Turbine

 

(57) Abstract:

The turbine is designed for use in small hydroelectricity. The turbine includes a housing with end caps, inlet and outlet pipes. The case contains two rotors with movable plates, one ends of which are pivotally attached to the rotors, and streamlined guide located between the rotors. On the inner surfaces of the covers made copiers in the form of grooves, and each rotor is constructed with curved grooves, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the rotor. The plate form response form grooves, the hinge plates are connected with edges corresponding grooves, and the other ends of the plates made pins to slide in the grooves of the lid. The design of the turbine allows to increase its capacity and efficiency at low water pressure. 1 Il.

The invention relates to hydraulic machines with movable shutters using the fluid flow, and can be used as turbines hydroelectric small power.

As a prototype of the invention adopted hydraulic motor (turbine), comprising a housing with end caps, inlet and outlet nozzles, placed the work (see U.S. patent N 2310816, IPC F 03 B 17/06, 09.02.43).

A disadvantage of the known turbine is not a high coefficient of performance (COP).

The problem solved by the invention? - increasing the efficiency of the turbine.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that the turbine, comprising a housing with end caps, inlet and outlet fittings are accommodated in the housing, the rotor with movable plates, one ends of which are pivotally attached to the rotor, and a streamlined guide, inside the housing are two of the rotor, between which there is a streamlined guide, while on the inner surfaces of the covers made copiers in the form of grooves, and each rotor is constructed with curved grooves, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the rotor and the plate form response form grooves, the hinge plates are connected with edges corresponding grooves, but on the other ends of the plates made pins to slide in the grooves of the lid.

The drawing shows a General view hydroturbine in the section.

The turbine includes a housing 1 with end caps 2 (in the drawing is only visible back cover), on the inner surface of which is made copiers grooves 3, fusetani 8, at the free ends are pins 9 and their other ends connected to respective grooves by means of hinges 10. Between the plates 8 formed water-filled cavity 11, and between the rotor 6 is streamlined guide 12 for the entire length of the housing 1.

The turbine operates as follows. The water enters through the inlet pipe 4, the guide 12 is divided into two flows and fills the cavity 11. The water column, the height of which is determined by the distance between the plates 8 and the level in the reservoir, the pressure on the plate 8 and the grooves 7 and causes the rotating rotor 6. Plate 8 during rotation of the rotors 6 make a swinging motion around the hinge 10, and the pins 9 slide in the grooves 3. In the lower part of the housing 1 is pouring water from the cavities 11 in the exhaust pipe 5 and the plate 8 as the rotor 6 is fixed in the grooves 7 and the process repeats continuously.

Thus, there is a continuous flow of water through the turbine, causing the simultaneous rotation of the rotor, the torque which can be used, for example, to drive electric generators.

The proposed design of the turbine allows to increase its capacity and efficiency of the notes of the two rotors in a single unit.

Stable and reliable operation of the plates is ensured by the fact that water is both a lubricant and frequency of rotation of the rotor is small, because this turbine is designed to work at low water pressure.

Turbine, comprising a housing with end caps, inlet and outlet fittings are accommodated in the housing, the rotor with movable plates, one ends of which are pivotally attached to the rotor, and a streamlined guide, characterized in that inside the case are two of the rotor, between which there is a streamlined guide, while on the inner surfaces of the covers made copiers in the form of grooves, and each rotor is constructed with curved grooves, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the rotor and the plate form response form grooves, the hinge plates are connected with edges corresponding grooves, but on the other ends of the plates made pins to slide in the grooves of the lid.

 

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