Pneumovirinae chassis and armored pneumogastric
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to equipment and can be used to create pneumogastric chassis and armored trains. Pneumovirinae chassis consists of trucks. These tracks are made of metal chassis, tires and tubes. The front and rear walls of the housing are vertically downwards and the side are inclined. The top edge is rounded. In the middle of the front wall of the casing is the pipe to exit the nozzle chamber located inside the truck. At the bottom of the truck area of the tires exploded as the envelope 4 petal. In each corner there are holes for screws, and part of the tire that extends beyond the body of the truck, reinforced steel and plastic threads and bulletproof. Around the opening for the nozzle chamber tire reinforced with fabrics and glue. Between the tire and the tube is duralumin plate with screws. They pass through the holes in the petals and are fastened by nuts. The corners of the truck are the openers with rollers or ball bearing wheels moving along the grooves. The latter are located at the ends of the oval-shaped steel I-beams. One wall of the groove is a removable plate. At the bottom of the truck has a hook. Brona are overlapping each other steel shields. Above them is on each side of the car round or oval-shaped lid with a "skirt" that hold the panels in a pressed to the cars condition. For sliding of these parts to each other and used car end bearings on the edges of the cover and steel shields. The technical result consists in increasing the permeability of the chassis and to increase the invulnerability in close combat. 2 s and 5 C.p. f-crystals, 27 ill. The invention relates to equipment and can be used to create pneumogastric chassis and armored trains.Known tracked chassis, consisting of trucks (SU 264924 A, class B 62 D 55/08, published. 03.03.70).Famous armoured train consisting of cars (US 2543054 A, class F 41 H 7/02, published. 27.02.51).However, such known technical means do not have a high permeability and very vulnerable in terms of combat.The technical result from implementation of the invention is to improve the patency of technical vehicles and ensuring their increased invulnerability in terms of melee.This technical result is achieved by the fact that pneumomechanical chassis, consisting of trucks, these trucks are made of metal housing, Shi down, lateral oblique, the upper edge rounded, and in the middle of the front wall of the body is a nozzle for exit of the nozzle chamber, the tire is on the inside track, bottom track plot tires exploded as the envelope on four petals, each corner of which there are holes for screws, and part of the tire, extending outside of the hull, reinforced steel and plastic threads and bulletproof, the tire around the opening for the nozzle chamber reinforced fabrics and glue, and between the tire and the tube is located duralumin plate with screws which pass through holes in the petals of the tires and the chassis and mounted on the outside nuts at the corners of the case, there are openers with rollers or ball bearing wheels moving along the grooves located at the end of the oval-shaped steel beam - supporting rack structure, with one wall of the groove is a removable plate to retrieve the truck from caterpillars to repair, and at the bottom of the truck has a hook.To achieve the above technical result pneumogastric armored train consisting of cars, in addition to their connections rubberized "accordion" has an in-ground coupling armor on the edge veganaise each other steel panels, on each side of the car on them is a round or oval-shaped lid with a "skirt" that hold the shields in close to cars, and cover the front end rigidly attached to the thickened upper portion U-shaped "frame" front of the car and below the cover ring is similarly attached to the thickened part of the roof in the rear of the car, while on the edges of the lids and rings are end bearings, all of these elements have the ability to shift relative to each other, providing the turns of the cars relative to each other with a high degree of protection of their places of articulation.In Fig. 1-3 are depicted in three dimensions the main element pneumomechanical chassis: front view (Fig. 1), top view (Fig. 2) and side view (Fig. 3). POS. 3 - metal wall of the body poses. 1 - tire truck, POS. 2 - camera, POS. 12 is a metal pipe for withdrawal of the nozzle chamber (POS. 11), POS. 5 - screw the metal plate of the truck, POS. 4 - metal plate for mounting tires, POS. 7 - opener track, POS. 16 is a roller or ball bearing wheel, POS. 6 - hook on the bottom of the truck, POS. 9 - detachable guide plate beams or bearing walls, POS. 10 - screws for mounting plate (POS. 9), POS. 20 - the inner part is fixed to the bottom of the truck screws (POS. 15), the side walls of the grooves (POS. 13) at the end of the supporting rack, ball bearing wheel (POS. 16); see Fig. 4, which shows the shaft (POS. 19) this wheel or roller (POS. 16).In Fig. 7-9 show three projections pneumomechanical chassis crawler trailer carrying rocket.Shows the roof (Ref. 21) over the rocket, the rocket (POS. 25), the driver (POS. 23, the staff (POS. 24), sitting with the driver in the cab, doors (Ref. 99), through which the crew can go to its location between the roof and the missile, or go outside, leaving the rocket launcher, the range finder device for an overview of the area (Ref. 33), the cab driver (POS. 32), the tracks in General (Ref. 26). Also shown is the drive sprocket propulsion (POS. 28), the axis of the propulsion unit (POS. 29), the front part of the caterpillars (POS. 30), "the attic" between the roof and carried by a missile, the lifting mechanism missiles (Ref. 31), transverse boards for floor mounting (POS. 34), the lower section of casing caterpillars (POS. 35), the space between the "boards" (POS. 36), the lower steel sheathing floor (POS. 37), follower wheel propulsion (POS. 38), the cover (POS. 39) the system of protection inside the caterpillars in General (Ref. 40), the upper steel sheathing floor (without places) (Ref. 41), the space between the stars (POS. 42), hatches, front (POS. 43) and hatches shall ransta between the stars from space location of these stars. In machines of civil assignments they are missing.In Fig. 8 shows the position of the motor (POS. 45) when viewed from above. In Fig. 9 shows the front protective plate (POS. 50) located on the front rod (POS. 49) attaching them at the bottom edge of the bottom of the "body" and covers of tracks.In Fig. 10 shows shiboski (POS. 51) between the plates, rubber cover (POS. 52) plate protection, steel (duralumin) the "body" of the protective plate and the tubular bracket (POS. 57) rectangular plates. POS. 58 - the back row of the protective plates.In Fig. 11 shows the rounded side of the protective plate is attached to the bottom edges of the covers (POS. 56) using the cap and collar (POS. 55).In Fig. 12-14 given projection anterior caterpillars. The upper edge of the end of the I-beams forming the groove (Ref. 59), the bottom (60) grooves for the rollers (ball bearing wheels), corners to maintain the front of the casing and its protection (Ref. 62), saralaya tabs (POS. 95) propulsion.In Fig. 15 and 16 are two projections of the front and rear hatches. Visible top (POS. 77) and the bottom (POS. 82) manhole covers, hinge (Ref. 79) between the cover (POS. 77) with a cylindrical wall (POS. 100) hatch, hinge (Ref. 80) between the cover (POS. 82) saluka, Residencia space (POS. 83) contact caps and sides of the hatch.In Fig. 17 shows paired pneumovirinae vehicle with connecting cars rubber "bellows" (POS. 63) between the cars.In Fig. 18 and 19 shows the upper and lower projection elements linking the armored cars with pneumatic chassis. In Fig. 18-19 depict the cover (POS. 67) to protect the cars from above in the place of their capture, and "bunching" (POS. 63), the bracket (POS. 58) cover to "frame" the front of the car, which slide end bearings (POS. 84) cover, and also shows the steel plates (POS. 65) side protection wagons in place of the hitch, interacting with the "skirts" (POS. 66).In Fig. 20 provides a detailed picture of the end bearing having a small ball (POS. 101), large ball (POS. 71), attached great ball stem (POS. 72) with a thin channel (Ref. 74) in the middle for grease between the balls, having in the beginning of the funnel (POS. 73) for submission to channel oil, covered on top by a cover plate (POS. 75), for which maintenance on the funnel serves as a screw (POS. 76).In Fig. 21 shows a top view of the ring (POS. 69) with the bracket (POS. 70) back to the car.In Fig. TIA shells on the train.In Fig. 22 shows that the steel casing (POS. 39) lined ceramics, blocks which are connected with it by a short screws (POS. 94). The casing has a screw mount (Ref. 48) to the ends of the boards. Ceramic, stone blocks (POS. 86) protection are located between the supporting I-beams in places free from the stars. The protection blocks surrounded by cases (Ref. 93) with bounds (POS. 91) between the blocks. At the intersection of posts (POS. 14) are the coupling (POS. 92). Long screws (POS. 90) are used for fastening protection caterpillars and screwed to the second support wall. POS. the 85 air gap, rubber, tire crumbs used to protect the caterpillars together with covers (POS. 98) of gunpowder, protective blocks (POS. 89) of steel balls and blocks (POS. 96) steel or duralumin protection in the caterpillar next to the driver.In Fig. 23 and 24 are given options for the location of a short screw (POS. 94) in the unit casing (POS. 93).In Fig. 25 shows a variant with protection rockets high caterpillars and roof.In Fig. 26 shows a variant with tank protection high caterpillars and roof. Shows the tower (Ref. 88) of the tank, the shaft (POS. 46) of the motor.In Fig. 27 shows a front view on pneumogastric bus with beauty (POS. 87) for p is bretania.The main element of the proposed design of the caterpillars is pneumatically truck. It consists of made of alloy steel or aluminum housing 3 having front and rear vertically running down the wall, and two side sloping walls set at an angle, which together with the bottom of the truck to create when considering the side of the trapezoidal shape of the truck, a rounded top.In the center of the front side wall has an opening with the inlet 12 of the housing of the truck to exit the nozzle 11 of the camera. Bus 1 is basically fills the casing 3 of the truck, a rounded top and stands a few inches over the edge of the metal casing 3, creating its outer bearing surface.In the part adjacent to the bottom of the housing 3, the tire 1 is cut as the envelope on the four petals on diagonals. Over these petals stacked metal plate 4, such as duralumin or steel, and depart from it down the metal screws which pass through corresponding holes in the petals of the tire and the bottom of the body of the truck and outside are fastened by nuts 17. From the bottom side of the housing 3 in parallel and Central to the bottom of the truck mounted hook gear 6 (Fig. 2, 3, 5), clinging to which gear mechanics is, 4). The edges from a hook 6 on both sides are mounted four opener 7 track (Fig. 1, 3, 5), in the middle of each pair of which is on the axis 19 is a roller or ball bearing wheel 16. The groove 13 is formed by the top edge 59 of the end of the beam and has a bottom 60. The groove is also formed by a removable plate 9 fastened to the supporting wall by screws 10 and which is the wall of the groove. The size of the plates corresponds exactly to the body size and allows for repairs to remove and remove from caterpillars damaged truck. Housing adjacent tracks are connected at the top by a hinge pin which has an inner part 20 and the threads on the end (see Fig. 2). The hinge has a cylindrical portion 8 with an internal thread at the end (Fig. 2).The mounting of the tire 1, the housing 3 and the connecting plate with 4 screws as follows. Bus 1 is placed on the table of the convex part, its petals thibaudia down, and camera 2 is introduced into the tire 1 so that its nozzle 11 has entered the outlet 12 of the body of the truck and walked outside. The chamber 2 is inflated to the corners and angles of the tires filled case 3, but not completely, and so that you can enter the metal plate 4 between the camera and the petals of the tire and to hold screws or screws 5 chere the x locations, and protruding from the housing screws of the plate 4 is firmly screwed nuts 17 to the chassis of the truck.The bus especially in the rounded part, protruding from the body 3 of the truck, made bulletproof. In the location of the pipe bus around it pasted tissues to harden. The hole in the tire 1 is of larger diameter than the pipe 11 of the camera.As an example of the use of the truck this design in Fig. 7-9 show three projections of the General form of rocket launchers with pneumogastric chassis, built so that pneumatization wide and long Truckee, United in caterpillars, providing propulsion rocket launchers as the chain of pillows.The basis of structural strength are the four I rounded front and rear steel beams that form on the ends of four continuous groove 13. Each track is based on four opener 7 and four roller or ball bearing wheels 16, and since they are connected, are formed two track chains - right and left. These beams are called the supporting poles on their functional role.Between the support posts 14 the one hand formed a space in the front and vezdochka 28 is located on the axis 29, connected to the motor. Stars cling to the hooks 6 of the tracks (Fig. 1, 3, 5) and when the motor is in motion all the caterpillars.The remainder of the space between the posts 14 is separated from the sprocket vertical transverse wall 97 (Fig. 7, 8).The gaps between the stars and the supporting walls are full of these protective materials, such as plates of steel or aluminum alloys, plastic, forming a protection system 40 (Fig. 8), in the space between the vertical walls ceramic, stone blocks (POS. 86) in 93 cases (Fig. 23, 24), the layers of rubber powder in 98 cases, creating a counter explosion and weaken the force of impact of the projectile.Used hollow steel balls protective block 89 with the case. These balls are filled through corresponding holes basalt, granite and so on, These balls are designed for dispersion and attenuation prolative the force of the blow. Instead of rubber can be used sintered and pressed the crumbs from old tires, filling all voids and cracks in the protective wall. This material will "filter" crumbs from ceramics and stone, preventing the ingress of such chips in sprocket 28 with a view to their protection. Cases 93 blocks are attached to s caterpillars and in the same horizontal layer are located at some distance from each other reinforced concrete or steel boards 34 for fastening the floor (Fig. 25-27), fastened in the grooves of the support legs 14 and output to the outside of the casing by means of screw fasteners 48 (Fig. 22).In the area of the sprocket 28 "Board" 34 in short, are the only members of the internal grooves of the uprights 14 and the top cover steel floor with its upper casing 41 and the lower they covered the bottom of the steel casing 37 of the floor. Ahead for hardening has metal corners 62, topped steel sheet 61 (Fig. 12). On the "boards" 34, on the floor are the elements of the lifting mechanism of the rocket or other weight, and the top in this case the missile 25, for example of the type of "Topol-M" (Fig. 7). In the space 36 between the "boards" 34, which in the case of vehicles for military purposes can be metal, as well as between the floor and the bottom (Fig. 7), limiting these "boards" may be narrow and flat tanks with accessories for pumping gasoline into the motor and part of the cargo.Rocket with this performance from ostroverhoj or flat roof 21 to hinge tracks covered steel casing 39 (Fig. 9), covering it with clay litter. The casing 39 is attached to the support posts 14 of the fastening rod, the retaining blocks protection, and must be sealed to ensure buoyancy residene casing and ceramics. Use of bulletproof glass. The review is carried out using a rangefinder with 33 accessories for mapping. Part of the staff, and troops can be placed between the roof 21 and the rocket 25, i.e. in the "attic" 22 (Fig. 25). To accelerate the escape rocket launchers under the roof 21 has front and rear doors 99 (Fig. 7), and in front at the bottom, two sealed rubber hatch 44, 45 (Fig. 8). In Fig. 15 and 16 are two projections of the front 43 and 44 rear hatches. Visible top 77 and the bottom 82 of the cap, the top 79 and the bottom 80 hinges for opening hatches. The cylindrical side wall 100 hatches at the contact points with caps 77 and 82 have Residencia space 83 for sealing hatches.Pneumovirinae chassis provides the ability to create new types of machinery type "land cruisers" with a large autonomy of movement and contributes to the revival of armored trains on the basis of pneumomechanical chassis.Pneumovirinae armored can repeat the above construction, and are presented here only the mechanism and form connections armored cars between himself, the most safe for personnel. In addition to the normal connection rubberized "accordion" armored in junctions cars "frame" 64 (Fig. 18, 19), and its lateral walls attached curved on the same radius steel panels 65 (Fig. 19), overlapping each other. The shield closest to the car, attached to the side of the rack U-shaped "frame" in the rear of the car and the front edge of the end bearings glides on thick side, which is a plot of the "frame" of the front of the car. At the top of the shield is hinged to "frame" the front of the car and covers the top of the rear shield, sliding it end bearings 84 (Fig. 18). The edges of all four panels (two on each side of the car) on top covered with a round or oval-shaped lid 67 (Fig. 18), the edge of which came down form a "skirt" cover 66 (Fig. 19), the holding shields 65 cars. Several centrally from the "skirt" around the edges of the cover 67 are end bearings resting below on the ring 69 attachment 68 of the cover (Fig. 18, 19). Cover its front end rigidly fixed and has a mount 68 to the beginning of the flattened top of the U-shaped front frame of the car and the ring 69 similarly attached to the same flattened part of the U-shaped "frame" in the rear of the car with the bracket 70 (Fig. 18, 19). The lower side of the ring 69 (Fig. 18) also relies end bearings on the upper flattened portion of the same image on the surface of the "frame" of the front of the car.End bearings used in the described construction shown POS. 84 in Fig. 18 and 20. They consist of small steel balls 101 (Fig. 20) and a large ball 71 which has a cavity for small ball. Large steel ball-burning best brainwave functioning as measured in the furnace, and it expands. Small ball is placed in the tank with liquid gas such as liquid helium. Small ball when it is compressed under some pressure to push it into the cavity of a large ball. After equalizing the temperatures of the small ball can not come out of the big ball.Centerline big ball passing through the center of his hole and visualize the center of the large ball on the side opposite the hole for the entrance of the small ball is attached to the steel leg with a thin channel 74 in the middle for grease between the balls. The other end of the leg 72 is attached to the object on which used a bearing 84, in this case, the edges of the cover 67 which slides in the ring 69 by means of a bearing.Usually in the plate to which is attached the stem 72 has a funnel 73 (see Fig. 20), which periodically pour the oil. This funnel is covered by a plate 75, which is respectively attached to the shield, covers, etc.Pneumovirinae trains without weighting protective devices can carry a lot of weight and have increased vseprohodnosti, especially important in off-road conditions Siberia, the Far East, tundra, sandy places. An example of such a machine is shown in Fig. 27, which shows pneumogastric bus with high traffic and capacity. Can be built and dump trucks with cranes for loading and unloading. You need all of them and have value for work in places with poor soil, and in winter, when the wheels of the bus without paved roads cannot be used. Finally, such a transport, dressed in a sealed casing, can be moved by water, acquiring the features of a high degree of antibioti. 1. Pneumovirinae chassis, consisting of tracks, wherein the tracks consist of a metal body, tires and tubes, and the body is made of steel or aluminum alloys, its front and rear walls go vertically down the side of a sloping upper edge rounded, and in the middle of the front wall of the body is a nozzle for exit of the nozzle chamber, the tire is on the inside track, bottom track section tyres resumayday outside the chassis, strongly thickened, the tire is made of rubber, reinforced with steel and plastic threads and bulletproof, the tire around the opening for the nozzle chamber reinforced fabrics and glue, and between the tire and the tube is located duralumin plate with screws that pass through holes in the petals of the tires and the chassis and mounted on the outside nuts at the corners of the case, there are openers with rollers or ball bearing wheels moving along the grooves located at the end of the oval-shaped steel beam - supporting rack structure, with one wall of the groove is a removable plate to retrieve the truck from caterpillars to repair, and at the bottom of the truck has a hook.2. Pneumovirinae chassis under item 1, characterized in that the supporting rack made of oval-shaped front and rear steel I-beams, obscured by the "body" of the war machine, and the connection support stands between them made of steel or reinforced concrete "boards", passing through the slots in the supporting pillars.3. Pneumovirinae chassis under item 2, characterized in that it comprises a tank, a motor, however, non-combustible concrete "boards", limited at the top and bottom metal bottom and p is ü cargo.4. Pneumovirinae chassis under item 3, characterized in that for the accommodation of personnel in addition to the driver's cabin has a loft under the roof with doors of entrance and exit at "the attic", and front and rear floor made several sealed hatches for personnel escape under the bottom, while the roof is flat or sharp drop-down in the middle or sliding down the side.5. Pneumovirinae chassis according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the caterpillar wearing a steel casing on all sides except the bottom, having a lining of ceramic, attached to the support posts with screws, and to the support rack attached to the protective elements in the form of sheets of steel or aluminum alloys, plastics, cartons with stone, rubber, steel balls with a hole to fill their granite or basalt, and steel balls tightly arranged in the casing for spraying the force of the blow, space stars limited vertical transverse walls to protect stars from krosheva, the resulting hit, thus the space between the protective elements filled with crumbs from old tires to dissipate the impact force and "filtering" crumbs, made from fracture of ceramics and the I cars rubberized "accordion" has an in-ground coupling armor on the edge of the wagons casing is thickened and forms a U-shaped "frame", to its lateral walls are articulated curved overlapping each other steel panels, with each side of the car on them is a round or oval-shaped lid with a "skirt" that hold the shields in close to cars, and cover the front end rigidly attached to the thickened upper portion U-shaped "frame" front of the car and below the cover ring is similarly attached to the thickened part of the roof in the rear of the car, while on the edges of the lids and rings are end bearings, all these elements have the ability to shift relative to each other, providing the turns of the cars relative to each other with a high degree of protection of their places of articulation.7. Pneumogastric armored under item 6, characterized in that each end of the bearing consists of a large ball and its cavity small ball, which may not go beyond the big ball, so as to introduce a large ball, small ball is cooled in liquid gas, compressed, and big ball, on the contrary, is heated and expands, the small ball is pushed into the hole under pressure for grease between the balls, smaller ball, and on the other, penetrating the cover, ring, metal panels that are used end bearing, and these objects leg ends in a funnel, which is covered by a plate attached to the shield cover.
FIELD: transport engineering; crawler carriers.
SUBSTANCE: proposed crawler carrier contains engine and transmission compartment and control cabin with seats for crew members in front part of carrier, load-carrying platform arranged after cabin and crawler propulsor including seven pairs of torsion suspensions of track rollers and worm-type track adjuster. Carrier is made to provided higher cross country capacity owing to distribution of full-weight loads under suspension rollers at ratio (1.25-1.45):(1.25-1.45) for first and last pairs of track rollers and where 1/7 th of total load on pair of track rollers is taken for 1.0. Remaining load is uniformly distributed between the rest of five middle pairs of track rollers, with subsequent provision of preliminary static tension force by track adjuster at level of traction force on slope with sift ground.
EFFECT: improved stability of track in guide at increased cross country capacity.