The energy converter wave


(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for use wave energy and to provide Maritime transport energy in the coastal zone and the open water area, for example to power stand-alone installations of oil, gas and so on, the Converter is implemented in the form of a cylindrical frame having guide rails fixed to floating means, and provided with a set of hydraulic cylinders. Inside the frame on the rails installed dual chassis, designed as two frames on wheels: bottom mounted on guides fixed to floating means, and an upper frame mounted on the rails of the lower frame at an angle of 90oto guide attached to the housing. A set of cylinders fixed radially through the hinges at one end to the frame and the other to the inner ring fence, forming one piece with the upper frame. The device is designed to create a universal and compact power plant. 3 Il.

The present invention relates to a device that uses the energy of the waves.

The unit can be used for energy supply of Maritime transport, energy supply with the practical installation, mounted on a floating tool round shape (in plan), with conical superstructure within which is suspended flywheel, made in the form of a pendulum, the upper end of which is pinned at the top of the cone.

The flywheel is kinematically connected with rods, pistons, cylinders, using the energy of waves, it can transmit this energy to the working fluid in the sequence: hydraulic accumulator, hydraulic motor, generator, battery (U.S. patent 4317047 A, IPC 7 F 03 B 13/10, 1982).

Known power plant by virtue of design features has a limited scope, such as power supply equipment, lighting, etc. on the buoy.

Such an installation would be difficult to place on a normal ship due to the large dimensions of the cone, and the efficiency would be negligible because of the small weight of the pendulum. The stroke of the pendulum is not controlled - no brake device that is fraught with negative consequences in emergency situations.

The proposed installation differs from the known fact that is made in the form of a cylindrical frame and rails that are fixed in a horizontal position on a floating tool, dual chassis on wheels, ustanovlennomu the stop on the top of the chassis frame.

The design feature of the installation is that its power directly depends on the weight of its movable part of the chassis on which is mounted the equipment and the battery, which is a form of energy storage and ballast, actively participating in the development of this energy.

The objective of the invention is to create a more versatile, compact, safe, with sufficient capacity power plant to ensure progress and sustainment of the vessel.

Note some technical results that would have been possible with the installation.

1. Installation use provides the opportunity to harness the energy of the Oceans, which is eternal and is practically unlimited.

2. The advantages of using wave power plant environmental terms compared to current power plants that use as an energy carrier oil or nuclear fuel, is obvious.

3. Floating power plants in coastal areas, in addition to producing energy, can reduce the devastating impact of the waves on the shore and a variety of coastal structures: ports and beaches.

In Fig. 1 shows a top view of the wave power installation of Fig. 2 - appearance at her side, and Fig. 3 shows the working time and the floating circuit means.

The energy Converter wave has a cylindrical frame 1 and rails 2, fixedly mounted horizontally on body vessels 3. On the guides 2 are dual chassis on wheels 4, made in the form of two frames: the bottom 5, mounted on the rails 2 and the upper frame 6 mounted on the guides 7 of the lower frame 5 at an angle of 90 degrees to the guide rails 2.

The unit has a set of hydraulic cylinders 8 a, b, c, d) fixed radially through the hinges 9 one end to the frame, the other to the inner ring fence 10 combined with the frame 6.

The chassis is equipped with an electromagnetic brake 11 mounted on the upper frame 6, the anchor through which the Shoe 12 communicates with the housing 3.

The purpose of the brakes emergency stop chassis maintenance and repair work.

Works ustanavlivaetsya lines of the horizon.

The forces keeping the double chassis rails 2 and 7, is balanced. Motion chassis no.

When the excitement of the horizontal surface of the housing 3 begins to change its position to the lines of the horizon.

Formed inclined plane, and dual chassis under the action of gravity tends to move in the down position, performing a certain job.

Because dual chassis has two frames: the bottom 5 and the top 6 moving on guides 2 and 7 in the overlapping areas, the lower frame 5 can do reciprocating motion, back and forth, top, right-left, so that the lower frame 5 responds to the keel roll (the arrows b-B), and the upper frame 6 (arrows a-a) - on-Board.

Movement of the frames 5 and 6 is limited by the frame 1.

Consider the case of the forward wave to the right at an angle of 45 degrees. In the first phase, the nose of the craft rises up with the listing on the left side of the frame 5 moves ago, and the frame 6 to the left, i.e. in the present case, there are two frames 5 and 6 at the same time. Ring fence 10 is moved downward and to the left.

As a result of this movement of the working fluid out of the cylinders (a, b) is fed to the hydraulic motor 13, SASRI (c, d) filled with working fluid. With the passage of the wave crest floating means, the angle changes to the opposite. The cycle is repeated, but with the opposite sign.

Rechargeable battery 15 accumulates electricity with stable electric characteristics and nourishes the electromagnetic brake 11.1

Converter wave energy to generate electricity, containing floating craft with frame with a moving part, a set of cylinders fixed radially through the hinges at one end with the frame and the other with a moving part of the hydraulic motor, the generator and the battery, wherein the frame is made of cylindrical guides fixed to floating means and the movable part is in the form of a dual chassis consisting of two frames on wheels: bottom mounted on guides fixed to floating means, and an upper mounted on the rails of the lower frame at an angle of 90oto guides fixed to floating means and the connection of the movable part with a set of hydraulic cylinders is made through an internal annular stop, combined with the upper frame.


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