The method of water supply in the dry and arid zones

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of water supply. The technical result of the invention is to improve the reliability and quality of supply while significantly reducing the cost of water supply to the system users. The method includes the exploration, development and calculation of reserves of water production and supply to consumers, the search, exploration and estimation of the amount of water is carried out at the maximum and minimum values of the phases of the lunar-solar tides; after exploration of the aquifer producing the fixing contours of water supplies in the minimum value of the lunar-solar tide by feeding on the perimeter of the controlled water reserve polyelectrolyte hydrogel with a swelling ratio of not less than 2104. In ochotorena site pass network of wells using jet drilling apparatus due to the destruction of soil by the energy of compressed working agent, wellheads are combined into a single closed-loop water distribution system. The pipeline system is divided into separate sections so that the beginning of the intake of each plot is above the drain hole on the value of supplying water by gravity - siphon method, and regulate vodopada the regulating valve. Pipelines carry out from provopoulos frost-resistant material, and the walls of the inner part of the piping cover bioneutral material with a low coefficient of friction. 2 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to the field of exploration for underground water supplies, construction of photosystem and water consumers.

Currently in this vital area of human activity known principal directions solve this technological problem, the most representative of which can be considered as the method of water supply, including the sinking of wells in the aquifer, drainage and water supply trunk and local pipelines /1/.

This method has significant and obvious drawbacks, namely, that each individual well is offline on monologically the conduit and the flow of water through it essentially depends on daily, calendar and seasonal variations in flow rate and saturation of the aquifer, depending on rainfall, migration of groundwater that interferes with the supply of water for drinking purposes, irrigation and industrial water.

Most blissy search exploration and reserves estimation of water production and supply to consumers /2/.

With more perfect system exploration, production and supply of water from aquifers consumers, this method has significant drawbacks: first, the method has no method, no technical means to determine the exact path of the water contents and water in the aquifer; not have any means for fixing the circuit area and the height of the horizon; second, the method requires the presence of water valving and pumping pumps to maintain pressure and water movement through the pipeline, that creates a turbulent flow in the cross section of the pipe and causes increased corrosivity of the pipe walls and provokes the formation of colonies glandular bacteria and the growth of undesirable microflora, reducing ultimately the quality of the water supplied and lowering the overall culture of this process.

Technical and social result of this invention is to significantly improve the reliability and quality of water, taking into account processes of water content in the aquifer; and to enhance the overall culture of process water supply in the dry and arid zones.4in ochotorena site pass network of wells using jet drilling apparatus due to the destruction of soil by the energy of compressed working agent, wellheads are combined into a single closed-loop water distribution system, and the pipeline system is divided into separate sections so that the beginning of the intake of each plot is above the drain hole on the value of supplying water by gravity - siphon method and regulate the water supply to consumers of drinking water, drinking water and irrigation water, including industrial water, using a valve, the pipelines are made provopoulos frost-resistant material and the inner wall gastroplasty, supplying water to consumers, are made of molded polyethylene, reinforced with mesh nylon pipe.

And the walls of the inner part of pipelines transporting water, cover with fullereneconsists.

The invention in its specified essential features are investigated for compliance with the criteria of the invention, including the level solved the technical problem. This took into account the sources of information in this and related fields of human activity. So in the sources/3/, /4/, /5/ identified individual characteristics separately used in a variety of technical processes, such as: the connection in a separate thread waste fluid; drilling multiple wells; water supply and regulation of supply to consumers using valves.

At a certain formal similarity of some of the technical characteristics of the known solutions and features of the invention, the following detailed subject analysis between these signs, you can definitely and unequivocally determine the significance of differences in the characteristics of the present invention identified from known characteristics. Indeed, in the well-known signs no ateneu, and in the artificial connection of features they do not show the same properties as this invention, and are not able to achieve the same technical result, as in this invention that indicates compliance of the developed method to the criteria of the invention as original scientific and engineering solutions to the way water consumers.

The described method of water supply in the dry and arid zones is as follows. In a certain area carry out the work, including search and exploration of aquifers. These operations are performed within the established maximum and minimum values of the phases of the lunar-solar tides, i.e., during the maximum phase of the lunar-solar tide and during the minimum phase of the lunar-solar tides. It is in these periods receive the most accurate signals from the investigated aquifers on the presence (or absence) of water contents and determine the water supply of the investigated horizon. The contours of the water in the aquifer is also defined in the periods indicated values of the phases of the lunar tide. To prevent the migration of water from the detected contour and warranties consumption podstavochnogo tide along the perimeter of the controlled water reserve in the aquifer serves polyelectrolyte hydrogel, having a swelling ratio of not less than 2104.

When these operations circuit and the water in the reservoir under control in ochotorena site pass network of water wells, doing this work mainly with jet drilling apparatus (design A. I. a Plug), which are well due to the destruction of soil by the energy of compressed working agent flowing under pressure from the working body of the drilling machine; and the design and operation of jet drilling apparatus (A. I. a Plug) allow you to place up to ten or more wells in the aquifer, which significantly reduces the time of the formation of the network of water supply wells. The mouth of all water wells are connected in a single closed-loop water distribution system, with a single line of the pipeline and the pipeline system is divided into separate sections so that the intake (the beginning of the pipeline) of each individual parcel is above the water drain hole; and the excess level is selected from a calculation of the water through a pipeline by gravity method of siphon; and regulation of water supply to consumers are using valves armisen traditional needs: drinking, watering, watering and maintenance, while irrigation water is preferable to apply the wicks directly to the root system of cultivated plants.

Given that the pipeline can be carried out in the areas of water freezing under embankments, passes, etc. obstacles, it can be run from provopoulos frost-resistant material, preferably extruded polyethylene reinforced nylon mesh tube and the inner wall of such pipe, it is advisable to cover bioneutral material having a low coefficient of friction, preferably fullereneconsists that attaches the pipe to the high hydrodynamic and hygienic quality in the conditions of dry and arid zones.

One of the most significant on the effectiveness of the process in this way is the exploration of the aquifer and the definition of water resources. This process, as indicated, are in the set values of the phases of the lunar-solar tides and by taking from the studied horizon acoustic, electromagnetic and thermal signals, while getting or maximum values of the signals, or the minimum value of the signals coincident in time of reception, on schityvat water supplies. You can then carry out exploratory drilling for water and finally to choose the point where the most profitable to drilling development wells, using, as mentioned above, jet drilling apparatus as more mobile and effective technical means for such a process, which significantly simplify the process of water extraction and delivery to consumers by pipeline and its local areas.

Thus, the developed method of water supply in the dry and arid zones has a separate original operations and original, bound in a whole process of prospecting, exploration and extraction of water from the aquifer, which improves the reliability of the water supply system, to improve the quality of water supplied and improve ultimately the technical culture of the system of water supply in the dry and arid zones: steppe, semi-desert, deserts.

Sources of information

1. Klyachko C. A., Apelcin I. E. Purification of natural waters., M., 1971.

2. DE, 3217560, E 03 B 3/00, 3/30; 24.11.1983 (prototype).

3. Fedorov N. F., Shifrin, S. M. treatment of waste liquids, L., stroiizdat, 1975.

4. Guide ptx2">

6. SU, 4029577, B 01 D 51/08, 1982.

1. The method of water supply in the dry and arid zones, including exploration, development and calculation of reserves of water production and supply to consumers, characterized in that the exploration, development and calculation of reserves of water are at the maximum and minimum values of the phases of the lunar-solar tides, after exploration of the aquifer producing the fixing contours of water supplies in the minimum value of the phase of the lunar-solar tide by feeding on the perimeter of the controlled water reserve polyelectrolyte hydrogel with a swelling ratio of not less than 2 x 104in ochotorena site pass network of wells using jet drilling apparatus due to the destruction of soil by the energy of compressed working agent, wellheads are combined into a single closed-loop water distribution system, and the pipeline system is divided into separate sections so that the beginning of the intake of each plot is above the drain hole on the value of supplying water by gravity - siphon method, and regulate the water supply to consumers of drinking water, drinking water and irrigation water, including industrial water, using valves, while the horseflies cover bioneutral material with a low coefficient of friction.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the pipelines are made of molded polyethylene, reinforced with mesh nylon pipe.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the wall of the inner part of the pipeline is covered with fullereneconsists.

 

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