# Gravitational propulsion savelieva

(57) Abstract:

Gravitational propulsion Savelieva relates to mechanical engineering and can be used for the implementation of directional movement or strictly metered discrete displacement in space at a weak interaction with the external environment. It contains a working medium, installed on the base with the possibility of its forward and reverse movement in the plane of the base from one position to another, a linear motor mounted on the base, on the movable part of which is assigned a working medium, and the speed sensor base, the output of which is connected to the input unit of the information processing and software control of the linear motor. Achievable technical effect - the ability of self-adaptation to the resistance change of the external environment in real-time. 3 Il. Gravitational propulsion relates to mechanical engineering and can be used for the implementation of directional movement or strictly metered discrete movements in space with a low friction-resistance of the external environment.The known gravitational propulsion [1], selected by the applicant for the prototype, sod the STI base from position x_{21}

^{(1}in position x

_{21}

^{(2}posted by on the basis of a drive device of the reversing type.The disadvantage of the prototype is the impossibility of adapting to changes in the friction resistance of the external environment in real time.The ability to create gravitational propulsion was achieved due to the fact that in theoretical research and experiment [1] it was established that any internal interaction of the parts of the mechanical system stimulates its own dynamic gravitational field, rendering it equivalent external.Based on this regularity was theoretically substantiated and experimentally confirmed [1] that in a dissipative environment full discrete displacement of the mechanical system as a whole, evolving from its initial displacement caused by the influence of its own dynamic gravitational field generated by the interaction of its parts, and its subsequent displacement resulting from its decaying movement as a whole upon completion of the interaction of its parts, for any 0< satisfying the condition 2/1, remains constant, Gda.As an example, consider the mechanical system S shown in Fig. 1. It contains the basis of mass m

_{1}where by the ideal cylindrical hinges and rods R of length R

_{21}fixed two bodies of equal mass m

_{2}. A cylindrical hinge connected between an ideal kinematic link, which provides a synchronous counter rotational motion of bodies m

_{2}ground plane m

_{1}.Gravity analysis of the mechanical system S includes:

1. The choice of the main and auxiliary reference systems, as well as independent generalized coordinates, which would be most simply described the condition of the mechanical system in the selected reference systems at any time.2. Finding the Lagrangian of the mechanical system and the definition of its total energy in any of the selected reference systems.3. The analysis of interaction, which consists in the compilation and integration of the equations of motion of a mechanical system, moving in a force field of their interaction.4. Analysis of the self, which consists in the compilation and integration of the equations of motion of a mechanical system as zalogowany mutual inertial action of its parts to each other during their interaction.5. Analysis aftereffect, which consists in the compilation and integration of the equations of motion of a mechanical system as a whole upon completion of the interaction of its parts.Is chosen as the basic absolute K, and as a subsidiary of relative K

_{0}(

_{1}) reference system so that when

_{1}0 and v

_{1n}= 0 the beginning of O and O

_{0}Cartesian coordinates Oxy and O

_{0}x

_{0}y

_{0}these reference systems are defined by the initial position of the base m

_{1}at time t = 0, as shown in Fig. 1, where

_{1}the attenuation coefficient initial absolute velocity v

_{1n}the translational motion of the base m

_{1}. When

_{1}= 0 the beginning of O

_{0}Cartesian coordinates O

_{0}x

_{0}y

_{0}reference system K

_{0}(0) determined by the initial position of the center O

_{c}mass of the mechanical system S at time t = 0. In addition, we introduce its own system of reference K

_{1}the Foundation of the m

_{1}with Cartesian coordinates O

_{1}x

_{1}y

_{1}in which the position of the bodies m

_{2}defined radius vectors R

_{21}. This reference system as the reference system K

_{0}(

_{1}), is taken as the auxiliary.As generalized coordinates will choose Cartesian coordinates is the inat

_{21}tel m

_{2}in the frame of reference K

_{1}. Then the kinetic energy T

_{10}the translational motion of the base m

_{1}in the frame of reference K

_{0}(0) can be defined as

< / BR>

where is his generalized Cartesian velocity;

_{t}= d/dt is the operator of differentiation by time t.The kinetic energy T

_{20}the rotational motion of the bodies m

_{2}in the same reference system K

_{0}(0) can be identified by their generalized coordinates

< / BR>

as

< / BR>

where is their generalized Cartesian and polar speed reference systems K

_{0}(0) and K

_{1}; R

_{21}module radius-vector R

_{21}; m

_{2}=2m

_{2}- twice the body mass m

_{2}that eliminates one of these bodies, for example the bottom, from consideration in further analysis.Taking into account (1) and (3) the function of Language L

_{0}the mechanical system S in the reference frame K

_{0}(0) can be expressed as

L

_{O}= T

_{SOx}+ T

_{21}- G - U,

where T

_{SOx}- the kinetic energy of the translational motion of the mechanical system S as a whole in the frame of reference K

_{0}(0)

< / BR>

T

_{21}- the kinetic energy of the rotational movement body m

_{2}in the frame of reference K

_{1}< / BR>

< / BR>

G - generalized gravitatsionnoe U - the interaction potential of the body m

_{2}with a basis of m

_{1}subject to further definition.Full energy W

_{0}the mechanical system S in the reference frame K

_{0}(0) determine through its Lagrangian function L

_{0}(4)

< / BR>

where components of the generalized momentum, including the component of the generalized translational momentum p

_{SOx}the mechanical system S as a whole and the component of the generalized rotational momentum p

_{21}body m

_{2}< / BR>

< / BR>

in the reference systems K

_{0}(0) and K

_{1}expressed by the generalized velocities

Substituting in (8) the Lagrangian function L

_{0}(4), we obtain

< / BR>

When determining the potential U, we will assume that the Lagrangian L

_{0}(10) the generalized coordinate x

_{10}circular L/x

_{10}= 0. Thus, there is a generalized momentum matching horizontal component of the full translational momentum of the mechanical system S

P

_{SOx}= P

_{COx}= p

_{SOx}- p

_{GOx}= const,

where x

_{C0}- generalized translational momentum and the Cartesian velocity and the coordinate of its center O

_{c}mass reference system K

_{0}(0); - generalized horizontal momentum of its own dynamic gravitational fields

The

is aimogasta; its amplitude.From (11) when

_{1}= 0 and v

_{1n}= 0 when const=0, it is easy to determine the generalized coordinate x

_{10}the Foundation of the m

_{1}in the frame of reference K

_{0}(0)

x

_{10}= -A

_{10}(0)cos

_{21}, (13)

where A

_{10}(0)= kR

_{21}- the amplitude of its reciprocating motion; k= m

_{2}/(m

_{1}+m

_{2}- a constant factor.Differentiation of (13) at time t with the subsequent stand in (10) allows to Express the Lagrangian function L

_{1}and full of energy W

_{1}the mechanical system S in the K

_{1}as

< / BR>

We believe that the potential function U (14) is a quadratic form

< / BR>

where (

_{21}) is an unknown function satisfying the boundary conditions of the form

< / BR>

= ES/R

_{p}is a coefficient that depends on the elastic properties and the geometry of the rod R, and its young's modulus E, area (S)=2S cross section twice as mass m

_{2}= 2m

_{2}body m

_{2}(3), as well as its limit R

_{p}is exceeded for rotational movement body m

_{2}about a fixed axis O

_{1}if that causes it to strain increment R

_{21}.

Differentiating the Lagrangian function L

_{1}(14) for R

_{21}and what that expresses the principle of d Alambar, and the second is the law of conservation of energy.The system of equations (17) and boundary conditions (16) satisfies the function

(

_{21}) = (1-ksin

^{2}

_{21}). (18)

Substituting (18) in (15) allows to determine the potential

< / BR>

as a function of generalized coordinates

_{21}and R

_{21}.To analyze the interaction we use the Lagrange function L

_{1}(14), which reduces the problem of motion of a body m

_{2}and the Foundation of the m

_{1}to the problem of one body with variable given inertial mass

< / BR>

moving in a force field F

_{21}= U/R

_{21}the interaction of a body m

_{2}with a basis of m

_{1}when

As the non-inertial character of its own system of reference K

_{1}the Foundation of the m

_{1}caused by the influence of dynamic gravitational field F

_{10x}(12), can be attributed to the change given the inert mass (20), the center of the force field F

_{21}at the beginning of O

_{1}coordinate O

_{1}x

_{1}y

_{1}reference system K

_{1}we can take over motionless.Given that the value of the Lagrange function L

_{1}(14) does not depend on the generalized coordinates

_{21}will adopt the coordinate of the circular L/

_{21}= 0. When

_{1}0 rotational part of the motion which I function relay, which upon substitution in it of the generalized velocities (13) takes the form

< / BR>

_{1}- coefficient of resistance of the external environment the translational motion of the base m

_{1}; M

_{21}- internal active torque acting on the axis O

_{1}.Substituting in (21) the Lagrange function L

_{1}(14) and simultaneously dissipative function D (22), expressed through the generalized velocity after differentiation we obtain the following inhomogeneous linear differential equation of second order:

< / BR>

where

_{2}=

_{1}m

_{1}/[2m

_{1}+m

_{2})

^{2}] is the coefficient of damping of the rotational movement body m

_{2}; and are the coefficients that depend on the generalized coordinates

_{21}< / BR>

< / BR>

As in the original Lagrangian L

_{1}(14) the generalized coordinate

_{21}accepted for cyclic L/

_{21}= 0, then it should be excluded from equation (23) by means of averaging and

< / BR>

Average and reduces equation (23) to a linear dierential equation of second order with constant coefficients

< / BR>

In the steady state and from (26) for internal active torque M

_{21}on the axis O

_{1}get

< / BR>

In the case of M

_{21}= 0 inhomogeneous EQ is the equation

< / BR>

with roots

< / BR>

The General solution of homogeneous equation (28) with known roots

_{1,2}(30) will look as

< / BR>

Taking in (31)

_{21}=

^{(}

^{0}

_{2}

_{1}= 0 at t = 0 find

B

_{1}+ B

_{2}= 0

where

^{(}

^{0}

_{2}

_{1}- generalized coordinate body m

_{2}at time t = 0.Differentiating (31) for t, we get

< / BR>

Taking in (33) at t = 0, and then substituting the resulting expression into (32), we find

< / BR>

where is the generalized velocity of a body m

_{2}at time t = 0.Taking in (33) and then taking the logarithm, we define the duration

< / BR>

attenuation of the generalized velocity of the rotational movement body m

_{2}n times.For analysis of direct self will use the Lagrange function L

_{0}(10). Because of the generalized coordinate x

_{10}circular L/x

_{10}= 0, when

_{1}0 the translational part of the motion in the reference system K

_{0}(

_{1}) must satisfy the following equation Lagrange

< / BR>

Substituting in this equation the Lagrangian function L

_{0}(10) and the dissipation function D (22), expressed through the generalized velocity after differentiation we obtain the following linear neodnorodnost attenuation of stimulated translational motion of the base m

_{1}; is a coefficient proportional to the amplitude of the H

_{21}dynamic gravitational field F

_{10x}(12).The equation of direct self (37) describes the induced translational motion of the base m

_{1}the mechanical system S under the action of its own dynamic gravitational field F

_{10x}(12) driven by inertial

_{21x}action of its bodies m

_{2}on the basis of m

_{1}when the harmonic interaction in the system of reference K

_{0}(

_{1}).

Equating the right hand side to zero reduces him to a homogeneous differential equation aftereffect

< / BR>

describing the translational motion of the mechanical system S as a whole upon completion of stationary harmonic interaction of the body m

_{2}with a basis of m

_{1}.The General solution of the equations of direct self (37) and aftereffect (38) will look as

< / BR>

where x

_{10}= x

_{10}(0tt

_{1}and x

_{10}=x

_{10}(t

_{1}tt

_{2}) - private solutions of the equation of direct self (37) for transient and stationary harmonic interaction of the body m

_{2}with a basis of m

_{1}; x

_{10}(t

_{2}t) is the General solution of the equation aftereffect (38); t

_{1}and t

_{22}with a basis of m

_{1}.For finding stationary partial solution x

_{10}= x

_{10}(t

_{1}tt

_{2}) (39) equations direct self (37) represent this equation in complex form

< / BR>

Private integral of such a complex equations are looking for

< / BR>

Substituting (41) into (40), we find the complex amplitude

< / BR>

which in exponential form can be viewed as

B

_{10}(

_{1}) = A

_{10}(

_{1})exp(i), (43)

where A

_{10}(

_{1}) and its modulus and argument

< / BR>

Considering the fact that the real and imaginary part of the complex amplitude B

_{10}(

_{1}) (42) negative argument (44), which defines the lag phase forced reciprocating motion of the Foundation of the m

_{1}relative phase driving dynamic gravitational field F

_{10x}(12) can be expressed through the principal value of the arc tangent of

< / BR>

where sign (-) to the right, and the sign (+) to the left of the rotational movement body m

_{2}.Substituting (43) into (41) and selecting the real part, we get a stationary partial solution of the equations of direct self (37) in its final form

< / BR>

where f(

_{1}) function

< / BR>

determining the position of the beginning 0

_{reference K0(1).Believing that the source of the mechanical system S for a counter-rotating bodies m2on the corner , their kinetic energy T21(6) are converted to their internal thermal energy as a result of their completely inelastic counter strike duration stationary harmonic interaction of the body m2with a basis of m1we shall study2= t2-t1, (48)where the time t2= T/2, for which the angle21rotation of the body m2in the frame of reference K1its displacement x21along its coordinate axes O1x1are21=21t2= and x21= x(121-x(221= 2R21; x21(1and x21(2- generalized coordinates of body m2in the frame of reference K1at time t = 0, t2; T = 2/21and the period and angular velocity of the rotational movement body m2.To determine the time t1(48) we find transitional particular solution of x10=x10(0tt1) (39) equations direct self (37)< / BR>where (t) is an unknown time function(t) =(010exp(t) (50)lag phase forced the translational motion of the base mV (49) x10= x10(0= 0 at t = 0, find the initial phase(010(50) forced the translational motion of the base m1< / BR>(010= (0) = -/2, (51)where x10(0is the generalized coordinate of the base m1at time t = 0.To determine the time t1we substitute (49) into (37). Then, having obtained the expression (t) = = const, we find that< / BR>According to (52) the function (t) reaches its steady state value (44) in timet1= T/4, (53)for which the rotation angle of the body m2in the frame of reference K1is21=21t1= /2.The time t1(53) determines the duration of the transition of the translational motion of the base m1as1= t1. (54)Equating (44) and (50) at t=t1after taking the logarithm, we find a constant< / BR>To find the General solution of x10(t2t) equation aftereffect (38) will reduce its substitution x10= exp(t) to the characteristic equation2+21= 0 (56)with roots1,2= 0, -21. (57)The General solution of the equation aftereffect (38) with known roots1,2(57) will look as< / BR>where t'=t-tthe t time t=t2.Taking in (58) x10=x10(2at t=t2findx10(2= C1+ C2< / BR>where x10(2is the generalized coordinate of the base m1at time t2.Differentiating (58) for t' get< / BR>Taking in (60) at t=t2and then substituting the resulting expression in (59), we findwhere is the generalized velocity of the base m1at time t2.Taking in (60) and then taking the logarithm, we find the duration< / BR>attenuation of the generalized velocity of the translational motion of the base m1n times.Association of private decisions (49) and (46) the equation of direct self (37) and the General solution of (58) equation aftereffect (38) gives the General solution of the problem direct with self-delay< / BR>According to (47) in10 the function f(1) = 0 and, consequently, the beginning of O0coordinate reference system K0(1defined initial position of the base m1at time t=0, as shown in Fig. 1. In this reference system in the time interval 0tt1duration1(54) a basis of m1does the forced transient translational motion with constant the dynamic gravitational field F10x(12) varies with time t as a function of (t) (50) where x10(0tt1) - the first solution (63). The character of change of generalized coordinates x10(0tt1) and lag (0tt1for fixed values1shows graphs of Fig. 1.In the time interval t1tt2duration2(48) a basis of m1does forced stationary reciprocating motion with constant in time t amplitude A21(1) and delay (44), depending on relation 21/21where x10(t1tt2second solution (63).And in the last time interval t2t with infinite duration3(62) a basis of m1does damped translational motion where x10(t2t) - a third solution (63).In practice, the infinite duration3when n (62) is observed only when1= 0, namely when there is no apparent adverse dynamic effects of external environments, not accurate definition in the formula (62). For example, the duration of the aftereffect on the surface of the water and in the air for the mechanical system S with a total mass of about 0.5 kg and216,28-3,14 is30.2-0.5 and 3-5, respectively. Therefore, when10 long that a significant amount.When1= 0, the function f(1) = kR21and therefore, you can go to the reference system K0(0), the beginning O0coordinate which defines the initial position of the center Ocmass of the mechanical system S at time t = 0. In this reference system in the time interval 0t base m1does stationary reciprocating motion with constant in time t amplitude A21(0)=kR21and phase shift = (44) where x10(0t) - the second solution (63) provided that in this frame the function f(1) = 0.The trajectory of the rotational movement body m2in the reference systems K0(0, a1) can be determined stand (63) in (2). In particular for stationary reciprocating motion of the Foundation of the m1they represent ellipses S2(0) and S2(1), the latter of which is shown in Fig. 1 by the dotted line.To analyze the motion of the mechanical system S as a whole, namely the motion of its center Ocmasses, we will substitute the second solution (63) in third. Therefore at t and get< / BR>According to (64) of the final generalized coordinate x(10vanishes x(10= 0 as in , when = 3/4 (45) and1, Kaia m1can't take negative values, boundary conditions (64) can be reduced to mind21/211. (65)If the condition (65) is nite generalized coordinatex(10x10(t=) m1equal to its initial generalized coordinate x(10= x10(t=) = x(010= x10(t=0)=0, the first of which can be determined from the third, and the second from the first solution (63) at t=,0. In the case of x(010= x(10= x10(t=0)=0 full discrete offset xCOcenter Ocmass of the mechanical system S in the reference frame K0(1) during direct self with aftereffect can be defined as< / BR>where is its displacement during direct self and the length of wire separately< / BR>xco(0xco(2and x(CO- generalized coordinates of the center Owithmass at time t = 0, t2,< / BR>x10(2is the generalized coordinate of the base m1. which can be defined from the second solution (63) at t=t2.Thus, dissipative D (22) environment full discrete offset xCO= 2kR21(66) Ocmass of the mechanical system S in SIS) for any 0< remains constant.The equation of the self (37) can be integrated for a constant amplitude of the gravitational field< / BR>excited inertial21xthe action of the body m2on the basis of m1when their linear interaction, the generalized acceleration of the body m2in the frame of reference K1.As a result of this linear interaction of the body m2makes reference system K1reverse translational movement from position x21(2in the initial position x21(1at a distance x21= x(121-x(221= 2R21as shown in Fig. 1, equation (69), unlike equation of direct self (37), let us assume the equation of the inverse of self.Selecting the reference point in time point in time t=t2and by integration of the equation of the inverse of the self (69), we find the generalized rate base m1in the frame of reference K0(1)< / BR>where x10(2his primary generalized velocity and coordinate, which can be determined from the second solution (63) at t=t2; t'=t-t2- the current time in the time interval t2tt3; t3- the same position x2(1subject to further definition.Integrating (70), we find the generalized coordinate x10the Foundation of the m1in the same reference system K0(1)< / BR>Duration4reverse the self can be defined as< / BR>wheret3= t2+4. (73)Selecting the reference point in time point in time t=t3and combining the third solution (63) with the solution (71) find the General solution shortened aftereffect.x10(t) = x(310+C(13+C(23exp(-2),t3t, (74)where x10(3C1(3and C2(3- primary generalized coordinate base m1and odds< / BR>which can be determined from (71) and (61) at its generalized speed at the same moment of time t' = t-t3- the current time in the time interval t3t.Full discrete offset xCOcenter Owiththe mechanical system S in the reference frame K0(1) during forward and reverse Samadashvili with shorter delay can be defined as< / BR>where is the shift of the center Ocmasses during direct self-action and the return of the self with okorocha the n coordinates of the center Owithmass at time t = 0, t2< / BR>< / BR>x10(0x10(2and x(10- generalized coordinates of the base m1that can be determined respectively from the first, second and third solutions (63) at t= 0, t2, .Schedule full displacement of the center Owithmass of the mechanical system S as a function of1it is shown in Fig. 1. When10 total displacement of the center of mass xCO(76) in the reference system K0(1) experimental approaches to the value of xCO2kR21. When1= 0 is observed inversion, in which its value in the reference system K0(0) is xCO= 0.When forward and reverse self-action are performed continuously in time t with a shortened consequence, the resulting discrete offset xSthe mechanical system S as a whole in the reference system K can be defined as axS= nxCO, (79)where n is the frequency of repetition to some moment of time t;xCO- full offset of its center Owithmass (76) in the reference system K0(1).If they are done without rapid action, the speed of the mechanical system S as a whole in the same reference system K costatum, multiple full offset xCO2kR21(76) Owithmass of the mechanical system S with a low of 0< is it effective gravitational movement xS(79) or (80).Practice shows that the equation of direct self (37) is true not only for rotation and for reciprocating movement body m2if only the last performed according to the harmonic law, meet the right part of this equation. The equivalence of these movements allows you to replace the rotational movement body m2on reciprocating that has enormous practical value to select the optimal design gravitational propulsion.The aim of the invention is selfadjusting mover to change the friction resistance of the external environment in real time.The goal has been achieved by the fact that in the known gravitational propulsion in Fig. 2 and 3, containing the base 1, on which the operating body 2 with the possibility of forward and backward movement in the plane of the base 1 from position x21(1in position x21(2additionally introduced the linear motor 3 mounted on the base of ucen to the input unit of the information processing and software control 6 of the linear motor 3.Distinctive features of the proposed gravitational propulsion, in comparison with known, is additionally introduced the path of self-adaptation mover to changes in factor1attenuation of its movement, consisting of series-connected sensor 5 speed base 1, a processing unit and software control 6 of the linear motor 3, the first of which measures the speed of the base 1, and the second calculates the factor1attenuation of its movement and for a given algorithm controls the mode of operation of the linear motor 3, which drives most effectively performs motion in space.The introduction of the linear motor 3 provides additional positive effect of increasing the load capacity of the propulsion unit about two times, by the fact that a large mass mobility part 4 of the linear motor 3 increases the weight attached to it working body 2, thereby reducing the weight of the base 1, which, in turn, allows to increase the mass transferred by the mover at the same his full weight.It proposed a set of distinctive features in its unity and cooperation is Otellini external environment in real time while increasing its load capacity.Exclusion of any of the distinguishing characteristics of violates the whole set of distinctive features in General, thus not allowing any positive effect.The proposed gravitational thruster shown in Fig. 2 and 3. It comprises a base 1, on which the operating body 2 with the possibility of forward and backward movement in the plane of the base 1 from position x21(1in position x21(2linear motor 3 mounted on the base 2, the movable part 4 is fixed to the working body 2, and the sensor 5 speed base 1, the output of which is connected to the input unit of the information processing and software control 6 of the linear motor 3.The speed sensor 5 is a locator, measuring the speed of the base 1 relative to the natural or artificial objects, separated from the base 1.The processing unit and program management 6 contains a computing device according to a predetermined algorithm by the switch specifies the desired mode of operation of the linear motor 3.Direct cycle gravitational propulsion is based on a linear moving body 1 from the floor of the harmonic law, satisfying the right-hand side of the equation direct self (37), with an arbitrary selected angular frequency21.Reverse cycle operation of the thruster based on the inverse linear movement body 2 from position x21(2in the initial position x21(1by means of the linear motor 3 according to the law, satisfyingthe right part of the equation of the inverse of the self (69).During aftereffect sensor 5 speed measures two values and the speed of the base 1 at time t3and tx. According to this data processing unit and program management 6 and calculates the factor1(62) the damping of the movement of the base 1. Then he corrects originally given circular frequency21so when this was done, the condition 21/211 (65).Subsequent repeated implementation of the forward and reverse cycles with shorter delay resulting discrete offset xSmover can be calculated by the formula (79). For example, for a single forward and reverse cycles with shorter delay when10 it is xS= xCO2kR21as shown in Fig. 1.If calculated according to the formula (80).Direct measurement of the speed of the base 1 sensor 5 allows you to continuously calculate1and in case of violation of conditions 21/211 (65) adjust21in real-time.Thus, the sensor 5 speed and the processing unit and program management 6 together with the linear motor 3 provide a self-adaptive propulsion to changes in friction-resistance 1= 21(m1+m2external environment in real time.An important characteristic of propulsion is that if the condition 21/211 (65) it is most useful for low friction-resistance 0< the external environment, as evidenced by the dependence of its full displacement xCO= f(1), shown in Fig. 1.Literature1. Saveliev S. C. Theory of gravitation. - M.: Moscow power engineering Institute, 1993. - 108 C. Gravitational propulsion Savelieva containing a working medium, installed on the base with the possibility of its forward and reverse movement in the plane of the base from a position x21(1in position x21(2where x21(1and x21(2- generalized coordinates, characterized in that negoatiable working body, and the speed sensor base, the output of which is connected to the input unit of the information processing and software control of the linear motor. }

**Same patents:**

FIELD: converting energy of fluid media to mechanical and electrical energy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed power unit includes foundation with several identical power units mounted on it through bed frames. Each unit has body located over vertical axis of symmetry, lower and upper partitions with holes, level gauge, gas chamber, gaseous working medium discharge pipe line fitted with adjusting valves, tank-mixer, natural gas supply and discharge pipe lines and inner and outer lower, middle and upper clamping rings. Each unit is provided with flexible dome-shaped gas receiver with weights-anchors, fastening hinges and ropes laid in sea or ocean where natural gas or hydrogen is extracted. Power units have several identical power stages provided with axles with adjusting keys, sectional screw conveyers, drive belts, bypasses with valves, electric generators, waste gaseous medium discharge pipe line with moisture trap, counter, pressure gauges and valves.

EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency and ecological safety; enhanced reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering; buffer energy accumulators; transport systems, emergency power supply units, wind-power and solar stations.

SUBSTANCE: proposed accumulator has flywheel and drive with supports located in evacuated chambers having different levels of vacuum and separated from each other; evacuated chambers are filled with rarefied gas; electric drive is located in one of them at low level of vacuum; flywheel is located in other chamber at increased level of vacuum of 0.1 to 0.01 Pa; turbo-molecular pump mounted on flywheel shaft is used for maintenance of increased vacuum in chamber by pumping the gas from this chamber to chamber of drive. At least one chamber is used for drives and supports which is separated from flywheel chamber by seals; they are hermetic during working rotational speeds of flywheel.

EFFECT: low aerodynamic losses in flywheel chamber; enhanced cooling efficiency without availability separate cooling systems.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: gravitational engines and energy sources with flywheels.

SUBSTANCE: according to proposed invention, axially symmetrical closed flow of ions or electrons is used rotating inside vacuum envelope of crossed-field generator providing generation of oscillations at frequency at which charge flow rotates at angular velocity from which its acceleration by gravitational field forces starts. Device is placed in anode voltage control circuit of crossed-field generator controlled by amplitude detector of generated oscillations which, providing constant frequency of generation and angular frequency of rotation of cloud of ions or electrons in process of acceleration increases electronic efficiency.

EFFECT: reduced requirements of flywheel material.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting kinetic energy of moving vehicle into electric energy. Proposed device contains longitudinal projection over road bed widthwise road-way square to longitudinal axis and consisting of two surfaces inclined in opposite sides, and power drive installed in cavity under road bed and mechanically coupled with energy consumer shaft. Power drive is made in form of drum arranged symmetrically under projection over its entire width, rigidly secured on axle parallel to projection and installed in rotation supports. One of inclined surfaces of projection is made rigid, and the other is provided with resilient section parallel to projection over its entire length for contact with side surface of drum when vehicle runs one.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for converting kinetic energy of moving vehicle into electric energy. Proposed device contains platform installed on roadway square to its longitudinal axis. Edge of platform projecting beyond the limits of roadway rests on external radial surface of flexible circular chamber rigidly secured by axial hole on ferromagnetic core and arranged in clearance of magnetic circuit with permanent magnet and coil. Chamber is filled with air and, partially, with ferromagnetic liquid and is divided into compartments by solid radial partitions with fitted-in hydraulic restrictors with ball valve with direction of liquid passing coinciding with direction of bypassing if chamber to one of sides.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: producing mechanical power.

SUBSTANCE: method is realized with the device which comprises a pipeline whose one end is submerged into fluid and the other end is connected with the accumulating vessel arranged above the level of the fluid. The device is filled with fluid under the action of vacuum, the fluid is directed to the turbine generator that converts power, and the power is used for doing useful work. After the filling, the accumulating vessel is set in rotation up to a speed for which the pressure of the fluid at the wall of the accumulating vessel exceeds the external atmospheric pressure, and fluid is discharged from the accumulating vessel. The fluid set the additional turbine generator into rotation. The additional turbine generator and rotation axis of the vessel are axially aligned. The converted power is used for rotating the vessel. The discharge of the fluid for useful work is provided through the additional turbine generator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed accumulator is designed for use as secondary power source in set with power generating plants using alternative energy sources, namely, sun, wind, sea waves. Device contains carrying structure in form of lifting and transporting mechanism with rectangular frame with wheels for movement along guides secured on vertical supports in longitudinal direction, truck on wheels to move along guiders of frame in cross direction, chain sprockets with chain, hook for suspending weight, reduction gear, brake, shaft and container for free end of chain. Three chain sprockets mounted on truck are united by pull chain. Driving sprocket is mechanically coupled with reduction gear and, further on, through pair of bevel gears, with traction motor adapted for operation under regeneration conditions. Two sprockets united by separate chain are rigidly and concentrically fitted on driven sprockets.

EFFECT: improved weight and dimensional characteristics of accumulator, improved operation reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed inertia propulsion device contains drive shaft 1 with guide 2, fixed cam 3 in form of turn of spiral closed by number of steps. Inertia members in form of axle 4 and rollers 5 are arranged in guides opposite to each other. Drive shaft sets inertia members into motion, and each of them creates, in turn, driving pulse inertia force when opposite member moves over steps.

EFFECT: increased number of driving pulses from each inertia member.

2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; inertia propulsion devices.

SUBSTANCE: proposed centrifugal propulsion device contains mechanism to rotate flyweights around axle which are installed for synchronous reciprocating motion. Flyweights are installed for movement at angle of 45 degrees to axle of rotating mechanism.

EFFECT: enlarged range of technical means.

2 dwg

FIELD: scientific and cognitive means, in particular, means for movement in medium.

SUBSTANCE: means for movement in medium has floating base, movable members mounted on base, and mechanism adapted for moving said members relative to base and comprised of column mounted on base in offset relation relative to center. Plate is fastened to column, and electric engine and other column are secured by means of stator on said plate. Said means also comprises electric contact system. Toothed wheel is fixed on rotor of electric engine. Small gear is mounted through pin on said other column so as to cooperate with toothed wheel. Electric contact system comprises immovable contacts and contact plate disposed on toothed wheel. Stator attachment place is spaced from surface of toothed wheel.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in investigating of non-traditional movement under floatability conditions.

2 dwg