(57) Abstract:The window consists of two parts connected by a hinge that allows them to emerge. One of the edges of the hinged parts of the United vents connected to the structural member of the frame of the premises, for example, a ridge or tray greenhouses, and the opposite edge is installed in the guide with the possibility of translational movement along the frame. The impact of the opening mechanism is in the region of the hinge connecting the two parts of the folding flaps. Design folding vents improve ventilation conditions of ensuring the rigidity of the opening part. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il. Usage: in ventilation systems for industrial and private greenhouses, in other rooms, intensive ventilation.The essence of the invention. Folding window consists of two halves that are pivotally interconnected, and is located on the frame elements of the greenhouse. And one of the edges of the flaps hinged to the ridge or the tray of the greenhouse frame, and the opposite edge of the window has the ability to progressively move along the slope of the roof greenhouses on rails installed along the girders of the slope. When, for example by transferring them cell (zone). The force for opening vents attached in the region of the hinge connection of the two halves of the air vents using a rod connected to the drive mechanism.Known ventilation of greenhouses, which consists of air vents on the roof of the greenhouse, revealing only part of the slope of the roof. Vents pivotally connected at one edge with the ridge of the greenhouse, and the second (console) edge rods connected to the drive mechanism.[Holland patent N 9001279 class. a 01 G 9/24, E 05 F 17/00].The disadvantage of this system is its inefficiency due to the relatively small area of open apertures, especially on hot Sunny days in the greenhouse when overheating occurs. In addition, the cantilever design of the vents is not sufficiently rigid, so that it is possible to greatly increase its size, and also to resist wind loads.Known ventilation of greenhouses, allowing you to unleash the slope of the roof of the greenhouse in which the window is made on the entire width of the slope and installed on the axes of the beams can be rotated.[The patent of Russia No. 2087093 class. a 01 G 9/24, E 04 H 5/08].The disadvantage of this solution is the cantilever design of the vents, which reduces its stiffness, especially Pliny, that makes it impossible for the location of the pipe roofing heating near the surface of the roof and the use of roof space for other purposes (for example, screening of the roof).The closest in technical essence is the ventilation of greenhouses, allowing you to unleash the slope of the roof. The slope of the roof in this system one edge hinged to the tray frame and, turning in the hinge, the second (console) edge moves away from the ridge of the frame, opening the aperture in the roof of the greenhouse. Traction drive mechanism connected to the movable part of the roof in the area of its console edge.[Holland patent N 1003566 class. a 01 G 9/24; E 06 In 7/04; E 04 H 5/08].The disadvantage of this solution is cantilevered construction of the opening part, and a large windage open slope that requires special measures to ensure the rigidity of the structure, especially when exposed to wind loads.The aim of the invention is to improve the ventilation by increasing the opening in the roof openings with a simultaneous increase in the rigidity of the opening part.This goal is achieved by the fact that the window consists of two parts, United Medusan with the design of the frame space (for example, with the ridge or tray greenhouses), and the second opposite edge, is installed in the guide and has the ability to progressively move them along the frame of the premises, the effect of the opening mechanism is in the region of the hinge connecting the two parts of the folding window shutters.The proposed technical solution, in contrast to the known, owing to the folding of the hinge connecting the two side vents, transformirovat the window, overlapping in the open position the entire surface of the opening areas, compact design, perpendicular to the surface of the opening. As a result, in the folded state the two parts of the vents in the projection on the surface of the aperture occupy a very small part relative to the total area of the opening that provides maximum open aperture for ventilation. The hinged connection of the two parts of the window across the length and conversion vents in the disclosure of flat panels in the spatial structure ("house"), both ends of which have bearings (one at the hinge on the ridge or tray, and the second - in guides on the frame), provide a significant increase in rigidity in comparison with the cantilever design of the vents. In addition, SCR is a load on her.The graphical part schematically shows the folding device vents in relation to the greenhouse.In Fig. 1 shows a variant of the folding flaps rotated around the hinge attached to the ridge of the greenhouse of Fig. 1A depicts a node G in Fig. 1; Fig. 1B depicts a node In Fig. 1.In Fig. 2 shows a variant of the folding flaps rotated around the hinge attached to the tray; Fig. 2A depicts a node D in Fig. 2; Fig. 2B depicts a node E in Fig. 2.In Fig. 3 shows a variant of the folding vents, in which both edges of the foldable flaps are moved along the guide rails bolts, and lowering the window is in the bar area of the drive mechanism of Fig.3A depicts a node W in Fig. 3.In Fig. 4 shows a schematic diagram (cut-In) site guide, which provides translational movement along the bolt rolling the edges of the window.In Fig. 5 shows the site And showing the hinge connecting the two parts of the window together, and traction drive mechanism in the open state;
In Fig. 6 shows a node B, shows the same hinge as in Fig. 5 in the folded state.In Fig. 7 shows a variant of the folding window shutters with sliding darkening the screen when folded at the closed window.In Fig. 9 schematically shows a darkening the screen in an extended state when open the window.Folding window consists of two parts 1 and 2, connected by a hinge node 3. And one of the edges of the flaps hinged to the ridge 4, or tray 5 of the frame of the greenhouse, and the second, opposite edge of the window has the ability to progressively move along the guide rails bolt 6 along the slope of the greenhouse. The opening and closing of the vents with the help of the rod 7 connecting hinge 3 to the drive mechanism 8.Possible that both edges of the hinge of the United parts 1 and 2 vents have the opportunity to progressively move along the guide rails bolt 6 along the slope of the greenhouse to the rod 9 of the drive mechanism 10. When the rod 9 of the drive mechanism 10 has a strictly progressive movement, provided the location of the rod 9 in the guide 11.The place of junction of the ends of the folding vents and side vents sealed elastic elements 12 and 13.In some cases (in areas with high temperatures and strong sunlight) progressively moving along the slope of the greenhouse edge forty maze limiting the penetration of direct sunlight and do not impede the passage of air. Instead of blinds, you can stretch the screen fabric 16, ensuring the passage of air, but reduces the intensity of light.The principle of operation. The opening force from the drive mechanism 8 by means of the rod 7 is transmitted to the hinge 3. Resulting in part of the window 1, hinged to the ridge (Fig. 1) or tray (Fig. 2), is rotated in the hinge pin. In this case, the connection of the two halves of the window (namely hinge 3) moves in an arc with the center at the ridge or tray. As articulated by the node 3 is connected and the second half of the window 2, the same trajectory is moved and connected to the hinged edge node 3 of the second part of the pane 2. The opposite edge of the second side vents recorded from lifting bracket bolts 6, but has the ability to progressively move along it and therefore, when moving the pivot point 3 in an arc around the hinge of the ridge or the tray is moved along the guide bolt in the direction of the ridge or tray. The result is that both side vents are formed in the hinge and the opposite edges of the vents are approaching each tyrewalla. The degree of disclosure of the vents can be adjusted by the stroke of the drive mechanism and the attitude of the disclosed part of the roof to the total length of the slope of the roof. When closing the vents process occurs in reverse sequence. 1. Folding window representing a frame installed in her translucent material and pivotally connected to the frame of the space, characterized in that the frame consists of two parts connected by a hinge that allows them to emerge, and one of the edges connected parts with hinge associated with the structural element of the frame space (e.g., ridge or tray greenhouses), and the second opposite edge, mounted in guides on the frame with the possibility of translational movement along the frame, the effect of the opening mechanism is in the region of the pivot point connecting the two parts of the folding flaps.2. The window under item 1, characterized in that the translational movement of the edge of the window associated with darkening the screen.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex