The method of utilization of renewable energy sources (options) and module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The method of utilization of renewable sources and the module power plant is designed to convert the energy of wind waves reservoirs. Surface water components of collected hard surround frame in the form of identical modules, install the many floats in several rows along and perpendicular to the working shaft with couplings unilateral rotation on each float and floats associated with the couplings flexible connections. The secondary shaft gears of different modules connect the cardan transmission. The area of the plant parameters and the number of floats is determined by the derived formula based on design capacity. Use floats two best forms for two variants of the suspension on the two shoulders of the lever and the vertical portion closed after 4 pulley connection. On the frame place the wind turbines, solar energy converters, industrial and residential buildings. Recycled energy waves and wind in the form of mechanical energy of a rotating shaft through the clutch, transfer case, etc. is used to drive electric generators, pumps, vacuum distillation setup is investment destinations used for heating steam, charging batteries, as well as for the operation of the electrolyzer and hydrogen, it accumulate in tanks and used for the operation of the internal combustion engine to drive another generator with stabilization parameters using feedback. Pumps sea water is pumped into the tanks above sea level and is used for hydroelectricity on the principle of pumped storage plant. A power plant mounted on swivel pole, or on stilts, or on the pontoons, with the possibility of height adjustment of the armature relative to the water level, equip water wheels for maneuvering. The invention improves the efficiency and capacity with high reliability. 4 C. and 21 C.p. f-crystals, 14 ill.

Group of inventions relates to the "low energy", mainly to hydrowave, expansion, development and improvement of technical means and methods of effective use, i.e., "disposal or use of the benefit" (see Owls. day. dictionary. Ed. "Owls. day., M., 1980, S. 1403) environmentally friendly, renewable energy sources - marine and ocean waves, wind and sun.

Known methods of using these sources using veraar, the HP 290-53, 1994). The disadvantages of wind power plants include their noise, low power, and instability, solar installations occupy a large area and also unstable. Wave setup compares favorably to those that do not occupy expensive pieces of land in densely populated areas, while at sea. However, after analyzing more than 1000 patents and copyright certificates on inventions on this topic, it can be concluded that the energy of the waves in these projects use irrational, spending her not only to perform useful work, but also to work on lifting the weight of the floats themselves. These losses are significant in evaluating the profitability when you want to get more power of the order of megawatts and installation should take a square of order ha and then one of the main question is of metal construction. Significant loss and scattering of wave energy on the submerged part of the piers and floats, and at the same production cost output power will be higher if the scattering is smaller. Implementation of known projects of wave power plants and, especially, bringing their facilities up to megawatts, is marginal due to nascimiento installation works or because of the need to use expensive boats, and due to the low reliability due to excessive complexity and many moving parts. So up to the present time wave setup was not included in the category of practically used, and worldwide there are only a few prototypes.

The closest analogue (prototype) all variants of the "way" of a group of inventions is U.S. patent N 4495424, 1985, CL 290-53, (F 03 B 13/12) - "Plant for Utilization of Wind and Waves". Although the object of this patent is a device description can be summarized very promising ideas, containing signs of "way", the use of floating platforms with wind and wave power installations for utilization of wind and waves for a number of industrial purposes, such as desalination of sea water, as well as for the production and storage of hydrogen, in particular for the supply of engines operating on hydrogen. The emphasis is on original wind power, and wave setup described here has the disadvantages listed above. So, it is suggested to use floats on the pendulum levers to drive hydraulic pumps for rotation of the hydrogenerator - here and complicated long line for sea water, and many piston pumps for each horns pleasure already due to the necessity of manufacturing corrosion resistant highways and a variety of pumps for sea water, not to mention the cost of the vessel type tanker.

Analogues devices used in all of the claimed invention group, it is possible to recognize the French patent N 2339071, 1977, CL F 03 B 13/12, RF patent N 2049927, 1995, CL F 03 B 13/18 and ed. St. USSR N 1596125, 1990, CL F 03 B 13/12. In the first embodiment stated "the way" in the particular case of using a device similar to that described in the ed. St. USSR N 1617182, 1990, CL F 03 B 13/12. In common with the claimed are such features as the presence of piers, floats, flexible connections, shafts PTO with clutch one-way rotation. The closest analogue (prototype) of the claimed device can be considered a U.S. patent N 3911287, 1975, CL 290-53 (F 03 B 13/12). The disadvantages of the prototype and analogs can be attributed to the use of heavy floaters, because to do work when the recession wave is the weight of the float. In addition, overly complex design of the suspension floats and relationships complicates the use of dozens of floats on the site of a large square with a gear on one shaft, which is necessary for substantial capacity. These solutions also cannot be considered cost-effective and able to solve serious problems of energy supply - this metal complex kinematics, and use, in SS="ptx2">

THE ESSENCE OF THE INVENTION.

The task of this group of inventions is getting energy from renewable sources, primarily from sea waves, increase efficiency and capacity, to megawatts, and reliability of wave power plants, and also the creation on the basis of their simple and inexpensive prefabricated modular power plants using, as an extra, and solar energy and wind and creation on this basis of various industries and residential complexes, using not only electricity, but also the mechanical energy of a rotating shaft.

General technical result in all variants of the inventions of this group, to the extent of their independent points is obtaining useful energy from the sea or ocean waves, i.e., disposal (application to use) their energy, which is converted into energy of rotation of the output shaft of the power plant, consisting of identical modules. Thus, according to the author, is a higher efficiency in comparison with analogues, and useful power that can be taken from the specified shaft for disposal on the consumer, can make megawatts and it has industrial value. Thus, the invention in wave setup with suspension float on the two shoulders of the lever;

Fig. 2 - node setup with a connection through the block;

Fig. 3 is the side view of the installation with the suspension of several floats on two shoulders arms in the form of a segment of the pulley;

Fig. 4 is a top view of the installation according to Fig. 3 with floats in several rows (shows 2 rows);

Fig. 5 is a side view of the wave setup with suspension floats on closed connections;

Fig. 6 is a top view of the installation according to Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a side view of the coastal option mounting location with pendant floats on two shoulders levers;

Fig. 8 is a top view of the installation according to Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a side view of the floating installation with suspension floats on two shoulders levers;

Fig. 10 is a diagram of the plant with the options of its structure and different ways of utilization of wave energy and wind energy.

Fig. 11 is a side view of the float of the most effective forms for the installation shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 12 - clutch one-way rotation shaft type ratcheting mechanism, securing the connection on the drum;

Fig. 13 - toothed wheels of steel on the shaft of square section, rotating in bearings in a pair of rings;

Fig. 14 - desalination destillationstechnik signs, group of inventions-variants of the proposed method of disposal, renewable energy sources, as well as the requested device is to convert the energy of the sea and ocean waves, as the main source, with many floats 1 (Fig. 1 - 9) installed in the module (i.e., identical) cells are transparent to the passage of waves hard volumetric power frame, flexible connections 2, in special cases, steel or nylon ropes or chains and couplings 14 one-way rotation with the reel 13, the energy of the low-speed, 500 rpm, the rotating shaft 3 of the PTO and then in connection to this shaft through gearing 4, containing mechanisms, clutch, transfer case, transmission and adapter, various energy consumers, uses for its operation torque of the shaft. Each float 1 has its own clutch 14, one or more of which, in particular cases, draw with the help of pins in the package. As consumers use the generators 5, various pumps, desalination plants based on them, such as vacuum distillation and reverse osmosis plant with high-pressure pumps 50-15 the surface water area of 1-100 ha and more establish and wind turbines, and solar energy converters, which complement each other and they are used depending on weather conditions. To obtain the total capacity from several modules power station, in particular cases using cardan transmission, or by using couplings, connect the secondary shaft 55 (or shafts of the third and following stages gears), driven from the shaft 3 PTO different modules. This allows to reduce the intensity of the installation.

The plant, set on the shores of the hinge support 47 (Fig. 7), either on stilts or have afloat with unsinkable pontoon 6 and 48 (Fig. 9), the minimum size of the frame of the plant, in order to avoid tipping and Bay wave, must be the length and width of not less than 3 and a height of not less than 1.1 times the maximum height of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the operation. The pontoons 6 and 48 are made of an elongated shape, for example of steel pipes with welded ends, they have either in a horizontal position under water at a depth of 0.1 - 10 m, or in a vertical position, with adjustable partial immersion. The latter is immersed by the force of the impact to the OSC water level. Then the vertical pontoons 6 is fixed relative to the frame, with lock, because it is a very important site. In particular, the vertical pontoons 6 make a composite of the cylinders of different diameter is small compared with the sizes of floats 1) in the surface water layer of thickness of 1-10 m, and a large diameter at a greater depth (Fig. 9). This form of pontoons 6, as the supporting part of the frame, is preferable to increase the transparency of the frame for passing waves, i.e. to reduce their impact on the waves, causing loss and scattering their energy. This is the most optimal, because the support frame without pontoons 6 and 48 although more advantageous from the viewpoint of reducing energy losses, but it is hardly possible (except with the help of balloons, or airships, but it's too difficult to implement due to wind loads). Horizontal pontoons 48 is placed under water at depths of 1-10 m using racks, and the total displacement make them equal up to 50% of the sum of the weights and their platforms. The position of the waterline regulate by filling the ballast tanks with water on the platform.

To prevent flooding of the installation due to holes and leaks, in particular cases, the inner about the Tethyan materials, for example, foams or foams. The total amount of all pontoons 6 and 48, in cubic meters, do 1.1-5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons, and the pontoons 6 spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves lapping on the floats 1, and the distance between the vertical pontoons 6 in the upper water layer of thickness of 1-10 m stand in 3-5000 times larger transverse size. The sum of all the floats 1, in cubic meters, make equal to 0.5 to 3.0 from the total weight, in tons, of the whole platform with equipment and people. Floating power plant can be a so-called floating Islands with industrial and residential buildings, they are equipped with anchors with winches and water wheels, for example at the periphery of the frame of the platform, for moving and maneuvering, driven by its own shaft 3 PTO.

Due to the variability of the intensities of the waves, wind, or solar radiation, there is a problem of stabilization of the output parameters of the power station. To do this, get stock of the intermediate product with the potential energy, and then using the appropriate engine result in rotation of the generator, the frequency brasenia product to supply power to the motor. This product can be, for example, hydrogen, which is produced using electrolysis cells after the initial conversion of energy of a rotating shaft into electrical energy with unstable parameters unsuitable for ordinary consumers, but suitable for electrolytic cells. In the particular case of primary energy was produced using the high-frequency generator 5 as it rotates with the speed 7000-25000 rpm using Overdrive gear box and is used for induction heat water and produce steam high pressure steam boiler. In other cases this energy source is compressed air, which is pumped by the pumps in the pressure vessel or the water in the reservoir was built at a height of, for example, more than 10 m above sea level, which is injected into the reservoir from the sea by pumps. This energy will then use to drive the steam, gas and hydraulic turbines, respectively, with stabilization of the output parameters by regulating the supply of energy to the turbine blades with unit feedback. You can get other high-grade energy, such as calcium carbide, to obtain then acetylene.

Savlon what about be described as follows: on a support in the form of a rigid surround power frame, transparent for waves above the water surface mounted shaft 3 PTO, clutch 14 one-way rotation, lots of floats 1 on the lower shoulders of the two shoulders of the levers, and the length of the shoulders is not less than the maximum of the wave amplitude characteristic of the operating conditions. The second shoulder 40 is attached a flexible connection 2, the envelope several times the drum 13 on the clutch 14 unilateral rotation shaft 3 of the power take-off (Fig. 12), with the following piece of turns around the drum 13, the link 2 is fixed on the drum 13, and to the free end of the link 2 the suspended load 12 tension. The weight 12 is chosen empirically minimum, but so that when lowered the float 1 and the absence of tension connection 2 from the side of the lever 40 with the float 1, the torque of the load 12 was sufficient to overcome the internal resistance (friction) clutch 14 and its rotation relative to the shaft 3 to the direction of action of the load 12. The term "module" should be borne in mind that the design of the plant is made in the form of the model, joined with each other blocks, which can be either one-piece, welded steel rolling and folding of the model components. The indication that the power plant is a megawatt of power, given to vierteln to provide the power of the order of megawatts. Special cases of the execution of the device described above, and hereinafter when describing all inventions of the group.

One of the most significant groups of the distinctive features of all variants of the method and device is that the own weight of the floats 1 balance of goods balances in the suspension systems of floats: either balanced loads two shoulders 7 of the lever with the float 1 (Fig. 1-4; 7-9), or with the help of cargo 8, which is attached to the closed flexible connection 2 (Fig. 5-6), thrown over 4 pulley 21 mounted in the corners of an imaginary rectangle type ABCD, your for each of the drums 13 and clutch 14 on the shaft 3.

After Assembly of the plant regulate, in the absence of waves, the depth of immersion of the float 1 in the range of 0.0001-0.5 of the volume, this is done by using these goods, but balancing floats 1, empirically, make partial to the floats 1 are not hung at the top, and fell after the recession of the waves under the action of a preponderance of 0.1-100 s Trim is also convenient for maintenance and repair, because it allows manually, for example using mount or scrap, to stop massive floats 1, by volume, for example, up to 10-30 cubic meters, in the higher points of the amplitude colemanite cargo 12 tension connection 2 in the scheme of the suspension, is depicted in Fig. 1-4; and Fig. 7-9, either by fixing in the lower points of the amplitude of goods 8 when the installation is shown in Fig. 5-6.

In special cases stated and options methods, and devices to accelerate the lowering of the floats 1 to the lower part they are attached to the container 9 with holes 10, and the flexible elements 11 in the form of loose water absorbent materials, such as ropes, threads, sponges (Fig. 11) - when the floats 1 in the water, their weight and a quenching effect on the wave is almost imperceptible, and lifting the floats 1 above the water they weigh enough to quickly lower the float 1 in the water. When submerged floats 1 the container 9 is filled with water and when raising floats above the water emptied through holes 10 for 1-100 with that helps in the lowering of the floats 1 followed by a descending wave.

The essential feature of all claimed inventions is that useful work transform the resultant set of Archimedean buoyancy vultures FAand drag forces hydrodynamic thrust Fhacting on the floats by waves (see Fig. 1-3). These forces can be in the tens of tons and they are, obviously, much is, compared with the work done by lowering the floats 1, the obvious (you can, of course, to do the heavy floats 1, but they will be up wave is very weak).

Another important group of essential distinctive features common to all of the inventions of the group is to simplify the kinematics and increased reliability through the use of drum 13 on the clutch 14 one-way rotation to the fixing contact 2 at the midpoint 15 (e.g., using screws) after part turns her around the drum 13 (Fig. 12). As a one-way clutch rotation is the most convenient to use the clutch 14 with the ratchet, and the number of dogs 16, the dimensions and their respective teeth 17 should provide a margin of safety corresponding to the tension of the flexible links 2 to values of the order of tens of tons. In practice, the threshold strengths should be, in tons, less than half of the values of the volume of the respective floats 1, in cubic meters. Power clutch 14 with rapovymi mechanisms and reel 13 mounted on the shaft 3 of the PTO on the slots 18 or rectangular planting in the case of a shaft of rectangular cross-section, tightly one to another, so that their number one linear meter of the shaft as possible - the mi. Accordingly, one metre shaft 3 PTO "collect" at the same time the pulse forces from 10-15 floats 1, which are positioned along the shaft 3, in several rows, with one or both sides of the shaft 3, and in one or several rows, perpendicular to the shaft 3, or at an angle thereto (Fig. 3-9). As a result, acting "haphazardly", asynchronously, a lot of emulsol from tens and hundreds of floats merge into one continuous torque shaft 3 of the PTO, any theoretically, a given power. The power shaft 3 PTO, as well as rotating shafts of floats 1 on the two shoulders of the levers rotate in the bearings 19 of the sliding or rolling. For a more uniform rotation of the shaft 3 is applied to the flywheel 44. A gear wheel 43 make possible a larger diameter, for example, 2-6 meters and more. Because such large gears can be made only on a single heavy machinery factories, they are very expensive and difficult to transport, and these led them wheels can be made on the spot, for example, by welding of metal, with teeth 51 (Fig. 13) can be made from lengths of steel rods or cylinders with a diameter of 10 mm to 100 mm, which is coaxially welded to the wheel rim (from rod square CLASS="ptx2">

In some cases, of the amplitude of the movement of floats 1 limit stops using springs and rubber. In special cases declared variants of the method and device use special, the most optimal form of floats, which together should take the largest possible part, really 0,1-0,9, the surface of the water consumption of the power plant. The calculation shows that to achieve the greatest efficiency should do a flat bottom surface floats 1, which in the absence of waves should be parallel to the surface of the water and dive float minimum. Use floats 1 height from 0.1 to 2 typical operating conditions of units of the height of the waves.

So, in special cases the use floats 1 has a cylindrical shape with a horizontal generatrix (Fig. 3-4). Floats 1 is installed on one of the two shoulders shoulders of the lever 40, the lever 40 with floats balance with cargo 7, a flexible connection 2 hook over the other shoulder 40 of the lever, to the end of the link 2 after wrapping it around the drum 13 is suspended cargo 12 for pulling her with slack less than 0.005-0.5 m the Number of revolutions of communication around the drum 13 before and after the point of fixing it so choose, the length of the wound due 2 to the point of fastening of b is 12 pick up sufficient to overcome the internal resistance of the friction clutch 14 on the shaft 3 and ensure its rotation relative to the shaft 3 in the direction of the torque action of the forces exerted by the cargo 12, when the recession wave moment of force from the lever 40 with the float 1 is close to zero. The load 12 is placed, for example on the guide 45, which may be either hollow pipe (cargo inside it), or rail or any pipe if the goods covers the guide and slides freely on it. The levers 40 with floats 1 is installed rotatably in a vertical plane in coaxial bearings 19 mounted on the frame (Fig. 1-4, the frame is not shown), and in the absence of waves bearings 19 are located above the water surface, the axis of rotation OO lever 40 is parallel to the shaft 3 and is at a distance of 0.1 to 8 meters from the water surface at the respective sizes of floats 1.

Forming a cylinder float 1 parallel to the axis of rotation of the lever OO, and perpendicular to this axis, the cross section of the float is shaped cut in the lower part of the circular sector (Fig. 1), bounded on one side, in the absence of waves, vertical, up to 30 degrees, the plane perpendicular to the line trim. This side of the float is provided with a lip 42 in the form of a bucket or scoop shovels and floats 1 Orient the working party bucket/shovel to the front of the rolling waves. Floats of this form are particularly the water and establish such so the bottom line bleed sectors of the cross-section of the float was horizontal up to 30 degrees.

Along one shaft place an arbitrary number of floats in 3 or more rows, and the point of engagement of the connection 2 to the arm 40 of the float 1 is done in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the shaft 3 and crossing corresponds to this connection, the drum 13 on the clutch 14, which this relationship around 2.

In the particular case, the second shoulder, two shoulders 40 of the lever opposite to the float 1, made in the form of a segment 41 (Fig. 3) coaxial with the lever 40 of the pulley, flexible coupling 2 bypass it and this link 2 is rigidly fixed, for example at the farthest point of the segment with respect to the shaft 3, i.e., the leftmost point in Fig. 3.

In another particular case, the flexible connection of 2 float 1 with the shaft 3 PTO make closed, in the shape of a rectangle ABCD (Fig. 5-6), the plane of which is perpendicular to the shaft 3, and in the corners of the rectangle ABCD are the pulleys 21 mounted on the frame (these figures not shown), and the sides of the rectangle vertical and one of them is attached to the float 1, and attach to the opposite load 8 of the counterweight. The shaft 3 are placed above the water level at the upper gorizontalnij part of the float 1 fasten balneotherapy skirt 9 in the form of a lateral surface of a truncated cone with a vertical axis of rotation, adjacent to the base of the float and extending up having apertures 10 in the shell above the line of touch to the base. This form of skirt 9 creates at clash of waves additional lifting force as a component of the force of hydrodynamic pressure. The upper part of the skirt with holes 10 forms a reservoir of the type of colander, which contributes to the lowering of the float after the recession wave. The weight of the counterweight 8 are selected so that in the absence of waves flat base of the float 1 was immersed by 0.001-0.02 m, although valid and more immersion, but then the efficiency will be lower. The lower pulleys 21 links 2 are under water, and the distance from the upper and lower pulleys 21 to the surface of the water in the absence of waves do the same and not less than half the maximum of the wave amplitude characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation.

It should be noted also that the link 2 in the case of the lever of a suspension system of the float 1 (Fig. 1-4) may be performed not necessarily from a single piece of rope or chain. This link 2 can be complex and it is even more cost-effective, namely: on the float 1 to the point of fastening on the drum 13, the link 2 may be made of a thick rope with a diameter of, for example, 16-50 mm and then a thick rope can the m which is fixed on the drum 13 irrespective of thick rope. The fact that the buoyancy force acting on the floats 1, can be tons and dozens of tons, and the weight of the cargo 12 tension connection 2 is, for example, only 20-200 kg. Therefore, the use of communication 2 of cables of different diameters allows to reduce the width of the drums 13 and thereby increase the number of couplings 14 on the shaft 3 of PTO per unit of its length, and, therefore, increase the number of floats and to increase the received power on the shaft 3.

Similarly, in the case of a closed connection, the last 2 can also be made of composite: a thick power cable is carried out from the float 1 to the shaft 3 through the cdbs and the subtle from the float 1 to the shaft 3 through the block A (Fig. 6).

The main feature common to all inventions groups is the presence of a valuation formula, allowing for the design and development of wave energy power plants to evaluate the maximum achievable capacity, depending on the area occupied by the power plant, and the number and sizes of floats 1, the choice of which do depending on the height and length of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation in accordance with the expression:
the location area of the cross sections of floats 1 the surface of calm water;

is water density;

g1- acceleration of free fall;

h - wave height;

T is the wave period;

S is a sectional area of one float 1 surface water in the absence of waves;

n - the number of floats 1 if they are the same size.

The dimensions of the cross sections of floats 1 surface calm waters make no more than 0.1 to 0.25 of the length of the waves and the height of the floats 1 are doing within 0.1 to 2.0 from the height of the waves.

Another group of characteristics common to a whole group of inventions is the fact that the frame of the plant are harvested from the elements, made using metal, preferably with the use of steel tubing of rectangular cross-section with a side of 0.04 - 0.5 m, although it is possible to use pipes with a diameter up to 2 m This allows manufacturing of the frame elements, for example in the factory and then transport model components and assemble the plant directly in the places of alleged exploitation by simple connection elements by means of bolts and nuts. This technology significantly reduces the cost of installation. The ends of the pipes tightly brew, pipes perform a through hole, which is sealed warawut segments of a circular tube (the axis of the pipe is the person with the surface. So get the frame elements - beams, with positive buoyancy. For reliability, the internal volumes of the beams is filled porous synthetic materials such as foams or polyurethane foam through the holes with waterproof caps, plugs, which are cut in the pipe wall. Thus, the floating installation becomes unsinkable. Build it start directly on the water, first placing floating longitudinal pipe pontoons 48 (Fig. 9) and secure them with screws and nuts cross, also floating, beams, then install diagonal (not necessarily with positive buoyancy) horizontal frame elements, then the vertical posts 49, cementing their horizontal beams at different levels, and to secure the stiffness of the diagonal elements in vertical planes. Adding elements, the dimensions of the frame of the module in a horizontal plane, increasing from 1 to 3000 m and more, because any restrictions on the sizes, in addition to reasonable. The power plant may include from 1 to 10000 and more rigid surround frame modules or unit cells, which is the same) area of 20-5000 square meters and more, and in one module can be installed as the red modules with dimensions of floats 1 and the corresponding cells of the frame 2 to 20 m, depending on the height of the typical operating conditions of the waves.

The frame is set either on stilts or on the shore on concrete blocks hinges 46 and 47 with a horizontal axis of rotation above the water level (Fig. 7), or on floating piers, or hung on the ropes. In the case of the structures shown in Fig. 1-4 and 7-9, the floats 1 is installed, for example, with the help of cranes after installation of the respective horizontal beams. For floating installations, the height position of the frame relative to the water level adjust by partial immersion to the desired depth regulatory pontoons 6 (Fig. 9), which have the possibility of vertical movement in the guide and must be securely fixed with the lock. The position of the frame of the shore installation is controlled via cargo 45 (Fig. 7), the weight of which can be changed or cargo 45 can be moved on rails, changing the length of the shoulder; the position can also be adjusted using the vertical pontoons 6, not shown in this drawing, by analogy with Fig. 9. All setting options are available if necessary, equip deck 50 on poles 49, on which they place the wind turbines, solar energy converters, as well as production and W and protective casings; for security purposes, all the moving parts on all sides, including the bottom, closed with nylon or metal mesh or grills.

Materiality power frame due to the fact that the tension of the flexible links 2 can reach tens of tons, and when the density of the parallel links 2 from 10 to 15 pieces per meter length of the shaft 3 PTO force of the compression frame can reach hundreds of tons. The shaft 3 and its support bearings 19 are also very loaded with tension ties 2, so in high density make them unloading of the shaft 3 by either the installation of floats 1 on both sides of the shaft 3 equally divided, i.e., combine options, as shown in Fig. 1 and 2, or link 54 (Fig. 12) from the float through additional pulleys, one (for example, the pulley 20 in Fig. 2) or more. Otherwise, the shaft 3 must have too large a diameter, it will be too heavy and expensive. So, in total unilateral power by flexible links 2 of the order of 100 tons and the distance between the supporting bearings of the shaft equal to 2 m, the diameter of the solid shaft 3 of steel grade 40 shall be not less than 0.6 m Therefore, making the specified unloading shaft 3 substantially reduce its diameter, which increases Renta design, welded, for example, from steel angles, channels, or pipes, for example of square tube 52 with a cross section from 40x40 to 150x150 mm, with a wall 3 - 10 mm (Fig. 13). The cross-section of the shaft can be 0,h m to obtain a capacity of the order of kW, and more than 0,h,5 m to obtain a capacity of 100 kW and above. This shaft can rotate in the bearings, for example of steel grade 40, in the form of thick-walled, nested one in the other rings 53 a width of about 0.4-0.8 and a wall thickness of 0.06 to 0.15 of the diameter of the ring. A pair of rings can also serve as intermediate supports of the shaft, while its length, for example 2-40 m One of them can be scalabability or have liners made of soft metal. Ring 53 is fixed to the frame of the installation and to the armature shaft 3 by using, for example, corners and bolts, and the corners of the screw to the rings bolts with conical heads; the lubricant is carried out continuously through the holes in the outer ring 53 under some pressure, either through the grease fittings.

Above outlined the essential distinctive features of the inventions of the group. Below are the features which are characteristic for the different versions of "the way".

The second variant of the method differs from the first by the fact that energy renewing the characteristics of frequency and voltage due to the instability of excitement. The generator 5 is put into rotation by a drive shaft 3 of the PTO. Electricity used for the operation of the electrolyzer and get hydrogen. In the private case, the resulting hydrogen accumulate in tanks and then used for the operation of the internal combustion engine, the torque of the other generator, the output parameters which stabilize using the unit for feedback controlling the supply of hydrogen in the internal combustion engine.

In the third embodiment of the method of the renewable energy sources used for vacuum distillation unit (Fig. 14), namely, to drive the shaft 3 of the power take-off of the vacuum pump 22, such as a piston type, as well as to bring in rotation with a speed of 0.1 - 100 rpm shaft 26 of the drum 23 of the evaporator, inside the evaporation chamber 25, with highly developed evaporative surface, 0,5 - 1000 square meters, absorbent material soaked and soaked in sea water. The moistened surface is a cooling flow of rarefied air at a rate of 0.5-5000 m/s, (shown by arrows) passing through the open ends of cylindrical channels 24, with walls made of this material in the drum, the axis of rotation of which is horizontal, with deviations to the emnd liquid.

Air is sucked into the evaporation chamber through the adjustable shaft seal 26 of the drum, enriched inside moisture and then absorbed by a vacuum pump connected to the opposite, tapering the end of the pipe and then is supplied to the coil 27 of the capacitor with the gate 28 on the end, which in the coil creates a high pressure. Pipe evaporation chamber 25 has a branch down with valve 29 fill-water drain, which is connected with the locking float 30 within the chamber, forming a device maintaining a constant water level is maintained below the axis of the pipe 25. Within the specified branch is placed the coil 27 of the condenser, which turns out to be immersed in sea water. The branch is connected by pipe 31 diversion of water from the tank sea water, for example directly to the sea. The output of distillate regulate and finding the optimal mode by rotating the threaded valve-caps 32, sealing the shaft 26 of the drum evaporation chamber with elastic cuffs 33, for example of silicone rubber, and a valve 28 at the output of the coil to create high compared to atmospheric pressure, contributing to the condensation of steam. The drive shaft of the pump is performed with n the PU cyclone filter. To improve the evaporation of the water in the pipe 25 is heated element 37 (use the heater or the heating of hot steam and others). To improve evaporation is also used aerator 38, such as a ceramic with fine pores connected by a tube with the atmosphere through a control valve 39. Opening the gate, get the effect of "pseudocumene" due to fluid upstream of the numerous air bubbles in the water, inside which there is its evaporation. Drain the brine produced by increasing the pressure in the evaporation chamber by a valve 32, an additional valve installed on the pipe 25.

Pressure control pressure gauge 51. It should be noted that to drive this distillation can be used not only above the wave, and any other device containing a rotating shaft and having enough power. Such devices can be, in particular, wind engines, motors, including solar and internal combustion engines, etc.

INFORMATION CONFIRMING THE POSSIBILITY OF CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION.

Variants of the method is carried out, for example, the following on its size and the number of floats 1. Thus, to obtain power of 100 kW at a wave height of 1 m and a period of 6 seconds total area occupied by all the floats 1, shall be not less than 240 square meters, which corresponds to 20 floats 1 3x4 meters for installation, is shown in Fig. 3-4. When density of floats 1 0.5 from the installation area, the area of the entire plant will be 480 square meters, which corresponds, for example, the dimensions h m To obtain a power of 1 MW this area is already more than 5,000 square meters, it can be install with dimensions 50-60 x 100 m, which is close to the size of a football field (no direct proportionality associated with the inevitable damping of the amplitude of the wave by passing it through the frame and floats installation). But in the oceans and seas, there are many places where it occurs year-round excitement at a much greater height of the waves than 1 m, for example, off the coast of India, on the West coast of Africa and South America, off the coast of Australia (P. A. Kaplin and others, "the Nature of the world. Shores", ed. "Thought", M, 1991) and there is a facility of this same area will get 2-3 times more power, which may be enough to power a small village. A rough estimate shows that for the two cases in question, the mass of the plant, jus the print materials of the frame and floats is 11-15 thousand $ 100-kilowatt installation, and about 100-160 thousand $ for MWt. These amounts equal to about the cost of electricity generated by these plants for 1 year, with an average wave height of 1 m or 0.5 years at wave height of 2 m (based on prices, Moscow and abroad electricity prices several times higher).

To the site of the proposed operation, or to the place of Assembly (in the case of a subsequent towing to the place of operation) deliver components manufacturing plant: horizontal 48 and the vertical pontoons 6, horizontal, vertical and diagonal beams of the frame, floats 1, cables ties, 2 fasteners, shaft 3, transmission gears, different gearing, gearboxes and generators, the elements of the deck and protective covers and grates. In the absence of waves with a height of more than 0.5 m, directly on the water, for example in shallow water, manually and with the help of cranes (enough to 5-20 t) assemble frame power station, set the floats 1, shaft 3, one or more, gears, couplings unilateral rotation (star wheels) and other transfer mechanisms, generators, elements, decks, enclosures, and any additional equipped with the IG. 5). As cargo, you can use metal containers-boxes filled with sand. Float 1 stretch flexible connection 2, in accordance with the attached drawings, the shaft 3 and suspended loads 12 tension. By using the vertical pontoons 6 (Fig. 9), by vertical displacement in their guides and fixing adjust the height position of the frame relative to the water level and making the necessary provisions of floats 1 - that in the absence of waves, the bottom surface they touched the water surface throughout its flat surface and to dive floats 1 was minimal.

When there is unrest floats 1 begin to shake and pull communication 2, causing rotation of the shaft 3 of the PTO. During one period of the wave (4-20) each float 1 pulls the link for 1.5-10 seconds during its ascent, and when the total number of floats 1 more than 4 - 5 pieces of their combined effect is to cause almost uniform rotation of the shaft 3, provided that at least two of the float 1 will oscillate in opposite phases. For this installation sizes exceed the wavelength. The utilization of wave energy is carried out by connecting to the shaft 3 different users, for example according to the scheme h of the shaft into electrical energy, and devices operating directly from the rotating shaft. The latter include various pneumatic and hydraulic pumps, crushing machine, mill, etc.

Posting on the frame of the wind turbines and solar energy converters, may learn additional opportunities for energy consumers, as well as for energy storage in batteries, or to obtain any products with potential energy, such as calcium carbide. On a floating platform can be, for example, a fish-processing plant.

The second option exercise also, but as the primary consumer of renewable energy sources use the generator 5, receive a DC voltage and use it for the operation of the electrolyzer and receive gaseous hydrogen (H2). Hydrogen is a potential energy source, it can accumulate in tanks, liquefy, and then use as a highly efficient fuel a wide range of applications, for example for environmentally friendly automotive internal combustion engines for CHP and much more (during the combustion of H2produces only water vapor! ). To obtain 1 ku is the way, with the help of a power plant with daily capacity of 100 kW can be obtained per day 400-600 cubic meters of gaseous H2and when a megawatt-power - 10 times more, and it has industrial value. In the particular case of H2used to power the internal combustion engine, leading the second generator, the output parameters which stabilize the frequency and voltage with unit feedback - both on the same diesel and gasoline power plants. So get electricity with acceptable for the average consumer - 220/380 V, 50 Hz. In another particular case, as a result of electrolysis and get hydrogen and oxygen, which is collected in tanks and used for welding and cutting of metals, such as gasarasi and recycling for scrap unserviceable vessels.

In the third embodiment of the method of the renewable energy sources use, with gear 34 (Fig. 14), to drive the vacuum pump 22 and to bring the rotation of the drum 23 of the evaporator chamber 25 distillation and obtain, thus, the fresh water condensate from the sea. In the particular case, to enhance the yield of condensation water, and is in black color and is placed under sunlight, through the additional coil (Fig. 14 not specified), which is placed in the lower part of the lower branch of the chamber 25, the hydraulic pump cold water from the depths of the sea. Using the heater 37 evaporated water is heated in the upper part of the specified branch. Adjusting by a valve 32 speed purge and pressure in the chamber 25, as by a valve 28, the pressure in the heat exchanger-condenser, find the best mode to obtain maximum yield of the condensation water. Quantitative data on its output to determine theoretically quite difficult, and in practice they will be determined empirically. This method does not contradict the known laws of physics and thermodynamics, as well as the experience of similar known distillers. And the simple confirmation of the effectiveness of this method are well-known facts that wet underwear fastest drying in the wind, evaporation (same drying) faster in a vacuum, and condensation is accelerated by reducing the temperature and pressure of steam. In this way a combined these factors.

The device, i.e., the module power plant consists of the following components and assemblies: on a support in the form of a rigid surround Silow is its rotation with the reel 13, many floats 1 on the lower shoulders of the two shoulders of the levers, and the length of the shoulders is not less than the maximum of the wave amplitude characteristic of the operating conditions. The second shoulder 40 is attached a flexible connection, the envelope several times the drum 13 on the clutch 14 unilateral rotation shaft 3 of the power take-off (Fig. 12), with the following piece of turns around the drum 13, the link 2 is fixed on the drum 13, and to the free end of the link 2 the suspended load 12 tension. The weight 12 is selected from the repayment of the drum 13 to the initial position in the absence of tension from the side of the float 1, and the length is wound on the drum 13 and before and after the point of fastening of the connection 2 is not less than half the maximum amplitude of movement of the lever arm 40 opposite to the float 1, along PTO hosted an arbitrary number of floats 1 in 3 or more rows, the size of the cross sections of floats 1 the surface of the calm water is not greater than 0.25 of the length of the waves, and the height of the floats 1 is 0.1 to 2.0 from the height of the waves, typical operating conditions, the number and size of the floats 1 are selected in accordance with the expressions:

< / BR>
where N is the required capacity of the plant for the utilization of wave energy;

S is a sectional area of one float 1 on top of the BR> is water density;

g - free fall acceleration;

h - the height of the wave characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation;

T is the period specified wave;

n - the number of floats 1.

The term "module" should be borne in mind that the design of this device, i.e., a power plant, made in the form of the model, joined with each other blocks, which can be either one-piece, welded steel rolling and folding of the model components.

In some cases, of the execution of the frame has the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped and one of the sides perpendicular to the shaft 3, the frame is made of elements with the use of steel pipes and steel with anticorrosive treatment and coating. The modules of the plant equally oriented between and rigidly fastened by bolts and nuts in a single structure. The amplitude of movement of the floats 1 are limited by the stops with elastic elements with the use of springs and rubber. Cargo 12 provides tension connection 2 with slack less than 0.005-0.5 m, the load 12 is placed on the guide. The levers 40 with floats 1 mounted for rotation around the axis OO in the vertical plane in coaxial bearings 19, set the her parallel to the axis OO and perpendicular thereto, a cross-section in the form of a cut in the lower part of the circular sector, limited to one of the parties, in the absence of waves, vertical, up to 30 degrees, plane, perpendicular, up to 30 degrees, the cropping line. This side of the float 1 is equipped with a blade 42 in the form of a bucket or scoop shovels, and the module is working side bucket/shovel to the front of the rolling waves. In the absence of waves, the distance from the axis OO to surface water is 0.1-8 is set so that the cutting line of the mentioned sector was horizontal up to 30 degrees. In the absence of waves dive floats 1 is 0.0001-0.5 of the volume of the floats 1 are balanced together with the lever 40 with cargo 7 balances. To the bottom of the floats 1 are attached to the container 9 with holes 10, which are filled with water when submerged float under water, and emptied through these holes within 1-100 seconds after lifting the floats 1 above the water. To the base of the floats 1 done flexible elements of the absorbent materials in the form of numerous loose cords or filaments, or strips of tissue or sponge. The internal volume of the floats 1 sapoval low-speed, up to 500 rpm, the shaft 3 of the power take-off, including made from separate parts, connected by couplings. The shaft 3 is equipped with a gear mechanisms 4, one or more, with adapter for connection of consumers. The point of engagement of the connection 2 to the arm 40 of the float 1 is in the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the shaft 3 and intersecting the appropriate link 2 the drum 13 on the clutch 14, which is the link 2 skirts. Limiting the strengths of connection 2, the drum 13 and clutch 14, in tons, more values of half of the volume of the associated float 1, in cubic meters.

To obtain the total capacity from the various modules of the plant, in particular cases, the secondary shaft 55 driven from shaft 3 PTO different modules are connected by a cardan transmission, either through connecting power couplings.

In private cases, the second shoulder, two shoulders 40 of the lever opposite to the float 1, has the form of a segment 41 coaxially with the lever pulley, a flexible connection 2 its surrounds and is rigidly fixed.

The power plant is located near the shore or afloat. In the latter case, the module is equipped with a horizontal 48 and 6 vertical pontoons, forming together with the frame of the floating platform agreement for the waters of the proposed operation. Vertical pontoons 6 partially submerged in water and fixed on the guides in the frame of the module. The platform is equipped with anchors and winches, to the shaft 3 through the transmission mechanisms, the mechanisms of the clutch and gearbox connected water wheels for maneuvering installed on the periphery of the platform. The pontoons 6 and 48 have an elongated cylindrical shape, the internal volume filled their water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, and the total amount of all pontoons 6 and 48, in cubic meters, 1.1 to 5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons. Vertical pontoons spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves lapping on the floats, and the distance between them in the upper water layer of thickness of 1-10 m sustained in 3-5000 times the cross sectional dimensions of the pontoons 6. Pipe frame, submerged in water, sealed on the ends and provided with caps, plugs, pipes filled with water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic material.

In the case of placing the plant near the shore bearing 46 is installed on the ground and the module is fixed at the midpoint on a support 46 with axial hinge 47 to the horizontal axis of rotation above the water level. And the AI power plant of large size, for example, a width of more than 30 m from the support 46 in the direction of the water, the module is also equipped with 6 vertical and horizontal 48 pontoons, as in the case of floating platforms.

In other cases to the transfer mechanism 4 is connected to the generator 5 connected to a cell connected to the storage tanks of hydrogen and oxygen. Tank for hydrogen storage associated with an internal combustion engine connected with the second generator, equipped with a stabilization unit of output parameters in terms of frequency and voltage, managing supply of hydrogen.

The device operates as follows: when an emotion floats 1 begin to shake and pull communication 2, causing rotation of the shaft 3 of the PTO. During one period of the wave (4-20) each float 1 pulls the link 2 for 1.5 -10 seconds during its ascent, and when the total number of floats 1 more than 4 - 5 pieces of their combined effect is to cause almost uniform rotation of the shaft 3, provided that at least two of the float 1 will oscillate in opposite phases. For this installation sizes exceed the wavelength. The utilization of wave energy is carried out by connecting to the shaft 3 sing different energy gain additional opportunities for energy consumers, as well as for energy storage in batteries, or to obtain any products with potential energy, as described above.

1. The method of utilization of renewable energy sources through the use of floats, oscillating with the agitation of the water surface up and down relative to the support, while floats through a transmission mechanism connected to PTO shaft, which is rigidly mounted on a support in the bearings, and mechanical energy from the rotation disposed on the consumer, characterized in that the support that the use of a rigid, three-dimensional, transparent to the wave frame, assembled from the elements with the formation of unit cells for placement of floats, the number and size of which is chosen in accordance with the expressions

< / BR>
S0= nS,

where N is the required capacity of the plant for the utilization of wave energy;

S is a sectional area of one of the float surface of the quiet water;

S0- total area of cross sections of floats specified surface water;

is water density;

g - free fall acceleration;

h - the height of the waves, floats,

section dimensions floats the surface of the calm waters do not exceed 0.25 of the length of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the proposed use, and height of floats perform within 0.1 to 2.0 from the characteristic height of the waves, while using cargo-balances regulate the depth of floats in calm water in the range of 0.0001 to 0.5 volume and the time of descent from the top point after the recession of the waves in the range of 0.1 to 100 C.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the energy utilized by connecting various users, using for its operation torque shaft rotation, through the adapter and gearing to the shaft of the PTO, one or more that perform rectangular section of metal by welding in the form of power slow speed to 500 rpm. rpm shaft; secondary, driven from the shaft of the power take-off shaft of unit cells connected drive gear on the shaft or shafts PTO install one-way clutch rotation relative to the shaft, with drums, and the number of couplings is not less than the number of floats; the shaft is put into rotation via a flexible connection, which is held to the shaft from the floats directly or AZ, and after part of the rpm link fixed to the drum and the free end of it is connected to the tensioning system, and in the absence of wave length wound on a drum relations before and after the point of fastening doing at least half the maximum amplitude of the reciprocating movement of the connection; the total area occupied by floats at the surface of the water, soak in the range of 0.1 - 0.9 of the area of the water surface occupied by the frame, the internal volume of the floats fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, to the bottom of the floats fasten containers with holes of such section, so after filling with water when submerged tank oporornis for 1 to 100 seconds after lifting floats over the water to the bottom of the floats fasten the flexible elements of the absorbent materials in the form of multiple loose cords or filaments, or strips of fabrics, ensuring unseparated from the wave motion of the float, the amplitude of movement of its limit stops using springs and rubber.

3. The method according to any of the p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the support frame afloat with the help of a number of horizontally and vertically 3 times, and the height is more than 1.1 times the maximum wave height characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation, the total volume of all the floats, in cubic meters, make equal to 0.5 to 3.0 from the total weight, in tons, of the whole platform with equipment and people, the platform is collected in the form of aggregate on the surface of the water many, from 1 to 10000, hard volumetric modules with an area of 20 - 5000 m2with the power frame made of steel pipes and steel with anticorrosive treatment and coating, the modules are fastened to each other, a platform equipped with anchors and winches, to the shaft through gearing, the clutch mechanisms and the gearbox plug in water wheels, which are mounted on the platform and using them to provide navigation and maneuvering on the frame place the deck, residential and industrial buildings and used for appropriate purposes, use the pontoons are of elongated cylindrical shape, the internal volume of the pontoons fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, horizontal pontoons placed under water at a depth of 1 - 10 m using racks, and the total displacement make them equal up to 50% of the amounts of the financial impact dipped to the position providing in the absence of waves desired position of the frame relative to the water level, then fixed relative to the frame, the total volume of all of the pontoons, in cubic meters, do 1.1 - 5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons, and the vertical pontoons spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves lapping on the floats, and the distance between the pontoons in the upper water layer with thickness of 1 - 10 m stand 3 to 5000 times the cross sectional dimensions of the pontoons, pipe frame, submerged in water, in the manufacture of choose with transverse dimensions of 0.04 - 2.0 m, infused with the ends cut threaded plugs, fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic material and hermetically closed.

4. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the frame is made of rectangular parallelepipeds modules, one side of which is perpendicular to the shaft, the modules are equally oriented between the floats mounted on one of the two shoulders shoulders of the lever, one or more module, levers with floats balance, flexible communications gear for the other shoulder of the lever, to the end of the link after wrapping it around the drum hung load the devices of rotation of the drum relative to the shaft in the direction of action of the load in the absence of tension from the side of the float; the cargo is placed on the guide levers with floats installed rotatably in a vertical plane in coaxial bearings in the supports of the frame, and in the absence of waves towers are above the water surface, the axis of rotation of the lever parallel to the shaft of the PTO, the floats are made of cylindrical shape with a horizontal generatrix parallel to the axis of rotation of the lever, and perpendicular to this axis cross-section in the form of a cut in the lower part of the circular sector, limited to one of the parties, in the absence of waves, the vertical accuracy of 30oplane perpendicular up to 30othe cropping line, this side of the float is provided with a vane in the form of a bucket or scoop shovels and platform targeting the working party bucket/shovel to the front of the rolling waves, and in the absence of waves, the distance from the axis of rotation of the lever to the surface of the water was adjusted such that the cutting line sectors of the cross-section of the float was horizontal up to 30oalong the shaft to place an arbitrary number of floats in 3 or more rows, and the point of engagement due to the float arm doing in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the shaft and intersecting the drum on the clutch, which Pologne float, perform in the form of a segment of coaxial lever pulley, flexible coupling bypass it and a link rigidly attached to the specified shoulder.

6. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the frame of the platform is made of modules in the form of rectangular parallelepipeds with a horizontal one side, the shaft is put into rotation by using a closed flexible connection, which is held to the shaft from floats and which has a rectangular shape, the plane of which is perpendicular to the specified shaft, and in the corners of the rectangle are pulleys mounted on the frame, and the sides of the rectangle is vertical and to the connection on one of them attach the float and attach to the opposite load counterweight, the PTO have a higher water level at the level of the upper horizontal portion of the link, the floats are made in the form of a circular cylinder with a vertical generatrix, to the bottom of the float fasten the skirt in the form of a lateral surface of a truncated cone with a vertical axis of rotation, adjacent to the base of the float and extending to the top, with holes in the shell above the line touch the ground, the weight of the counterweight is selected so that in the absence of wave base float pogovorno water in the absence of waves do the same and not less than half the maximum height of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation.

7. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that as a consumer to the shaft of the power take-off through the high-speed gear is connected a high-frequency generator, it is used for induction heating of water in a steam boiler high pressure, the hot steam is used to drive a steam turbine.

8. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that as a consumer to the shaft through a gear mechanism connected to a pneumatic pump, which in tanks pumped air under high pressure, which will then use it for production purposes.

9. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that the frame of the installation place near the shore, as a consumer to the shaft through gearing connecting the hydraulic pumps, which pump water into the tank on the beach at the height of 10 m above sea level, the water from the reservoir is used for operation of the turbine.

10. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that as a consumer to the shaft through gearing connecting the hydraulic pumps in the>

11. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that on the frame, install the wind turbines, and solar energy converters.

12. The method of utilization of renewable energy sources through the use of floats, oscillating with the agitation of the water surface up and down relative to the support, while floats through a transmission mechanism connected to PTO shaft, which is rigidly mounted on a support in the bearings, and mechanical energy from the rotation disposed on the generator to produce electricity, wherein the support that the use of a rigid, three-dimensional, transparent to the wave frame, assembled from the elements with the formation of unit cells for placement of floats, the number and size of which is chosen in accordance with the expressions

< / BR>
S0= nS,

where N is the required capacity of the plant for the utilization of wave energy;

S is a sectional area of one of the float surface of the quiet water;

S0- total area of cross sections of floats specified surface water;

is water density;

g - free fall acceleration;

h - the height of the wave characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation;
dead water do not exceed 0.25 of the length of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the proposed use, and height of floats perform within 0.1 to 2.0 from the characteristic height of the waves, while using goods balances regulate the depth of floats in calm water in the range of 0.0001 to 0.5 volume and the time of descent from the top point after the recession of the waves in the range of 0.1 - 100, and the electricity used for the operation of the electrolyzer and gaseous hydrogen, which accumulate in tanks for later use as an energy source.

13. The method according to p. 12, characterized in that the shaft, one or more, perform the rectangular section of metal by welding in the form of power slow speed to 500 rpm./min shaft; a secondary shaft, driven from the shaft of the PTO, the individual unit cells connect the drive gear on the shaft or shafts PTO install one-way clutch rotation relative to the shaft, with drums, and the number of couplings is not less than the number of floats, PTO shafts result in rotation via a flexible connection, which is carried out to them from the floats directly or by means of two shoulders of the lever, and is wrapped around suitable the command end is connected to the tensioning system, moreover, the length of the wound on the drums relations before and after the point of fastening doing at least half the maximum amplitude of the reciprocating movement of the connection; the total area occupied by floats at the surface of the water, soak in the range of 0.1 - 0.9 of the area of the water surface occupied by the frame, the internal volume of the floats fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, to the bottom of the floats fasten containers with holes of such section is that after filling with water when submerged tank oporornis for 1 to 100 seconds after lifting floats above the water, to the base floats fasten the flexible elements of the absorbent materials in the form of multiple loose cords or filaments, or strips of fabrics, ensuring unseparated from the wave motion of the float, the amplitude of movement of its limit stops using springs and rubber, limiting the strengths of communication, drum coupling, in tons, make more than half of the volume values associated float, in cubic meters; as a result of electrolysis of water and get hydrogen, and oxygen, resulting gases pumped into the tanks, then hydrogen use is th stabilize with unit feedback.

14. The method according to any of the p. 12 or 13, characterized in that the support frame afloat with the help of a number of horizontally and vertically spaced pontoons, forming together with the frame of the floating platform, the length and width of which more than 3 times, and the height is more than 1.1 times the maximum wave height characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation, the total volume of all the floats, in cubic meters, make equal to 0.5 to 3.0 from the total weight, in tons, of the whole platform with equipment and people, the platform is made in the form of aggregate on the surface of the water a lot of hard volumetric modules with an area of 20 - 5000 m2with the power frame made of steel pipes and steel with anticorrosive treatment and coating, the modules are fastened to each other, a platform equipped with anchors and winches, to the shaft through gearing, the clutch mechanisms and the gearbox plug in water wheels, which are mounted on the platform and using them to provide navigation and maneuvering on the frame place the deck, residential and industrial buildings and used for appropriate purposes, use the pontoons are of elongated cylindrical shape, the internal volume Knymi pontoons placed under water at a depth of 1 - 10 m using racks, and the total displacement make them equal up to 50% of the total weight of the platform, the vertical pontoons put one end in the water along the guides in the frame and by the force of the impact dipped to provisions to ensure that in the absence of waves desired position of the frame relative to the water level, then fixed relative to the frame, the sum of all of the pontoons, in cubic meters, do 1.1 - 5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons, and the vertical pontoons spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves, rolling on the floats, and the distance between the pontoons in the upper water layer with thickness of 1 - 10 m stand 3 to 5000 times the cross sectional dimensions of the pontoons, pipe frame, submerged in water, if the manufacturer chooses with transverse dimensions of 0.04 - 2.0 m, infused with the ends cut threaded plugs, fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic material and hermetically closed.

15. The method according to any of paragraphs.12 to 14, characterized in that the frame consists of a rectangular parallelepiped modules, one side of which is perpendicular to the shaft of the PTO, the modules are equally oriented icage with floats balance, flexible communications gear for the other shoulder of the lever, to the end of the link after wrapping it around the drum suspended load for pulling her with slack less than 0.005 - 0.5 m, and the weight of the load pick the minimum but sufficient to provide for the rotation of the drum relative to the shaft in the direction of action of the load in the absence of tension from the side of the float; load placed on the guide levers with floats installed rotatably in a vertical plane in coaxial bearings in the supports of the frame, and in the absence of waves towers are above the water surface, the axis of rotation of the lever parallel to the shaft, the floats are made of cylindrical shape with a horizontal generatrix parallel to the axis of rotation of the lever, and perpendicular to this axis cross-section in the form of a cut in the lower part of the circular sector, limited to one of the parties, in the absence of waves, the vertical accuracy of 30oplane perpendicular up to 30othe cropping line, this side of the float is provided with a vane in the form of a bucket or scoop shovels and platform targeting the working party bucket/shovel to the front of the rolling waves, and in the absence of waves, the distance from the axis of rotation of the lever to the surface vodu 30oalong the shaft to place an arbitrary number of floats in 3 or more rows, and the point of engagement due to the float arm doing in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the shaft and intersecting the drum on the clutch, which this relationship around.

16. The method according to p. 15, characterized in that the second shoulder, two shoulders of the lever opposite to the float, made in the form of a segment of coaxial lever pulley, flexible coupling bypass it and bond rigidly fix.

17. The method according to any of paragraphs.12 to 16, characterized in that the electrolysis of water and get hydrogen and oxygen that is pumped into the tanks and then used for cutting and welding metals.

18. The method of utilization of renewable energy sources through the use of floats, oscillating with the agitation of the water surface up and down relative to the support, while floats through a transmission mechanism connected to PTO shaft, which is rigidly mounted on a support in the bearings, and mechanical energy from the rotation disposed on the desalination of sea water, characterized in that the support that the use of a rigid, three-dimensional, transparent to the wave frame, assembled from the elements with the formation of the modular ball S0= nS,

where N is the required capacity of the plant for the utilization of wave energy;

S is a sectional area of one of the float surface of the quiet water;

S0- total area of cross sections of floats specified surface water;

is water density;

g - free fall acceleration;

h - the height of the wave characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation;

T - the period specified wave;

n - the number of floats,

section dimensions floats the surface of the calm waters do not exceed 0.25 of the length of the waves, characteristic of the waters of the proposed use, and height of floats perform within 0.1 to 2.0 from the characteristic height of the waves, while using cargo - balances regulate the depth of floats in calm water in the range of 0.0001 to 0.5 volume and the time of descent from the top point after the recession of the waves in the range of 0.1 - 100, and as the device utilization of wave energy using vacuum distillation unit, and the installation use a vacuum pump and bring him in action from the shaft through a gear mechanism, the evaporation is performed with a surface area of 0.5 to 1000 m2in high-speed stream of blowing air at a rate of 0.5 - 5000 m/s, the warmth of the CSOs pressure, made in the form of a horizontal circular tube with a rotating drum evaporator inside and narrowing at the ends of the pipes, one of which is adjustable through the shaft seal drum rotation evaporator connected to atmosphere and the other to the input of the vacuum pump, the output of which is connected with the condenser coil, which is placed below the water level inside the branches of the evaporation chamber, containing in the lower part of the valve of the fill-drain sea water associated with the float device which maintains a constant liquid level in the evaporating chamber, the drum evaporator perform with many of the coaxial tube channel, open at both ends, with walls made of hygroscopic material, and the drum is put into rotation with a speed of 0.1 - 100 rpm./min by connecting it via gear with PTO, the output of distillate adjust for optimal mode by rotating the threaded sealing sleeve with elastic cuff, restricting air flow, on the shaft of the drum evaporator inlet evaporator chamber, and discharge of brine produced by increasing the pressure in the evaporation chamber.

19. The method according to p. 18, characterized in, h is the camera set the aerator in the form of a finely porous tip of the tube, connected to the atmosphere through the control valve, the casing of the evaporation chamber are painted in black color, through an additional coil, which is placed in the lower part of the lower branches of the evaporation chamber, the pump pumps cold water from the depths of the sea; the shaft, one or more, perform the rectangular section of metal by welding in the form of power slow speed to 500 rpm./min shaft; secondary, driven from the shaft of the power take-off shaft of unit cells connected drive gears on the shafts PTO install one-way clutch rotation relative to the shaft, with drums, and the number of couplings is not less than the number of floats, the shaft is put into rotation via a flexible connection, which is held to the shaft from the floats directly or by means of two shoulders arms, and wrapped around associated with each float drum a few times, and after part of the rpm link fixed to the drum and the free end of it is connected to the tensioning system, moreover, the length of the wound on the drum relations before and after the point of fastening doing at least half the maximum amplitude of the reciprocating movement of the connection; the total area of the property, occupied by the frame, the internal volume of the floats fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, to the bottom of the floats fasten containers with holes of such section is that after filling with water when submerged tank oporornis for 1 to 100 seconds after lifting floats over the water to the bottom of the floats fasten the flexible elements of the absorbent materials in the form of multiple loose cords or filaments, or strips of fabrics, the number of which is determined from the conditions unseparated from the wave motion of the float, the amplitude of movement of its limit stops using springs and rubber; the support frame afloat with the help of a number of horizontally and vertically spaced pontoons, forming together with the frame of the floating platform, the length and width of which more than 3 times, and the height is more than 1.1 times the maximum wave height characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation, the total volume of all the floats, in cubic meters, make equal to 0.5 to 3.0 from the total weight, in tons, of the whole platform with equipment and people, the platform is collected in the form of aggregate on the surface of the water multiple modules; the frame is made media and winches, to the shaft through gearing connected water wheels, which are mounted on the platform and using them to provide navigation and maneuvering on the frame place the deck, residential and industrial buildings; use the pontoons are of elongated cylindrical shape, the internal volume of the pontoons fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, horizontal pontoons placed under water at a depth of 0.1 to 10 m using racks, and the total displacement make them equal up to 50% of the total weight of the platform, the total volume of all of the pontoons, in cubic meters, do 1.1 - 5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons, and the vertical pontoons spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves lapping on the floats, and the distance between the pontoons in the upper water layer with thickness of 1 - 10 m stand 3 to 5000 times the cross sectional dimensions of the pontoons, pipe frame, submerged in water, if the manufacturer chooses with transverse dimensions of 0.04 - 2.0 m, infused with the ends cut threaded plugs, fill water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic material and hermetically closed.

20. Moore, the PTO, clutch one-way rotation, many floats on the shoulders of the levers, the mechanism that transmits the rotation of the arm with the float on the shaft, wherein the bearing is made in the form of a modular transparent for waves hard surround frame, levers made two shoulders, one shoulder which has floats, and to the other shoulder is attached a flexible connection, the envelope several times the one-way clutch rotation shaft PTO, and after parts of turns around the drum relationship is anchored on the drum, the free end of the link the suspended load tension, the weight of the cargo is picked up from the return of the drum to its original position in the absence of tension from the side of the float, and the length is wound on the drum before and after the point of fastening of communication not less than one-half the maximum amplitude of movement of the lever arm opposite the float, along PTO hosted an arbitrary number of floats in 3 or more rows, the size of the sections floats the surface of calm water is not greater than 0.25 of the length of the waves, and the height of the floats is 0.1 to 2.0 from the height of the waves, typical operating conditions, the number and sizes of floats selected in accordance OLN;

S is a sectional area of one of the float surface of the quiet water;

S0- total area of cross sections of floats specified surface water;

is water density;

g - free fall acceleration;

h - the height of the wave characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation;

T - the period specified wave;

n - the number of floats.

21. Module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts under item 20, wherein the frame has a shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, one side of which is perpendicular to the shaft of the PTO, the frame is made of elements with the use of steel pipes and steel with anticorrosive treatment and coating, the modules of the plant equally oriented between and rigidly fastened by bolts and nuts in a single structure, the amplitude of movement of the float limit stops with elastic elements with the use of springs and rubber; cargo tension provides sagging due not more than 0.005 - 0.5 m, the load placed on the rail; levers with floats mounted for rotation in a vertical plane in aligned bearings mounted on the frame, the axis of rotation of the lever parallel to the shaft of the PTO, floats and have a cross section in the form of a cut in the lower part of the circular sector, limited to one of the parties, in the absence of waves, the vertical accuracy of 30oplane perpendicular up to 30othe cropping line, this side of the float is equipped with a blade in the form of a bucket or scoop shovel, the module is working side bucket/shovel to the front of the rolling waves, and in the absence of waves, the distance from the axis of rotation of the lever to the surface of the water is 0.1 - 8 m and is selected such that the cutting line of the mentioned sector was horizontal up to 30oin the absence of waves dive floats is 0.0001 to 0.5 from their volume, floats balanced together with lever with cargo-balances to the bottom of the floats fasten containers with holes, which are filled with water when submerged float, and emptied through these holes for 1 to 100 seconds after lifting floats over the water to the bottom of the floats fasten the flexible elements of the absorbent materials in the form of numerous loose cords or filaments, or strips of tissue or sponge, the internal volume of floats filled with water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic materials, the module power low-speed, dual equipped with gearings, one or more, with adapters for connecting consumers; the point of engagement due to the float arm is in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the respective shaft and intersecting the appropriate connection on the clutch drum, which this relationship around.

22. Module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts under item 20 or 21, characterized in that the second shoulder, two shoulders of the lever opposite to the float, has the shape of a segment of coaxial lever pulley, a flexible connection its surrounds and is rigidly fixed.

23. Module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts according to any one of paragraphs.20 to 22, characterized in that the module is equipped with horizontal and vertical pontoons forming together with the frame of the floating platform, the length and width of which more than 3 times, and the height is more than 1.1 times the maximum wave height characteristic of the waters of the proposed operation, the vertical pontoons partially submerged in water and fixed in a groove in the frame module, the platform is equipped with anchors and winches; to the shaft through gearing, clutch mechanisms and transmission connected water wheels for maneuvering installed on the peripheral is nicaenae gas-filled porous synthetic materials, moreover, the total volume of all of the pontoons, in cubic meters, 1.1 to 5 times the weight of the whole platform, in tons, and the vertical pontoons spread over the area of the platform so that they were not in the path of the waves lapping on the floats, and the distance between them in the upper water layer with thickness of 1 - 10 m aged 3 to 5000 times the cross sectional dimensions of the pontoons, pipe frame, submerged in water, sealed on the ends and provided with caps, plugs, pipes filled with water-resistant porous gas-filled synthetic material.

24. Module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts according to any one of paragraphs.20 to 22, characterized in that the bearing is installed on the ground and the module is fixed at the midpoint on a support with axial hinge with a horizontal axis of rotation located above the water level, there is a balanced load to maintain the module in position.

25. Module power station with a capacity of up to megawatts according to any one of paragraphs.20 to 24, characterized in that the shaft through a gear mechanism connected to an electric generator connected to a cell connected to the storage tanks of hydrogen and oxygen, and a reservoir for hydrogen storage associated with the engine

 

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