The heated nozzle (options)
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to hydraulic devices for dispersion and the fluid used in the washer vehicles, in particular in vehicles, as well as in other areas of technology related to the application of such devices. The nozzle has a flat nozzle, formed by two converging at an angle to the planes and the two surfaces curved along the curve of the second order. Presents two options for performing these surfaces on the various elements of the nozzle: the body and the liner. This nozzle design creates the upper stream of sprayed liquid and the fuel element is designed as a semiconductor device in the integrated design schemes limiter current and temperature. The design of the heated nozzle allows its use in the operation of the transport at low temperatures, preventing the freezing of washer fluid in the nozzle and creating the possibility of defrosting frozen, for example, when Parking in the cold liquid. 2 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to hydraulic devices for dispersion and the fluid used in the CX with the use of such devices.Known devices , designed for spraying fluid and supply it to the surface to be cleaned, for example the windshield of the vehicle, and is equipped with heaters to prevent freezing of liquid in the nozzle or liquidating such freezing. In particular, the United Kingdom patent N 2044601 proposed injector from the intake channel, a coiled resistive heating element in the form of an elastic belt in an electrical circuit which includes a switch associated with thermostat. The disadvantages of this injector are, first, conical nozzle, giving the torch spray with circular symmetry, and, secondly, the presence of additional devices - thermostat with on / off switch.It is also known device  for U.S. patent N 4212425, in which the heating element is used, the tablet material having a positive thermal coefficient of resistivity. This allows to maintain the desired temperature, but the spray nozzle head also gives the torch fluid only circular symmetry.It is also known device  for U.S. patent N 4212425, in which the heating element is used, the tablet material the required temperature, but the spray nozzle head also gives the torch fluid only circular symmetry.Also known nozzle (patent UK N 2062452 A MKI B 60 S 1/52) for a windshield wiper of the vehicle in which the liquid stream is first compressed in a narrowing channel, and then is expanded in a funnel-shaped flat output, dramatically extending in one plane and slightly - perpendicular. Thereby, the fan stream. The disadvantage of this design is the loss of energy flow during extension, and, most importantly, such a nozzle is not heated.The essence of the invention lies in the fact that the nozzle is in the form of a housing in which is formed one of the converging planes, and a liner of heat-conductive material in which is formed a second converging plane surfaces curved along the curve of the second order. Between the liner and the casing there is a gap in which to insert the fuel element, such as a voltage stabilizer in the integrated design-plastic-type-220, which includes circuit current limit (up to 1 A) and temperature (up to 120oC). Another option of the same decision may be the case, which is Adis hugs strip of heat conducting material, for example, aluminum, which is in contact with the fuel element.In Fig. 1 shows a longitudinal section of the nozzle, where 1 - nozzle, 2 - insert 3 - converging planes, the top of which is formed in the liner, and the lower housing, 4 - socket for input fluid, and 5 - fuel element.In Fig. 2 shows the liner in three dimensions, the first of which POS. 1 shows a surface curved along the curve of the second order, forming together with converging planes 3 (Fig.1) flat nozzle.In Fig. 3 shows another variant of the nozzle 1 is also the case that 2 is also a liner and 3 - strip of heat conducting material, 4 - fuel element. Converging plane in this case formed in the casing and the liner - POS. 1 (figs. 3). Surface curved along the curve of the second order, formed in the insert of Fig. 4.In Fig. 5 shows a strip of heat conducting material, where the 1 - slit gratings, and 2 - hole, shared with fitting to enter the liquid.The nozzle operates as follows: the liquid flows through the nozzle 4 (Fig. 1) in the nozzle chamber and out of it through the slit nozzle formed descending which, in particular, there can be used a semiconductor device integrated design comprising the circuit current limit and temperature, plugged in the vehicle and generates heat, which is transmitted by conduction to the liner, in one case, and the ribbon in the other, which prevents the freezing of liquid when using nozzles at low temperatures and creates the possibility of thawing frozen in the jet fluid at, for example, Parking the vehicle in the cold.To test proposed designs were made two nozzles with a liner made of aluminum, in one case, and made of plastic, the other with aluminum tape. Corps in both cases were made of plastic by molding. As the fuel element was used chip KP-142 EH-5A with current limitation 1 and A temperature of 120oC. Nozzle steadily worked in the air stream at a temperature of -18oC and thawed 5 - 7 C.Sources of information
1. The UK patent N 2044601, class B 60 S 1/46.2. U.S. patent N 4212425, class B 60 S 1/52.3. The UK patent N 2062452, class B 60 S 1/52. 1. The heated nozzle to the washer TRANS is aximise at an angle to the planes and two surfaces, curved along the curve of the second order, and the nozzle consists of a housing in which is formed one of the converging planes, equipped with a nozzle for supplying washer fluid, and a liner of heat-conductive material in which is formed the second of the converging planes and the two curved surfaces that come in contact with the fuel element.2. Nozzle under item 1, characterized in that as the fuel element used in a semiconductor device integrated design comprising the circuit current limit and temperature.3. The heated nozzle for a windshield of a vehicle, comprising a flat nozzle, characterized in that the flat nozzle is formed by two converging at an angle to the planes and the two surfaces curved along the curve of the second order, and the nozzle consists of a housing in which are formed two converging planes, equipped with a nozzle for supplying washing liquid liner, which formed surface curved along the curve of the second order, and the item is made of heat-conducting tape material, fitted liner and in contact with the fuel element. device integrated performance includes circuit current limit and temperature.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: in end piece, flow conic slit-like channel of variable section is made screwed with rotation of longitudinal axis for angle 20-60°. Section at output is decreased in comparison to input in 1.5-3 times.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly for domestic, medical and transport use.
SUBSTANCE: device includes lavatory pan with hinged seat, flushing tank, composite tube with operating handle to supply water from water source to pouring head, namely to shower head. Operating handle includes L-shaped connection pipe arranged in depression formed in seat and having short and long parts. L-shaped connection pipe rotates around long part axis during water pouring out process and may be longitudinally displaced. L-shaped connection pipe is freely arranged on lavatory pan and freely detached from it. Connection pipe is secured to pouring head. Short part of connection pipe is attached from below with water source by means of flexible hose. Short part axis is always parallel to pouring direction of pouring head. Operating handle includes two mutually perpendicular arms provided with seating areas for L-shaped connection pipe installation in different positions is socket of wall holder. Shower head made in accordance with the first embodiment comprises hollow body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and inlet L-shaped connection pipe. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket. Shower head made in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body with outlet cavity, outlet net for water pouring and handle. Arranged inside body are relief valve, shutoff member and operating lever connected to relief valve by the first lever arm and kinematically linked with control member of shower head handle by another, free, end. L-shaped connection pipe is used as shower head handle. Shower head handle has inner water hose. Connection pipe includes seating areas for shower head installation in wall holder socket formed in transition area between short and long parts of connection pipe. Shower head may perform mechanical rotation inside wall holder socket.
EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced number of supply pipeline branches, elimination of hinge and sealing connections usage, improved ability of device detachment.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: nozzles, particularly for cleaning reservoir bottom from residual viscous, high-viscous and hardening liquids and for removing deposits near connection pipes of fire-extinguishing systems adapted for extinguishing fire in reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: device bottom is provided with radial eccentrically located distributors formed as plates having chamfers on the first plate sides. Plate length is less than device bottom radius. Plate height exceeds width of gap defined by device body and bottom.
EFFECT: increased efficiency along with maintaining design effective volume of the reservoir, reduced reservoir damage due to corrosive action.