(57) Abstract:The invention relates to construction and is used for construction of buildings and structures. The objective of the invention is to provide a versatile building material with high factory readiness and ability to build houses of different sizes and architecture with minimal effort and saves raw materials. This task is achieved by the fact that in the construction timber, including wooden boards with through-holes, in which are pins, wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam. Hole short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long. Between the beams and joints of boards laid soft insulation. Wooden beams can be made of rectangular or square section. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to construction and is used for construction of buildings and structures.Known building block made of composite lower and upper interchangeable elements of a G-shaped behold Ritsa liner, placed in the channel formed by the upper and lower elements.with. USSR N 1578243, 88 g). This unit complex in design and has a narrow purpose.Known for building wooden beams with notches placed on the grooves of the other beam, formed in the hole are inserted Reiki for strong connection bars (Patent RU N 2060331, 91 onwards). The disadvantages of this beam is the complexity of the design and installation at the Assembly.The closest analogue to the invention is a building Board, comprising wooden boards with through holes, which are nageli (Patent RU N 2103455, E 04 C 2/12, 27.01.98). However, this timber is non-generic, it is not possible to build houses of different size and architecture, has a smaller factory ready, and also requires high-quality wood raw materials.The objective of the invention is to simplify the design, the reliability of angular connections, reducing the cost of manufacture and Assembly houses and other structures due to the fact that the bars are made of different lengths and each beam with holes, which when offset by one hole to the right or left can fix the beam in a particular project situation rascheta and, while the wooden beam is made of rectangular or square cross-sectional shape.The proposed construction timber includes wooden boards with through holes, which are nageli, with wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam, with holes short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long, between the beams and joints of boards laid a soft insulation material type Terfel, Teflon, padding, etc.Beams shown in Fig. 1 is a side view, Fig. 2 is a top view of the Assembly of Fig. 3 - Assembly of timber in the structure with the formation of window and door openings (example of connections).Going construction timber as follows (Fig. 3).On the Foundation fit bars of any length, they are offset by one hole - other wooden beams on the soft seal 7, the joints of the bars also fit soft seal, while the bars are connected by wooden dowels 6 holes 5. The angles formed by the beams, superimposed on each other pogutse shorter wooden beams, connected by wooden dowels. Partitions are formed in places where the holes are free from attachment of external walls by cutting out the beam width above and below free of holes.The proposed timber is easy to assemble, economical, allows you to saw the planks of wood of small length, lumber waste and wind on domestic production machines.The proposed ratio of the holes and the length of the rod may be used in the manufacture of timber of any material, including reinforced concrete with metal pins into the through holes, which give the strength of buildings in earthquake-prone areas. 1. Construction timber, including wooden boards with through-holes, in which are pins, characterized in that the wooden beams made of different lengths with the same step, and the holes are located at a distance of two holes of 0.5 and two holes 1.5 the width of the beam from the ends of the short beam, with holes short bars align with the holes of the long bars at the imposition of short bars long, between the beams and joints of boards laid soft insulation.2. Construction timber under item 1, atrichum, the bars are made of square section.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.
SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.
EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.
24 cl, 41 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.
SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.
EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.
EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.
EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.
EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.