The way anti musty skin treatment
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the leather industry and may find application in the manufacture of high quality leather, exposed to prolonged storage under conditions of high humidity and temperature. The skin is impregnated with antiseptic. As an antiseptic use an aqueous solution of a copolymer of N, N-dimethyl, N, N-diallylammonium chloride with sulfur dioxide in an amount of 0.1-1% by weight of the raw material. The method allows to provide sustainable and long protivoplesnevye effect with the use of inexpensive low-toxic reagent. He also technologically simple. 3 table. The invention relates to the leather industry and may find application in the manufacture of high quality leather, exposed to prolonged storage under conditions of high humidity and temperature.Known methods of antibacterial or anti musty processing of hides and skins at different stages of manufacture. The need for this treatment due to the fact that the skins and tanned skin prefabricated often shipped and stored in places with high humidity and/or temperature, for example, when exports.Known composition for anti musty obrabotka resistance and high-tech. However, it contains phenol, which is not allowed according to the European Standard for environmental reasons. Thus, the processing of high quality skins, especially for export, may not be enforced by this reagent.Known antibacterial agent against mold AM/2 "ANTIMUFFA" production company "H. B. S. R. L., Italy . This drug is an effective anti musty and antibacterial agent. The main disadvantage of this tool is its lack of domestic leather industry because of the high cost.The known method antifungal and antibacterial treatment of the skin , according to which the tanned skins impregnated with a salt of lanthanum or cerium vinylcarbazole acid in the presence of free vinylcarbazole acid.The disadvantage of this method is the small term protection of the skin from mildew. According to the conducted experiments on the 27th day after contamination of the sample with a suspension of the corresponding microbial mold see defeat 15% of the surface of the sample. Tanning herbal remedies delay mildew is just 6 days. This period is not sufficient to save videosanna during long distance transport in conditions of high temperature and humidity. Low effectiveness of this method because, obviously, the fact that the salt of lanthanum or cerium vinylcarbazole acids are monomers and can migrate from the inner layer of the dermis to the surface, which reduces the efficiency of processing.The closest in technical essence and the achieved effect is "the Way anti musty skin treatment" , which is chosen for the prototype. According to this method, anti musty skin treatment carried out by impregnation of a water-soluble antiseptic, which is used benzoquinonediimine resin in quantities of 1 to 7% by weight of the material with subsequent fixation of the resin in the structure of the dermis acetic or formic acid in a quantity of 0.3 - 0.8% by weight of cement, and impregnation are within 30 - 60 minutesPrototype method has a number of disadvantages. The process for this method is time-consuming and technically difficult, because it is a separate, not combined with other technological operations; reagent benzoquinonediimine resin has a very high price. It also requires additional processing stage - fixing resin in the structure of the dermis.Task, raspicanie sustainable and long-lasting anti musty effect with the use of inexpensive, low-toxic reagent. The process of anti musty processing must be technologically simple.The problem is solved in that way anti musty skin treatment by impregnation with a water-soluble antiseptic as an antiseptic use an aqueous solution of a copolymer of N,N-dimethyl, N,N-diallylammonium chloride with sulfur dioxide in an amount of 0.1 - 1% by weight of the raw material. Copolymer of N, N-dimethyl, N, N-diallylammonium chloride (DMDAAC) with sulfur dioxide was prepared as follows.42% aqueous solution DMDAAC bubbled SO2at room temperature until the absorption of an equivalent amount of SO2then add the potassium persulfate in the amount of 0.3 wt.% under stirring (bubbling) until complete dissolution. Next, the temperature of the reaction mass was raised to 50oC and incubated for 40-60 minutes at this temperature. The result is a 50% solution of the polymer with a yield of 95 to 98%, which, after dilution to the desired concentration used for a purpose.The use of a copolymer DMDAAC as a means to suppress microorganisms in oil-field environment is known. However, the conditions for the use of this copolymer in delky skin is exposed to large quantities of chemical reagents, the combination with the inventive copolymer has not been studied.Conducted a series of experiments to investigate the possibility of using bactericidal and fungicidal properties of the copolymer DMDAAC with sulfur dioxide for currying leather, as well as the development of economically and technologically optimal regulation of its use.An example of the method. At the stage finish-tanning while rotating the drum in the tub was added to the copolymer DMDAAC with CO2in an amount of 0.1% by weight of the raw material. The temperature of the solution in the bath was 25 - 26oC. the Addition was carried out for 10 minutes before the end of the process finish-tanning. After the process is completed and all necessary actions in accordance with standard methods samples of treated skin was subjected to exposure at high humidity at different temperatures. The results are given in table.1.Because at elevated temperature storage and/or transportation of the anti musty treatment was insufficient, was conducted a number of experiments with gradually increasing concentration DMDAAC with sulfur dioxide. The samples were also subjected to prolonged exposure at high humidity and temperature. the ptx2">Thus it is seen that for the preservation of leather in the process of transportation in the winter, just add in a solution of 0.1% of a copolymer DMDAAC with sulfur dioxide, and for the dressing in summer - 1% by weight of the raw material. Skin samples treated in accordance with the inventive method, were subjected to the tests according to the physical-mechanical characteristics. Similar tests were subjected to samples not treated with copolymer DMDAAC with CO2. The data are given in table.3.Tests have shown that besides giving tanned skin anti musty properties, the copolymer DMDAAC with CO2used in accordance with the inventive method, shows the properties of the filler, improving physical and mechanical properties of the obtained skin.Thus, without appreciable complexity of the technological process, managed to achieve not only anti musty processing, but also improve the quality produced by the skin. No less important positive aspect of the proposed method is that, getting into the waste water, the copolymer DMDAAC with CO2left to themselves salts of heavy metals and falls in the form of sediment, it can be used to neutralize the wastewater, thus simplifying the process and increasing its APN.B.S.R.L. "Produzione Commercio Prodotti" - Italy.3. Pat. RF N 2052507.4. A. S. N 1348372. The way anti musty skin treatment by impregnation with a water-soluble antiseptic, characterized in that as an antiseptic use an aqueous solution of a copolymer of N,N-dimethyl, N,N-diallylammonium chloride with sulfur dioxide in an amount of 0.1 - 1% by weight of the raw material.
FIELD: tannery industry.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes treatment of chrome-tanned semi-finished product with antiseptic such as polymineral obtained from natural non-metal fossils (minerol), which is used in amount of 5-10 mass % based on semi-finished product. Minerol is also used as filler being introduced in retanning step with chrome compounds in amount of 5-10 mass % based on semi-finished product.
EFFECT: effective biological leather conservation after chrome tanning.
3 cl, 1 tbl