Hydropower complex


(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended to generate electricity. The rotor of the electric generator designed in the form of a bell inside which between clips is the power unit with rotary-turbine units, made in the form of a ball, or disk, or drum and connected and the rotor by means of the planetary gear, and the excitation winding of the generator installed on the outside of the rotor and the stator is made with a hollow Central shaft for supplying water to the rotary turbine units. Construction of the hydropower complex improves the efficiency and power with small dimensions. 3 Il.

The invention relates to the field of hydropower and can be used to generate electricity, as well as the motor in other industries.

Closest to the invention, the technical solution chosen as a prototype, is the vertical unit from rotating in the opposite side of the stator and rotor of the generator is connected between a low-speed planetary gear (USSR author's certificate 147552, IPC 6 F 03 B 13/00, 12.01.68).

The invention F hydropower complex proposed high-performance, compact scheme, which is more complete transformation of the energy of water into electricity, more complete and efficient use of kinetic energy, reactive power and the power of water pressure, which increases the efficiency and capacity of the complex.

The inventive rotor complex (generator) is made in the form of a bell, which is installed inside the power unit ball of a rotary turbine units connected to each other and the rotor of the complex planetary gear. Housing complex (stator) follows the shape of the rotor, inside of which still has a hollow Central shaft through which water is pumped to a rotary-turbine power unit, the water performs the additional function of removing heat from the rotor of the complex.

In Fig. 1 presents a diagram of the complex of Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the rotor of the complex, and Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the power unit.

Hydropower complex includes a housing (stator) 1 with the hollow Central shaft 2, the windings of the stator 4, a rotor 3, with the outer side of which has a field winding 5, the inside of the rotor 3 is mounted between the clamps 9 and 10 of the power unit with ball ro 7 contain the rotor 13 and the turbine 12, nozzles water outlet 14, the inner cavity 15, the distribution channels of water supply 11. The complex also contains the bearings 6, the planetary gear 8, linking the rotary turbine units 7 and the rotor 3.

Internal cavity of the shaft 2, the water is supplied under pressure to the distribution channels 11, and then into the internal cavity 15 of the rotor 13 and the guide nozzles 14 is on the turbine blades 12, rotating the rotor 13 and the turbine 12 in opposite directions. Torque is transmitted through the planetary gear 8 on the rotor 3. The upper part of the rotor 3 is supported by bearings 6, and below the rotor 3 is based on the inner ring 9 and outer ring 10 and the rotary turbine units 7 and winding 5, which is bearing on an electromagnetic cushion. On the field winding 5 is energized, when it comes in the stator 1 and its windings 4 appears electricity supplied to consumers.

Hydropower complex to generate electricity, which contains a generator with a stator, a rotor, and a planetary gear, wherein the rotor is constructed in the form of a bell inside which between clips is the power unit SRAM through the planetary gear, when the excitation winding of the generator installed on the outside of the rotor and the stator is made with a hollow Central shaft for supplying water to the rotary turbine units.


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