Device for filling the tank with water
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to water supply systems, particularly rail transport. The device has communicated between a water-filled pipe (3), the valve device and a device for monitoring the completeness of filling of the tank water, which includes communication with the overflow pipe (8) tube (9). Tube (9) is made with a hole (18). The invention is directed to the provision of the necessary water level in the tank regardless of the pressure of water coming from the pipeline. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to water and can find application in various fields of national economy, in particular in railway transport.A device for refilling (RF Patent N 2117595 from 20.07.98) containing placed in the tank coming out of water-filled pipe and accompanied with trumpet valve device comprising an annular valve rigidly connected with opposite water outlet to the tank reflector placed in the cavity of the float carrying a seat for the valve, with the formation of the annular tank clearance relative to the inner surface of the float and vozmozhnyye in itself hollow body, rigidly connecting the annular valve with a water-filled pipe and reporting water-filled tube with a cavity formed by the reflector and the inner wall of the float and choke placed in the enclosure and in communication with the overflow pipe.A disadvantage of the known device is unstable at high pressures and water is not filling the tank with water by controlling the flow of water from the overflow pipe.The technical task to be solved by the invention is the provision of the necessary water level in the tank regardless of the pressure of water coming from the pipeline. The need for high pressure water pipelines due to severe frosts, which instantly freeze the incoming water in the connecting rod before the water enters the tank of the car.This problem is solved due to the fact that the device for filling the tank with water containing communicated between a water-filled pipe, a valve device and a device for monitoring the completeness of filling of the tank water, which includes communication with the overflow pipe tube, the latter is made with a hole, and Tory made in the form of conical springs and installed in the fitting.The device can be equipped when using two or more water-filled pipe valve box with flaps, each of which includes consistently located on the rod and preloaded to each other washer, flat annular elastic element, ring, disc elastic element and the nut, and the washer and nut are made with the protrusions in contact with the ring.The essence of the device illustrated by the drawings.In Fig. 1 shows a connecting battery tank with the device prepared for installation on the car. In Fig. 2 - valve design valve boxes.Device for filling the water tank consists of a valve box 1 with two fittings 2, intended for installation and mounting on a water-filled pipes 3 by screws 4 and retaining straps 5. The fittings 2, inside the valve box 1, there are two spring-loaded valve 6, each of which may be open or closed position depending on which side is filling the car with water. Through the bottom of the valve box 1 skipped nipple throttling element 7, for connecting the upstream cavity with overflow pipe 8 pipe 9 with a tip 10, which moeiy finish filling tank with water. On the valve tube 1 is hollow strut 12 with valve 13. The valve is stationary mounted reflector 14 with a movable about its axis, a work cylinder 15 having a seat 16, and top dressed and fixed the float 17.The device operates as follows. When water in the tank through one of the water-filled tubes 3 valve 6 valve boxes 1 to the water pressure opens and connects the cavity of the valve box 1 reflector 14, the working cylinder 15 and the tank. Through the annular gap formed by the valve 13 and the seat 16, the incoming water is discharged into the tank. When reaching into the tank of the desired water level, the float 17 with a working cylinder 15, moving up, reduces the annular gap between the valve 13 and the seat 16 of the working cylinder 15. The reduction in flow area creates the water pressure in the working cylinder 15. As a result of water through the annular gap between the walls of the reflector 14 and the working cylinder 15 is supplied into the cavity between the bottom of the reflector 14 and the bottom of the working cylinder 15, creating sufficient force to contact saddle 16 with valve 13. The ingress of water into the tank stops. At the same time water from the valve boxes 1 through the nipple 7 and the tube 9 is sent to an overflow pipe 8. A thin stream of water under Vij supplied into the water tank, possible seepage of water into the tube 9, and from this to an overflow pipe 8, indicating the filling tank with water, which, however, is not yet filled. To avoid this situation has a hole 18 through which the filtered water is discharged into the tank and is not placed in the overflow pipe 8.If all the water flowing into the pipe 9 does not have time to go through the hole 18 in the pipe 9 is provided by the slot 19, made at its end (tip 10). The water passes through the slot and into the tank.When full, the tank water, the water begins to flow into an overflow pipe and refill water tank ends.To increase uptime of the device it is advisable to use a coarse filter (not shown) and a fine filter.The function of the filter can perform a conical spring, which, along with this feature allows you to minimize the ripple of the water supplied to the water-filled pipe.To improve the efficiency of the valve chest, the valve is made on the shaft 20, on which a preload to each other is fixed to the washer 21, a flat annular elastic element 22, the ring 23, plate elastic ele the CSO efforts compression, acting on the elastic elements.In the process, the elastic elements interact respectively with the end face and the inner surface of the fitting, completely eliminating the ingress of water to another water-filled pipe, because the pressure in the valve box shall preload elastic elements to the respective surfaces of the nozzle. 1. Device for filling the tank with water containing communicated between a water-filled pipe, a valve device and a device for monitoring the completeness of filling of the tank water, which includes communication with the overflow pipe tube, wherein the tube is made with a hole.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the end of the tube, in communication with the overflow pipe is made with a slot.3. The device under item 1 or 2, characterized in that provided at least one filter.4. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the filter is made in the form of conical springs.5. The device under item 3 or 4, characterized in that the filter is installed in the fitting.6. The device according to PP.1 to 5, characterized in that provided with a valve box with flaps, each of which includes consistently the first elastic element and the nut, and the washer and nut are made with the protrusions in contact with the ring.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device for collecting and processing of railway car toilet wastes contains waste intake 1 connected with accumulator 3 by outlet pipe 2, hard waste grinder 5, water supply system to flush out wastes from intake and transportation wastes to accumulator, compressed air reservoir and regulator to maintain constant water level in accumulator containing drain pipe with gate placed inside other pipe preventing discharge of hard wastes. Waste grinder 5 is installed pipe preventing discharge of hard wastes. Wastes grinder 5 is installed at accumulator outlet, being furnished with cover with sharp-point projections on inner side to which outlet of pipe connecting accumulator and grinder is pointed. Compressed air reservoir is connected to brake main line of train through calibrated hole and it communicates with accumulator.
EFFECT: improved reliability, facilitated servicing.
FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.
EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: proposed toiler system contains water tank 1, water closet pan 8 with flushing manifold, meter 14 with service and pressure spaces separated from each other by diaphragm, pressure device, flushing starting device and tank-accumulator 12. Pressure space of meter of meter is connected to pressure device, and service space is connected with water tank through check valve 6 and with manifold of water closet pan through discharge valve 7 contacting with starting devices. Pressure device contains liquid pump 3, pressure pipe and reservoir 4. Pressure pipe communicates pump output with pressure space of meter. Reservoir 4 is hermetically connected to pump input and is made for constant exposure of its contents to atmospheric pressure. Capacity of reservoir exceeds capacity of pressure space of meter. When power is applied to pump 3, discharge valve 7 opens. Pump 3 delivers water from reservoir 4 into pressure space of meter, whose diaphragm feeds water into manifold 9 of water closet pan. With pump 3 switched off, diaphragm returns to initial position, and service space of meter is filled with water from tank through check valve 6.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability.
9 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; passenger cars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed water filling system of passenger car has service tank 1 filled with water through supply pipeline, coarse devices 11 and 12 filling columns, system of pipelines providing water feeding to hot-water heater 4 vacuum toilets and replenishment of heating system, and water level regulators in service tank and in hot-water heater 4. Device for coarse cleaning of water is provided with pipe holes in side wall and with stopper, and heated casing inside detachable coarse filtering element is installed, being part of said pipe, with holes of small diameter in side wall. Summary area of holes is either equal to or greater than area of pipe cross section.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: passenger car building; life-support systems of passenger cars.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for filling cars with water. Proposed passenger car has water filling system including drinking water tank, heated water filling pipes, water filling devices and coarse filters 8, fine filters 9 and connecting heads. Coarse and fine filters are installed coaxially in one housing which is secured to cup of water filling device by quick-acting arrangement with possibility of turning of connected head 12 relative to vertical axis. Quick-acting arrangement contains pressure levers installed on axle supports of water filling cups. Cam arms of levers are installed for getting into ring groove 19 of flanged connection of filter housing, holding it in operating position when levers are turned downwards.
EFFECT: reduced labor input in replacement of filters.
FIELD: railway transport; hygiene equipment of car.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hygiene equipment of ecologically clean toilets and it can be used in cars with water and power supply. Proposed flushing-and-draining device for toilet, according to three design versions, contains water-closet bowl, casing, outlet pipe, flushing device, diaphragm meter, check valve, service water tank, microprocessor, electrically controlled valves, flush button, diaphragm meter and cylinder, rubber discharge gate, liquid pump and suction and delivery pipelines. According to first and second design versions, devices are furnished with additional rubber discharge gate, water-closet bowl is made hinged, pump is connected to opposite liquid chambers of diaphragm cylinder and meter, and delivery pipeline is connected through electrically controlled valve to hydropneumatic chamber. In device according to second design version, hydropneumatic chamber is connected additionally through bypass pipeline and discharge electrically controlled valve to suction pipeline. In device according to third design version, water-closet bowl and casing are provided with rigidly connected and fixed flanges with detachable joint and hinge screw fasteners arranged on fixed flange and sealed by rubber flange of additional discharge gate. Rubber gate is made in form of cylindrical hose terminating in rubber flange made integral with hose used as unified seal in all flange joints of outlet pipe, and its end part is formed into arc of laminated section bending at evacuation of cylindrical part of hose.
EFFECT: simplified design, reduced consumption of energy for flushing and transportation of faces to receiving tank.
7 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: railway transport; unattended automatic control systems of trains.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system for train servicing has container 10 for wastes, tank 20 of sewage water and tank 30 for water. In proposed automation system, when rail train is at parking, connectors 45, 54, 64 are lifted in direction of rail car for connection to container 10 for wastes, tank 20 for sewage water and 3 tank 30 for water. Removal of wastes and sewage water and filling of tank 30 with water are carried out automatically. After completion of operations, connectors 44, 45, 54, 55, 64, 65 are installed at waiting places 48, 58.
EFFECT: automatic servicing of train without attendance.
11 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet systems used in residential buildings and vehicles, namely in railroad cars, airplanes or buses.
SUBSTANCE: vacuum toilet system comprises lavatory pan, water flushing system, control unit and control button, accumulation tank with pressure and temperature sensors, with liquid level indicator and with heater electrically linked to control unit. System also has vacuum pump and conveyance pipelines. Vacuum pump has heater, at least one environment pressure sensor, conveyance pipeline and accumulation tank pressure sensor, environment temperature sensor, rotor blade temperature sensor and oil level indicating device electrically linked with control unit.
EFFECT: increased economical efficiency, reliability and service life.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates railway vehicle. Locking arm of water supply system in passenger carriage consists of frame connected with water-filled pipe, (1), valve (5), connected with displacer (14), device for signaling of termination of tank filling with water. With displacer (14) with ability of gradual closing of the frame holes (10) cylinder (13) (muff) is connected. Valve (5) is located with ability of movement between bearing and (3) keratoid cusps (2), its rod (6) is made hollow for interrelation of frame hollow, connected with signaling system, and subvalve frame hollow.
EFFECT: construction simplification and increasing of operation stability.
10 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for garbage collection in passenger railcar consists of container (1) fixed on carriage body (2) and accommodated in it piston executing forward motions with the help of screw and gear drive when the railcar is entering truck curve. Container piston is connected with two bilateral pneumatic cylinders (8) supplied with compressed air from reserve tank of railcar air brake system when it enters and moves in bends of road.
EFFECT: expansion of operation capabilities; design simplification and reliability enhancement.