Bottom hydroelectric

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to hydropower and is designed to convert the kinetic energy of the flow of river water into electrical energy. Bottom hydroelectric contains one or more generators, rotating, respectively, one or more flexible shafts with an anchor end and a paddle hydroventuri mounted on each flexible shaft attached to the anchor block, the bottom rope, the ends of which are secured to the coastal bitanga, and two onshore winch. Hydrovent made bilobed and strung on four of the rope, forming a flexible shaft, which is located from the bottom of the river at a distance equal to the length of the blades hydrovent. Generators installed on the banks of the river. The end of each flexible shaft attached to the anchor by a triangular bracket welded to the anchor and attached to the top of the bracket at a height from the bottom of the river, is the length of the blades hydrovent, bearing to which the fixed end of the flexible shaft. Bottom rope passed through the block with the possibility of moving the anchor through the two coastal winches on the bottom rope to shore and from shore when the ice breaks up and when replacing hydroviton to Flex the stabilization of flexible shafts with hydroventuri in the stream of moving water. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to hydropower and is designed to convert the kinetic energy of the flow of river water into electrical energy.

The closest analogue of this invention is the hydroelectric power plant that contains one or more generators, rotating, respectively, one or more flexible shafts with an anchor end and a paddle hydroventuri mounted on each flexible shaft (SU 1213237 A, 23.02.1986).

The disadvantage of this known hydropower is its inefficient and unstable, due to the unstable situation of flexible shafts with hydroventuri in the stream of moving water.

The present invention is to improve the efficiency and stability of hydroelectric power by stabilizing the position of flexible shafts with hydroventuri in the stream of moving water.

The solution of this problem is achieved by the fact that the hydroelectric power plant that contains one or more generators, rotating, respectively, one or more flexible shafts with an anchor end and a paddle hydroventuri mounted on each flexible shaft according to izaberete the two coastal winches, hydrovent made bilobed four cable forming a flexible shaft, which is located from the bottom of the river at a distance equal to the length of the blades hydrovent, each generator set on the banks of the river, and the end of each flexible shaft attached to the anchor by a triangular bracket that is welded to the edge, and attached to the top of the bracket at a height from the bottom of the river, is the length of the blades hydrovent, bearing to which the fixed end of the flexible shaft, a long rope is passed through the block with the possibility of moving the anchor through the two coastal winches on the bottom rope to shore and from shore when the ice breaks up and when replacing hydroviton on flexible shafts.

While the planes of both of the blades of each bilobed hydrovent perpendicular to one another.

Moreover, for any two adjacent flexible shafts hydrovent made with the possibility of the opposite rotation of these shafts.

In addition, the hydropower plant has a boiler for heating in the cold part of the surface of the water near the shore, which is in contact with the flexible shaft.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a bottom hydroelectric plan in the form of the Naya hydroelectric power plant has dozens of hydroviton 1, mounted on one or more flexible shafts 2. Each flexible shaft 2 rotates only one generator 3. All hydrovent 1 rotate about the bottom of the river, as held at this height from the bottom of the river two anchors: the big anchor and a small anchor. Each flexible shaft 2 consists of four cables that are strung hydrovent 1. The entire set of hydroviton 1 on the shaft 2 fixed plate clamp 4. In Fig. 1 shows a bottom hydroelectric two shafts 2, but it may have a greater number of shafts 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. the Head part of each flexible shaft 2 is attached to the swivel-bearing 5. The bearings 5 are tied to power the brackets 6, and each bracket 6 is welded to its sheet metal triangular bracket 7. These brackets 7 - two and both of the bracket 7 are welded inclined to thick long strip 8, and this strip 8 is welded lap joint to the middle of the other band - the runner 9. The brackets 7 and the runner 9 are connected by welding two side plate Yoshinari 10. The ends of the skid 9 is a little bent up and welded the bracket 11, which with the help of clamps 12 are attached to the ends of the cables of the winch 13. To the other long edge of the strip 8 is welded to the power unit 14, which is missing the power cable 15. The ends of the rope 15 is Liu close to each other. The cable 15 is superimposed on these pipes 16 eight, and the remaining loose end of the cable 15 is clamped to the input part (at the entrance to biting) clip 17. The cable 15 to the pipe 16 kantrida the pin 18. To the block 14 and the strip 8 is welded to the hard disc 19.

The strip 8 and the runner 9, are welded perpendicular to each other, two brackets 7 which are welded to the strip 8; power unit 14 and the disc 19 together form a large anchor that keeps near the bottom of the river the whole system of hydroviton 1, strung on two shafts 2, at the height of the length of one of the blades hydrovent 1. Small anchors are ball nozzles 20 mounted near the terminals 4 on the flexible shaft 2 and fixed by the clamps 4. The nozzle 20 can be heavy, light or Vice versa, as the foam, depending on the flow rate. All nozzles 20 should be selected according to their weight so that the tail part of all flexible shafts 2 was on the same level from the bottom of the river, which is the head portion of the flexible shaft 2, i.e. at the height of the length of one of the blades hydrovent 1. To the cable 15 is not lifted, it should be fixed on setengah as low as possible, bringing it to the level of the bottom of the river. And to bring both rope winch 13 to the level of the bottom of the river, the desired clamping blocks 21 mounted on the coast. D is wny the bottom of the river. On top of this pipe 22 is welded to a thick plate 23, and the top is welded thereto unit 21.

A two-bladed hydrovent 1 need to make from cord unit-cast with a wide sturdy blades 24. The plane of these two blades 24 are perpendicular to each other, i.e. form with the axis of the shaft 25 angle equal to 45o. In the Central axial (cylindrical shape) of the shaft 25 is provided with four through holes, in which are skipped four wire flexible shaft 2. These four cables allow you to mount any of hydrovent 1 so that any two adjacent hydrovent 1 on the shaft 2 is displaced in the direction of rotation around its axis 90oand this means that any two neighboring hydrovent 1 together form a four-bladed propeller.

In the manufacture of hydroviton 1 should also include the difference in their design: to one half of cash all hydroviton 1 for bottom hydroelectric rotated in one direction (clockwise), and the other half in the other direction (counterclockwise). And then any two adjacent flexible shaft 2 at the bottom of the hydroelectric power station will rotate in opposite directions, which will increase the efficiency of using the kinetic energy of moving water.

Flexible shafts 2 on plots from small anchors to generators 3 to be wrapped around rubberized fabric or instead of fabric to use hoses with a length equal to these areas, i.e. that each flexible shaft 2 looked like a single rope, and not four separate cables, winding themselves algae.

The whole system of hydroviton 1 bottom hydropower can stretch out on the beach ( in our case, on the left Bank of the river) using simultaneously included two winches 13: one for storage and the other for unwinding. As we approach hydroviton 1 to the shore, it is necessary to throw on the flexible shaft 2, the ends of the cables of the winch 27, having hooks at the ends, turn the winch 27 and it will pick up the slack of flexible shafts 2, pulling them to shore. Such pulling of hydroviton 1 ashore when they need replacing, and also during the break-up.

For removal from the shores of floating on water objects should be put off wall-Bons 28, made of concrete or of larch logs.

In bol 2. This will prevent frosting on them ice.

If for construction of bottom hydroelectric river would be cool, then it should be done gently, sliding the earth is not in the river and on the shore.

1. Bottom hydroelectric containing one or more generators, rotating, respectively, one or more flexible shafts with an anchor end and a paddle hydroventuri mounted on each flexible shaft, characterized in that it is provided attached to the anchor block, bottom cable, the ends of which are secured to the coastal bitanga, and two shore winches, hydrovent made bilobed and strung on four of the rope, forming a flexible shaft, which is located from the bottom of the river at a distance equal to the length of the blades hydrovent, each generator set on the banks of the river, and the end of each flexible shaft attached to the anchor by a triangular bracket welded to the anchor and attached to the top of the bracket at a height from the bottom of the river, is the length of the blades hydrovent, bearing to which the fixed end of the flexible shaft, with the bottom rope passed through the block with the possibility of moving the anchor through the two coastal winches p is elektrostantsia by p. 1, characterized in that the planes of both of the blades of each bilobed hydrovent the perpendiculars to one another.

3. Hydroelectric power plant under item 2, characterized in that between any two adjacent flexible shafts hydrovent made with the possibility of the opposite rotation of these shafts.

4. Hydroelectric power plant under item 1, characterized in that it has a boiler for heating in the cold part of the surface of the water near the shore, which is in contact with the flexible shaft.

 

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SUBSTANCE: method involves supplying water stream free of young fish in waterway; forming hydraulic screen near water-intake influence area to separate above area from main stream of water-intake structure; forming whirlpool area near water-intake shore edge. Water stream is formed upstream water-intake structure. Water for users is taken from whirlpool area formed by inner water spray boundary and shore edge. Facility includes water-intake structure arranged at shore line, water-intake pipes connected with pump, stream former and means for water stream creation in waterway. Means for water stream creation is made as channel operating in non-pressure regime and having outlet part arranged upstream water inlet. Marks formed on channel bottom and waterway bottom coincide one with another. Stream former is located downstream water intake and directed in downstream direction.

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14 cl, 9 dwg

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