Propulsion inertial-reaction effect

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of engineering and is designed to move vehicles in any environment. The propulsion device includes a housing, shaft and straight arms with masses intended for circular motion, two pusher mechanism having self-contained adjustable drive and support ring and the hub, which is connected with the shaft and to which the hinge is attached to the mentioned direct levers with the masses. Provided also eccentric, mounted on rollers, allowing alternate slopes of these levers with the masses so that the masses along with a circular motion to receive axial movement along the shaft. To change the direction of thrust hub by using a rod inside the hollow shaft to move opposite the clamping mechanism. The invention is directed to reduction of weight and dimensions. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the field of engineering and is designed to move vehicles.

Known propulsion inertial pulse, capable of converting energy of the engine to create thrust and move the vehicle without the aid of traditional propulsion: wheels, caterpillars, screws, proporiton N 2111654 on CL F 03 G 3/00/. The device according to the United Kingdom patent N 2111654 where on the shaft hinged straight levers with the masses with the ability to exercise along with a circular rotation of the masses and axial movement and to create a thrust along the shaft, can be taken as a prototype. However, in this patent expressed the idea and identify the individual features, but how to do it - is unknown. Therefore, the action of this device in detail in the description is not considered.

Propulsion inertial-pulsed create cravings as a result of interaction of bodies inside the device itself.

Wheels, tracks, skis can be installed on machines with these drivers in order to reduce loss of traction at overcoming them frictional forces on the supporting surface and improve their agility.

Common signs of propulsion are: the presence of the shaft in the center, hubs on the shafts to which are attached the arms or where the rods with the possibility of free radial movement; working masses at the ends of the levers or rods. On the path of circular movement of the masses in the anterior part of the body has an arc reflectors. The beginning of the arc, as a rule, is placed on the shaft length of the elongated reflector rods /levers/ have the funds rolling. Rotation of the levers /rods/ occurs in the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation. The masses of workers, while rotating under the influence of centrifugal forces tend to move away from the rotational axis at the greatest possible distance. The magnitude of the centrifugal forces of the masses could be significant. It is determined by the well-known formula FC= m(2n)2R /where FCstrength in kgf; m is the mass in kg; = 3,14; n is the number of revolutions per second; R is the radius in metres/.

Inertial mass does not have a rigid connection with the shaft. Its circular movement they can make from the shaft to the length of the full length of the lever /rod/ or to be near the hub. Arc reflectors on the body fixed. Along with housing they can to change the direction of thrust to make turns around the shaft in either direction up to 180o. During the circular movement of the working masses in the anterior part of the circle having the maximum radius and maximum linear speed, lapping on the reflectors and with all their might alienate them from themselves, and with them the body of the thruster and the car. If the magnitude of the centrifugal force of the weight will be greater than the friction force of the machine on the control environment, the machine will move to the new Rnou Wednesday, the machine will remain in place and working weight will be returned by the reflector to the hub shaft. When a sufficient amount of centrifugal forces of the masses of the machine will begin to move in the right direction, because the rotating mass will be coming up on the reflectors, one after the other, creating a pulse tremors. By the end of the run by the reflector when working weight will be near the hub, the reaction force tel /inertial mass and the housing of the propulsion/ disappears. In the back of the semicircle weight, free from arc reflector, will start to move away from the shaft in the radial direction, with no impact either on the shaft or on the housing of the propulsion unit. Thus, the known propulsion thrust is created by the direct impact of the inertial mass on the reflector housing in the plane of rotation of the masses and the direction of their action coincides with the direction of movement of the machine. Thrusters powerful enough, easy to use, economical and you will definitely find a wide application in automotive industry. The disadvantage of these thrusters is a small range of operating speeds of the inertial mass /about for 4 to 5 Rev/sec/. The increase in the speed of rotation of masses above this limit leads first to shake, and then to a complete loss of traction. Due upravleniya acceleration. They, for example, at speeds above the limit do not have time to pull up to the stop levers or rods and they come into opposition with arc reflector somewhere in the middle or at the end of the arc, and then do not touch it. Therefore, to increase considerably the power of the mover must initially install the heavier weight, or to increase the length of the levers /rods/, i.e., make it more heavy and overall.

The aim of the present invention is to eliminate this disadvantage and create propulsion, capable of equal mass and length of the levers /rods/ develop on it many times greater traction due to the high speeds of rotation of the inertial mass.

To solve this problem is proposed a fundamentally new design of propulsion. To the hub shaft, the hinge, with the possibility of a free shear along the shaft are attached two or three pairs of levers with the inertial masses at the ends. On the levers closer to the shaft, are mounted supporting wheels. During the rotation of the levers wheels are rolled along the paths of two flat rings. The wheels of one pair /triples/ run through the inner small ring, the other on the outer large circle. The ring is placed around the shaft perpe is carried out with the help of racks attached perpendicularly from the back side. Hours enter the apertures of the base plate pushing mechanism and slide in them. In a carton feeding mechanism they probing with the eccentrics, which, while rotating alienate them alternately together with rings. Rings, in turn, through the support wheels synchronously reject at an angle to the shaft of one pair of /three/ levers with the masses, then another.

Eccentrics mounted on rollers in a carton feeding mechanism at the same level. Rotate through gears synchronously in opposite directions. One of the rollers is out of the box and connected to independent drive. Thus, in the proposed propulsion shaft with levers and eccentrics can rotate at different speeds. Shaft propulsion - directly by the engine, and eccentrics - through stand-alone drive. The speed of rotation of the levers with the masses is set by the engine, and eccentrics - the governing body of the Autonomous drive. The ratio of the speed of rotation is governed by /for example, through the gearbox/ or pre-programmed and automatically. Using the engine creates the necessary speed of rotation of the levers with the masses around the circumference and along with this and not the rhythm, providing the required speed of movement of the machine. For example, when the speed of rotation of the levers 10 Rev/sec, the inertial mass can push off one or two times per second instead of ten, as occurs in the known propulsion. As can be seen, changed the very direction of the anti bodies in the device. On the well-known movers it is, as noted above, occurs in the plane of rotation of masses, in the radial direction. Inertial mass pushing the thruster in the direction of the radial inertial-centrifugal force and both bodies move in the same direction. Here the inertial centrifugal force of the rotating mass is used as a bearing, based on which the machine is moved along the axis of rotation but in the opposite direction.

The Foundation due to the fact that rotating mass have a strong resistance decreases when the radius of rotation, which occurs when the tilt levers with masses along the shaft. The value of this counter, if you push the weight directly on their center of gravity, less than half of their radial forces. However, given that the repulsion of masses is through the support wheels mounted on the levers closer to the shaft, there is a lever moment of red masses, the radius of the rotation speed with the known propulsion, not to mention the possibility of a significant increase in speed offered by the device is designed to create a more powerful thrust. Feature of the new device also lies in the fact that the nature of the forces here is jet principle. The difference with the known reactive devices is that there is, for example, particles of a combustible fuel through the nozzle are ejected into space forever, is here cast weight on the levers that generates the reaction force after the power pulse is returned in original condition and ready for a new impulse. The reaction forces are renewed constantly. They work to move the transport until rotates on the shaft of the levers with the masses and their repulsion along the shaft. For a complete understanding of the nature of occurrence of the thrust on the engines using inertial forces should be noted that the centrifugal force, which is a special form of manifestation of inertia forces in a rotating system, refer to external forces. They are equivalent to the forces of the gravitational field. The only difference is that the forces of attraction of bodies according to their distance from each other decreases, and C and the gravitational force are everywhere /see Jaworski B. M., Detlef A. A. Handbook of physics, 1979, S. 35, 56, 57/. In the propulsion thrust force, as every power of inertia occurs when the direction of the acceleration of the masses, when they, in particular under the influence of another body, the radial rotation is translated into movement along the shaft. Should suspend this axial impact will disappear thrust along the shaft, while the shaft of the levers can rotate with the same speed and weight will put pressure on the rack and eccentrics with the same force. Simply put, should cease to push off from the support and not to do "pulse steps will stop the movement. In addition, can not be attributed to the inertial mass to the internal bodies of the device. They are free in the axial direction and does not have a rigid connection with the case of the mover.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the thruster without side walls of the casing and boxes.

In Fig. 2 - the lower part of the clamping mechanism with the image of eccentrics and gears in the plan.

In Fig. 3 is a General view of the thruster in the plan without the pushing mechanisms.

Propulsion has /see Fig. 1/ tubular shaft 1 with longitudinal slots 2. Inside the shaft rod 3 extending outward from one end of the shaft, the other end of the shaft policeman 4 for I posted direct levers 6 with the inertial mass 7. Near the hub on the levers are supporting wheels 8. The wheels of one pair of levers are rolled on the small ring 9, the other pair is on the big ring 10 (see Fig. 1 and 3/. On each flat ring has four rack 11. They hold rings strictly perpendicular position relative to the axis of rotation, probing through the holes in the base plate 12 with the eccentrics 13, mounted on rollers 14 (see Fig. 1 and 2/. Two fixed rollers eight eccentrics. For synchronous rotation of the eccentric rollers are interconnected by gears 15. The moving rod to the hub on the shaft to contact levers with one of the clamping mechanism provides power unit /for example, a power cylinder, indicated by the dashed 16/. The shaft with the arms placed in the cylindrical housing 17 (see Fig. 1 and 3/, and eccentric and pinion push mechanism enclosed in a box 18, attached at the center of the shaft on either side of the mover.

In the drawings shows a thruster with two pairs of levers mounted on the hub of the cross. Shows the moment when one pair of levers with masses 7 has been pushed eccentrics 13 by means of the uprights 11, the small ring 9, the wheels 8 and levers 6 at the most remote from the ary, it is shown from the side, at this time, on the contrary, are from the clamping mechanism on the closest distance in the perpendicular plane to the shaft. The reaction force of the masses of the first pair of levers 7 to the housing of the propulsion unit 17 in this moment reaches its maximum, while the second is equal to zero. Assume that the engine through the drive end of the shaft 4 rotates the hub 5 of the levers 6 and masses 7 with a speed of 10 Rev/sec, and the rollers 14 with the eccentrics 13 via the Autonomous drive and the end of the roller 19 will rotate with a speed of 1 Rev/sec, then both pairs of levers with masses will change his position after five revolutions of the shaft and there will be one pulse counter. For ten revolutions of the shaft - two impulse. On the well-known movers would be at least ten. Eccentrics 13 through the gears 15 are rotated on the rollers 14 in the opposite direction. They slide on the soles of the uprights 11, removing from itself in turn the small ring 9, the big 10 and through the wheels 8 reject at an angle to the shaft 1 lever with the masses then one pair, then another. Mass 7 along with a circular rotation commit axial movement.

To change the direction of thrust in the opposite direction to the propeller sufficient controls to translate with the help of the bottom, that the axis of one pair of levers are closer to the axis of the shaft than the other, and this means that the high leverage of the levers one pair will be shorter than the other. May be different impulse. To resolve this minor disadvantage is balanced by the weight of the mass on shortened levers.

We offer mover will ensure the smooth flow of transport in any media. The machine can reach high speeds, because the acceleration of motion is increasing in arithmetic progression. Small dimensions and weight of the propulsion system delivers powerful thrust. They are simple, reliable, economical. The reality of their actions tested on models-copies.

1. Mover, comprising a housing, shaft and straight arms with masses intended for circular motion, characterized in that it is equipped with a pusher mechanism having adjustable drive and support ring, wheel hub, which is connected with the shaft and to which the hinge is attached to the mentioned direct levers with the masses, and the eccentrics, mounted on rollers, allowing alternate slopes of these levers with the masses so that the masses along with a circular motion to receive axial movement along the shaft.

2. D is the position relative to the specified hub.

3. Mover under item 2, characterized in that it is equipped with controls, power mechanism and shaft, and the said shaft is made tubular with a longitudinal opening for placement in the cavity of the above-mentioned rod, which is connected with the said hub to move said hub arms.

4. Mover under item 3, characterized in that it is provided with supporting wheels, which are mounted on said levers near the hub to reduce friction levers on track support rings.

 

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