A method of creating a cultural lawn
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the technology of creation of lawns and sports facilities. The method includes establishing the Foundation, drainage systems and coatings. As artificial turf use waterproof synthetic plates with cells for sealing in them seeds demobrowser herbs and subsequent cultivation of these seeds of grass. Plates join the ends and fastened to each other with formation of a continuous coating. The invention provides for the use of artificial and natural materials for coatings and improves the environment and safety for the athletes ' health. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, construction, namely technology to create cultural, sports turf, sports fields /soccer, Rugby, American football, field hockey/ sports fields /basketball volleyball, tennis courts/, treadmills and other complex, individual, three-dimensional, planar, indoor and outdoor sports facilities.Known manufacturing techniques of sports venues, including the Foundation, drainage system and Grun is hni synthetic layer with natural grass. /Application WO 98/55697/.Known combined coating with natural and artificial grass. /WO 98/23817/.The closest technical solution to the claimed technology is the creation of sports facilities, including the Foundation, drainage systems and artificial turf with grass. /Patent RF N 2096551/.However, these technologies create a cultural lawns with coverings made of synthetic materials do not meet modern sports and technological requirements and, as a rule, cause a negative impact of artificial surfaces on health and physical shape athletes. In addition, low resistance to adverse climatic and weather conditions and dynamic loads are the extreme fragility and inefficiency of such coatings.A method of creating a cultural turf includes the Foundation, drainage and permeable artificial turf with grass. The method is characterized by the fact that, as artificial turf use synthetic plates with cells for sealing them in lawn seed demobrowser herbs and subsequent growing of the grass. Cells in plates place the Quad is with size ratio, equal to T/A = 0,02 - 3,0; A/H = 1,2 - 30,0, where: T is the thickness of the artificial surface; a is the distance between cells; H - the height of the grass.As artificial turf use synthetic plates with cells for sealing them in lawn seed demobrowser herbs and/or with artificial grass.Artificial permeable coating embedded in them seeds demobrowser herbs spread on different types of foundations, drainage systems, soil and drainage layer.Variant of the method of creating a cultural turf includes the Foundation, drainage systems and artificial turf. The method is characterized by the fact that, as artificial turf use waterproof or water-permeable coating of synthetic plates with drainage systems and drainage systems, or without them.Achieved by the invention of the technical result is to increase safety for the athletes ' health, ecology established lawns, increase economic efficiency technologies, increasing the productivity in the creation of lawns and their quality.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:
in Fig. 1 shows shemogue with natural and artificial grass and drainage system.The problem is solved by the use of new synthetic materials, and other new technologies. In addition, in the technology combines the capabilities of artificial materials with traditional methods of creating natural eco-friendly sports surfaces. In particular as materials for artificial sports surfaces depending on hydrological, climatic, construction, and other conditions of various materials, including synthetic. Synthetic, based on functional purpose of artificial sports surfaces created as outdoors and indoors, it is advisable to use, for example, Regupol, polyurethane, polyurethane mastic, tufting, synthetic plastics, rubber crumb, polypropylene, polyester, and other synthetic materials.The above materials provide high resistance of the coatings to abrasion, impact, dynamic loads, impact of climatic factors and UV radiation.When used as artificial sports surfaces waterproof, including synthetic, covered the, the including concrete, asphalt, dirt and other reasons.For example, for the construction of running tracks athletics and comprehensive sports facilities outdoor and indoor use different permeable coating of a synthetic material /polyurethane, Regupol, etc. which are placed on asphalt, concrete, soil and other reasons.The same coating used to create tennis courts, playgrounds for sports and games both outdoors and indoors. However, to create such facilities are used as waterproof and permeable artificial turf. In the latter case cover made of synthetic materials are placed on different grounds, drainage systems and drainage layers and interlayers.To create soccer fields, fields for field hockey, Rugby and other sports fields are mainly used artificial permeable coating with artificial grass from various, including synthetic materials. Such coatings are placed on various grounds, including asphalt, BH and other fields and sports grounds with artificial grass synthetic materials. In Fig. 1 floor with artificial grass /grass/ 1 laid on a permeable rubber or synthetic Mat 2, which in turn laid out on the basis of synthetic material 3 located on the drainage layer of sand 4. Under a layer of sand usually have one or more layers of stony material of different fractions 5 and 6 /of crushed stone, gravel, pebbles, etc. / where can get the drain pipe 7 or the drain grooves for water drainage from the surface of the artificial turf. Drainage pipes are laid on sand or rocky base 8, and the drainage grooves are arranged in the Foundation soil 9.In Fig. 2 shows a plate 10 with cells 11 for sealing them in lawn seed demobrowser herbs 12 with subsequent cultivation. Cell 11 in the plate 10 is placed square-cluster method with the distance between the cells 11, is equal to A, providing a good quality of herbage. Plate 10 join the ends and fastened to each other with formation of a continuous coating ratio is equal to: T/A = 0,02 - 3,0; A/H = 1,2 - 30,0, where: T is the thickness of the artificial surface; H is the height of the grass; a is the distance between cells.Cell 11 is made of piercing plates 10 special Yes/ seed demobrowser herbs.To create soccer fields and sports grounds with lawn floor of the natural herbs used artificial permeable coating embedded in them the seeds of lawn demobrowser herbs. As a synthetic material, which simultaneously plays the role of the support base of the future of sports coverage and is the basis for seeding of lawn grasses may be used, for example, such a biologically inert synthetic material like polypropylene or other materials.Lawn seeds, closed up in a special cell 11 or slots in the plates 10 artificial turf, grown in these cells 11 traditional way in special nurseries or directly on the place of establishment of sports facilities /lawn/.In nurseries plate 10 artificial coatings with embedded seeds are placed on different grounds for growing seeds to time availability of grass for use. After the root system of the seeds found in the plates of the artificial surface, penetrates into the soil layers, which paved the data plate and the grass reaches operational readiness plate with veramendi sports facilities and posted on various grounds and drainage systems.Seeds of grasses, sealed in such coatings can be grown in the traditional way and also after delivery of artificial turf to place a sports turf. However, in the latter case, longer delivery dates of this sports turf in operation.The best example of implementation of the invention.The creation of sports facilities with artificial permeable and waterproof, including, synthetic, single-layer and multilayer coatings begins with thorough planning /profiling/ soil, asphalt, concrete or other Foundation 9 by means of leveling. The layout of the Foundation is to give its surface a uniform slope required for drainage of rain, melt water and other surface coatings.After profiling the Foundation soil using water artificial surfaces perform work on the creation of various drainage systems and drainage layers.Creating soccer fields and playgrounds with artificial permeable materials embedded in them the seeds of lawn demobrowser herbs can be several JV is the only cover, made from polypropylene or other biologically inert materials, and then grown in these cells is normal in the traditional way in special nurseries.The floor is assembled from individual modules - plates. Coupling the modules together performed by means of fastening elements located along the perimeter of the plates. Fasteners are below the level of the top surface, which creates the perception of a uniform plane. Such coatings provide fast installation without glue and auxiliary materials, the possibility of transformation /Assembly and disassembly/, quick drainage under the face. After any rain, the site is ready for use within hours. In the process of operation is the automatic compensation. The coatings have high adhesion to any surface. 1. A method of creating a cultural lawn, including the Foundation, drainage and permeable artificial turf with grass, characterized in that as an artificial covering use of synthetic plates with cells for sealing them in lawn seed demobrowser herbs with subsequent cultivation, and the cell plates are placed square-cluster mniam sizes, equal to T/A = 0,02 - 3,0; A/H = 1,2 - 30,0, where T is the thickness of the artificial surface, A distance between cells, H is the height of the grass.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as an artificial covering use of synthetic plates with cells for sealing them in lawn seed demobrowser grass and artificial grass.3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the artificial water-permeable coating embedded in them seeds demobrowser herbs spread on concrete, asphalt or soil foundations, drainage systems, soil and drainage layer.
FIELD: building, particularly forming coating on sport ground and similar structures.
SUBSTANCE: method involves securing vertical rods in load-bearing layer, arranging zigzag heating wires connected with power source on load-bearing layer; connecting heating wires to vertical rods and applying coating material on load-bearing layer. Coating material is concrete of the following composition (% by weight): low-molecular oligodiene - 8-11; sulfur - 3-6.5; thiuram - 0.3-0.7; zinc oxide - 1.5 - 5.0; calcium oxide - 0.3-0.6; ash from heat power plant - 7-10; remainder - quartz sand. Uninsulated heating wire is used as coating layer reinforcement. Rod height corresponds to coating layer thickness. Electric power is supplied from power source for 55-56 min to obtain coating layer temperature of 85-95°C and then for 180-200 min to maintain 115-125° temperature thereof. Rate of temperature change may not exceed 1°C per minute.
EFFECT: reduced power inputs along with increased coating strength.
2 tbl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sportive constructions, in particular, constructions which may be partly used in agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: sportive ground has base with two slopes extending from central longitudinal axis, drainage layer and soil plant layer placed onto base. Base is part of box-like construction. Rim is placed on inner side of base. Pipe with water discharge grid and warm air supply pipe are mounted on base. Groove is provided at base inner side.
EFFECT: provision for circulation of air in ground, improved conditions for development of lawn herbage, quick discharge of rain water from lawn ground surface, followed by drying and heating through of ground, preventing of ground surface from freezing-through under winter conditions.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of plant covers used for beautification of streets, squares, construction of sportive grounds, as well as for landscape designing.
SUBSTANCE: method involves spraying organic adhesive onto fine-mesh basalt net by means of specially designed equipment for filling meshes to thereby create strong carrier base. Net is perfectly ecologically safe and allows seeds to be uniformly sown over the entire area of lawn. Adhesive used for providing lawn is functioning as nutritive compound for seeds and is used simultaneously for protecting seeds from external influence of moisture and air during prolonged periods. After drying in first drying chamber, mixture of lawn grass seeds is sown onto carrier base through dosing hopper, followed by applying onto given mixture of organic adhesive and drying in second drying chamber. After discharge from drying chamber, ready dry lawn is cut into parts of various lengths, wound into roll and hermetically packed in polyethylene film for further storage and transportation. Lawn is placed on site by unwinding roll onto preliminarily prepared ground and spilling nutrient mixture thereon, followed by heavy irrigation to provide for sprouts emergence. Nutrient mixture and lawn grass seed mixture compositions are worked out depending on climatic zone and composition of parent ground on which lawn is to be provided.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing uniform sowing of seeds over the entire lawn area, and damage-free transportation and handling of grown lawn.
FIELD: pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds.
SUBSTANCE: running track comprises substrate layers and upper nonslip layer provided with working surface. The working surface is cellular and is created by removal of 1.5-2 mm thickness of granular polyethylene material layer submersed in upper newly laid layer.
EFFECT: increased relief quality and improved track adaptability for athletics.
FIELD: sport and entertainment yards, particularly to convert present-day stadium into that adapted for track-and-field competitions and training.
SUBSTANCE: stadium provided with football field and stands comprises removable platform. The platform is composed of separate members connected with each other so that separate rigid sections or single rigid structure is created. The removable platform is installed so that the platform covers part of football field. The platform is supported by anchors built in football field base. Sectors for running and technical track-and-field athletics, including 300 m running-track, are formed on the platform.
EFFECT: possibility to carry out track-and-field competitions at stadium having grass or artificial grass surface, possibility of stadium usage without existent heating system demounting.
FIELD: pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds, particularly surfaces simulating grass.
SUBSTANCE: surface 10 simulating grass comprises rows 13 consisted of strips 15 spaced apart large distances and projecting from elastic bearing sheet 12. Connected to sheet 12 in gaps between strip 15 rows 13 are temperature control devices 23. Bearing sheet 12 is covered with relatively thick filling layer 17 arranged so that the temperature control devices are contained in the layer 17. The layer 17 maintains strips 15 in vertical positions and may include cultivating substance for plant cultivation. In accordance with one embodiment electric wires are built in surface with artificial grass to heat above surface for snow and ice thawing and supply plant roots with heat. In accordance with another embodiment the surface 10 has perforated flexible pipes 29 built into the surface and adapted to moisture the surface for surface cooling by to moisture evaporation.
EFFECT: increased power efficiency, reduced installation and operational costs.
22 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: production of double-layer ice.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing lower layer followed by producing of soft upper layer, with upper layer being provided by freezing-on of poured water containing ammonia additive in an amount of from 1 ppm to 100 ppm and low-molecular polymer used in an amount of from 0.1 ppm to 10 ppm.
EFFECT: provision for producing of ice for artificial skating rinks, skating tracks and other ice constructions with high-speed properties.
FIELD: production of double-layer ice.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing lower layer followed by producing of soft upper layer, with upper layer being provided by freezing-on of poured water containing ammonia additive in an amount of from 1 ppm to 100 ppm.
EFFECT: provision for obtaining of skating rink and other ice constructions with high-speed properties.
FIELD: manufacture of polymeric building materials.
SUBSTANCE: running-track and playing ground coverings are manufactured by depositing mixture of rubber crumb and isocyanate prepolymer-based composition, in which process rubber crumb is preliminarily mixed with water and further isocyanate prepolymer-based composition is added, said composition being made up of, wt parts: isocyanate prepolymer 100, polymethylene-polyphenylisocyanate 25-46, glycerol 8-11, catalyst 0.01-0.10, and water 0.6-1.5.
EFFECT: simplified technology and improved sports and technical characteristics of covering.
FIELD: pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds, particularly ground for racecourses, show jumping fields, indoor and outdoor riding-house structures.
SUBSTANCE: all-weather ground composition includes quartz sand, fiber materials, elastic fillers and binding agent. The fiber materials comprise polyester polymer, namely lavsan, having fiber lengths of 1-8 mm, polymeric material layer, namely polyvinylchloride, applied thereto and cordage lavsan fiber having fiber lengths of 5-30 mm. The elastic filler is rigid synthetic polypropylene fibers of 15-40 mm lengths, grinded geotextile web used as pieces having 0.5-3.0 cm2 surface areas and granular elastic filler, namely rubber crumb with 1.0-15 mm particle dimensions. The binding agent is structural surface modifier, which provides bulk density decrease, decrease of maximal density during ground compaction, absolute deformation and absolute residual deformation increase and necessary water-permeability. Above components are taken in the following amounts: quartz sand - 70-95%, polyester polymer, namely lavsan, with polyvinylchloride layer - 0.5-4%, cordage lavsan fiber - 1-5%, rigid synthetic polypropylene fiber - 0.05-0.2%, grinded geotextile web particles - 0.05-0.2%, structural surface modifier - 2-10%, remainder is rubber crumb.
EFFECT: elimination of prior-art disadvantages, reduction of residual deformation, increased recoverability and all-weather ground covering uniformity, improved usage properties in wide temperature range, decreased dust formation during ground covering usage, reduced height of ground fragment rebound and, as a result, increased safety.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 1 dwg