Mechanical spring motor for energy

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to transport and power engineering and can be used to drive vehicles, electric generators, small power. The technical effect is providing constant energy transfer rotation to the consumer by controlling the time of operation of the drive spring when it is swinging. The main difference between the design according to the invention is that the mechanical spring motor in addition to the drive coil springs introduced torsional spring, breaker, reversible overrunning clutch forming a single mechanism to increase the operating cycle of a coiled spring and to maintain the constant transfer of energy to the consumer. The invention can be used, for example, as a motor for the electric vehicle by connecting to the generator motor as a drive for clockwork and electric models and toys, as a portable power source of constant power. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

The invention relates to transport and power engineering and can be used on the drives of the transport medium spans the PA, used for energy storage and transfer this energy to the consumer (H. M. Axelrod. Designing clocks and clock systems, L & d, engineering, 1981, S. 35-36).

Known battery of mechanical energy, containing the shaft multiturn helical spring placed in the drum, one end of the spring associated with the shaft, the other end of the spring attached to the drum, and the spring is made in the form of multi-layer rubber ribbon. When braking the vehicle, the driver connects to the brake shaft, which rotates, twists the spring relative to the drum, thereby converting the kinetic energy of the vehicle into potential energy of the spring (RF Patent N 2046226, IPC F 16 H 33/06, publ. 20.10.95 year).

The disadvantage of this design is the lack of regulatory functions uniformity of rotation of the drum, which prevents the possibility of obtaining energy constant power.

Known spring motor inertia type used to drive a toy car. The engine includes a flywheel, placed freely on the axle and connected with it by a spring, the stopper of the flywheel in the form of its stars, interacting with installations is on the axis, and a pawl mounted on the housing. The plunger has a tooth to interact with the asterisk and the protrusion is placed with the opportunity to interact with an elastic element pawl to enable the stopper and dogs in the mode of the factory springs (Patent RF N 1806292, IPC F 03 G 1/02, 3/08, publ. 30.03.93).

The disadvantage of this device is the lack of control over the unwinding of the spring (per unit time): since this engine is designed for use in the toy model vehicles, it does not provide a function and structural elements, allowing you to transfer rotational energy consumers uniformly; in this design used a well-known principle of samorazrusheniya tensile springs for energy during the working cycle.

Known charge and discharge the battery energy of a spring type having a device for energy storage used for actuators, such as actuators vehicles, with the spring and the output gear. The energy accumulator includes a guide cylinder in which the spiral spring. One end of the spring rests relative to its end, and the other provided with means, which converts lineing spring, which is subjected to elastic deformation. Rotational movement is transmitted to the output through the drive shaft in the form of energy nature (Application Germany N 19516148, IPC F 03 G 1/00 DE, publ. 1998).

The disadvantage of this design is the lack of regulatory uniformity of energy transfer rotation to the consumer - this design does not allow you to use it to drive a generator to produce energy (electricity). Fickle per unit of time unwinding of the spring leads to the fact that with the help of such tools it is impossible to get the energy constant power.

This constructive solution is the closest to the claimed object on the objectives and the tasks to be fulfilled and accepted by us as a prototype of the proposed object.

The purpose of this invention is the provision of constant energy transfer rotation to the consumer by controlling the time of operation of the drive spring when it is swinging.

This objective is achieved in that a mechanical spring motor for energy, consisting of a body, a spring mechanism with a drive from an external source, gear system with overrunning the hard drive roll spring and torsion spring, working and idle drums, ratchet mechanism - breaker, reversible overrunning clutch with the yoke and the yoke, drive shaft, shaft breaker, the intermediate shaft, the gear with the roller stops, the gear torsion springs, gear with overrunning clutch forward and reverse, and drive coil spring and torsion spring joint kinematic relationship in a spring-loaded mechanism, a coil spring provided with a lock and posted at idle and working reel - wound on one side blank the drum, the opposite party in the working drum, and stops mounted on the motor housing, fix it in the end positions; ratchet mechanism - breaker consisting of a ratchet wheel fixed on the shaft of the breaker, the spring-loaded dogs with roller; a gear with roller stop engages with the gear torsion springs mounted on the intermediate shaft, and a torsional spring mounted on mounted in the motor housing intermediate shaft with a fixed upper coil torsion springs, the lower coil of the torsion spring is attached to the housing; on the intermediate shaft mounted gear with overrunning clutch forward and reverse rotation for consistent pered or more spaced evenly around the circumference of the teeth with elongated upper inclined surfaces and radial sinuses in the lower part of each tooth, spring-loaded pawl ratchet wheel provided with a rotating roller, and the radial penetration of the sinus is performed with depth, the approximate size of the radius of the roller dogs, while the lower side of the dogs made with gentle slope, the length of which is less than the length of the step of teeth, and a spring-loaded dog made in the form of an arc with a radius described from the center of the shaft ratchet wheel.

Reversible overrunning clutch mounted on the shaft of the circuit breaker and installed inside the gear with the roller stops with the possibility of free rotation on the shaft of the circuit breaker; in the cage made nests trapezoidal shape with their spring-loaded balls with the possibility of jamming/wedging ring and pinion with roller stops. Cross placed above the cage and freely rotating on the shaft of the circuit breaker, provided with hinges, loose ends are pressed against the spring-loaded balls and the tabs in the radial sinuses of the teeth of the ratchet wheel.

The distance between the roller stops and the center shaft of the breaker is selected equal to the average radius of the arc of the dogs, and the height of the roller emphasis is made on the condition that when the interaction roller stops with the dog NSS spring, raskruchivayas, rotates the shaft breaker, ratchet, reversible overrunning clutch roller gear freewheel forward rotation, the intermediate shaft and the shaft of the consumer, overcoming the force of the torsion spring, and the roller pawl ratchet wheel, moving on the surface of the tooth ratchet wheel, rests in the bosom of the tooth ratchet wheel, suspending further unwinding of the coil spring. The roller pawl ratchets Kohler, clicking on the ledge crosses reversible overrunning clutch, rasklinivanie ring and pinion with roller stops, and the torsional spring, raskruchivayas, through its gear rotates the gear with the roller stops pressing on the lower surface of the dog, lifts the roller dogs over the tooth ratchet wheel; at the same time the torsion spring through the intermediate shaft rotates gear with overrunning clutch reverse rotation shaft of the consumer. When the roller pawl from engagement with the tooth ratchet wheel resumes the unwinding of the coil spring, the cycle is repeated after turning the ratchet wheel to lock the roller dogs and next in order the sinus tooth, and further, to complete the unwinding coil springs.

In Fig. 1 shows a diagram of the General form Mahoney spring (top view, side view).

In Fig. 3 shows a diagram of the interaction of gears with roller stops, gear torsion springs and the intermediate shaft (top view).

In Fig. 4 shows a ratchet wheel (top view, side view).

In Fig. 5 shows the dog ratchet wheel (side view and top view).

In Fig. 6 shows the gear with the roller stop, reversible overrunning clutch and ratchet wheel (top view, longitudinal section).

In Fig. 7 given the sequence diagram of the interaction of the prestressing drive coil springs and torsion springs.

Mechanical spring motor for energy (Fig. 1) consists of the drive coil springs 1 with a drive from an external source such as an electric motor 2, gear 3. In the compressed (opened) state coil spring 1 is now the latch 4, and stops 4A and 4B (Fig. 2, in Fig. 1 not shown) fixed coil spring in the extreme (deflated opened) state. The ends of the coil spring 1 is secured in position on the blank 5 and 6 working reels that are still installed on the blank 7 and 8 working shafts, drums installed on idle and operating shafts 7 and 8, and on the drum 5 coil spring nacre is overrunning clutch 9, associated with the gear shaft 10 of the circuit breaker 11. The shaft of the circuit breaker 11 is installed in the housing 12 and the bearing 13 (Fig. 1). On the shaft 11 attached reversible overrunning clutch 14 (Fig. 6) and ratchet mechanism - breaker consisting of a ratchet wheel 15, the spring-loaded pawl 16 mounted on the axis 17 in the housing 12. The upper surface of the ratchet wheel 15 is made with the teeth 18 (Fig. 4) with elongated upper inclined surfaces 19 and radial sinus 20 in the lower part of each tooth. The teeth 18 are evenly disposed around the circumference of the ratchet wheel 15, and the number of teeth does not exceed two. A spring-loaded dog 16 ratchet wheel 15 is pressed toward the ratchet wheel by a spring 21 (Fig. 1, 5). The free end of the pawl 16 in the form of an arc with a radius that provides clearance with the ratchet wheel 15, and in the lower part of the pawl 16 of the ratchet wheel 15 posted by roller 22, and the radial sinus 20 teeth 18 is made on the radius of the roller 22, and the radial depth of the sinus 20 should be such that the roller 22 is securely recorded it and prevented spontaneous rolling roller 22 on the teeth 18 (Fig. 4).

The lower part of the pawl 16 is made with gentle slope, the length of which is less than the pitch of the teeth 18. Reversible overrunning clutch 14 of the situation of eudaley form with installed spring-loaded balls 26, moreover, the shape of the slots 25 allows you to jam/rasklinivat balls 26. One side of the balls 26 are pressed against the cage 24 and the other to the gear 23. Above the clip 24 on the shaft 11 is installed crossbar 27 for rotation relative to the shaft 11. On the crossbar 27 is installed hinge lugs 28, the number equal to the number of balls 26. One end of each of the lugs 28 hinged to the cross-piece 27, and the other end rests against a spring-loaded ball 26 for wedging and release gear 23. The crossbar 27 is made with the tabs 29, the upper part of which is placed in the slot radial sinus 20 18 tooth, leaving the nest at the stroke of the projection 29 (Fig. 3, 6). The gear 23 has a roller stop 30, the mutual position along the height of the roller stop 30 and the lower surface of the arc pawl 16 ratchet wheel 15 must be such that during the rotation of the gear 23 roller stop 30 by pressing on the lower inclined surface of the arc pawl 16, lifted the roller 22 at the height of the tooth 18 and thereby renewed the rotation shaft of the circuit breaker 11, and after passing the roller stops 30 under the dog 16 last fell under the influence of spring 21 and the roller 22 by logging into your bosom 20 tooth 18, stopping the rotation of the shaft 11. The gear 23 is of rhny spiral torsion springs 32 attached to the intermediate shaft 33, and the last one to still stop 34 in the housing 12 on the bearing 35.

On the shaft 33 (Fig. 1) installed overrunning clutch with the gear forward rotation 36 (transmits rotation from the coil spring and the gear 37 reverse rotation (transmits rotation from the torsion springs). The overrunning clutch forward rotation 36 is connected with the gear 38 of the input shaft 39 of the gear 40. On the output shaft 43 of the gear 40 mounted flywheel 44 and through an elastic coupling 45 of the shaft 43 of the gear 40 is coaxially connected to the shaft 46 customer 47.

The operating cycle begins with the original provisions of the prestressing drive coil springs 1. In the beginning of the loop coil spring 1 twisted at idle drum 5 with a force of Prul.1(force completely twisted coil spring) (Fig. 7) and is fixed against movement by the retainer 4, the gear with overrunning clutch 9 socotrana, the roller stops 30 lifts the spring-loaded pawl 16 over the top of one of the teeth 18 of the ratchet wheel 15.

Spring balls 26 overrunning clutch 14 in keystone jacks 25 of the holder 24 zakanchivaut reversible overrunning clutch 14 and the gear 23, the protrusions 29 of the spider 27 out of the cavities 20 of the teeth 18 of the ratchet wheel 15 and thecontrary. The torsional spring 32 predetermines energy) (Fig. 7). Gear 36 freewheel forward rotation socotrana, gear with overrunning clutch reverse rotation 37 raccontano. All parts of the mechanical spring motor are alone.

After release the lock 4 drive roll spring 1 is unwound by rotating in the forward direction: a working shaft 8, the gear with overrunning clutch 9, the shaft 11, the ratchet wheel 15, reversible overrunning clutch 14 with the gear 23, the gear 31 and the intermediate shaft attached thereto a spiral torsion springs 32, the gear freewheel forward rotation 36, gear 38, the input shaft 39, the output shaft 43 of the gear 40, the flywheel 44 and shaft 46 customer 47. Under the influence of spring 21 and the roller 22 moves along the elongated upper inclined surface 19 of the teeth 18 of the ratchet wheel 15 and until the roller 22 reaches the radial sinus 20 tooth 18.

The rotation of the gear 31, the torsion spring 32 is tightened on the calculated angle, and the force reaches a value of PCR.2(the maximum force of torsion of the torsion springs at the end of the tightening cycle) (Fig. 7).

When turning the ratchet wheel 15 and achievements roller 22 of the pawl 16 of the protrusion 29 of the spider 27 roller 22 presses the protrusion 29, turning the crossbar 27 macrocontrol gear 23; the teeth 18 of the ratchet wheel 15 in his bosom 20 abuts against the roller 22, the ratchet wheel 15 stops, and stops the unwinding of the drive coil springs 1.

Under the influence of untwisting the efforts of the torsion springs 32 of the intermediate shaft 33 rotates in the opposite direction, recontribute gear 23 with overrunning clutch 14, zakonchivaetsia gear with overrunning clutch backstop 37 and through the parasitic gear 41 and gear 42 of the input shaft 39 of the gear 40 continues to rotate the shaft 46 customer 47.

Under the influence of untwisting the efforts of the torsion springs 32 recontinue gear 23 with the roller stop 30 is rotated in the reverse direction, the roller stops 30 presses on the lower inclined surface of the arc spring-loaded pawl 16, raises it, the roller 22 disengages from the tooth 18, the unwinding of the drive coil springs resumes.

The torsional spring 32 with gears 23 and 31, the intermediate shaft 33 has a reciprocating rotational motion to the angle defined by the ratio of the gears 23, 31 and the number of teeth of the ratchet wheel 15, that is, when the transfer 1:1 and one tooth angle will be 360owhen two teeth -180o. At the end of the spring is innovo engine from the interaction of the coil spring 1 and the torsion spring 32 is repeated, drive roll spring 1 is gradually unwound up until her efforts (Prul.2) (Fig. 7) and the power of the engine will be enough for the consumer.

Upon completion of the unwinding of the drive coil springs new cycle of operation of the engine starts with the establishment of a coiled spring 1.

Use of invention: this invention can be used in the automotive industry, as a motor for electric vehicle, by connecting to the generator motor; the drive for clockwork and electric toys; as a portable Autonomous source of electric energy constant power consumption of electrical energy of a single economic entity.

1. Mechanical spring motor for energy, consisting of a body, a spring mechanism with a drive from an external source, the system timing chain and gear with overrunning clutch forward rotation, the output shaft for transmitting rotational motion to the consumer, characterized in that the mechanical spring motor entered previously hard drive roll spring and torsion spring, working and idle drums, ratchet mechanism-breaker, RS roller emphasis, gear torsion springs, gear with overrunning clutch forward and reverse, and drive coil spring and torsion spring joint kinematic relationship in a spring-loaded mechanism, a coil spring provided with a lock and posted at idle and working reel - wound on one side blank the drum, the opposite party in the working drum; ratchet mechanism-breaker consisting of a ratchet wheel fixed on the shaft of the breaker, the spring-loaded dogs with roller; a gear with roller stop engages with the gear torsion springs mounted on the intermediate shaft, and a torsional spring mounted on mounted in the motor housing intermediate shaft with a fixed upper coil torsion springs, the lower coil torsion springs attached to the body; on the intermediate shaft mounted gear with overrunning clutch forward and reverse rotation for serial transmission of rotation to shaft the consumer.

2. Mechanical spring motor under item 1, characterized in that the upper surface of the ratchet wheel interrupter provided with one or more spaced evenly around the circumference of the teeth with elongated upper inclined pagina rotating roller, and the radial penetration of the sinus at a depth close in size to the radius of the roller dogs, while the underside of the dog is made with a slope, the length of which is less than the length of the step of teeth, and a spring-loaded dog made in the form of an arc with a radius described from the center of the shaft ratchet wheel.

3. Mechanical spring motor under item 12, characterized in that the reversible overrunning clutch mounted on the shaft of the circuit breaker and installed inside the gear with the roller stops with the possibility of free rotation on the shaft of the circuit breaker; in the cage made nests trapezoidal shape with their spring-loaded balls with the possibility of jamming/wedging ring and pinion with roller emphasis; cross, placed above the cage and freely rotating on the shaft of the circuit breaker, provided with hinges, loose ends are pressed against the spring-loaded balls and the tabs in the radial sinuses of the teeth of the ratchet wheel.

4. Mechanical spring motor PP.2 and 3, characterized in that the distance between the roller stops and the center shaft of the breaker is selected equal to the average radius of the arc of the dogs, and the height of the roller emphasis is made on the condition, CTEA.

5. Mechanical spring motor under item 1, characterized in that after release of the latch coil spring, raskruchivayas, rotates the shaft breaker, ratchet, reversible overrunning clutch roller gear freewheel forward rotation, the intermediate shaft and the shaft of the consumer, overcoming the force of the torsion spring, and the roller pawl ratchet wheel, moving on the surface of the tooth ratchet wheel, rests in the bosom of the tooth ratchet wheel, suspending further unwinding of the coil spring; a roller pawl ratchet wheel by clicking on the ledge crosses reversible overrunning clutch, rasklinivanie ring and pinion with roller stop and the torsional spring, raskruchivayas, through its gear rotates the gear with the roller stops pressing on the lower surface of the dog, lifts the roller dogs over the tooth ratchet wheel; at the same time the torsion spring through the intermediate shaft rotates gear with overrunning clutch reverse rotation shaft of the consumer; when the roller pawl from engagement with the tooth ratchet wheel resumes the unwinding of the coil spring, the cycle is repeated after turning the ratchet wheel to lock the roller dogs in the following order

 

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