the main truck.

Front and rear rollers 28 and 29 caterpillars connected with its carriage 25 by means of a hinged connection 30.

The trolley 4 and/or 25 in the front and/or rear fixed plate 31 with a curved top end (see Fig. 6).

Leading gear sprocket 32 has been mounted on pneumatic wheels 33 elastic toothed tape 34 with a locking device 35 at the ends (see Fig. 7).

Toothed belt 34 includes on each side a few leads 36, which are secured in the slots of the drive wheel 37.

Ski 9 is made with a support 38 for installation under the non-driving wheel 8 of the vehicle (see Fig. 8).

Ski 9 is made with the legs 39 of the fastening skis from opposite sides to drive the non-driving wheels 8 of the vehicle.

Both ends of the skis 9 are bent upwards.

Skis 9 contain spoilers 40, is arranged to control the braking system of the vehicle 41 (see Fig. 9).

Skis 9 contain the slots 42, which are placed in the rotating above the plane of support skis axes of the rollers 43 and 44 with the possibility of contact with the supporting surface (see Fig. 10).

The device Xia rigidly connected with located underneath the carriage 47 with the supporting rollers 48 and an elastic band 49 (see Fig. 11).

The device operates as follows.

Under each managed non-driving wheel 8 of the vehicle, depending on the driving conditions, set the 9 ski or device shown in Fig. 11. Provided management direction similarly to the car. Note that ski or device shown in Fig. 11, mounted on the front wheel, trampled snow and increase its density. This allows to reduce the required size of the footprint of the device installed on the rear wheel.

Instead of each of the drive wheel or drive wheel 33 of the vehicle, depending on vehicle performance and driving conditions, establish tracked propulsion, shown in Fig. 2...7. When this option is shown in Fig. 2, increases the ground clearance and provides increased gear ratio and consequently traction. Thus control of the speed of the vehicle with the device improve cross as usual.

1. Device for increasing the permeability of a motor vehicle comprising driving and non-driving a removable support device connected to the components of the vehicle, characterized those who support rollers and elastic tape covering the track rollers and the leading wheel of the vehicle or installed instead of the drum or sprocket, and non-driving support device includes a ski with support for non-driving wheels and with a fixation on it.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the front support roller pivotally connected levers, one of which is hinged to the body or frame of the vehicle, and the other hinged to the cart.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the front and rear track rollers pivotally connected with the levers are pivotally connected with the truck and are related to the elastic elements.

4. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that the hinge connected to the body or frame of the vehicle, the lever is spring-loaded against them.

5. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the supplied protective tension plates secured in the lower part of the wheel arches of the car.

6. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, wherein the cart includes tension rollers, upravovanie with trolley and interacting with the outer side of the elastic band.

7. Ust rollers, rigidly connected with the previously mentioned respective front and rear track rollers, or the last executed elongated with one or two extra ribbons, arranged respectively on one or both sides of the truck and covering additional rollers or extra long part of the track rollers.

8. The device according to p. 7, characterized in that each support roller or each elongated portion of the track roller pivotally connected with additional or previously specified another lever, which is pivotally connected to the frame of the truck.

9. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that to the cart from the front and/or rear fixed plate with upturned ends.

10. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it contains mounted on the drive wheel elastic toothed tape with a locking device at the end.

11. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that the toothed belt includes on each side a few leads, which are secured in the slots of the wheel.

12. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the ski is made with the legs of the fastening skis with opposite sittlichen fact, that both ends of the skis are bent upwards.

14. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the skis contain spoilers made with the possibility of control from the brake system of the vehicle.

15. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the skis contain slots, which are placed in the rotating above the plane of support skis axes of the rollers from contact with the supporting surface.

16. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the ski is made in the form of trucks with track rollers covered with an elastic band.

 

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