Stage setting for creating lighting effects

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to stage equipment and can be used as an element of the illumination for mass entertainment events or as a design element stages when shooting and theatrical productions. The apparatus comprises a housing, a generator glowing torch comprising a burner, a fuel evaporator and the combustion chamber, the fuel system and the formation of colorations torch, comprising a container with tinted reagent. The plant is equipped with a platform pivotally connected to the housing that has the specified generator, and the formation of colorations torch equipped with spray tint reagent, placed at the entrance and/or exit of the combustion chamber, and at least one device of the forced water supply tinted reagent to said nozzles. The technical result is that the plant is capable of producing a luminous torch with high luminous efficacy, color composition which, brightness and saturation, luminosity, length and structure can be changed arbitrarily during stage shows. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

the conduct of mass entertainment events or as a design element of the stage when shooting and theatrical productions.

Known device for creating lighting effects used during mass events, comprising a housing, which is fixed to the generator glowing torch, having a burner, a combustion chamber and a shell forming the outline of a glowing torch. The capacity of the fuel located inside the housing under the generator and connected to the burner pipe with mesh filler, the upper part of which serves as the evaporator of fuel. The installation has a system of formation of colorations torch, comprising a container with tinted reagent in the form of made of a mesh material rings tubular sections filled with tinted reagent, such as lithium salt. The ring with the lithium salt is attached to the upper end of the shell, forming the outline of a glowing torch (see USSR author's certificate N 729414, CL F 21 L 17/00, 1980). This setting allows you to create sources of lighting design stage with a solid color and the limited length of the glowing torch. The intensity of the light color of the flame is determined by the rate of sublimation of lithium salts in a tubular ring and does not depend on the will of the operator or the scenario.

Closest to the claimed image is s, comprising a housing attached to the housing of the generator glowing torch, having a burner, a combustion chamber, the evaporator of the fuel located in the combustion chamber, and a shell forming the outline of a glowing torch. The installation also contains the fuel system and the formation of colorations torch, comprising a container with tinted reagent. This capacity is made in the form established in the upper part of the burner cylindrical glass filled with salt tinted reagent. The glass has a mesh bottom and bottom holes in the lid. The combustion products pass through the mesh bottom of the glass and, flowing through a layer of tinted reagent is heated to a temperature of sublimation. The products of sublimation fall into a glowing torch, giving it a color characteristic of the salt (see USSR author's certificate N 1318762, CL F 21 L 17/00, 1987). This construction allows to obtain more intense and uniform color of the flame and can be successfully used in portable stage units, for example in manual torches that do not require obtaining a powerful flame. The disadvantage is the inability to install changes during performance of the color, intensity ), is the development stage of the installation to create lighting effects that is able to generate a glowing torch with high luminous efficacy, color composition which, brightness and saturation, luminosity, length and structure can be changed arbitrarily during stage shows. Another object of the invention is the development stage of the installation is to create light effects, allowing you to arbitrarily Orient the glowing torch in space and, if necessary, to change the angular position of the torch during stage shows. Another object of the invention is the development stage of the installation to create lighting effects with improved environmental characteristics, i.e. providing less air pollution stage products of incomplete combustion of fuel.

A technical problem solved by the fact that the well-known scenic setting to create light effects, comprising a housing, a generator glowing torch with burner, vaporizer fuel and the combustion chamber, the fuel system and the formation of colorations torch, comprising a container with tinted reagent, according to the invention snabdevanja colorations torch equipped with spray tint reagent, placed at the entrance and/or exit of the combustion chamber, and at least one device of the forced water supply tinted reagent to said nozzles.

The fuel evaporator should be carried out in forming the wall of the combustion chamber conical spiral coil with adjacent its coils to each other.

Spray tint reagents can be performed as either a single nozzle, or/and in the form of a manifold with injectors.

In the formation of colorations torch is advisable to have at least one additional container, the containers are filled with different tinted reagents.

Proposed installation of at least one of the tanks can be filled with a tint solution of the reagent and device for force-feed it is advisable to include installed on the platform of the pump, the inlet of which is connected a flexible pipe with capacity and output pipe with spray tint reagent.

Proposed installation of at least one of the tanks can also be filled with a gaseous or volatile tinted reagent ATOR gas flow and placed on a platform controlled shut-off device, the inlet of which is connected a flexible pipe with the outlet of the gas flow regulator, and the output - with spray tint reagent.

Installation it is advisable to equip the vessel with a finely divided solid tinted reagent, in the device for force feeding to enter within the enclosure air intake, vibrating feeder to move the particles of the specified reagent from the tank to the intake and the blower to the duct and the spray tint reagent to perform as installed in front of the combustion chamber nozzle nozzle at the free end of the duct. The air intake is desirable to perform with curved in the vertical plane of the knee, in the wall which is to make a longitudinal slot with a smooth and undulating surfaces, the inner surface of the wall of the knee opposite the longitudinal slot to perform transverse ridge, and vibrating feeder be equipped with a clip for a specified capacity, mounted on the bracket above the longitudinal slot can be rotated in a vertical plane, with the neck of a vessel should be placed in the specified slot and pull it to the surface undulations of the slot.

The hinge is the orientation of the torch during stage shows. Introduction in the system of formation of colorations torch spray tint reagent and device for force feeding tinted reagent to the nozzles allows to significantly increase the consumption of tinted reagent and improve the evenness of his torch, allowing you to get a glowing torch with high luminous efficiency, brightness and saturation of the luminescence. Installation of these nozzles at the inlet or at the outlet of the combustion chamber provides for the filing of tinted reagent in the area of the generator glowing torch, where he will give the greatest effect.

The execution of the fuel evaporator in the form of forming a wall of the combustion chamber conical spiral coil with adjacent its coils to each other provides the most complete use of the surface of the combustion chamber for the gasification of the fuel before it enters the combustion chamber and increases the combustion efficiency. In the absence of tinted reagents flame burner either colorless or has a slightly bluish color, and the area of coloring outside of the combustion chamber. This allows to obtain pure color torch-specific Tolu power generator glowing torch, to increase the flow rate of combustion products at the exit of the combustion chamber and get a glowing torch of greater length. This increases the emotional impact of a glowing torch on the audience, as when increasing the intensity of the glow and sizes of torch energy impact on the audience increases substantially.

The performance of spray tint reagent in the form of a single nozzle or/and in the form of a manifold with nozzles provides a choice of zones respectively tinted reagents in the generator glowing torch, depending on their type, allowing the most scenic effect.

The unit has several containers filled with different tinted reagents, extends the range of colorations glowing torch and allows you to create a multicolor stage composition with arbitrary color score, which significantly increases the emotional impact on the audience.

Using tint solutions of reagents allows a wide choice range colorations glowing torch due to the diversity of soluble salts of various substances, when Esenia pumps platform simplifies the supply of fluids to the spray tint reagents as for the supply of solutions for pumps, you can use flexible low-pressure pipelines.

The use of gaseous or volatile tinted reagents expands the color range, and also allows you to quickly change the optical power of the torch through the use of gases having a high content of carbon. The installation significantly increase if you use several containers filled with different tint or volatile reagents.

The use of finely divided solid tinted reagents such as metal powder, titanium or various fractions of pyrotechnic compositions, gives the opportunity to change the structure of the torch, glowing as evenly along the length and consisting of separate lighting zones in the form of a bright light dots and spots of different colors that expands the possibilities of this setup on the formation of the color composition and also increases the emotional impact on the audience. The presence in the plant of the device for force feeding finely divided solid tinted reagent having an air intake, vibrating feeder for puremessage before the combustion chamber of a spray in the form of a nozzle, the nozzle on the end of the duct provides movement of the discrete particles tint of the reactant air flow and disperse them at the exit of the nozzle, the nozzle up to speed sufficient for uniform distribution of these particles in the gas stream generator glowing torch.

Equipment install air intake with a curved in the vertical plane of the knee, in the wall of which is made a longitudinal slot with a smooth and undulating surfaces, followed by a translation in this slot neck containers with finely divided solid tint component, provides a reliable vibration impact on the capacity of contributing to sustainable flow of discrete particles tinted reagent inlet to the blower. In the case of excessive discharge of discrete particles in a bent knee, they are concentrated in the ridge on the opposite surface of the wall and in the future also are carried away by air flow.

Stated, you can get brightly colored glowing torch length greater than 5 m

The applicant is not known stage setup to create lighting effects with a specified set of essential features and the claimed set of essential features is not obvious from the current level of technology, which confirms the compliance of the claimed invention, the criteria of "novelty" and "to create light effects General view of Fig. 2 shows another implementation stage of the installation of Fig. 3 shows the position a in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 - section b-B in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 - scan longitudinal slots on a bent knee, and Fig. 6 is hinged generator glowing torch (cross-section b-b In Fig. 1).

Stage setting for creating light effects includes a housing 1 having a frame 2 in the form of a truss of the power structure and the outer wall (not shown). On the upper longitudinal beams of the frame are two vertical racks connected power beam 3, provided with a swivel unit 4 (type "ear plug". The unit has a generator 5 glowing torch 6, mounted on the platform 7. Platform 7 are connected by uprights 8 of the hinge unit 4, providing the ability to swing generator 5 in the vertical plane.

The generator 5 glowing torch contains evaporative burner having an annular heat shield made in the form of a conical spiral coil 9 from the junction of its coils to each other. Heat the screen serves as a wall of the chamber 10 combustion evaporative burner. The output conical spiral coil is connected to the nozzles 11, the feed gas fuel into the chamber, the combustion is conical spiral coil attached to the outlet mounted on the platform 7 controlled locking device 12 of the fuel in the evaporative burner. Inside the fixed cylinder 13 with a fuel, such as liquefied mixture of propane and butane. The tank 13 is equipped with a controller 14 of the fuel that is connected by a flexible pipe 15 with the input of the controlled shut-off device 12.

The unit is equipped with a system forming colorations torch that uses liquid, gaseous or finely divided solid tinted reagents. Inside the housing on the base 16 has two tanks 17 and 18 filled with different tinted liquid reagents, such as aqueous solutions of salts of copper and lithium. For filing tinted liquid reagents in the generator 5 glowing torch has two devices, pumping solutions, each of which includes a fixed platform pump 19 or 20. The outlet of the pump 19 is connected by pipes 21 with spray 22 tinted liquid reagent, representing the manifold 23 to the nozzle 24 mounted on the output of the camera 10 combustion. The outlet of pump 20 is connected by a pipe 25 with a sprayer 26 tinted liquid reagent installed at the inlet of the combustion chamber, and represents a single nozzle. The input connection of the pump 19 is connected by flexible labour is the gadfly 28 with a capacity of 18, filled with a solution of lithium salts.

The base 16 also has two cylinders 29 and 30, in which are stored various gaseous tinted reagents, for example, acetylene and propane to butane high pressure. The cylinders are equipped with regulators 31 and 32 of the gas flow connected by flexible pipes 33 and 34 to the inputs placed on the platform 7 controlled locking devices 35 and 36. At the entrance to the combustion chamber has a nozzle 37, representing a single gas injector large flow, connected to the outputs controlled locking devices 35 and 36.

The unit can be equipped, as shown in Fig. 2, the system of formation of colorations torch that uses finely ground solid tinted reagents, for example particles of metals or pyrotechnic compositions.

Capacity 38 with finely divided solid tinted reagent is attached to vibrating feeder 39 device for force feeding finely ground tint reagent to the nozzle unit 40 is installed at the entrance to the combustion chamber 10. The specified device also includes a blower 41, connected to the dispenser 40 flexible duct 42. Repelita at the free end of the duct 42. The inlet 43 of the blower is equipped with a curved in the vertical plane knee 44. Vibrating feeder 39 is mounted above the knee 44 and includes a clip 45 for fastening the tank 38, fastened by a hinge 46 to a bracket 47 mounted on the elbow 44. In the wall of the tribe under the clamp 45 is made of a longitudinal slot 48 49 smooth and undulating surfaces 50. The container 38 is introduced into the slot 48 and is in contact with its undulating surface 50. Stable contact of the cap with a wavy surface is provided by a spring 51 mounted in the hinge 46. The hinge 46 is opposite the clamp 45, the shank 52 to which may be connected manually or remotely controlled actuator for swing tank 38 in the vertical plane. On the inner surface of the knee wall 44 opposite the slot 48 is made transverse ridge 53. In the installation you can use any other vibrating feeders for feeding finely ground tint agent into the air intake 43.

The installation has a lever 54 to rotate manually platform 7 with generator 5 glowing torch relative to the hinge 4. Installation can also be equipped with a hinge mounted on the base is amanii installation actuators for remote control locking devices 12, 35 and 36, as well as remotely controlled actuators to rotate the vessel 38 in vibrating feeder 39 and platform 7 relative to the hinge 4, all control stage setup can be done from the remote control 56. The unit can be mounted on the unit body or made portable.

Selection tinted reagents and equipment system force-feed tinted reagents or those in other units, and use in specific situations, certain units of the installation is determined by the script and theatrical performances.

Stage setting for creating lighting effects operates as follows.

Liquefied gas from the tank 13 flows in a conical spiral coil 9, evaporates and through the nozzle 11 is fed into the combustion chamber 10. The fuel burns with formation of poorly painted torch 6 without affecting the colors of a flame when the injection tinted reagent. To create a color color flame liquid coloring reagent run the pump 19 and serves tinted liquid reagent, for example an aqueous solution of salt of copper from the tank 17 to the nozzles 24. Liquid tint the reagent evaporates and colors the flame green. Nasisse torch stop filing tinted liquid reagent from the tank 17 and start the pump 20, the feed to the spray nozzle 26, the lithium salt solution from tank 18. The torch is painted in crimson. The brightness of color is determined by the flow rate of the solution of lithium salts.

When used for dyeing torch gaseous tinted reagent open one of the controlled shut-off devices in the system force-feed gaseous tinted reagent, for example a locking device 36, and the cold gaseous mixture of propane to butane is fed to the atomizer 37, mounted in front of the combustion chamber. The gas flow is determined by the setting of the regulator 32. When entering the combustion chamber of an excess quantity of propane and butane torch gets a distinctive bright orange color, and the light of the torch is significantly increased. Similarly can be submitted and other gaseous tinted reagents, for example, from a cylinder 29.

When used for dyeing torch finely divided solid tinted reagent run the blower 41 and the flexible duct 42 to deliver air to the spray gun 40. Capacity 38 with finely divided solid wears reagent, for example with sawdust titanium, set in the clamp 45 vibrating feeder 39. The mountains of the different surface 50 of the slot 48. Using manual or remote drive, turn the tank 38 and move her mouth along the slots 48, exciting oscillations of the vessel 38 and its sawdust titanium. Sawdust Titan fall into the bent knee 44, picked up by air flow through the nozzle 40 wauwautosa the airflow generator glowing torch. In the combustion chamber is ignited sawdust titanium and last minute discrete particles are carried in the torch, creating the effect of a sparkling fountain. The emotional impact sparkling fountain can be amplified simultaneously fed into the generator glowing torch of liquid or gaseous tinted reagent.

Painted a glowing torch 6 deflect in a vertical plane, shaking with the arm 54 of the platform 7 with generator glowing torch relative to the hinge 4.

In the proposed stage installation, you can use evaporative burners, the production of which is well established both domestic and foreign industry. All other units of the installation can be made on any machine-building plant, or purchased at specialized enterprises, which confirms the industrial application is Ada case, generator glowing torch with burner, vaporizer fuel and the combustion chamber, the fuel system and the formation of colorations torch, comprising a container with tinted reagent, characterized in that it is equipped with a platform pivotally connected to the housing that has the specified generator, and the formation of colorations torch equipped with spray tint reagent, placed at the entrance and/or exit of the combustion chamber, and at least one device of the forced water supply tinted reagent to said nozzles.

2. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the fuel evaporator is made in the form constituting the wall of the combustion chamber conical spiral coil with adjacent its coils to each other.

3. Installation under item 1, characterized in that the spray tint reagents made in the form of a single nozzle or/and in the form of a manifold with injectors.

4. Installation according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the system of formation of colorations torch is equipped with at least one additional container, and the containers filled with different tinted reagents.

5. Condition the agent, and device for forced delivery includes installed on the platform of the pump, the inlet of which is connected a flexible pipe with capacity and output pipe with spray tint reagent.

6. Installation according to p. 4, characterized in that at least one of the tanks filled with gaseous or volatile tinted reagent and device for forced delivery includes set output capacitance control the gas flow rate and placed on a platform controlled shut-off device, the inlet of which is connected a flexible pipe with the outlet of the gas flow regulator, and the output - with spray tint reagent.

7. Installation according to p. 4, characterized in that one of the tanks filled with finely divided solid tinted with a reagent device for force-feed contains within the enclosure air intake, vibrating feeder to move the particles of the specified reagent from the tank to the intake and the blower to the duct and the spray tint reagent is made in the form prescribed before combustor nozzle nozzle at the free end of the duct is Scoti knee, in the wall of which has a longitudinal slot with a smooth and undulating surfaces, the inner surface of the wall of the knee opposite longitudinal slots are cut transverse ridge, and vibrating feeder is equipped with a clip for containers with finely divided solid tinted reagent, with the specified clip is installed on the bracket above the longitudinal slot can be rotated in a vertical plane, and the mouth of the listed capacity is placed in the specified slot and pojeta to its undulating surface.

 

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