Liquid heat

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in heating systems and heating of liquids, and also for mixing liquids in various industrial processes. Liquid heat generator includes a housing with an inlet pipe and connected with the camera body twist with tangential openings and outlet nozzle. Luggage twist with the output nozzle is made double chamber in the form of two concentrically arranged one within the other chambers twist, each with its outlet nozzle, and the twist of the liquid in the cells is in opposite directions. The technical result is to increase heat dissipation and efficiency of mixing liquids, reduction of metal consumption and cost of the liquid heat generator. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention mainly relates to a heating engineer and can be used in various heating systems, as well as for heating liquids for industrial and domestic use.

The invention can also be used for mixing and producing emulsions of liquids in various industrial processes.

The known device for the mixing of liquids, see, for example, injection jet mixer on the application 95117191/20 17.10.95, (patent 3563 U1), heat source and a device for heating liquids by the application 93021742/06 26.04.93, (patent RU 2045715 C1).

The mixer on the application 95117191/20 contains the mixing chamber, the chamber homogenization with an output nozzle and a solid wall with blades on the periphery, mounted perpendicular to the fluid flow in the output nozzle chamber homogenization.

The mixing chamber is made in a cross section in the form of a spiral and has two holes for the supply of the liquids in the side wall for the supply of the spiral portion and the end wall inlet along the axis of the camera.

The specified mixer does not provide sufficient details of mixing liquids, as a solid wall with blades on the periphery has a small length in the direction of fluid flow, and the flow of one liquid in the mixing chamber is made through the hole in the end wall along the axis of the mixing chamber without twist.

Heat generator according to the application 93021742/06, patent 2045715 contains the cyclone (the camera spin) and connected therewith a cylindrical housing with a braking device in the form of several radially arranged on the Central sleeve ribs. the oemcust and cost, caused by the length of the cylindrical body of the heat source, and not the full energy of a moving fluid, due to the adopted design of the braking device.

As the closest to the invention by the combination of essential features of the technical solution of the prototype passed the heat generator and a device for heating liquids by the application 93021742/06, patent 2045715.

The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of heating the liquid and mixing of liquids, reduction of metal consumption and cost of the liquid heat generator.

The problem is solved using all of the following essential features.

Liquid heat generator includes a housing with an inlet pipe and connected with the camera body twist with tangential openings and outlet nozzle.

The fluid pump is pumped into the inlet pipe of the casing, through the tangential holes enters the camera spin, accelerates, receives rotary motion and enters the output nozzle.

Distinctive features of the invention are:

camera twist with the output nozzle is made in double chamber wojny the diameter of the inner camera spin is made equal to or less than 0,9(D-2d),

where D is the inner diameter of the outer chamber spin;

d - diameter of tangential holes of the outer chamber spin, and the outer diameter of the exit nozzle internal camera spin is made equal to or less than 0,7 internal diameter of the exit nozzle of the outer chamber spin;

the output end of the nozzle internal camera spin is located inside the output nozzle of the outer chamber twist on the distance from the end of the output nozzle of the outer chamber spin, equal to or greater 1,5 inner diameter of the outlet nozzle inner chamber spin;

- tangential holes in the inner chamber of the spin and tangential holes outdoor camera spin is made pointing in opposite directions;

- housing with inlet cone made double chamber in the form of two concentrically placed one in the other buildings each with its suction inlet, and the internal cavity of the housing is connected with the cavity of the inner chamber of twist, and the cavity of the outer casing is connected with the cavity of the outer chamber a spin.

Performing a liquid heat generator with the specified distinctive features allows you to:

to improve heat dissipation and efficiency peremeci is and the inner wall of the output nozzle of the outer chamber twist the two fluid flows, having a spin in opposite directions;

- reduce glendowie dimensions liquid heat source due to the fact that the camera spin with the output nozzle is made double chamber in the form of two concentrically arranged one within the other chambers twist each with its outlet nozzle and provided with the interaction of two fluid flows, having the opposite direction of the twist, on the inner surface of the output nozzle of the outer chamber spin, and hence to reduce the intensity and cost of the liquid heat generator;

- separately to produce the flow of different liquids because the housing with inlet cone made double chamber in the form of two concentrically placed one in the other buildings each with its suction inlet, and the internal cavity of the housing is connected with the cavity of the inner chamber of twist, and the cavity of the outer casing is connected with the cavity of the outer chamber a spin.

In Fig. 1 presents a General view of a liquid heat generator with option one-sheet housing, Fig. 2 - sectional view of a liquid heat generator by tangential holes of the inner chamber twist, Fig. 3 - section liquid heat generator according to Tangen is polostnogo housing, in Fig. 5 - section liquid heat generator with double chamber housing through the tangential holes internal camera spin.

Liquid heat generator, see Fig. 1, 2, 3, includes a housing 1 with an inlet pipe 2 and connected with the camera body twist with tangential openings and outlet nozzle.

Luggage twist made double chamber in the form of two concentrically arranged one within the other chambers twist each with its outlet nozzle:

- internal camera spin 3 with the output nozzle 4;

- outdoor camera twist 8 with outlet nozzle 7.

In a liquid heat generator with option with double chamber housing, see Fig. 4, 5, housing with inlet cone made double chamber in the form of two concentrically placed one in the other buildings, each with its own input socket:

- the inner housing 11 with an inlet pipe 12;

- the outer casing 13 with the inlet pipe 14.

The cavity of the inner housing 11 is connected to the internal cavity of the camera spin 3, and the cavity of the outer casing 13 is connected with the cavity of the outer chamber 8 twist.

The outer diameter of the inner camera spin 3 is made equal to or less than 0,9(D-2d),

where D is int and 8,

and the outer diameter of the exit nozzle 4 internal camera spin is made equal to or less than 0,7 internal diameter of the exit nozzle 7 of the outer chamber 8 twist.

The end face 5 of the output nozzle 4 internal camera spin 3 is located inside the output nozzle 7 of the outer chamber 8 twist on the distance from the end face 6 of the output nozzle 7 of the outer chamber 8 twist, equal to or greater 1,5 inner diameter of the outlet nozzle 4 of the internal chamber of the twist 3.

Tangential holes 9 internal camera spin 3 and tangential openings 10 of the outer chamber twist 8 are directed in opposite directions.

When working liquid heat generator with option one-sheet body fluid is fed by a pump through the inlet 2 into the housing 1.

In case 1, the fluid flow is divided into two streams:

the first fluid flow through the tangential holes 10 enters the outer chamber 8 twist, gets a twist in the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the heat source and displayed in the output nozzle 7;

the second fluid flow through the tangential holes 9 is fed into the internal chamber of the spin 3, receives a twist in plochocki fluid flow in the inner chamber opposite to the direction of twist of the liquid flow in the outer chamber through that tangential holes in the inner chamber of the spin and tangential holes outdoor camera spin is made pointing in opposite directions.

When working liquid heat generator with option double chamber housing:

one liquid is supplied by the pump through the inlet 14 into the outer casing 13, through tangential openings 10 enters the outer chamber 8 twist, gets a twist in the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the heat source and displayed in the output nozzle 7;

- other liquid is supplied by the pump through the inlet 12 into the inner casing 11, through a tangential opening 9 is fed into the internal chamber of the spin 3, receives a twist in the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the heat source and displayed in the output nozzle 4.

Implementation of the internal camera spin 3 and the output nozzle 4 and the outer chamber 8 twist and outlet nozzle 7 with the above-mentioned ratio allows you to place an internal chamber with an exit nozzle within the gas vortex generated in the swirling flow of fluid in the outer chamber, without disrupting the flow of the fluid flow in the outer chamber and the output is, is orca 5 output nozzle 4 located inside the output nozzle 7 of the outer chamber 8 twist on the above-stated distance from the end face 6 of the output nozzle of the outer chamber spin, the fluid flow under the action of centrifugal force, is thrown to the periphery, i.e. on the inner surface of the outlet nozzle 7, which carries the flow of fluid from the outer chamber twist.

When interacting on the inner surface of the outlet nozzle 7 of the outer chamber 8 twist two fluid flows, having the opposite direction of the twist, there is a mutual introduction, sharp braking and intensive mixing of fluid flows with heat generation due to a change in the kinetic energy of the fluid flows.

Twist the two fluid flows in the opposite direction in the inner and outer chambers twist and their subsequent interaction on the inner surface of the output nozzle of the outer chamber of the spin provided by the design of the liquid heat generator, increase the heat and the efficiency of mixing of liquids when working liquid heat generator.

Running the camera spin with the output double chamber nozzle in the form of two concentric raspolozhennosti, having the opposite direction of the twist, on the inner surface of the output nozzle of the outer chamber twist reduces glendowie dimensions liquid heat source, and hence to reduce the intensity and cost of the liquid heat generator.

In accordance with the invention were made and tested prototypes of the liquid heat generator. Received positive test results.

1. Liquid heat generator, comprising a housing with an inlet pipe and connected with the camera body twist with tangential openings and outlet nozzle, characterized in that the camera spin with the output nozzle is made double chamber in the form of two concentrically arranged one within the other chambers twist, each with its outlet nozzle.

2. Liquid heat generator according to p. 1, characterized in that the outer diameter of the inner camera spin is made equal to or less than 0,9(D - 2d), where D is the inner diameter of the outer chamber twist; d - diameter of tangential holes of the outer chamber spin, and the outer diameter of the exit nozzle internal camera spin is made equal to or less than 0,7 internal diameter of the exit nozzle narpe internal camera spin is located inside the output nozzle of the outer chamber twist on the distance from the output end of the nozzle outer camera spin is equal to or greater 1,5 inner diameter of the exit nozzle internal camera spin.

4. Liquid heat generator according to p. 1, characterized in that the tangential holes in the inner chamber of the spin and tangential holes outdoor camera spin is made pointing in opposite directions.

5. Liquid heat generator according to p. 1, characterized in that the housing with inlet cone made double chamber in the form of two concentrically placed one in the other buildings, each with its suction inlet, and the internal cavity of the housing is connected with the cavity of the inner chamber of twist, and the cavity of the outer casing is connected with the cavity of the outer chamber twist.

 

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