Building design with simulation elements of the frame are made of solid wood

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to building structures, particularly to building structures for individual housing construction, in particular for the construction of one - and two-storey houses with elements simulate a frame of solid wood. The technical result of the invention is to improve the manufacturability and Assembly. Building design with simulation elements of frame of solid wood includes binding Foundation, frame, outdoor simulation lining attached on the specified frame, which, at least visually consists of elements arranged parallel to the Foundation. Building design also includes at least one set of corner simulation elements, located in the zone of intersection of the exterior walls. In the outer simulation the casing, at least one wall made installation a slot on at least part of the height of the wall. When this construction is equipped with at least one set of end of simulation elements arranged in the corresponding mounting slot and consisting of end of simulation elements, made of Noah, moreover, the ends of piping components, at least the upper layer can be performed protruding from the perimeter of the Foundation, and for these ends can be installed in the bottom corner and the end of the simulation elements. The outer surface of the above-mentioned elements of the outdoor simulation cladding and/or the lateral surface of the mentioned speakers imitating parts of the corner and/or end of simulation elements can be made mostly flat. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to building structures, particularly to building structures for individual housing construction, in particular for the construction of one - and two-storey houses with elements simulate a frame of solid wood.

Known technical solution disclosed in the patent US 4503647 A (Gerhard Post), 12.03.85, E 04 B 01/10, ('Structural building elements for the construction of simulated log"), which is a set of prefabricated building elements for the construction of a simulation log houses. In accordance with the technical solution of the wall construction consists of a longitudinal profile wall elements (wall boards) laid in rows on one another, the corner posts of the simulation elements, grooves with which the Goy same simulation elements, intersecting with the longitudinal wall elements. In the described construction, the wall thickness of the boards is less than the thickness of the freely protruding ends of the corner and end of simulation elements, adjacent a corner of the simulation elements are mirrored, installed on one another and cross-linked, forming a corner stand. Transverse grooves on the corner of imitation items are made so that when the cross-connection of the pair of elements supporting surface elements are located on one level, this paired with the shank angular elements corresponding longitudinal wall elements are also located at the same level. The connection end of simulation elements with a wall bonded vertical fastening element.

The main disadvantages of the known solutions are:

- small simulation similar to the elements of frame of solid wood, due to the location of the corner and wall (face) simulation elements of the first wall at the same level with the corresponding items in the intersecting wall, which differs from the classical frame, in which crossing the wall elements will be located above crossed by an amount equal to half of the step bedouelle layer-by-layer Assembly of wall elements, couples corner simulation elements and end of simulation elements and the impossibility of an independent installation operations with wall elements and simulation elements.

Also known construction from wood, disclosed in the application DE 197281162 A1 (that is, Christian Kretz GmbH & Co.), 04.02.99, E 04 B 2/08 ("Die folgenden Angaben sind von den Anmelder eigereichten Underiagen entnommen"), which consists of frames of the exterior walls and frames of interior walls, exterior and interior cladding of external walls, paneling interior walls, corner posts of the mirror located and mutually intersecting simulation elements, paired with its shank with the ends of the elements exterior cladding of external walls. Angular imitation items made with transverse grooves to mate with the adjacent mirror arranged such elements so that the supporting surface elements forming a pair of elements located at the same level, and there is no intermediate simulation elements in the spaces between the corners of the exterior walls. The ends of the elements exterior cladding profiled in the form of a stepped surface for mating with the shank angular simulation elements.

The main defects in the s, due to the location of the pairs of corner simulation elements on the same level with elements of the exterior cladding of external walls, which distinguishes consider the design from the classic frame, in addition, in the above technical solution of the inner wall, intersecting with external, do not have corresponding simulation continuous simulation elements in the panel between the corners of external walls,

- lack of manufacturability of the design, due to the complex profile of the surface at the ends of the elements exterior cladding of external walls.

The closest analogue to the present invention by a combination of traits (prototype) is a technical solution disclosed in the application WO 92-17657 A1 (LINDAL, Walter), 15.10.92, E 04 B 01/10, ("Wooden frame building construction"), which includes binding Foundation, frame, connected to a harness, attached to the specified frame outer simulation lining, which consists of elements arranged parallel to the base, the set angle of simulation elements, located in the crossing area of the external walls and consisting of angle of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed at each other at an angle of approximately the processes simulating portion and a shank for installation and fixing of the angular element simulation. Moreover, in the above-mentioned shank made the slots for the installation of a corner of the simulation elements are offset in the vertical axis approximately half the height of the corner element simulation. It does not include the ability to perform intermediate (end) simulation elements in the spaces between the corners of the exterior walls. Shanks corner simulation elements are located between the ends of the elements of the inner and outer casings, and the width of the shank is equal to the distance between the outer and inner casings and is related to the width of the boards of the frame, which imposes a limit on the size of the cross section of shank angular element simulation, which may not be less than the width of the wood frame, which reduces the manufacturability of the design as a whole. The ends of the outer elements of the simulation plating is performed with a frame associated with a slanted corner simulation elements, which reduces the manufacturability of the design as a whole due to the necessity of introducing a processing operation of the above mentioned facets. When this outer ends of the lower corner of the simulation elements are installed in the console, and the shanks of all simulation elements fixed Gvozdeva connections through the associated elements inside the Telenesti:

1. corner simulation element,

2. the outer element simulation plating,

3. the element internal to the shell,

4. nail connection for fixing shank angular element simulation, etc.

Thus, the known design has poor imitation effect due to the lack of simulation elements in the spaces between the corner simulation racks. In addition, the known design has poor processability due to the presence of the relationship of the angular sizes of the simulation elements and the width of the uprights of the frame, the need for additional profiling lateral chamfers all simulation elements exterior cladding, necessary works exclusively consecutive lines making installation angle of simulation elements and simulation elements of the outer casing, and a command-line arrangement angle of simulation elements and, as a consequence, there are a large number Gvozdeva connections for mounting shank angular simulation elements.

Thus the problem to which the present invention is directed, is more accurate simulation of structural features of the frame of the mA is the beginning of successive lines making installation of the building structure.

Technical result achieved in the implementation of the invention is to enhance the simulation effect, improving the manufacturability of the building structure and its installation.

Building design, providing in accordance with the present invention achieving the above technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection can be characterized by the following set of features.

Building design with simulation elements of frame of solid wood includes binding Foundation, frame, outdoor simulation lining attached on the specified frame, which, at least visually consists of elements arranged parallel to the Foundation. Building design also includes at least one set of corner simulation elements, located in the crossing area of the external walls and consisting of angle of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed one above the other at an angle approximately equal to the angle between the said outer walls. These corner simulation elements consist of vysokovich made the slots for the installation of a corner of the simulation elements are offset in the vertical axis by about half their height h. According to the invention in the outer simulation the casing, at least one wall made installation a slot on at least part of the height of the wall. When this construction is equipped with at least one set of end of simulation elements located in the respective mounting slots and consisting of end of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed one above the other. Moreover, these mechanical simulation elements consist of serving simulating portion and shank for fixing the end of the simulation element. Moreover, the elements, at least the outer skin and a skeleton form grooves for positioning and fixing at least the shank angular and end of simulation elements. The maximum width of the above-mentioned shank angular and end of simulation elements can be made less than the width of the gap between the respective end surfaces of the outer skin. The binding Foundation completed at least a single layer, and the ends of piping components, at least the upper layer can be performed protruding from the perimeter of the base, and these ends may be set lower cladding and/or the lateral surface of the mentioned speakers imitating parts of the corner and/or end of simulation elements can be made mostly flat.

In addition, in the particular case of the invention the binding Foundation can be made dual layer.

In addition, in the particular case of the invention the shank angular and end of simulation elements can be made more slots so that in the assembled condition of the speakers imitating part of the simulation elements, together with such additional grooves of the shank cover the end part of the outer elements of the simulation plating.

In addition, in the particular case of the invention the height of the angle of simulation elements of h can be equal to the height of end of simulation elements of htor.and the width b of the outer elements of the simulation plating, each simulation element is flush with the corresponding outer element simulation plating, which is located on the wall, parallel simulation element.

In addition, in the particular case of the invention the outer surface of the above-mentioned elements of the outdoor simulation cladding and/or the lateral surface of the mentioned speakers imitating parts made polygonal or curvilinear.

The possibility of the realization of the purposes of the invention can be confirmed by the description of the building structure, made in accordance with the present invention, the essence of which is illustrated graphics, which depict the following:

in Fig. 1 depicts a fragment of the facade of the building structure with their rotation elements of the frame are made of solid wood;

in Fig. 2 depicts a set of corner simulation elements;

in Fig. 3 depicts a set of end of simulation elements;

in Fig. 4 shows the first layer of strapping Foundation;

in Fig. 5 shows the second layer of strapping Foundation.

Building design 1 with simulation elements of frame of solid wood consists of strapping 2 Foundation 3, frame 4 outer walls of the frame 5 of the inner walls, the inner casing 6, the outer simulation casing 7, sets the angular 8 end 9 of simulation elements. Harness 2 Foundation 3 is made of double-layer. Items 10, 11, 12, 13 of the first connecting layer is fixed through the waterproofing layer (not shown) on the Foundation. In places of Assembly sets 8, 9 parts 11, 13 arranged in the first direction, made with protruding beyond the perimeter of the Foundation ends. Items 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 of the second binding layer attached to the parts of the first manifold layer, and the part 14, Upasana exposed at the perimeter of the base end, and the parts 16, 18 mounted on the outer parts of the parts of the first wrapping layer. Frame 4 exterior walls consists of upper and lower belts (not shown) and the racks 19, made of wood. The space between the racks filled with insulation 20. Inner panel 6 is fixed to the frame 4 through the vapor barrier 21 and remote bars 22. The elements of the outdoor simulation casing 7 is fixed to the frame 4 through a layer of vetropolycin 23 and distance bars 24 so that between the ends of these elements facing to the outer corner there was a backlash z.

Set of 8 corner simulation elements consists of a set one on the other corner of the simulation elements 25, consisting in turn of serving simulating portion 26 and shaft 27, which is intended for fixing the angular element simulation, with the greatest width z1the shank 27 is made less than the width of the gap z. These elements 25 when mounting kit 8 are installed in series with the mirror arrangement of elements. The elements 25 are made of solid wood and have a lower profiled surface 28 and the upper profiled surface 29. In the assembled position of the surfaces 28 and 29 adjacent elements article on the width of the uprights of the frame 4 exterior walls. While in the elements 25 made of transverse grooves, the position and dimensions of which are such that provide cross-coupling and vertical supporting surfaces adjacent intersecting simulation elements 25 in the set to half the height h of these elements. A pair of lower members of the set 8 corner simulation elements are installed on the protruding ends of the parts 14, 18 strapping Foundation. One of these elements 31 are made reduced in height. Assembly speakers imitating part 26 corner simulation elements together with the slots 36 in the shank 27 of these elements cover the end part of the outer elements simulation of the casing 7, which provides quick installation, independent of the sequence of attachment of the sheathing elements 7 and corner elements 25.

Set of 9 end of simulation elements designed to mimic the intersection of the outer wall with the inner wall and is in place for this intersection. In this place in the outer simulation the casing 7 made the installation slot. Set 9 is installed one on the other end of simulation elements 32, consisting in turn of serving simulating part 33 and shaft 34, intended for the width x installation slots must be less than the width of the protruding simulating portion 33 of the end of the simulation element and more than the greatest width of the x1shank 34. Profile serving simulating portion 33 of the end elements coincides with the corresponding angular profile of simulation elements 25. The bottom of the simulation element of the set 9 is mounted on the protruding end parts 16 strapping Foundation 3. Assembly speakers imitating part 33 end of simulation elements together with the slots 35 in the shank 34 of these elements cover the end part of the outer elements of the simulation plating 7.

Outdoor imitation plating 7 consists of elements 37 (wall boards) that are parallel to the base 3. The height h of the angular simulation elements 25 is equal to the height htor.end of simulation elements 32 and the width b of elements 37 of the outer simulation casing 7, and each simulation element 25, 32 is flush with the corresponding wall Board, located on the wall, parallel simulation element. The elements of the outdoor simulation sheathing 7 and frame 4 form grooves 30, 38 for placing and fixing the angular and end of simulation elements, respectively, and insulating wire harnesses 39, 40.

Installation of building structures is performed in the following sequence:

1BR>
3. the mounting of the inner cladding and the outer simulation casing 7, it is possible as construction and industrial manufacturing;

4. the installation sets 8 and 9 of simulation elements 25, 32, with possible random sequence of installation sets, which is not correlated with the sequence of installation of casings, which provides greater adaptability of the installation of the proposed design compared to the known analogues.

The lack of profiling all of the elements of the outer casing 7 also provides the proposed technical solution greater adaptability in the manufacture of elements of external simulation linings compared with the above-mentioned prototype.

The presence of the end sets of simulation elements and the location of simulation elements 25, 32 fully corresponding to the frames of solid wood provides the proposed solution increases the imitation effect in comparison with the known analogues.

Describes the implementation of the construction the imitation of the elements of frame of solid wood, made in accordance with the present invention provide the ability to implement the purposes of the invention and the tion of the invention, characterized by the set of features described in the claims.

1. Building design with simulation elements of frame of solid wood, which includes binding Foundation, frame, coupled with strapping, outdoor simulation lining attached on the specified frame, which, at least visually consists of elements arranged parallel to the base, at least one set of corner simulation elements, located in the crossing area of the external walls and consisting of angle of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed one above the other at an angle approximately equal to the angle between the said outer walls, these corner simulation elements consist of serving simulating portion and a shank for fixing the angular element simulation, and these shanks are made grooves for angled simulation elements are offset in the vertical axis by about half their height h, characterized in that the outer simulation the casing, at least one wall made installation a slot on at least part of a wall during construction constructionservices slots and consisting of end of simulation elements, made of solid wood and installed one above the other, and these end simulation elements consist of serving simulating portion and shank for fixing the end of the simulation element, with the elements, at least the outer skin and a skeleton form grooves for positioning and fixing at least the shank angular and end of simulation elements, and the greatest width of the above-mentioned shank angular and end of simulation elements can be made less than the width of the gap between the respective end surfaces of the outer casing, while the binding Foundation completed at least a single layer, and the ends of piping components, at least the top layer can be performed protruding from the perimeter of the base, and these ends may be set lower corner and end members, and the outer surface of the above-mentioned elements of the outdoor simulation cladding and/or the lateral surface of the mentioned speakers imitating parts of the corner and/or end of simulation elements can be made mostly flat.

2. Construction design under item 1, characterized in that the binding Foundation you is glavich and end of simulation elements are made extra slots so in the assembled state speakers imitating part of the simulation elements, together with such additional grooves of the shank cover the end part of the outer elements of the simulation plating.

4. Construction on one of the PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the height of the angle of simulation elements of h equal to the height of end of simulation elements of htorand the width b of the outer elements of the simulation plating, each simulation element is flush with the corresponding outer element simulation plating, which is located on the wall, parallel simulation element.

5. Construction on one of the PP.1 to 4, characterized in that the outer surface of the above-mentioned elements of the outdoor simulation cladding and/or the lateral surface of the mentioned speakers imitating parts made polygonal or curvilinear.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the construction of the walls of wooden buildings

Insulated log item // 2139397
The invention relates to a log item from wood, intended for installation on a similar log elements for the formation of a wall structure using the method of the so-called angular connections

The invention relates to the construction of agricultural buildings, utility buildings, storage facilities, and construction of residential wooden houses

The invention relates to the construction and can be used as construction wood-frame load-bearing panels of the building and the erection of prefabricated low-rise buildings of the panels

The invention relates to wood processing industry and agriculture, and may find application in the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and residential premises

The invention relates to woodworking industry, and agriculture and can find its application in the construction of agricultural storage facilities, shelters and residential premises

The invention relates to building structures assembled from hollow tubular elements, as well as to the structural elements of the walls and compounds used in them

The invention relates to the construction materials industry and can be used for wall cladding residential, industrial and ancillary buildings

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.

SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.

EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.

1 dwg

FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.

EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.

EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.

SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.

EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.

5 cl, 1 dwg

Building // 2287643

FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.

SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.

EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.

24 cl, 41 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.

SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.

EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.

EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.

3 ex

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.

EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.

EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.

4 dwg

Up!