The way to generate electricity and device for its implementation
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to energy and is designed to convert translational energy of the moving ice into electrical energy. The method of generating electricity includes the conversion of the energy of the working fluid into electrical energy, with the working medium is floating on the surface of the water ice, and the selection of energy produced from the underwater surface of the ice. The device for generating electricity includes a housing and an energy Converter. The body is a tool for scuba diving, with variable buoyancy and equipped with anchor devices. The power Converter includes a work authority to interact with the underwater surface of the ice. The working body is made, for example, in the form of caterpillars. The device in whole or part, for example the working body can be made to rotate about an axis perpendicular to the plane of motion of the working fluid. The invention allows to obtain cheap electricity in Northern areas where other energy sources are virtually absent. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to energy, namely, ecologo way to generate electricity, includes transformation of the energy of the working fluid in electric, which as a working body uses moving air (Wind). The method is very environmentally friendly, but cost per kW. h of electricity, obtained in this way, very high, due to the low density of the working fluid and the inability to create a powerful single energy converters.Known eco-friendly methods of indirect and direct conversion of Solar radiation into electricity, but because of the low density of the working fluid until they are competitive only in certain areas of technology.There is a method of generating electricity, including the conversion of the energy of the working fluid in electric, which as a working body uses moving water (Hydropower). This method allows you to get cheaper electricity. However, reduction of the electric power provided by a higher power single inverter energy, leads to considerable stress on the environment in the area of the transducer, which leads to an imbalance in nature and the ensuing negative consequences for man and nature.The essence of the proposed solution lies in the fact that in the method for production of electricity, including the conversion of the energy of the working fluid in electric, as the working fluid is used translationally moving ice. Selection of mechanical energy is produced from the underwater surface of the ice.Mobile ice on the surface mainly in the Arctic ocean is influenced by many natural factors. It is the hub of all external influences, as if being a huge sail for the perception of the energy of moving air and moving water, which movement is caused by Solar radiation, uneven rotation of the Earth and other cosmic forces. Besides, ice is hard enough to effectively transmit mechanical energy to the working body of the energy Converter.All this allows you to create a relatively small, but powerful device to generate electricity and to get enough cheap electricity. Such devices, especially placed in the Arctic ocean, where life is low, will not have a material adverse impact on the environment.Us what it means for scuba diving, having variable buoyancy and equipped with anchor devices. The power Converter includes a work body, made for example in the form of caterpillars, whereby the transducer interacts with the working fluid - ice.The device is immersed under the water, under the ice cover, and from below by the working body of the caterpillar rests on the bottom surface of the ice. The device anchors. When moving the ice pulls in contact with him part of the crawler belt. The translational motion of the tape tracks is converted into rotational and through the multiplier (increases the speed reducer) is supplied to the generator of electric current, producing electricity.To change the orientation of sufcient size of the working body of the device, what to do in case of changing the direction of ice movement, the working body or the device as a whole can be rotated at least within a 180 degree angle relative to the vertical axis (the axis perpendicular to the plane of movement of the ice).In Fig. 1 shows the side view of the device for converting energy of a moving ice in electric.In Fig. 2 the image is tone 1, connecting the pontoons of the frame 2, on which is placed a ring rail track 3. On the rail track 3 is installed with the possibility of movement of the carriage 4. On the trolley 4 is an energy Converter, comprising a working body 5 crawler-type multiplier 6 and the power generator 7. The pontoons 1 is equipped with a control system buoyancy. The design includes an anchor device 8.Possible other embodiments of the device.The device operates as follows. Their own device Argonauts to the placement, anchors and held in a submerged position. With the passage of the ice field device raise and regulate buoyancy. While working body 5 of the energy Converter, in this case, caterpillar, comes in contact with the underwater surface of the ice. Moving ice stretches one branch caterpillars relative to the stationary device. The translational motion of the caterpillar is transformed into rotational motion and through the multiplier 6, which increases the speed, is fed to the generator 7, which produces a current.The proposed method has the following technical, economic and other benefits.1. Use crown to reduce the cost of electricity.2. Environmental clean way.3. The ability to create a wide range of devices with different efficiency for electricity, based on different principles of action.4. The possibility of obtaining energy in the North in large quantities in the absence of other sources of energy.5. The comparative simplicity of the device from the point of view of implementation. Manufacturing of devices can be done in the factory.6. Ease of delivery and installation of the device in working position.7. The method can also be applied for supply of electricity underwater drilling rigs and other underwater structures, as well as for the active protection of stationary drilling platform of ice. 1. The way to generate electricity, including the conversion of the energy of the working fluid in electrical, characterized in that the working medium is floating on the surface of the water ice, while the selection of energy produced from the underwater surface of the ice.2. The device for generating electricity, comprising the housing and the power Converter, wherein the casing is a floating tool for scuba diving, bummer, performed, for example, in the form of a caterpillar, to interact with the underwater surface of the ice.3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that the device is in whole or part, for example the working body made with the possibility of rotation about an axis perpendicular to the plane of motion of the working fluid.
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly fish passes in water-intake structures.
SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying water stream free of young fish in waterway; forming hydraulic screen near water-intake influence area to separate above area from main stream of water-intake structure; forming whirlpool area near water-intake shore edge. Water stream is formed upstream water-intake structure. Water for users is taken from whirlpool area formed by inner water spray boundary and shore edge. Facility includes water-intake structure arranged at shore line, water-intake pipes connected with pump, stream former and means for water stream creation in waterway. Means for water stream creation is made as channel operating in non-pressure regime and having outlet part arranged upstream water inlet. Marks formed on channel bottom and waterway bottom coincide one with another. Stream former is located downstream water intake and directed in downstream direction.
EFFECT: creating of hydraulic conditions to protect young fish from ingress in water-intake structure.
14 cl, 9 dwg