Installation for coagulation, and/or pasteurization, and/or cooking food

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the food industry. Installation for coagulation, and/or pasteurization, and/or cooking food substances it contains a certain number of blocks, each of which is equipped with devices for the specific stage of processing. The installation includes means consistent set of container in which first served the processed edible substance, in accordance with various blocks to perform the desired process. This allows one installation flexibility to change the modes of production to generate different varieties of cheese. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

This invention relates to an apparatus for coagulation and/or pasteurization, and/or cooking of food products and, in particular, to an apparatus for the production of cheese and/or cheese.

There are various types of installations for group or continuous coagulation, each of which is designed specifically for a particular type of cheese. A typical example of this specialization is the installation for the production of dry cheese DOC prescribed the appellation of origin), for example, reggiano parmesan, grana padano, etc., which, being derived from raw milk, does not require odstv mozzarella, stracchino or taleggio. Other examples are the various installations for the production of cheeses produced with the second heat, or raw cheese. In the case of reggiano parmesan, montasio, pecorino sardo, provolone and similar cheeses coagulate after coagulation and cutting have to be cooked at different temperatures and for different periods of time depending on the type of cheese. Other examples are special installation for mozzarella, taleggio, stracchino, etc., in which no section of cooking.

Even now build and use a special installation for each type of cheese. Because cheese plant can produce only those types of cheese that are provided by established plants, if cheese plant contains only installation reggiano parmesan, then he cannot produce mozzarella, stracchino or taleggio, and similarly a plant for the production of cheese taleggio will never be able to make cheese reggiano parmesan or gran padano, as it was installed, and the hardware does not allow this. Therefore, the characteristic of the known plants of cheese-making plants is their technological rigidity. Even the continuous coagulation, appeared on the market in recent years, have the same limitation, comet, that in addition to the ability to produce only a special type of cheese, for which they are intended, they have a hard hour production. Such installations are also limited by coagulation, cutting and partial descent of the coagulate.

An example of the known plants of continuous operation for the production of soft cheese is the setting for coagulation giacomoni products, disclosed in US-A-3 918 356. This apparatus comprises: a circular trough having guides with smooth surfaces; many wheeled bases, placed on wheels, which are moved on a circular trough, and wheel housings are rigidly connected with each other; a corresponding number of identical containers or tanks that are installed with the possibility of rotation on the wheel stannah, and tilting means between the wheel steninae and vats, allowing you to tilt each Chan, regardless of the respective wheel housings; filling unit containing head-related tools to Canam, for introducing giacomantonio product and coagulating substances in tanks; block cutting, contains head cutting tools related to Canam, which are made with the ability to move and input to the proposed circumferentially around the trough for receiving the serum and the resulting coagulated of coagulate, at least two neighboring vessels and prostituudid in a downward direction from the upper end, where they take the serum and the coagulate from the vats, to the lower end, where transport serum and coagulate; and the tool actuator to move the wheel frames in a circular trough in a predetermined spatial and time dependence with a constant speed from block filling to the block cutting and unit discharge.

The present invention is to develop a device specified in the beginning type, hour production which can be changed by changing, obviously within certain limits, the capacity of individual containers, which are placed processed food stuff.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a cheese-making plants installation and process that ensures, to some extent, the flexibility of using any existing type of processed cheese and includes not only a section of the coagulation and cutting, but also sections of pasteurization, cooking and reheating.

Another object of the invention is to drastically reduce kapitalovlojenie for the market.

Another object of the invention is to develop a device, which is simple and economical in operation, does not require the use of specialized labor or complicated techniques, thereby allowing the technician to support the release of the product, as a rule, without having to undergo special training at the facility.

The solution to these problems is achieved by setting corresponding to the present invention and containing:

many blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F), each of which is equipped with devices(15; 16; 16, 17; 18, 19; 19, 16; 18 respectively) for the implementation of the specific stage of processing, and in blocks where you want the heat exchange, provided dynamic radial heat exchanger with variable speed heat exchange; and

means of providing a consistent set of container (22), in which first served the processed edible substance, in accordance with the various blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F) to perform the desired process.

It should be noted that the blocks can be fixed, and the containers containing the processed substance, such as milk, can be movable, or the containers may be stationary while the blocks are moving, or cantania specific variants of its implementation. In the following description referring to the accompanying drawings, on which:

Fig. 1 - schematic representation of the installation corresponding to the present invention, shown along its length and is equipped with six blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F) and having eight positions (indicated by Arabic numerals), which, in particular, suitable for coagulation of milk;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic illustration of the specific unit of the intermediate block (block B), viewed from a different perspective than Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a schematic illustration of the container, as shown in Fig. 1, in a situation when it reaches the last block (F) installation.

Referring to these drawings, note that the installation corresponding to the present invention, includes: monorail 10, which can move installed various process blocks A, B, C, D, E and F, all equipped with lift 13. Means of ascent 13 are means 14 relative to the mounting, to which you can attach various devices to implement the specific stage of processing, such as metering devices, heat exchangers, mixers and other plant equipment.

In particular, in block A, sootvetstvuyuschego container 22, attached to the tool attachment 14, which consists mainly of a horizontal plate, which is connected with the tool 13 relative rise. To the plate 14 of the block B (corresponding to position 2) prepracovan dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 variable speed heat transfer (see Italian patent application MO 93A000005 and PCT/EP 95/03062, both of these documents are issued in the name of the applicant). In block C (the corresponding position 3) plate 14 of the first lifting means 13 prihlasovani to dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 variable speed heat transfer and on the plate 14 of the second lifting means 13 has a double dosing device 17. Blocks D and E (positions 6 and 7, respectively) both with double lifting means 13 with the associated plates 14. On the first plate 14 of the block D has a mixer 18 with adjustable speed shift, and on the other plate 14 - cutter 19 coagulate for cutting with variable speed. On the first plate 14 block E also has a cutter 19 coagulate for cutting variable speed, while the other plate 14 prepracovan additional dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 variable speed heat transfer. On the plate 14 of block F (item 8) set the mixer 18 with the PE the TES in its most advanced position in Fig. 1, the container 22 in this situation is depicted by the dotted line in Fig. 3.

It is evident from Fig. 1 and 2 can be seen that the strap or chain 21 snap type with pneumatic or mechanical actuator intermittently moves the containers 22 in one position (as shown next to the arrows under the container), but only when lift devices 13 are in position on the upper end of their travel.

Install the appropriate version of the present invention operates, in a nutshell, in the following way in the production of cheese from milk. At the beginning of treatment, when the installation is in the initial position, technological devices all units are raised and are in their initial position. After processing begins at position 1, the lifting means 13 of A block causes the emptying of the metering device 15, to fill the container 22 at a position 1 to a predetermined level. Upon reaching this level, the dispensing device 15 stops the flow of milk in the container 22 is closed and is lifted by the lifting means 13 to its original position. Snap strap or chain 21 is driven by suitable drive means (not shown), is now activated to shift all of the containers 22 in one position. Paator, until the last container 22, which was at position 8 (block F), will not switch to position 1 (block A). The container 22, which is now in position 1, is filled, while in position 2 dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 block B is immersed in the related container 22 by engagement of the respective lifting means 13. Dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 raises the temperature of the milk contained in the specified container 22 to a predetermined temperature pasteurization, after which the lifting means 13 raises the heat exchanger 16 to its original position. At this point, the circuit 21 again moves the rotary table with the containers 22 in one position, so that the heated milk in the container 22, formerly at position 2, is now on position 3 (block C). At this point, already described operations are repeated at positions 1 and 2, whereas at position 3 dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 block C is lowered by the tool 13 relative rise for cooling the milk to the required temperature of coagulation.

When the temperature drops double dosing device 17, which is lowered by the tool 13 relative lifting, delivers the required dairy enzymes correspond to the x device blocks A, B and C raised related technological devices, snap circuit 21 shifts the containers 22 to another position. In particular, the container 22, which was at position 3, is held in position 4, which is the initial position, in which the deposition of coagulate or casein. Upon completion of the operations at positions 1, 2 and 3 snap circuit 21 again moves the containers 22 to another position so that the container 22, located at position 4, is held in position 5, which is the position of the additional precipitation of Caseins. Upon completion of the normal processes in positions 1, 2 and 3 under control of the associated blocks snap circuit 21 again moves the containers 22 one position to the container 22, formerly at position 5, moved to the position 6 (block D), where the lift 13 is immersed in the container 22 sequentially cutter 19 coagulate for cutting coagulate and the mixer 18 to maintain the contents in terms of mixing, even when the cutter 19 coagulate lapsed and allocated. The mixer 18 is discharged through a predetermined time, allowing the snap circuit 18 to move the container 22, formerly in position 6, in position 7 (block E). Already described operations are repeated against the of Goleta cutter 19 coagulate, dynamic radial heat exchanger 16 block E carries out the cooking grains coagulate the required dimensions at the required temperature.

When various technological devices are abstracted from their associated containers 22, the snap circuit 21 again moves the containers 22 in one position, to move the container that was previously at position 7, in position 8. (block F). In this last position the tool 13 relative rise lowers the mixer 18 to maintain mixing coagulate in the serum, whereas the containers 22 are emptied either by lifting (Fig. 3), or by suction by the pump. When the container 22 is completely emptied, and the mixer 18, preferably provided with movable balls (spry balls) allocated, snap circuit 21 shifts the empty rinsed containers 22 so that the container is held in position 8, is moved to position 1, and then the cycle repeats, as indicated, or with technical changes to produce a different type of cheese or cottage cheese. It should be noted that the same result can be achieved by maintaining the containers 22 in the initial position and shift blocks with related technological devices.

Obviously, in videoporno with the exception of items 1 and 8, which serve respectively for filling containers and emptying and rinsing. Based on the fact that the average time spent at each position is about 10 minutes, any process of cheese production can be completed in approximately one hour.

It should be noted that the above procedure for the production of cheese is the most complex one, involving every possible process of cheese production. However, installation flexibility allows the user to program different procedure for production of cheese by changing the sequence from position 2 to position 7.

The capacity of the unit depends on the capacity of the containers 22.

In this regard, it should be noted that if the containers 22 have a capacity of 600 litres, hourly output of 3,600 litres. If, instead, the containers 22 have double the capacity, i.e., 1200 liters hourly output is 72,000 liters. Therefore, during the eight-hour production cycle can be processed 28800 litres of milk in the first case, and 57600 litres of milk in the second case.

It should be noted that the installation corresponding to the present invention may also process milk, mixed with other substances, enta), the goulash soup or minestrone (thick vegetable soup), for example, by feeding water and maize flour or of the respective ingredients in the container 22 in position 1, cooking them in position 7 and unloading them in position 8 without using other items. Within certain limits, each container can be used for compositions that differ from those contained in other containers (for example, you can apply milk in one container for cheese making, water and maize flour in another container, water and chopped vegetables in a third container for minestrone, and so on).

It should also be noted that the setting corresponding to the invention, it is easy to manage and easy to program using a conventional electronic controls, such as one or more microprocessor devices.

1. Installation for coagulation, and/or pasteurization, and/or cooking food with a liquid or pasty base containing many blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F), each of which is equipped with devices(15, 16, 16, 17, 18, 19, 19, 16, 18 respectively) for the implementation of the specific stage of processing, and in blocks where you want the heat transfer, a heat exchanger, and a means of ensuring consistent ostblom (A, B, C, D, E and F) to perform the desired process, characterized in that the heat exchanger is a dynamic radial heat exchanger with variable speed heat transfer and the installation consists of six blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F), the first of which (A) is equipped with a lifting means (13), bearing the metering device (15) for content related to this unit container (22) milk or whey, the second block (B) - means of ascent (13), bearing dynamic radial heat exchanger (16) variable speed heat transfer, the third block (C) lifting means (13), bearing dynamic radial heat exchanger (16) with variable speed heat transfer and the second lifting means (13), bearing double dosing device (17) for filing a milk coagulating enzymes and fluid related to this unit container (22), the fourth block (D) of the first lifting means (13), bearing the mixer (18) with variable speed mixing, and the second lifting means (13), bearing the torch of coagulate, cutting with variable speed, the fifth block (E) - the first lifting means (13), bearing the torch (19) coagulate, cutting variable speed, and a second lifting means (13), bearing dynamic radial heat exchanger (16) to adjust the mixture, and means emptying, related to this unit container (22) its contents, and means for washing the containers.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F) is stationary and the container (22) containing the processed substance is made to move.

3. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the container (22) containing the processed substance is stationary, and blocks (A, B, C, D, E and F) are designed to move.

4. Installation under item 1, characterized in that it contains a unit or rotary table for eight containers intermittently shift between the eight positions, the first position (1) corresponds to the first block (A), the second position (2) corresponds to the second block (B), the third position (3) corresponds to the third block (C), the fourth and fifth positions are the source terms, which does not correspond to any unit, the sixth position (6) corresponds to the fourth block (D), seventh position (7) - the fifth block (E), and the eighth position (8) - the sixth block (F).

5. Installation according to p. 4, characterized in that the containers (22) connected together by a snap circuit (21) which is driven by means of drive.

is OrElse (10) and configured to move along it.

7. Installation according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it is equipped with electronic controls.

8. Installation according to p. 7, characterized in that the electronic controls contain one or more microprocessor devices.

 

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