The driving simulator
(57) Abstract:The invention is used for driving training and management of the tracked vehicle. The technical result - improving the efficiency of the process of learning to drive. This is due to the fact that the driving simulator contains cabin, frame, controls movement, the right arm which is mounted button hydropneumatic, the surveillance device-driver, seat-driver, overhead projector and remote instructor. In addition, he is provided with a simulated low visibility, electrically connected with the button hydropneumatic and with control of the instructor, the device simulate low visibility is installed on the stove with the opportunity of placing before the surveillance device driver on command from a remote instructor. Device simulation of poor visibility includes motor, block, limit switches, master and slave pulleys connected by a thread, frame, made in the form of a frame with the inserted organic glass, lever, voltage Converter, containing step-down transformer, rectifier bridge and a time relay. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to tinajeros a visual image of the surrounding space, presented to the driver in the course of learning driving skills and control of tracked vehicles.The practice of learning to drive tracked vehicles in difficult road and weather conditions showed that drivers do not have the skill of using the system hydropneumatic (gap), resulting in lower average speeds. Therefore, there is a need in the creation of the simulator, which would allow to develop appropriate skill.Known unified kinotrailer type visas for teaching driving combat vehicles (see Learning to drive trucks on training tools. - M.: Voenizdat, 1992, S. 28 - 32), consisting of cabins, bassinet frame and having controls movement, button, mounted in the right-hand control lever rotation, the surveillance device-driver, seat-driver, overhead projector and remote instructor. The disadvantage of this simulator is that it does not mimic the conditions that hinder the visibility of the driver while driving, such as pollution output window viewing device, the rain, the fog, that does not allow the learner to develop the skills of driving in difficult road and weather condition is the increased efficiency of existing simulators for training of drivers of tracked vehicles by simulating conditions of poor visibility to achieve adequacy of simulator real tracked vehicle, and to develop student skills in the management of the tracked vehicle in difficult terrain and poor visibility.This task is solved by introducing a known driving simulator additional devices, consisting of the following elements: inverter, motor, block, limit switches, master and slave pulleys, frames with the inserted organic glass having applied a special coating, a lever connecting the driven pulley and the frame. All of the elements of this device are fixed on a plate which in turn is mounted and fastened on the outside of the cabin of the simulator, before the surveillance device driver.In addition, the device is connected through limit switch button to turn on the system gap, which is mounted in the right-hand control lever rotation.The invention is illustrated in Fig.1 and 2:
Fig.1. The driving simulator. Functional block diagram of the simulator to the device simulating poor visibility;
Fig. 2. The driving simulator. Structurally-functional diagram of the device simulate poor visibility.In Fig.1 and 2 presents:
1. Cabin reeling with the tx2">4. Controls movement.5. Button gap.6. Device simulation of poor visibility.7. The Converter.8. Remote instructor.9. The movie projector.10. Plate.11. The electric motor.12. The leading pulley.13. Thread.14. The driven pulley.15. Frame.16. Arm.17. Block limit switches.Device simulation of poor visibility 6 is included in the driving simulator, the functional block diagram shown in Fig. 1, which includes: cabin with cradle and the frame 1, a seat of the driver 2, the surveillance device driver 3, controls the movement of 4 mounted in the right arm rotate button gap 5, the remote instructor 8, the projector 9 and the inverter 7 is electrically connected with the remote trainer, the projector and the gap.The structure of the device simulate low visibility, structurally-functional diagram of which is shown in Fig. 2, includes a plate 10, is mounted on the simulator cockpit before the surveillance device driver, in which are mounted: the motor 11, the leading pulley 12, the driven pulley 14, the frame 15, Izgi 16, thread 13 connecting the driving and driven pulleys, block limit switch 17.Inverter type FR-27 containing a step-down transformer, rectifier bridge and a time relay; motor - any, for example MN-145 (27); block limit switches, for example D-703; the driving and driven pulleys - standard; frame - made in the form of a frame with the inserted organic glass having applied a special coating, a lever connecting the driven pulley and the frame is made.Device simulation visual environment operates in the following way:
through the transducer 7 is energized 27 on the remote instructor 8, which is designed to control the simulator and in particular a device simulation 6. On the remote control instructor has a block check error and the switch that provides the energization and deenergization voltage 27 In the device simulation. In addition, with a remote instructor voltage 27 In the button gap 5 and the projector 9.When the supply voltage 27 V from remote instructor on device simulation 6 is sinking frame, which dropped in front of the monitor 3 driver simulates poor visibility m driving or turn gap). In the case when the driver no response has not occurred within 10 seconds, an alarm relay time, part of the General scheme of the Converter 7, turning off the power supply of the projector 9 and the operator panel 8 is fixed the error.In that case, if the mechanic-driver correctly responded and pushed the button gap, is the closure of the circuit, the voltage 27 is supplied to the motor device simulation 10, the frame of the device rises, closes the limit switch 17 and the motor stops. On the remote instructor with light indication signal on the correct working mechanic-driver of this problem.In the process of working out exercises on the driving simulator with an installed device simulation, the instructor can send commands to the device simulation several times, depending on the route, demonstrated educational film. This in turn will contribute to the development of certain skills with system gap when driving in poor visibility conditions. 1. The driving simulator containing the cab, frame, controls movement, the right arm which is mounted button hydropneumatically fact, which is provided with a simulated low visibility, electrically connected with the button hydropneumatic and with control of the instructor, the device simulate low visibility is installed on the stove with the opportunity of placing before the surveillance device driver on command from a remote instructor.2. The driving simulator under item 1, characterized in that the device is simulated low visibility includes motor, block, limit switches, master and slave pulleys connected by a thread, frame, made in the form of a frame with the inserted organic glass, lever, voltage Converter, containing step-down transformer, rectifier bridge and a time relay.
FIELD: measuring engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.
10 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.
EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.
SUBSTANCE: simulator has a system of onboard equipment, a simulator configurator and an instructor unit, data base unit, vehicle system simulation unit, vehicle behaviour simulation unit, training task controller and vision aids, all interconnected through a router. The simulator also has a manual control unit, an environment dynamic simulation unit, a tactical situation simulation unit and a module for adjusting visual models. The vision aids are made in form of a set of visual model units depending on the number of students, each consisting of a certain set of models for visual presentation of a fixed field of view and modules for producing visual presentation of the fixed field of view.
EFFECT: possibility of creating a visual environment for each student, equivalent to the real environment and created taking into account a specific task and position of the student on the simulator which is an imitation of the student's real position on a ship.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to area of training and entertainment. Game manipulators with elements of vehicle control, including steering wheel and pedals, are connected to personal computer. System of compressed air supply control for development of counter-current flow of air is connected to analogue-digital converter and comprises compressor or fan. Analogue-digital converter controls change of compressor or fan drive electric motor rotation frequency, and compressor or fan may inject air along a system of pipelines into reverses and change speed of movement of air, outgoing from electromagnet valves. Reverses are arranged at the front and at the sides relative to driver. Change of air motion speed is carried out depending on change of vehicle motion speed, which is done by acting at control elements. Analogue-digital converter also controls opening and closing of receiver electromagnet valves as vehicle motion direction changes depending on position of steering wheel.
EFFECT: invention provides for a fuller transfusion of actual vehicle driver feelings to a person, when imitating motion of this vehicle.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: according to the method, a coating with a circular shape formed on at least one test area is periodically rolled by wheels. The area comprises the following units - a stand with at least one pair of radially directed structures, kinematically linked with a propulsion device, which functionally form a dynamic system, a stand control centre lying in the central part of the area of a base platform on which there is drive installation, commutatively linked to the control centre and kinematically linked to the propulsion device of the working structures. The propulsion device is structurally and technically adapted to ensure rotational motion of said structures. Each structure of the stand includes a dynamic unit fitted with a cowling and a wheel, placed with possibility of dynamic action on the coating during its rolling, and a basic unit adapted to kinematically communicate with the dynamic unit and the propulsion device. The dynamic unit used is the front suspension of a vehicle. The kinematic connection of each basic unit of working structures of the stand with the dynamic unit is provided through an additional removable unit, and with the propulsion device - through hinges. The basic and additional units of the working structures are fitted with cowlings. The stand is fitted with apparatus for smooth braking and acceleration. The weight of all of the said links of each working structure, including cowlings, is selected based on the condition of ensuring the value of the dynamic load on the side of the wheel of the dynamic unit on the road surface which is similar to the load value provided by the wheel of the vehicle in real conditions. Structural modifications and versions are disclosed.
EFFECT: high accuracy of investigation results and high efficiency.
28 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: gaming armchair contains a framework connected to a seat, a panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type, and a backbone for a game pad of a steering wheel type. Gaming armchair is made collapsible. The framework consists of two frames pivotally mounted on the front of the seat so that, when chair is folded, the seat is located between the frames, which are the backbone of the armchair, and when chair is unfolded, the frames are located in front of the seat and form the backbone of the front of the seat. On the back of the seat a height adjustable support leg is fixed. The backbone for the game pad of a steering wheel type is hinged on one pair of angular frame sections located opposite each other, and the panel for a game pad of a foot pedal type is placed on the other pair. The pairs of angular sections of frames in the unfolded position of the armchair are located on the side of the frame more remote from the seat.
EFFECT: ability of quick and easy transfer of seat from the working position to the storage position.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Motion assembly that produces pitch and roll motions includes lower and upper plates. Pivotable coupling having upper and lower shafts extending from its centre is coupled between upper and lower plates. At least two linear actuators are coupled between plates. Extension and retraction of actuators pivots upper plate about pivotable coupling relative to lower plate. Vehicle includes two steerable propulsion wheels coupled to a chassis. Lower plate of a pitch and roll assembly, similar to that just described, couples to chassis via a slew bearing. Seating is coupled to upper plate. Seating rotates with respect to chassis via controlled rotation of slew bearing with reference to chassis. Seating can be rotated to point in any direction with respect to chassis regardless of direction steerable propulsion wheels move chassis.
EFFECT: higher reliability and improved functional capabilities of vehicle.
22 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of machine control training. Machine control reference created training record motions by means of systems of reference recording movements moved controls machine together with body part of student, who participates in control, providing repetition of movements, trainee is informed about errors in control in certain manner or prompted further action, editing reference recording to eliminate inaccuracies, recorded actions of trainee to control system for further analysis.
EFFECT: exclusion of training operator from training process.
SUBSTANCE: simulator for technical training of railway transport workers comprises instructor workplace equipment and trainees' workplace equipment. Instructor workplace equipment is made in the form of a single frame module with three liquid crystal displays installed in it, an acoustic warning system and control elements for inputting corresponding control commands and a program control module. The program control module contains an information processing unit, a program module of the instructor and a program module for controlling the workplaces of the trainees. The program control module is made with the possibility of two-way communication with the server of the train simulator to control a simulated scenario, as well as with the possibility of two-way communication and control of the workplaces of the trainees which contain program modules. Each workplace is assigned a unique identification number which is transmitted to the program module by the program module of each active workplace during activation of training scenarios to control the workplaces of the trainees to identify pluggable workplaces of the trainees and the correct separation of data flow between them. Data transmission and communication between the program modules of the workplaces of the trainees is carried out by the program module of the instructor's workplace and the server of the train simulator using the UDP protocol.
EFFECT: expanded functionality of the simulator.
6 cl, 2 dwg