Wave power plant
(57) Abstract:The unit is designed to convert wave energy into electricity. On the water posted by floats over the water surface has a frame with a platform, tapered and cylindrical toothed gears and wheels, PTO, installed the flywheel and clutch for connecting to a generator. Average of floats attached to the ends of the rods and the side floats are rigidly connected to the ends of the rods increased length. The opposite ends of all the rods are made with holes that are located on a common axis. The floats are kinematically connected with the PTO and have the shape of a triangular prism with exposed faces. Installation design allows to reduce fluctuations of the rotational speed of the generator, to increase capacity and efficiency. 3 Il. The invention relates to hydropower, in particular to the wave energy installations.The known installation for conversion of wave energy conversion mechanism of the movements which is located above the water surface, but not using the kinetic energy of horizontal motion of the waves.Closest to the proposed connecting to a generator, the float on the end of the rod. The disadvantage of the float has a shape and angle, preventing the use of horizontal movement of waves .The purpose of the invention is to reduce fluctuations in the rotation speed of the generator, using the kinetic energy of horizontal motion, waves, increasing capacity and efficiency of the installation.This goal is achieved by the fact that the floats - medium mounted on the ends of the rods, and the side connected rigidly to the rod is extended, have the shape of a triangular prism with exposed faces. The ends of all the rods are placed on a common axis and independent in their relative movements, and a sufficient space between the side floats provides free passage of waves on the average float.Fig. 1 - section a-a (see Fig. 2); Fig. 2 is a top view of the installation; Fig. 3 - stage cross-section B-B (see Fig. 2).The apparatus comprises a frame with a platform 1, angular and internal struts 2 resting on the ground. Axis 3 with the attached bevel gears 4, 5, 6, 7 and rigidly connected with them wheels 8 hrapovic mechanisms, passes through the ends of the uprights 2. Gears 4 and 5, 6 and 7 pairs are in engagement with the bevel gears 9 and 10, the connection is her 15 on the shaft 16. On this shaft is mounted a flywheel 17, the coupling shaft 18 is connected to a generator 19. Average float 20 are mounted on the ends of the rods 21, the rods are placed on a common axis. The opposite ends of the rods with the holes pivotally connected with the middle rack in the lower portion. The lever 22, to host a focus ratcheting mechanism 23 and the latch 24, one end of which is mounted on a shaft 3, the second end pivotally connected to a thrust of 25 with the rod 21. Pivotally connected to the lever 22, the rod 25, the portion of the rod 21, the rack form a hinge chetyrehzvennoj (parallelogram). The side floats 26 are placed at the ends of the elongated rods 27, the circuit operation of the float 26 is the same as the float 20.Installation design works as follows.This object is placed so that the direction of the velocity of the wave is preferably coincident with the longitudinal axis of the installation, which corresponds to the coincident longitudinal axes of the floats and the wave front. The float 20 and the floats 26 are independent in their relative movements; they can be both in the upper position (on top of the wave) and lower (depression), or to move in opposite directions. For example, the float 20 is moving down, this si placed on the flywheel 17 and the generator 19. Gear 6 while rotating in the "idle" stroke. If in this period, the floats 26 are moving up, it works ratchet gear mechanism 4, which transmits torque to the gear 9; gear 7 is in "idle" stroke. The probability of float 20 and floats 26 in the same position, i.e. in the same phase points of the waves is very small. Therefore the reduction of the fluctuations of the rotational speed of the generator will be carried out not only by the flywheel, but different height position shifted relative to each other floats in the direction perpendicular to the wave front. Floats in the shape of a triangular prism with exposed edges and the position of the rod close to the middle line of the waves allow us to use the energy of the shock wave in the plane of the float to rise. Therefore, to the ends of the rods is attached not only lifting force of the float, but the force of the blow. When the wave motion in the opposite direction (off shore) float will also absorb the shock waves.Sources of information
1. The results of science and technology. Alternative and renewable energy, volume 1, M.: VINITI, 1983, S. 70, Fig. 12. The wave power installation comprising over water n the s gears and wheels with PTO, installed the flywheel and clutch for connection to a generator, characterized in that it is equipped with extra floats, and the average float attached to the ends of the rods and the side rigidly connected to the ends of the rods increased length, the opposite ends of all the rods are made with holes that are located on a common axis, with the floats have the shape of a triangular prism with exposed faces, independent of their relative movements, and the space between the side floats are designed to ensure the free passage of the wave on the average float.
FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.
EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.
EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.
EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.
EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave structure 1 of water surface is used as primary source. In the section of the specified surface area of the above structure 1 there arranged is conversion system (CS) 2 on the basis at least of two discrete modules in the form of linear electromagnetic transducers 3 including relatively movable electrically insulated winding 4 and magnetic system 5, 51 with positive buoyancy, which is located inside it. Electromagnetic transducers 3 are integrated to CS 2 by means of mechanical communications. Mechanical communications are formed in the form of rigid volume wave-permeable grid structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally managed with possibility of providing minimum vertical movement relative to central plane 8 of wave structure 1. Electrically insulated winding 4 in each module is rigidly fixed in vertical seats of grid structure 7 so that wave permeability of this winding 4 is provided. Positive buoyancy of magnetic system 5, 51 in each module is managed by means of kinematic communication of its upper part with float 6. For that purpose, float 6 is arranged with possibility of location at least of its upper part in the area of wave structure 1 of water surface. Wave energy plant is provided for method's implementation. The construction is simplified owing to necessary fixture of each discrete module of energy system relative to the water reservoir bottom, providing current collection from virtually fixed elements of discrete modules.
EFFECT: increasing efficiency.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for electric power generation due to water surface sloshing contains mechanical wave energy converter 3 connected kinematically with electric generator 6 in floated hull 2. Device is equipped with potential energy storage unit 4, self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement and gear systems. Mechanical wave energy converter 3 is connected through one gear system to potential energy storage unit 4 limited by drive gears and spinning spring fixed on it; through another gear system it is connected to self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement that transfers rotational torque to drive gear on shaft of electric generator 6.
EFFECT: design allowing conversion of wave and tide energy into electric power by reasonable method and provision of its uniform production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment, particularly, to buoy intended for buoyage and marking definite waterway risks. Navigation buoy comprises streamlined sealed housing divided by waterproof baffles into compartments, light-optical hardware built around LEDs arranged at buoy head section, and stabilisation ballast. Cylindrical container is arranged inside said housing to accommodate the rod displacing in guides secured to said container along its axis and provided with stabilisation ballast secured to rod end. Thrust flange is rigidly attached to said rod to rest upon spring arranged between on of rod guides and thrust flange. Rotor with permanent magnets of linear electric generator is fitted on rod at the center. Linear generator stator is secured at cylindrical container inner surface. Stator winding is connected to input of charging device. Charging device output is connected to storage battery supplying light-optical hardware. In compliance with the second version, stabilisation ballast is attached to cylindrical container. One end of the rod is secured to buoy sealed housing. Thrust flange is rigidly secured at the rod. Spring is fitted atop the rod between upper guide and thrust flange.
EFFECT: simplified design, higher power supply.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: float-type wave generator includes a frame 1 having coaxial central holes 18, a float 3 with a stock 2 attached to it and having a longitudinal slot with a retainer 13 located in it and preventing possible rotation of the stock 2 about the vertical axis, a horizontal platform 4 with arranged flat magnets 5, which is kinematically connected to the float 3 with a possibility of back-and-forth movement, a housing 9 with a rotor 10 installed in it, a flange 11 rotating together with the rotor 10, a frame 6 with a winding 8 made around it, posts 16 attached to the frame 1 and made together with prismatic guides 17. A lower part of the platform 4 has a shape of a hollow cylinder with shaped elements forming a periodic profile 21 of a variable curvature and is in constant contact to rollers 12 installed on the flange 11. The stock 2 consists of cylindrical and screw parts. The magnets 5 are combined into straight-line sections located parallel to each other.
EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy; reducing the cost of generated electric energy and increasing the service life.
FIELD: power generation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower and is intended for converting wave energy into electric power. The wave energy plant comprises a frame 1, a cover 7, a buoy 3, a rod 2 attached to the buoy, the said rod having a cylindrical and a helical part, a latching device 13 which prevents rotation of the rod around the vertical axis, a housing 9 mounted on the frame 1, the said housing having inside it a rotor 10, which converts back-and-forth motion of the rod into the rotary motion of the rotor and a flange 11 having rollers 12. The rollers 12 are constantly in contact with the bottom part of a platform 4, kinematically linked to the buoy 3. The platform 4 is a hollow cylinder having shaped elements in it, which form a periodic profile of a variable curvature. Flat magnets 5 which are merged into straight sections are attached to the top part of the platform 4, the said magnets being aligned parallel to each other to allow vertical back-and-forth motion relative to guides 19 and a frame 6, around which there is a winding 8 and mounted on posts 18, mounted on the top part of the frame 1.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at providing the efficient generation of electric power, reduce the cost of the generated power and prolong service life.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a generator for energy generation. Generator (100) includes floating platform (1) adapted for partial submersion into fluid medium, mast (2) located on platform (1) and containing at least one wind generator (3), at least one first energy storage device and one converter. Generator (1) also includes at least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy. At least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy includes at least one rechargeable mechanical storage battery (14), at least one balance arm (12) with a flywheel, which is connected to storage battery (14), and a device for conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. Wave motion or flow of fluid medium, into which platform (1) is submerged, determines oscillating movement of platform (1), mast (2) and at least one balance arm (12) for charging of storage battery (14), which in its turn outputs the energy generated by its movement to the mechanical energy conversion device.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of energy generation efficiency.
16 cl, 10 dwg