Universal beams

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to construction and is used for construction of buildings and structures. The objective of the invention is to provide a versatile building material with high factory readiness and ability to build houses of different sizes and architecture with minimal effort and saves raw materials. This task is achieved by the fact that in the construction timber, including wooden boards with through-holes, in which are pins, wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam. Hole short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long. Between the beams and joints of boards laid soft insulation. Wooden beams can be made of rectangular or square section. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to construction and is used for construction of buildings and structures.

Known building block made of composite lower and upper interchangeable elements of a G-shaped behold Ritsa liner, placed in the channel formed by the upper and lower elements.with. USSR N 1578243, 88 g). This unit complex in design and has a narrow purpose.

Known for building wooden beams with notches placed on the grooves of the other beam, formed in the hole are inserted Reiki for strong connection bars (Patent RU N 2060331, 91 onwards). The disadvantages of this beam is the complexity of the design and installation at the Assembly.

The closest analogue to the invention is a building Board, comprising wooden boards with through holes, which are nageli (Patent RU N 2103455, E 04 C 2/12, 27.01.98). However, this timber is non-generic, it is not possible to build houses of different size and architecture, has a smaller factory ready, and also requires high-quality wood raw materials.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the design, the reliability of angular connections, reducing the cost of manufacture and Assembly houses and other structures due to the fact that the bars are made of different lengths and each beam with holes, which when offset by one hole to the right or left can fix the beam in a particular project situation rascheta and, while the wooden beam is made of rectangular or square cross-sectional shape.

The proposed construction timber includes wooden boards with through holes, which are nageli, with wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam, with holes short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long, between the beams and joints of boards laid a soft insulation material type Terfel, Teflon, padding, etc.

Beams shown in Fig. 1 is a side view, Fig. 2 is a top view of the Assembly of Fig. 3 - Assembly of timber in the structure with the formation of window and door openings (example of connections).

Going construction timber as follows (Fig. 3).

On the Foundation fit bars of any length, they are offset by one hole - other wooden beams on the soft seal 7, the joints of the bars also fit soft seal, while the bars are connected by wooden dowels 6 holes 5. The angles formed by the beams, superimposed on each other pogutse shorter wooden beams, connected by wooden dowels. Partitions are formed in places where the holes are free from attachment of external walls by cutting out the beam width above and below free of holes.

The proposed timber is easy to assemble, economical, allows you to saw the planks of wood of small length, lumber waste and wind on domestic production machines.

The proposed ratio of the holes and the length of the rod may be used in the manufacture of timber of any material, including reinforced concrete with metal pins into the through holes, which give the strength of buildings in earthquake-prone areas.

1. Construction timber, including wooden boards with through-holes, in which are pins, characterized in that the wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam, with holes short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long, between the beams and joints of boards laid soft insulation.

2. Construction timber under item 1, atrichum, the bars are made of square section.

 

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