Method of generating electricity using wave energy, and a device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Method and device designed to convert wave energy into electrical energy. Many buoys under the action of waves make vertical movement, which is converted into rotation of the discharge device working environment that is installed on each buoy. The latter is connected with the supporting element of the lattice frame, submerged in water. The working medium under pressure through the main pipeline is fed to a turbine connected to a generator. Thus, when the pressure exceeds a pre-defined level, automatically open the bypass control valve and when the pressure falls below a predetermined level, the bypass control valve is automatically closed. The method and the device allow to efficiently convert the energy of the waves. 2 S. and 9 C.p. f-crystals, 19 ill.

The scope of the invention

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for generating electricity using wave energy and, more specifically, to an improved method and apparatus for generating electricity using wave energy, which is able to generate demand is the result of the impact of the waves.

Description of the prior art

Recently, the energy shortage has become an international problem, which is manifested in many aspects. These include air pollution, depletion of fossil fuels due to rising consumption.

To effectively solve the above problems need urgent development of alternative energy sources.

System of power generation that use hydraulic power, was widely used to obtain the desired amount of electricity. However, this method is inherent in the disadvantage that for power plants of this type require large areas of land for water storage.

In addition, developed a method that uses wind energy. However, since this method is designed for the use of relatively strong winds, which in nature is not always, it is very difficult to continuously maintain the desired voltage level.

As an alternative of fossil fuel energy is currently used mostly nuclear energy. However, the use of nuclear energy on an international scale is a big problem because of the way their nuclear waste because of the negative attitude of the local population, living in the area of construction of nuclear generators, and lack of confidence in the stability of the processing of nuclear waste.

In addition, for solving the above problems are widely studied how the use of solar energy as a clean energy. However, although it can be used outside of earth's atmosphere to space stations or satellites, it cannot be used effectively in the earth's atmosphere due to rapidly changing weather conditions, lack of specific quantity of Sunny days and low intensity of sunlight caused by air pollution. Thus, due to the above-mentioned problems of solar energy is of limited use for heating home heating systems, etc. because of its low efficiency.

In addition, it was studied how the energy of the tides to generate electricity. However, since the area of the possible construction of such tidal power is limited to the seas with the required height of the tide, this method cannot satisfy the growing demand for electricity.

Thus, for solving the above problems has been proposed a device for the generation of electricity using is mainly aimed at the transformation effort generated rising/falling under the influence of wave buoy, in rotation with the use of chains and sprockets to drive an electric generator.

This method can be implemented even on the sea with a uniform and quiet excitement. More specifically, there is a possibility of generating the required amount of electricity at a calm sea, where there are waves with a height of more than 1 meter, so you can easily find a place to install the hardware of the prototype, which is the device according to Korean patent N 35913. In addition, as the device is installed on the sea, occupying 78% of the earth surface, is not limited to the surface area, and the location of the mounting system is simple compared with the construction of power plants on land.

However, in the above method, the lower Central section of the buoy is connected to one end of the locking cable is connected to the upper part of the rotary support frame placed at sea level, the drive cable, one end of which is secured to the lower Central section of the buoy is connected to the end of the chain, causing the generator and at the other end of the chain is fixed to the counterweight, so that the shaft of the generator rotates in the interaction of the time, the generator has a drive intermittent, resulting in difficult to get electricity required parameters.

In addition, in the above device is very useful to slightly lift the buoy to the fixing of the cable relative to the lapping waves from the locking cable to the buoy. However, since the upper part of the swivel bearings submerged in water and to the bottom center of the buoy attached to the end of the locking cable is attached to the upper part of the rotary support, under strong excitement buoy tilted 45oand he is under the influence of very strong waves. Therefore, the buoy can break away from the locking cable locking cable may break. In addition, the device may get damaged because of the great efforts exerted to the rotary support and the frame.

Because the ends of the locking cable and drive cable attached to the bottom center of the buoy, and the upper part of the swivel bearing is immersed in water when the waves lapping in the direction from the locking cable to the buoy, one side of the buoy, to which the influence of the waves, can easily climb. In this case, the force of the waves acting on the buoy in the horizontal direction exceeds the force tending to lift the buoy,RA.

In addition, if the waves lapping against the rope to the buoy, the electric power to produce possible, but if the waves lapping on the side of the buoy or buoy from the front of the rope, buoy can't make a move under the influence of waves, so the rope is weakened and the generator loses the drive, resulting in the production of electricity is reduced.

Moreover, the locking cable support buoy and the drive cable, which is suspended from the counterweight, can get lost.

In the same time frame described above, the device for generating electricity must be equipped with specific means for the formation and transmission of electricity and for management and maintenance of the power plant. However, since the whole structure of the frame are connected with cables attached to an anchor block fixed to a predetermined area of the bottom frame cannot effectively be towed at a pre-selected position on the bottom with a strong sea waves. In this case, the frame becomes unstable, which may cause damage to the frame or equipment installed on it. In more serious cases, the frame may be lost.

In addition, since the generator Il is trojstva very difficult to maintain.

Brief description of the invention

Accordingly, the present invention is a method and device for generating electricity using wave energy, which are devoid of the problems associated with known devices for generating electricity using wave energy.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating electricity using wave energy, which can efficiently generate electricity through the drive device of the discharge medium under pressure, such as a hydraulic pump, a pneumatic pump or similar device attached to each buoy, using the efforts generated by the movement of the lifting/lowering in response to the waves, collecting environment under pressure pumped by each device of the discharge medium under pressure, and drive the turbine generator using the collected medium under pressure, resulting in a constantly generated electricity.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating linergie waves in vertical movement, as the buoy responds to the motion of the waves in accordance with the direction of wave propagation and for efficient conversion of wave energy into the desired force, thereby preventing damage to or loss of the buoy.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating electricity using wave energy, which can easily achieve your goals by preventing the interaction of rope or similar node based buoy.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating electricity using wave energy, is able to prevent damage, breakage, etc. turbines and pipelines, where the pressure of the pressurizing medium, obtained by the device for injection of a medium under pressure, driven by a buoy, exceeds a predefined level.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating electricity using wave energy with high maintainability by placing the buoy, raspolozhennosti buoy in torque and device for injection of a medium under pressure, the driven device for generating torque for discharge medium under pressure.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide an improved method and device for generating electricity using wave energy, able to protect the system against waves having a predetermined height greater than the previously set height based on climatic conditions in the region where the system is installed.

To achieve these and other tasks, a method of generating electricity using wave energy, in which the raise/lower a lot of buoys in response to applied thereto waves, with each of the buoys is connected with each of the sets of support elements arranged in the form of a lattice frame, immersed in a sea of transform vertical movement of the buoys in the rotation, with rotation of the lead device for the discharge medium under pressure, is installed on each buoy, the pump pressure obtained when the device for discharge medium under pressure in the main pipeline, lead turbine, using a medium under pressure flowing through the main pipeline, and GE the food under pressure, received on each device for a discharge medium under pressure to the main line through the first collecting pipe connected with the transport hose and many transport hoses and through the second fabricated pipeline, which connected many national pipelines.

When the pressure of the environment at the stage of discharge exceeds a predefined level, the pressure is dropping due to the automatic opening of the safety valve, and when the pressure falls below a predetermined level, resumes normal transportation as the safety valve closes.

When the system during transport, there is a very high pressure safety valve, it is difficult to spot, includes a safety device to prevent damage or breakage of the system.

To achieve the above tasks, a device for the generation of electricity using wave energy, containing a frame having a Central sector S1 to generate electricity that is located at a predetermined depth in the sea in the pre-determined area, animeboston from the Central sector S1, anchor device for the mobile-support frame of the sea, the rotation device located in sector S2 of the discharge medium under pressure on the frame, a predetermined portion of which protrudes above sea level, above/below the reference device is connected to the upper part of the unit rotation, many buoys connected with each of the end sections above/below the reference device, the device for generating rotation is located at each of the buoys to convert the vertical movement of the buoy in rotation, the device for injection of a medium under pressure, located on the upper surface of each buoy, unidirectional drive for unidirectional transmission of force from the device to generate a rotation device of the discharge medium under pressure for discharge to the environment, a member of this device on the sector S1 of power generation, turbine T, located in sector S1 power generation to generate the force required to drive an electric generator in communication with the medium under pressure is conveyed from the device for injection of a medium under pressure, and generator F, the driven turbine T.

Brief description of drawings

Below follows a more detailed description of the present invention with reference to the accompanying only as illustrations of the drawings, where

Fig. 1 is a side view of the whole structure of the device for generating electricity using wave energy according to the present invention,

Fig. 2 is a top view of the frame construction of the present invention,

Fig. 3 is a top view of the center of rotation of the rotary device of the present invention,

Fig. 4 is an enlarged top view of the device for generating electricity using wave energy according to the present invention,

Fig. 5 is a partial top view of area "A" in Fig. 4,

Fig. 6 is a view of a support frame of the present invention,

Fig. 7A-7D is a connecting structure between the anchor block and the anchor rope of the present invention, where

Fig. 7A - anchor block;

Fig. 7B - anchor unit, bottom view;

Fig. 7C is a side view of the frame, to which is attached the anchor rope;

Fig. 7D is a bottom view of the frame, to which is attached the anchor rope,

Fig. 8A-8C is collected rotary device is nametree;

Fig. 8B is a view of the node on the side and

Fig. 8C is a view of the site from above,

Fig. 9A and 9B are explanatory operating status of the buoy, where

Fig. 9A is a side view showing the relation between the buoy and sea level, and

Fig. 9B is a schematic view showing that the horizontal component of the force of the waves is used as a predetermined force to lift the buoy,

Fig. 10 is a side view of the connecting structure of the upper part of the rotator relative to the reference element according to the present invention,

Fig. 11 is a side view of the connecting structure of the bottom of the rotator relative to the reference element according to the present invention,

Fig. 12A-12D - types of lifting/lowering unit, where

Fig. 12A - fork top connection structure between the cable, the connecting rod and the buoy;

Fig. 12B is an enlarged view of part "B" in Fig. 12A;

Fig. 12C is a side view according to Fig. 12B and

Fig. 12D is a top view according to Fig. 12C,

Fig. 13A-13E - illustration of the buoy, the device for generating a rotating, unidirectional actuator and device for discharge medium under pressure according to the present invention, where

Fig. 13A is a cross section of a specified node with a partial tear-out;

Fig. 13B is a vertical section of the site.
the vertical cross section (side view) design a secure fastening of the drive cable relative to the rotating drum;

Fig. 13E is a cross section on line XIIIe-XIIIe,

Fig. 14 is a view in plan of the device of the discharge medium under pressure according to the present invention,

Fig. 15A and 15B - precast pipe device of the discharge medium under pressure, a main pipeline and the expansion tank according to the present invention, where

Fig. 15A - view site at the top and

Fig. 15B is a cross section of the node,

Fig. 16A and 16B - expansion tank, where

Fig. 16A is a horizontal cross section of the expansion tank and

Fig. 16B is a cross section along the line XVIb-XVIb in Fig. 16A,

Fig. 17A-17D - construction safety valve controller according to the present invention, where

Fig. 17A is a vertical cross-section of the safety valve-regulator;

Fig. 17B is a cross section along the line XVIIb - XVIIb in Fig. 17A;

Fig. 17C is a front view of the safety valve controller and

Fig. 17D is a view in the perspective view, illustrating the design of the mount,

Fig. 18A-18C is an illustration of the construction sector of power generation and the location of the turbine and generator, where

Fig. 18A is a view in plan;

Fig. 18B is a cross section;

Fig. 18C is a cross section front view; and

Fig. 19 is a top view of another variant us the method and the device for generating electricity using wave energy according to the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows the whole construction of the device, which is implemented device for the generation of electricity using wave energy, which contains the lattice frame 100, provides a range of sectors S2 for discharge medium under pressure, which are spaced around the sector S1 of power generation and are movable in a predetermined range in the sea, a device 200 for shvartovaniya frame 100 at a certain depth, many of the swivel device 300 installed on the sector S2 of the frame 100 and one end of which protrudes above the surface of the sea, above/below the reference device 400 connected to the upper part of the rotator 300, connected with the end of the ascending/descending rotator 400 and rising/falling under the influence of waves, the device for generating torque 600, located on the buoy 500 for converting vertical movement of the buoy in rotation, the device 700 discharge medium under pressure, located on the upper surface of the buoy, a unidirectional drive 800 for only unidirectional transmission of torque from the device 600 to the device 700 discharge medium under pressure, the device 900 on the 1 generation of electricity, the turbine T, located in the stations S1 to generate a predetermined effort required to generate electricity in collaboration with the submitted to it from the transport device 900 medium under pressure, and generator G driven by the turbine T.

As shown in Fig. 3, sector S1 of the power plant frame 100 is equipped office and living quarters for the personnel operating the turbine T, the generator G, etc. and the sector S2 of the discharge medium under pressure has a rotary device 300, the ascending/descending support device 400, the buoy 500, etc. for discharge medium under pressure. As shown in Fig. 2-4, the main element 110 frames are made of hollow tubular or similar structures, has the shape of a lattice and the main elements 110 of the frame are connected to each other amplifying element 120.

In this embodiment, a reinforcing member 120 is preferably made in the form of stretch marks. However, the material is stretch mark can be anything. That is, the design of the shaped elements or hollow tubes may be welded, assembled bolted or fastened by riveting.

When using the marks as a reinforcing element 120, as shown in the flow 121, executed at each end of the reinforcing element 120, is connected at the four corners of the bracket 130 by means of a connecting element 140.

In addition, the upper surface of the frame 100 is an auxiliary frame 160 for mounting the turbine T and the generator G in sector S1 of the power plant on the frame 100, as shown in Fig. 1.

Auxiliary frame 160, as shown in Fig. 1, 15A and 15B, which was built for vertical installation of many of the supports 161 in the sector S1 of the frame and the rectangular top frame 162 made of I-beams located in its upper part. Support 161 supported reinforcing elements 163. The upper frame 162 are held mutually reinforcing elements 164.

A reinforcing member 163 supports 161 made of shaped steel. However, this may be accomplished by welding or by bolts or rivets. The upper frame 162 is preferably connected with the reinforcing element 120 of the frame extensions.

As shown in Fig. 6, the tie-down device frame 200 contains many anchor blocks 210 installed on the bottom of the sea, and anchor cables 220 to connect the frame 100 with each anchor block 210.

Anchor block 210 is made of concrete blocks, and the lower part of the anchor cable 220 soedinenii option is used preferably six branches off ropes), connected with the upper part of the anchor cable 220 is connected to the frame 100 so that the frame may be held in a horizontal position.

As shown in Fig. 6, 7A and 7B, each anchor block has the anchor 211, in the Central part of which is made eyelet 212 for connection with the lower part of the anchor cable 220 at the bottom of the frame 100 is attached the connecting plate 240 for connection with the upper part of the branches off of the cable 221, as shown in Fig. 7C and 7D and the connecting plate 240 connecting hole 241.

As shown in Fig. 6, each anchor rope attached six branches off the ropes 221, but this number is not limiting. The number of branches off of the ropes is determined by the total load on the frame 100.

In addition, as shown in Fig. 7C and 7D, the connecting plate 240 attached to the bottom of the frame 100 and the upper part of the branches off of the cable 221 has a tensioner 250 (device regulating the tension), which allows you to adjust the tension in the anchor cable 220 so that the tension of each of the anchor line 220 was the same.

As shown in Fig. 7C and 7D, the device 250 regulating the tension that holds the connector to the Cove 253 and 254 so, what is the tension in the anchor cable 220 is governed by predetermined tension pulls on the rope 255, and the end of his rope 255 is fixed on the connecting rings 251 and 252 to maintain between them a predetermined tension.

The device 250 regulating the tension, and a device for measuring tension (not shown) is used to regulate the tension so that the tension anchor cables 220 and branches off the ropes 221 was the same.

In addition, the diameter and number of coils his rope 255 is determined on the basis of the tension of each anchor cable 220. For example, when the weight attached to each anchor rope is 6 tons, and when each anchor cable 220 is connected six branches off the ropes 221, and when the tension force of each branches off of the cable is approximately 1 tonne, then the tension will be different depending on the angle of the branches off the ropes 221, and pulls on the cable 221 having a safe limit tension in 200 kg, is wound in three (3) round and receive six (6) branches so that tightening the cable can withstand loads up to 1 ton.

In this embodiment, the anchor block 210 installed on the sea bottom and connected to frame the turning rods for shvartovaniya frame 100 anchor cables 220.

As shown in Fig. 8A, 8B and 8C, the rotator 300 is equipped with a support element 310, which is vertically and can be rotated is mounted in sector S2 of the discharge medium under pressure.

Supporting element 310 is fixed to the frame 100 amplifying element 311, includes a hollow tubular body 312, which represents a hollow shaft of circular cross section for transporting the medium under pressure, and section 313 made integral with the hollow tubular body 312 and having a triangular cross-section to reduce the contact resistance with sea water.

Supporting element 310 is installed at the intersection of the main element 110 of the frame 100, and the intermediate and lower sections are supported rotatably at the intersection of main frame element 110 and the reinforcing element 311 annular elements 321 and 322, the lever 323 passing down, made to rotate together with the supporting member 310.

The lever 323 is mounted on a predetermined area of the support element 310 through the flange by bolts so as to be inclined downward, as shown in Fig. 10.

The lever 323, are made to rotate together with the supporting member 310, as shown in Rasenia support element 310, namely, with the upper rotary ring element 322 and the second end of which is secured to the end of the lever 323.

In addition, the lower part of the support element 310, as shown in Fig. 11, mounted for rotation in the lower rotary ring element 330 attached to the intersection of the main elements 110 of the frame 100. The lower rotary ring element 330 contains the bottom element 331 mounted on the main element 110 of the frame 100, the rotary ring 332, located on its upper outer surface, and the top element 333, interacting with the bottom element 331.

A cylindrical ring element 314 is fixed on the lower outer end of the support element 310 so that when the support element 310 is rotated, it is driven and supported by the rotary ring 332 of the top element 333. In addition, with the lower end of the ring element 314 is connected a rubber tube 315 to absorb shock loads that may occur during the rotation of the rotary element 310, and to the rubber pipe 315 is attached swivel 316 flanged section 316.

In addition, at the intersection of main elements 110 of the frame 100 is located a check valve 317 to the medium under pressure is introduced into GLn 317 communicates with the flange section 316 swivel 316, interacting with a rubber ring 318, which results in the turning and the seal support element 310.

The upper part of the support element preferably protrudes above the surface of the sea about 2 m at a wave height of 10 m, and the frame 100 is located at a depth of 11 m below the sea surface. However, this characteristic is not limited to the above figures. They can vary in accordance with the conditions at the installation location.

Above/below the reference device 400, as shown in Fig. 8A-8C and Fig. 12A-12D, contains the cable 410 connected with the upper part of the rotary device 300, i.e., with the upper part of the rack 326, and the connecting rod 420, connected to the end of the cable 410.

The connecting rod 420 is made of steel area and has a narrow rear section connected to the cable 410, and a wide front section, with the connecting ring 421 is located on the rear section of the coupling rod for fastening the cable 410, as shown in Fig. 12B, the end is hinge 422 for vertical movement of the buoy 500, as shown in Fig. 12C and 12D.

In addition, the connecting rod 420, as shown in Fig. 8A and 12A, includes folding the participants is relevant to the connecting rod 420, therefore, the connecting rod 420 in this area can be.

When attaching the cable 410 to the rack 326 and the connecting ring 421 of the rack 326 uses pre-selected coupling element, such as a clip, clasp, etc.

The lower part of the buoy 500, as shown in Fig. 8A, 8B, 8C, and 13A and 13B, has the shape of the lower part of the vessel and sealed to obtain a predetermined buoyancy, and its intermediate portion connected through a loop with the end of the connecting rod 420 for vertical movement of the buoy 500.

The longest side of the buoy 500 is connected to the connecting thrust 420 so that the lower surface of the buoy 500 may enter into surface contact with sea water, and the longest side of the buoy is located at an angle of 90oto the direction of movement of the waves.

The buoy 500, as shown in Fig. 13B, the front part has the shape of an acute angle or a streamlined shape to minimize horizontal resistance relative to sea water.

In addition, the center of gravity of the buoy 500 is eccentric in the end (i.e. to the rear relative to the incident wave). More precisely, the center of gravity is located at a third end portion of the short axis.

As shown in Fig. 8A-8C and f is the bottom end of the connecting rod 420, attached to the king pin 511.

As shown in Fig. 13A and 13B, the housing 520 of the drum, which is rotating the drum 610 of the device 600 for generating rotation, is located in the Central area of the buoy 500 so that the internal cavity is partitioned into multiple compartments, allowing you to increase job security if it is damaged.

The housing 520 of the drum is preferably placed on a predetermined area of the eccentric relative to the buoy so that the center of gravity of the buoy 500 was shifted from the center to the terminal site. Due to this, the rear portion of the buoy 500 is not raised from the sea and immersed in the sea, and the front part of the buoy 500 is above the sea surface for efficient use of energy waves.

In particular, the center of gravity of the entire buoy 500 together with the device 600 of generating rotation and the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is one third of the short axis of the buoy, and the longitudinal front side of the buoy 500 is inclined forward in a state where the buoy is not immersed in water, so the vertical component of the horizontal wave attached to the buoy 500, pushes the buoy 500 that facilitates vertical movement of the buoy.

In the upper surface of the buoy 500 is made hatches for obstac shown in Fig. 8A and 12A-12C, contains a rotating drum 610, mounted rotatably in the casing 520 buoy 500, the driving wire rope 620, one end of which is connected to the end of the lever 323 so that the spooled front section mounted on the rotary drum 610, and a rotating elastic element 630 to generate a predetermined torque in the winding direction of the driving wire rope 620 drum 610.

Rotary drum 610, as shown in Fig. 13C and 13D, is mounted for rotation in the casing 520 and comprises a cylindrical section 611, which is wound around the driving wire rope 620, and a circular plate 612, fixed on both sides of the cylindrical section 611. In the Central part of the circular plate 612 is made nest 613 bearing 615, which is inserted into it to support the shaft 614 round plate 612.

The outer end of the rotating drum 610 is attached to the shaft 614 through the elastic element 630 and to the outer end of the cylindrical section 611 of the drum 610 is attached a spiral spring. However, this characteristic is not limited to the spring. You can use any element having the property of elastic deformation in the direction of winding of the driving wire rope 620.

Wound length prepares 620 completely comes off the drum 610. When the buoy 500 is directly lifted by the wave, the drive cable may break. When the forces are attached to the buoy 500, above/below reference device 400, the rotary device 300, etc., they can be damaged. In order to prevent the above problem, the system uses a safety coupling device 640.

Safety coupling device 640, as shown in Fig. 13C and 13D, contains a groove 641 performed in the tangential direction on the part of the rotating drum 610, to which is attached the front end of the driving wire rope 620, and the safety finger 642, which is inserted into the groove 641 and acts from it. Roller front end of the driving wire rope 620 is connected to a projecting part of the finger 642 so that when the drive cable is fully comes with a rotating drum 610, its front end is released from the drum 610.

Finger 642 shown in Fig. 13D, contains a cut-away section 643, made at its inner end side of the winding, and the cut section 645, made in the finger except the connecting section 644 on its inner side by unwinding so that the safety finger can easily go from pilnom direction due to the interaction of opposite relative to the direction of unwinding of the side of the finger 642 with the outer surface of the groove 641 in cooperation with the pulling force of the driving wire rope 620 and by fastening its outer end in the direction of winding to the inner surface of the groove 641.

In addition, as shown in Fig. 13E, the bracket 646 is located near one side of the groove 641, and the screw 647 to clamp the safety finger 642 in the groove 641 is designed to prevent loss of finger 642 of the groove 641.

The driving wire rope 620 is wound on the drum 610, preferably contains a release position, which is preferably eccentric with respect to its Central area and moved back (to the back side of the incident wave), and most preferably the position of the release cable is one-third the length of the short axis of the rear section.

The device 700 discharge medium under pressure, as shown in Fig. 8A, 8B, 13A and 13B are located on the upper part of the casing 520 drum, and an exhaust pipe (not shown) communicated with the hose 910 for transportation environment under pressure.

In this embodiment, as the device 700 for discharge medium under pressure can be used preferably pneumatic pump or a hydraulic pump. More preferably, piston pump is used.

When using a liquid pump as a device 700 for discharge to the environment under the pressure of sucking his pipe (not shown) is always the submersible is the number of device 700 discharge medium under pressure from the suction nozzle is placed on the upper part of the buoy 500 to prevent falling into a sea of water.

The device 800 unidirectional drive mainly intended for transmitting rotation drum 610, which occurs when the driving wire rope 620 is wound on the drum 610, [unwound] when lifting the buoy under the influence of waves on the device 700 discharge medium under pressure. As shown in Fig. 13A-13C, the device 800 unidirectional drive comprises a drive shaft 810, coming out of a round plate 612 drum 610, the drive sprocket 830 connected to an overrunning clutch 820, the driven sprocket fixed on the shaft of the device 700 discharge medium under pressure, and circuit 850 wound on the driven sprocket 840 and sprocket 830 and 840.

The overrunning clutch is designed primarily for transmitting rotation to the drive sprocket 830, when the drum 610 is rotated in the unwinding direction of the driving wire rope 620, and, on the contrary, it does not transmit the rotation of the drive sprocket 830, when the drum 610 is rotated in the direction of winding of the drive cable. In this embodiment, to achieve the above uses the overrunning clutch 820, but may be any element capable of transmitting rotation in one direction only on the device 700 discharge medium under pressure.

As shown in Fig. 8A, 8B, 14-17D, the device 700 VA discharge medium under pressure and the upper part of the support element 310, the hollow body 312 which is used for transporting the medium under pressure and which is formed inside the supporting elements 310, a portion of the frame 100, used for the transportation environment under pressure and which is connected to the hollow tubular body 312, and the main pipeline 950, located vertically in the sector S1 of the power plant and connected between the frame 100, which is transported medium under pressure, and turbine T.

Hose 910 is connected with the upper part of the support element 310 of the rotary device 300. On top of the upper part of the support element 310 is a cover 911 for sealing. Hose 910 is connected to the lid through a seal (not shown) so that it is not clamped and not twisted during rotation of the rotary device 300 in a predetermined direction.

Between the upper part of the support element 310 and the cover 911 commonly used mechanical seal (not shown) to prevent any leakage of the turning area.

Hose 910 is firmly connected with stretching 420 ascending/descending support device 400 cable 410, a support element 310 of the rotary device 300, etc. so that he gets a chance to spin.

The frame 100 is Asda from the outside of the entire system for efficient transport environment under pressure.

As shown in Fig. 14, the medium under pressure is assembled on the frame 100, which is located in a Central position, where the lattice structure of the frame is divided into a quarter of the frames 100, and the frame 100 of the Central section directly connected to the main pipeline 950 so that the medium is transported under pressure through the main pipeline 950. In addition, at the end of the frame 100, which is used to transport the environment, in addition to the frame 100, shown in Fig. 14, is configured to provide buoyancy.

In addition, the system uses check valves CV1, CV2 and CV3, preventing flow in the opposite direction.

Main line 950 is connected with the upper part of the auxiliary frame 160, which is located in sector S1 of the power plant frame 100.

Expansion tank 960 placed between the main pipeline 950 and the frame 100, used for the transportation of medium under pressure so as to more stably support the weight of the system, which is located in sector S1 of the power plant.

Expansion tank, as shown in Fig. 15A and 15B, is located on the bottom surface of the frame 100 and comprises a cylindrical section 961, surrounding the lower part of the main pipeline 950, the upper and lower speny in the center of the lower spherical part 963.

Cylindrical portion 961 of the expansion tank, as shown in Fig. 16A and 16B made of a double pipe, and the inside is filled with compressed air, and air pocket formed 965.

If the device 700 discharge medium under pressure using a liquid pump, fluid under pressure is conveyed from the frame 100, i.e., water under pressure, has a predefined level in the second team/transporting pipe 940, and the air chamber 966 is formed in the upper part of the inside of the water W under a predetermined pressure.

In addition, if the water W in the expansion tank 960 runs somewhere through the lower part of the main pipeline 950, in the tank 960 has a predefined level of water under pressure, preventing the ingress of air.

That is, when the height from the bottom of the main pipeline 950 to the surface of the water W in the tank 960 small and when he through the lower part of the pipeline 950 receives water W under pressure, with the water in the tank can enter the air from the air chamber 966, forming an air-lock, which will lead to failure of the turbine. Therefore, when the system design should take into account the above condition.

Therefore, as shown in Fig. 16A, at the end of the frame 100, used for the transportation of medium under pressure, formed curvilinear section 942 so that water under pressure is introduced into the expansion tank 960 of the curved section 101, is inserted in the direction in which it can compensate for the spiral flow of water in the tank 960.

That is, in the Northern hemisphere of the Earth, because the spiral flow is directed counterclockwise, water under pressure is pumped into the tank 960, should be introduced clockwise and in the southern hemisphere, where the spiral flow is directed clockwise, water under pressure is introduced counter-clockwise.

As shown in Fig. 15B, the upper portion of the main pipeline 950 muted and outlet tubing 952 connected to the turbine T is connected with both parties. In addition, nom the level of pressure supplied to the turbine T of the environment.

In addition, as shown in Fig. 17A-17D, the bypass control valve 970 includes a bypass hole 971, made in the diversion from the main pipeline 950, the bypass channel 972, attached to the outer side of the bypass valve controller 970 opening/closing flap 973, swivel mounted on the outer wall of the main pipeline 950 for opening/closing the bypass channel 972, and a clamping device 980 for dense mounting of the valve 973 on the outside part of the bypass channel 972.

As shown in Fig. 17B, the bypass channel 972 executed in the form of a gear, the cross-sectional area of which is reduced, and its outer part is made seal 974.

As shown in Fig. 17A, an opening/closing valve 973 opens/closes by setting its upper bracket 975, mounted on the wall of the main pipeline 950 by means of a support shaft 976.

As shown in Fig. 17A-17C, the clamping device 980 may be made in any form that allows for tightly fixing the opening/closing flap 973 to the exterior of the bypass channel 972. In this embodiment, preferably the clamping device 980 includes driving the s wall of the main pipeline 950 relative to the drive roller 981, clamping the cable, the end of which is connected with a drive roller 981, and opposed 984 connected to the end of the rope 983 for his tension.

In this case, the fastening force with respect to the outer end of the bypass channel 972 aimed at adding strength between the counterbalance valve 973 and a force applied in the closing direction of the valve in cooperation with the attached external water pressure, and force vtalkivaniya drive roller 981 to the stationary roller 982. The above total force is determined with reference to security. In addition, it is possible to obtain desired tension mounting, using multi-roll belt design with light rollers.

That is, as shown in Fig. 17D, the front part of the cable 983 attached to the first stationary roller 982a located on a predetermined area of the main pipeline 950, and turn around the first drive roller 981, located in the lower part of the valve 973, the second fixed roller 982b located on the same axis as the first fixed roller 981a, the third fixed roller 982c, located on the wall of the main pipeline 950, the third drive roller 981c located on the other side of the valve 973, the fourth fixed pulley is th on the same axis, and the third drive roller 981c, and the fifth stationary roller 982e located on the same axis, and the fourth fixed pulley 982d, and then passes in a vertical direction through the reversing rollers 985 and 986 and is attached to the counterweight 984.

Contrast 984 contains cargo 984a having a predefined weight, and auxiliary load 984b, removable mounted on the upper part of the cargo 984a to adjust the total weight of the counterweight 984 in accordance with the effective medium pressure.

In this embodiment, as the turbine T and the generator G is used turbo generator of conventional type.

In Fig. 18A, 18B and 18C shows the design of various devices mounted in sector S1 of the power plant, which includes the turbine T is connected to the drain 952 main pipeline 950 spiral pipe 953, and generator G driven by the turbine T, the controller 991, transformer (not shown), a device for power transmission 992, office space (not shown) and accommodations 993.

The turbine T and the generator G are fastened to the auxiliary frame 160 having a predetermined height.

In this case, the frame 160 protrudes above the surface of the sea, and the outlet 170 of the turbine T is higher in the quality of the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is the drain D drain water under pressure, coming out of the exhaust pipe of the turbine T, and using the hydraulic pump as a device 700 discharge environment under the pressure of the compressed air, resulting in the action of the turbine T, emitted into the atmosphere. Therefore, in this case, the flow can be omitted.

In this case, as the turbine T is used in a hydraulic turbine, used in a conventional turbine generators, if the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is applied liquid pump, and if you use a pneumatic pump is used, the turbine is driven by compressed air.

In this case, since a coiled tube 953 in the Northern hemisphere of the Earth affects the predefined force directed counterclockwise in the Northern hemisphere spiral is formed counterclockwise in the southern hemisphere on the pipe 953 impact force directed clockwise spiral in this case is formed in a clockwise direction.

In this embodiment, as the device 700 discharge medium pressure hydraulic pump, and as the turbine T is used in a hydraulic turbine. Therefore, the system produces the path of flow of water under pressure from the turbine, emitted into the atmosphere.

Below is a description of the method and device of generating electricity using wave energy, according to the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

To begin the description of the order in which is mounted the system.

During installation of heavy and large objects on the sea surface or under water modules are mounted on the shore or near shore sites and transported to the installation site. In this case, the transportation system will take too much time and require too many resources. In addition, with the rapid changing weather conditions, the installation process will pause. In this embodiment, the design of the entire system is divided into five sections, which are shown by the dotted line in Fig. 3, [going] on the nearest shore, and then these sections are assembled at the final installation location. On the final installation location frame 100 is immersed to a predetermined depth along with anchor block 210, anchorage cable 220 and branches off the ropes 221. In this case, the installation location of the frame 100 is determined on the basis of buoyancy of the frame 100, in which the introduced compressed air, and the length and tension of the anchor cable 220 and otveta case, when there is a predetermined difference in tension of an anchor cable 220 and branches off of the cable 221, external power is supplied to lines 220 and 221, which are relatively more tension compared to other elements. When the anchor cables 220 and 221 break under the influence of an applied thereto by external forces, the power supplied to the next rope, so the tension in the anchor cable 220 and branches off of the cable 221 is permanent.

The tension in the anchor cable 220 and branches off of the cable 221 is regulated by the device 250. That is, as shown in Fig. 7A-7D, the tension adjustment is carried out when tightening the rope 255 is wound between the rollers 262 and 364 located on the connecting rings 251 and 252, each of which is attached to the upper part of the branches off of the cable 221 and the bottom surface of the frame tight. At this time, due to the presence of strain gauge (not shown) the final part of the pull-up rope 255 tension anchor cable 220 and branches off of the cable 221 is equalized.

At the same time, in accordance with the weather conditions at sea or hydrological conditions on the seabed at the place of installation of the anchor is partially or completely submerged in the seabed, and fastened an anchor trasladar the presence of air pockets 965 and an air chamber 966, his dive at the desired depth is difficult. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 15B, the whole structure is divided into four sections, and divided in this way the sections are transported to the final installation location and there are going. After this air pocket 965 and air chamber 966 pumped compressed air.

In addition, the expansion tank due to the buoyancy created an air pocket 965 located at the wall, and an air chamber 966 formed inside the tank, can, essentially, to take the full weight of the system affecting the sector S1 of the power plant.

What follows is a description of the method of generation.

First will be described vertical movement of the buoy 500 with reference to Fig. 8B.

The buoy 500 is always floating on the surface. In the absence of the required excitement buoy 500 floats on average sea level. If the requisite excitement buoy rises and falls between waves. That is, it will get shuffled under the influence of waves.

At this time, the upper part of the swivel device 300 protrudes above the surface of the sea, and the front edge of the buoy 500 is exposed to strong wave tilt the I part is always immersed in the sea to a predetermined depth so that the buoy 500 is raised/lowered under the influence of waves on the height of these waves.

In addition, the center of gravity of the buoy 500 is shifted to one end of the buoy. That is, the center of gravity shifted to the end with the casing 520, drum 610, unidirectional actuator 800, device 700 discharge medium under pressure. In addition, since the position of release of the driving wire rope 620 is displaced from its center, the rear portion of the buoy 500 (i.e. the part facing to the incident wave) is always raised, and the front part of the buoy 500 (i.e. the part facing to the rear wave front) is always immersed in the sea, so the buoy is always in the sea in the position in which its front part, which affects the wave raised, and the opposite part is always immersed in water. This ensures the stability of the vertical movement of the buoy 500.

That is, when the center of gravity of the buoy 500 is in its center and when the position of release of the driving wire rope 620 is also in the center, downward force acting on the buoy, uniformly supplied in the direction of its short axis, so the front and back of the buoy 500 is located in the same plane. In this case, the buoy operates the horizontal wave power, which does not depends on when the buoy 500 and rotating and supporting device 300 and 400 affects a considerable effort, the buoy 500 and rotating and supporting device 300 and 400 may be damaged. Therefore, in this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 9A, the center of gravity of the buoy 500 and the position of release of the driving wire rope 620 is displaced from its center. That is, it is situated on one-third of [length] from its end. Downward force acting on the buoy 500 is great on its front side and weak on his back. The front part of the buoy 500 (i.e., the part affected by wave) always raised, and the opposite part of the buoy is submerged in water, making there the required vertical movement of the buoy. In addition, as shown in Fig. 9B, since the horizontal component of the P wave power applied to acute anterior wall of the buoy 500, and the vertical component PV of this force applied to the lower part of the buoy 500, the buoy 500 is more easily performs vertical movement in interaction with vertically attached to the efforts of the waves. That is, since the present invention is directed to the use of wave energy, which is generated during the ascent of the buoy 500, this is an opportunity to more easily obtain the required effort.

At the same time, when the wave without the direction of the incoming waves. Force acting on the buoy 500, also affects the ascending/descending support device 400 and the rotary device 300, and this force rotates the supporting device 400. That is, the horizontal straight line connecting the center of rotation of the rotary device 300 and the center of the buoy 500, coincides with the direction of wave propagation.

Therefore, if the direction of wave propagation, when the rope ascending/descending support device 400 is slightly bent, swing frame 320 made integral with the supporting member 310, is attached to the cable 410, turns around, and the axis of the ascending/descending rotator 400 coincides with the direction of wave propagation so that the system recovers its original shape and retains the required vertical movement of the buoy 500, as shown in Fig. 8B and 8C.

That is, the front part of the buoy 500, which has always raised under the influence of the rolling waves, constantly under the influence of the waves, so the front lower surface of the buoy 500 is subjected to the rolling waves and elevated, and achieved more effective vertical movement of the buoy 500.

In addition, since the buoy 500 SOEDINENIYa in that particular area, where the device 600 of generating rotation becomes large, resulting in operation of the device 600 is more effective.

Below is a description of how to generate rotation in accordance with the vertical movement of the buoy 500.

When the buoy 500 moves from the hollows on the top of the wave, since the drive cable 600 is connected to the end of the lever 323 is pulled, the driving wire rope 620 is wound on the drum 610, unwound, and the drum 610 is rotated in a length of coiled rope 620, overcoming the elastic resistance of the rotary elastic element 630.

When the drum 610 is rotated, the device 700 to discharge the compressed environment, coupled with one side of the round plate 612 drum 610 through the device 800 unidirectional actuator is driven.

That is, when the drum 610 is rotated in the direction of the winder drive cable 620, the drive shaft 810 mounted on one side of the round plate 612, and a drive sprocket 830 connected to the drive shaft 810 through the device 820 unidirectional actuator, rotate, and this rotation is transmitted to the device 700 discharge medium under pressure through the circuit 850 and the driven sprocket to drive this/P> If the device 700 discharge of the compressed medium using a liquid pump, because its suction side (not shown) immersed in water, sea water is pumped into the hose 910 transport medium under pressure through the discharge port (not shown) and then is compressed. If the device 700 discharge of the compressed gas is used pneumatic pump through a suction inlet in communication with the atmosphere, it sucked the air is compressed therein and through the exhaust pipe is pumped into the hose 910 for transportation environment under pressure.

The driving wire rope 620 is wound on the drum 610 has a predetermined length, which is calculated based on the height of waves on the place of final Assembly of the device of the present invention. Therefore, when the device is exposed to waves of a predetermined height, the driving wire rope 620 is completely leaves the drum 610 and extends normally relative to the drum 610 and down on the drum 610 through a safety coupling device 640, with the force of a wave that lifts the buoy 500, does not affect the driving wire rope 620. That is, the force of the waves is attached only to the ascending/descending op is thanks to which prevents breakage of the driving wire rope 620 and breakage of the buoy 500 and many of the supporting devices.

Since the initial wound the end of the driving wire rope 620 is connected with a protruding safety ring finger 642 inserted into the groove 641 performed in the drum 610, and goes well relative to the drum in position when the driving wire rope 620 is fully uncoiled from the drum, the safety finger 642 goes under the impact of the efforts made to him of the driving wire rope 620, through which the drive cable 620 is released from the drum 610.

Because of the safety finger 642 tightened the screw 647, interacting with bracket 646 located on one side of the groove 641, in normal circumstances, the safety finger 642 is not released from the groove 641, however, when the drive cable located properly relative to the drum 610, safety finger out of the groove, providing a disconnection of the cable drum.

When the buoy 500 is lowered into the hollow between the waves, shown by the dotted line in Fig. 8B, the driving wire rope 620 stores the released state, and the drum rotates in the opposite direction under the influence of the elastic element 630 for winding drive cable 620, and the overrunning clutch device 820 800 unidirectional drive transmits the rotation drum 610 to the device 700 naked the ri this rotation is transmitted to the drive sprocket 830. On the contrary, when the driving wire rope 620 is wound on the drum 610, a rotation of the drive sprocket 830 is not transmitted, and only turns the drum 610. In addition, since the drive sprocket 830 does not rotate, the device 700 discharge medium under pressure, coupled with a leading asterisk 830 through the circuit 850 and the driven sprocket 840, does not rotate.

Therefore, the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is continuously driven in one direction and carries out the injection.

The following is an explanation of the process of transporting the medium under pressure in accordance with operation of the device 700 discharge medium under pressure.

The medium under pressure emerging from each device 700 discharge medium under pressure is supplied to the turbine T through the device 900 for transportation environment under pressure.

During this process of transporting the medium under pressure is assembled on the frame 100, used for the transportation of medium under pressure through the hose 910 connected to the outlet of the device 700 discharge medium under pressure, and a hollow tubular element 312 of the support element 310, which is connected with a hose 910, and then served in the main pipeline 950.

At this time the two transportation does not occur. Pressure always flows to the main line 950, which prevents loss of the medium under pressure.

Medium under pressure, passed through the frame 100, is fed to the main line 950 via the expansion tank 960, and from the main pipeline 950 is supplied to the turbine T to drive an electric generator G to produce electricity.

The medium under pressure coming into the final stretch of the transporting frame 100, is introduced into the expansion tank 960, which smoothes out the ripple of motion of a medium under pressure, reducing the pressure changes and the number of environment.

When the pressure medium, passing through the main pipeline 950, exceeds a predefined value, [triggered] the bypass control valve 970, located in the upper part of the main pipeline 950, and the pressure drops so that the turbine T enters the medium under a predetermined pressure.

As shown in Fig. 15B and 17B-17D, in the main drainage pipeline 950 performed the bypass hole 971, on the outer side of which is made the bypass channel 972, the exhaust port is closed by the valve 973, which closes the exhaust port channel 972 in collaboration with securing the site 980. When the pressure in the heads of Lanco 973 snuggle up under the influence of device 980, this flap 983 opens and the medium under pressure is discharged into the sea. When the pressure in the main pipeline 950 falls below a predetermined level, the valve 973 overlaps the channel 972, in cooperation with the force of the clamping device 980, resulting in turbine T always served the environment under constant pressure.

Below follows a more detailed description of the operation of the clamping device 980. The cable 983, the initial portion of which is fixed on the fixed roller 982, located on the main pipeline 950, around the fixed roller 982 and the drive roller 981, located at both ends of the valve 973, and by the end of this rope is attached to the counterweight 984. The force of gravity acting in the vertical direction is converted into a horizontal force through changing the direction of the rollers 985 and 986, and then is applied in the direction in which the cable 983 wound between the driving roller 981 and a fixed roller 982, stretched. Then, as the Cam roller 981 pulled toward the stationary roller 982, the lower part of the valve 973, where is located the Cam roller 981, is attracted to the stationary roller 982, i.e. to the outlet by-pass channel 972.

Closing condition the effect of water, acting on the front surface of the valve 973, and effort developing device 980. When the pressure in the main pipeline 950 below a predetermined level, the pressure in the main pipeline 950 and closing force are balanced or the closing force exceeds the pressure in the main pipeline, so the valve 973 remains closed, and when the pressure in the main pipeline 950 exceeds a pre-defined level and overcomes the closing force, the valve 973 departs, allowing the environment to exit to the main pipeline 950 in the sea, to lower its internal pressure. After that, when the pressure in the main pipeline again falls below a predetermined level, the pressure medium supplied to the turbine T through the main pipeline, always remains constant.

In this case, the clamping device 980 may contain one drive roller 981 and one fixed roller 982. In this case, the counterweight 984 should be heavier. Therefore, you can install four drive rollers 981a-981d and five stationary rollers 982a-982e to reduce the weight of the counterweight 984. This device has a multilayer structure.

The medium under pressure is supplied from the main pipe is United with the outlet pipe 952. The spiral portion of the spiral pipe 953 directed counterclockwise in the Northern hemisphere of the Earth or clockwise in the southern hemisphere to compensate for the flow resulting from the rotation of the Earth, and more efficient use of the medium under pressure.

In addition, if the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is a liquid pump, the water pressure drives the turbine T and then discharged into the atmosphere above sea level through the outlet 170 of the turbine T. Since the turbine T is located on the auxiliary frame 160, towering above the upper surface of the frame 100, and the discharge port 170 is located at a predetermined height above sea level, the water is well drained by drain wells D.

If the device 700 discharge medium under pressure is a pneumatic pump, which differs from the fluid pump, the compressed air causes the turbine, emitted into the atmosphere.

In Fig. 18A-18C shows one example of the turbine T and the generator G, is included in the present invention. In this system, without going beyond the formula of the invention can be used turbines and generators of all types.

The electricity generated by the generator is nomu on the bottom of the cable or similar devices.

In Fig. 19 shows another variant of the generator, which includes Central control HQ with transformer, power supply utilities and living quarters, etc., and control power for SQ with the power station S1, a sector of the discharge medium under pressure S2 and set around a Central control station HQ so that the energy produced by each power plant, collected at the Central control station HQ, converted and fed to the corresponding elements on the banks laid on the bottom of the cable or similar devices.

In addition, in the Gaza power station S1 is not necessary to equip offices and premises, because the staff is not there for a long time. However it is necessary to provide emergency funds in case of accidents, repairs, etc. are Usually the direction, management, etc. are performed from the Central control station HQ.

Despite the fact that the illustrations were described preferred variants of the present invention, the experts it is obvious that various modifications, additions and substitutions are not beyond the scope and spirit of the present invention defined by the attached formula izobreteny dimout/omit many buoys in response to the influence of waves, convert the vertical movement of each buoy in rotation, characterized in that each buoy connect with each of the sets of support elements arranged on a lattice frame, submerged in water, with rotation of the lead device of the discharge medium under pressure, is installed on each buoy, convey the medium under pressure in the main pipeline, the transportation stage environment under pressure for normal transportation, when the pressure exceeds a pre-defined level, automatically open the bypass control valve for flushing pressure and when the pressure falls below a predetermined level, the bypass control valve is automatically closed, result of the rotation of the turbine, using a medium under pressure supplied to it through the main pipeline, generate electricity generator connected to the turbine.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the transportation step pulse pressure eliminate by means of the expansion tank, which is mounted on a predetermined portion of the path of transportation.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the step of transporting the medium under pressure is introduced into the races of the Earth.

4. Device for the generation of electricity using energy waves containing located at a predetermined depth in the sea at a predetermined location of the final device mounting frame with Central power sector, support means movably supporting the frame in the sea, many of the buoys, a means of generating rotation to convert the vertical movement of the buoys, a unidirectional drive for directional transmission in one direction of rotation from the means generating a rotation and a generator, wherein the device is equipped with many sectors of the discharge medium under pressure, spaced at a predetermined distance relative to the Central sector, a turning tool, located on the sector of the discharge medium under pressure, a predetermined portion of which is above sea level, above/below the supporting means connected with the upper part of the rotary tool, with buoys attached to each of the end sections above/below the supporting means, means for generating rotation is located at each of the buoys, and the means of discharge medium under pressure is located on the top Povey and connected to located in the Central sector of the turbine, lead generator.

5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the frame contains the reinforcing elements connecting the main frame elements, which form a lattice, with the main frame element.

6. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the support means of the frame contains many anchor cables placed on the seabed and anchor the cable to connect the frame and anchor ropes.

7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the upper part of the anchor rope is connected with many branches off the ropes and branches off each wire connected to the frame.

8. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that between the lower surface of the frame and the upper part of the branches off of the rope is a tool for tension control.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the means of tension control contains a connecting ring connected to the bottom surface of the frame and the upper part of the branches off of the cable, respectively, the rollers movably mounted on the end opposite to the connecting ring, and pulls on the cable, is wound between the rollers for regulating the tension force between the anchor rope and branches off the rope.

10. The device under item 5, Taranee a certain buoyancy, and the other part is used as a pipeline for the transportation environment under pressure.

11. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the rotary tool includes a support element located vertically can be rotated.

 

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2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a generator for energy generation. Generator (100) includes floating platform (1) adapted for partial submersion into fluid medium, mast (2) located on platform (1) and containing at least one wind generator (3), at least one first energy storage device and one converter. Generator (1) also includes at least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy. At least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy includes at least one rechargeable mechanical storage battery (14), at least one balance arm (12) with a flywheel, which is connected to storage battery (14), and a device for conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. Wave motion or flow of fluid medium, into which platform (1) is submerged, determines oscillating movement of platform (1), mast (2) and at least one balance arm (12) for charging of storage battery (14), which in its turn outputs the energy generated by its movement to the mechanical energy conversion device.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of energy generation efficiency.

16 cl, 10 dwg

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