(57) Abstract:The invention relates to sanitary-technical equipment and can be used in water supply systems, in particular in the taps-faucets. The mixer contains a tank with saddle and outlet placed inside the tank spherical valve with positive buoyancy, the drainage system of the tank and drain tube with a horizontal extension part, and the tank placed the console on the end of the horizontal portion of the drain tube, and a drainage system made in the form of isolated cavities, informing the inner upper part of the tank space of the atmosphere outside the water flow in the area of its discharge from the tank. The design of the faucet provides water savings while maintaining consumer properties and performance characteristics of existing mixers. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il. The invention relates to sanitary-technical equipment and can be used in water supply systems, in particular in the taps faucets.Known discharge device used in the mixer containing the tank with saddle and outlet is located inside of the tank dosing uskh between a flexible shaft (EN, 2005140 C1, E 03 C 1/04, 30.12.93).The main disadvantage of this device is unstable due to the lack of trenirovki air, unspecified orientation relative to the valve seat and the increase in size of the crane.The closest in technical essence and the achieved effect is known mixer taps, in which the discharge device made in the form of a tank with the saddle and the outlet opening and closing of the outlet device made in the form of a spherical valve positive buoyancy and siphon tube with a drainage hole at the top of the bend, while the discharge end of the siphon tube is connected with the channel in the body of the tank communicating with the outlet below the valve (EN, 2005139 C1, E 03 C 1/04, 30.12.93).The main disadvantage of this faucet-mixer is a limited possibility of trenirovki air associated with the fact that trenirovka is inward flow is drained of water, which hinders the free (instantaneous) discharge accumulated in the water tank, and an automatic drain in the inappropriate time, design complexity, the inability to use one-to-one existing mixers of various designs.The technical solution of this problem is that the mixer contains a tank with saddle and outlet placed inside the tank spherical valve with positive buoyancy, the drainage system of the tank and drain tube with a horizontal part, and the tank placed the console on the end of the horizontal portion of the drain tube, and a drainage system made in the form of isolated cavities, informing the inner upper part of the tank with the space atmosphere, located outside of the flow of water in the area of its discharge from the tank.When this valve is equipped with speakers for the outlet tip with total valve positive buoyancy, in addition, the valve is provided with a drain tube located coaxially with the tip, the tip and the valve is made a through hole in communication with the drainage tube, with the tip valve and drain pipe summarily executed with positive buoyancy, and the tank is equipped with a guide for the drainage tube in the blank hollow ledge.In Fig. 1 and 2 shows a General view of mixers respectively for baths and kitchens equipped with a tank at the end of the drain tubes.In Fig. 3 shows the structure of BA is salinarum connection with access to the expiry of water.In Fig. 4 shows the tank in the incision with drainage cavity, covering the outside of the tank, and the valve tip.In Fig. 5 - section a-a figure 4.In Fig. 6 shows a tank with valve, equipped with a drainage tube and tip.In Fig. 7 is a variant of the spherical tank (teardrop) shape.The mixer consists of a casing 1 (Fig. 1, 2) with valve heads 2 hot and cold water shut-off device 3, a drain tube with a horizontal (extension) part 4, at the end of which is fixed console tank 5, which is the storage capacity for water flowing through the drain tube 4 of the cranes. The tank consists of a body 6 with the saddle 7 and the outlet 8. Inside the housing 6 is placed a spherical valve 9 having positive buoyancy. The dimensions and weight of the valve 9 and the cone angle of the saddle 7 is selected in such a way that the flooding valve 9 water, it did not pop up and held in the saddle, blocking the outlet 8. The housing 6 of the tank is connected with the horizontal part of the drain tube, for example, using threads with subsequent locking of the nut 10. Inside tank 5 is placed drainage system connecting the upper inner part of the space is lost 11, passing or inside the protrusion 12 made directly with the housing 6 (Fig.3), either in the form of an annular cavity 11 (Fig. 4, 5, 6) formed by the covering body 6 of the casing 13. The annular cavity 11 are communicated with the discharge cavity 14 formed by a separate curved pipe 15 (Fig.3), or with the annular space formed covering the housing 6 of the lower part 16 of the casing 13. The discharge cavity 14 is wrapped treniruemsia air flow in the side space 17 of the atmosphere located outside of the flow of water in the area of its expiration. On top of the tank 5 is closed tight by a cover 18, which is connected directly with the housing 6 of the tank (Fig.3) or with a casing 13 of the tank (Fig. 4, 5, 6).To ensure a uniform gap between the housing 13 and the housing 6 on the casing 13 made the tabs 19 and 20 (Fig. 3, 4, 5, 6). In tanks, is shown in Fig. 4 and 5, the valve 9 provided with a hollow tip 21, and Fig. 6 - advanced drainage tube 22 with an opening 23, which she reported inside the valve with the tip opening. The valve 9 in conjunction with the handpiece, and together with the tip and the drainage tube has a positive buoyancy. The length of the tip 21 is selected so that at the extreme upper position of the valve 9 Nienke at maximum valve lift 9 cover 18 provided with a hollow protrusion 24 with a blind hole. Tip 21 provides convenience for draining the water from the tank at any arbitrary point, and the drain pipe additional trenirovka air to the above-described drainage system through the cavity 11 and 14.To reduce weight and reduce the complexity of the manufacturing parts of the tank it is recommended to make from nonmetallic materials with low specific weight by a pressing method in multi-piece molds. For this purpose it is recommended spherical (teardrop) shape of the tank (Fig.7) with a horizontal or inclined, as shown in Fig. 7, the plane of the connector housing with a lid. It should be noted that the drainage system is made in the form of an annular cavity 11 (Fig. 4, 5, 6, 7), more preferred, because the discharge of water through the drainage system will be uniform around the circumference of and coaxially to the tank.The operation of the mixer is as follows.In mode water saving small opening valves 2, water is supplied through the drain tube into the housing 6 of the tank. The valve 9 under the action of its weight is in the saddle 7 and continues to remain in it at the time of water supply due to the above-mentioned performance of the valve and seat, blocking the outlet 8 is prostranstvo 17 ambient air, located outside of the flow of water in the drain area. The accumulation of water in the casing 6 is until, until you open the outlet 8. Otherwise, after filling the casing 6, the water flows into the drainage system, and starts a small discharge of water through the cavity 11 and 14 in the space 17 in the zone of discharge of the outlet 8. The housing 6 is completely filled with water, and the volume of discharge through the drainage system is equal to the volume of water enters the tank.To ensure immediate (instantaneous) discharge of water from the housing to cut off his hand or finger (POS. 25 Fig. 3) the outlet 8 or lift the handpiece 21. Such exposure can be performed at any stage of the filling of the casing 6. The valve 9 is opened automatically (Fig. 3) or force (Fig. 4, 5, 6) and because of the positive buoyancy floats up to the level of the accumulated water in unit 6. Starts volley of drain water in the volume of accumulated water in unit 6, so as to be raised when the discharge air discharge air in the upper part of the tank freely compensated by the flow of air through the drainage system in the opposite direction inside the tank. The stream drained water does not prepay the second tube 22 provides additional trenirovka in the accumulation of water, and in the process of draining the drainage occurs in the flow of water, but nevertheless it provides minor additional trenirovka and at discharge. After draining valve 9 descends and closes the outlet 8. The tank is designed for a maximum accumulation of water in the amount of handfuls hands of an adult (about 50 - 70 cm3). Accordingly, the drain water will vary in the range from zero to the specified 50 - 70 cm3. The magnitude of the drain depends on at what point the accumulation of water produced plums, and the dwell time depends on the degree of opening of the mixing valves. In the process of draining the reservoir involved and part of the water located in the discharge tube at the level of the water in the tank. In the absence of effects on the valve 9 (overlapping the outlet 8 or lifting lug 21) after completing the housing 6 there is a continuous expiration through the drainage system in the amount of water enters the tank, i.e., depending on the degree of opening of the mixing valves.When working in the mode of continuous, intense plum, you need the valve 9 to withdraw its extreme upper position above the influence. In this case, the discharge will occur through the outlet 8, and if the entry is the system.Both water flow interlock with each other for the area draining the water from the outlet, creating a great overall stream. The valve 9 will be in its extreme upper position.If the supply of water in the tank (when raised to the top of the valve 9) is less than the amount of discharge through the outlet 8, in this case, the valve 9 will gradually fall down to the saddle 7, and will start to decrease the flow area between the valve 9 and the surface of the seat 7. With this reduction section reduces the drain and the moment comes when the drain becomes equal to the volume of water enters the tank. Further, this equilibrium state or maintained and the valve 9 is kept afloat, to allow water to pass into the outlet 8 and providing continuous disappearance, or the valve 9 is delayed by the flow of water and covers quite a hole 8. In this case, the water fills the casing 6 and merges already through the drainage system, ensuring continuous after (until will not produce effects on the valve 9, and will you raise it up).Thus, the proposed design of the mixer can be used in the following modes:
- in the economical use of water by nakanojo use of water by continuous small discharge of water in the continuous volume of its receipt of gates;
in the regime of intensive continuous drain any maximum range of plum.Existing faucets provide in the last two of these modes, therefore, the proposed mixer saves automatically all operational characteristics of existing faucets without any further action and at the same time allows you to save substantially water without deterioration of the product properties by providing opportunities instantaneous discharge at any time with accumulation of water during technological breaks in its use. This mode of operation of the mixer remotely resembles the work of a famous and very economical in the use of water basins, but unlike basins do not need to manually fill the sinks with water, does not require permanent retention of the nipple (tip) hand in the discharge process (need only a little push on the tip or just momentary overlap of the hand of the outlet): there is a possibility of many small and many large continuous automatic drain.Thus, the proposed mixer, while preserving the positive characteristics of the basins, the firs.In addition, the proposed mixer is easy to make, using all existing faucets, replacing only the drain tube to the drain tube to the tank (with the possible use of even existing drain pipes by their revisions). Simplifies the design of the drain tube by eliminating one bend with a flared end. Excluded in the discharge tube bend significantly compensates the weight of the tank, made of a material smaller in specific weight, about 8 times compared with steel, which is the drain tube.The use of the proposed mixer creates the opportunity to significantly save water to the consumer without compromising consumer and operational properties inherent to existing faucets. 1. The mixer containing the tank with saddle and outlet placed inside the tank spherical valve with positive buoyancy, the drainage system of the tank and drain tube with a horizontal extension part, wherein the fluid container is placed the console on the end of the horizontal portion of the drain tube, and a drainage system made in the form of isolated cavities, informing the inner upper part of the tank space is different, however, the valve is provided speakers for the outlet tip with total valve positive buoyancy.3. The mixer according to any one of p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the valve is provided with a drain tube located coaxially with the tip, the tip and the valve is made a through hole in communication with the drainage tube, with the tip valve and drain pipe summarily executed with positive buoyancy, and the tank is equipped with a guide for the drainage tube in the blank hollow protrusion.
FIELD: technical means of water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a water-mixing tap with contactless remote control and is pertinent to the technical means of water supply. The water-mixing tap with contactless remote control contains a body with a chamber for mixing of water and the tap-changer, feeding pipes, a discharge pipe with an outlet nozzle and an inlet-outlet head, an autonomous control-and- measuring block electrically connected with a source and a receiver of optical rays and with electromagnetic valves of water delivery. The outlet nozzle is made in the form of a centrifugal spraying injector forming a cone of finely dispersed uniformly sprayed water. The discharge pipe is made with a capability to accommodate a fiber-optical transducer with an external modulation, an outlet optical butt of which is placed in the inlet-outlet head of the discharge pipe and the opposite butt of the transducer is optically connected to the source and the receiver of the optical emission located in the autonomous control and measuring block electrically connected with the electromagnetic valves of water feeding. At that the electrical circuit of the block is made on the basis of the integrating circuit of accumulation of the signals of the measuring information. The technical result is a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used for its heating up, provision of the switch-on state of the tap only by availability of an object of treatment within the zone of control and at achievement of a combination of contactless of on-off turnings of the water feeding with electric passivity of the tap, its stability against action of electromagnetic interferences and origination of the false on /off switching, protection of sensing optical elements of the contactless drive of the tap against actions of vandals (versions).
EFFECT: the invention ensures a decrease of consumption of water and thermal energy used in the process, provision of the switch-on state of the tap just by availability of an object of treatment in the zone of control, protection against different types of interferences.
FIELD: sanitary facilities.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed to control water tap by pressing on pedal in public service and industry. Proposed device contains pedal and water tap body with shutoff member. Shutoff member of tap and pedal are furnished with bellows, or diaphragm, or plunger chambers. Said chambers are filled with liquid and are interconnected by flexible pipeline.
EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost of manufacture.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems; liquid heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: under-ceiling non-evaporating widening tank of heating system has solid casing in form of a canister with level-metering pipe, widening space communicating with heating system and air space separated hermetically from widening space by soft membrane. Air space communicates with environmental air. Membrane is made inform of air bag. Neck of bag is withdrawn out of neck of casing and is connected hermetically with the neck. Plug provided with air hole is tightly inserted into neck of casing. Plug is fastened by screwed cap provided with air hole which is not aligned with hole in plug. Method of detecting of slow leaking of water from heating system is based upon the fact that temperature graph of the system is built in summer without heating. For the purpose values of water level in level-metering pipe of the tank at steady temperature are put along abscissa and values room temperature are put along ordinate; received calibrated curve is subject to calibration. The graph is taken as averaged temperature calibration graph and steady values of outside temperature are drawn above corresponding values of level. When taking subsequent measurements, the averaged temperature is determined again and if the value of level get lower it is assumed that water loss takes place because of leakage or evaporation of water caused by disturbance in leak-proofness of the air bag.
EFFECT: simplified design of tank; better degree of protection of membrane.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations, methods for disinfection thereof, particularly for large reservoirs.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying disinfectant on installation surface and flushing installation with fresh water after disinfection operation finishing. Disinfection is performed by aerosol treatment carried out by accelerating anolyte particles up to speed of not less than 100 m/c. Anolyte with active chlorine concentration of not less than 100 mg/dm3 taken in amount of not less than 200 ml per 1 m2 of installation surface area is used as the disinfectant. Anolyte is used as aerosol with dispersity up to 100 microns and residence time of disinfectant on installation surfaces is not less than 30 min at positive temperature. Anolyte is sprayed by nozzle, centrifugal aerosol generator or high-pressure pump.
EFFECT: increased disinfection quality along with keeping ecological rules related to installation treatment and staff safety, increased depth of disinfectant penetration in installation surface and prevention of installation damage.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: water facilities, particularly water delivery devices.
SUBSTANCE: delivery device in accordance with the first embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, shuttle valve arranged inside the body, executive tool mechanically connected to shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device, as well as filter arranged in the body. Device in accordance with the second embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, flexible pipeline, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and providing switching from unfiltered liquid distribution to filtered liquid distribution from delivery device. Arranged in the body is filter. Device in accordance with the third embodiment comprises body, unfiltered liquid receiver, filtered liquid outlet, unfiltered liquid outlet and one shuttle valve arranged inside the body. The shuttle valve provides choice of liquid flow through filtered liquid outlet or unfiltered liquid outlet. Delivery device also has the first executive tool mechanically connected to the shuttle valve and the second executive tool mechanically linked with the valve. Device includes filter arranged in the body.
EFFECT: possibility to create water facilities adapted to be used in living or office spaces to selective serve filtered or unfiltered water to consumer, reduced occupied space when used with water tap connected to conventional water basin.
32 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: water supply, particularly sanitary repair-and-operational means thereof.
SUBSTANCE: leakage elimination method involves removing valve from threaded seat made in tap body; replacing sealing packing; securing guiding pipe in above seat of tap body; installing metal-cutting tool inside the guiding pipe, wherein metal-cutting tool is spindle having cylindrical part, metal-cutting head to remove defective metal layer from annular shoulder end, end part, along with movable limiter, which prevents axial movement of spindle and shank providing connection with drive means; removing defective metal layers so that newly formed end surface of annular shoulder brought into contact with sealing packing of shutoff valve is oriented transversely to inner cylindrical surface of guiding pipe; separating the guiding pipe from above tap body seat; connecting the valve to the tap; pressing sealing packing to end of annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Device for leakage elimination comprises tap body with threaded seat for valve connection and with annular shoulder enclosing water inlet orifice. Tap body also has water outlet channel. Threaded tap body seat is coaxial to annular shoulder. Guiding pipe is temporary secured to tap body seat having flat outer end surface transversal to inner cylindrical surface thereof. Spindle is arranged inside the guiding pipe and may perform predetermined axial movement and reversible rotation. Cylindrical surfaces of spindle and guiding pipe brought into contact are coaxial to threaded seat and annular shoulder. Metal-cutting head diameter exceeds outer diameter of annular shoulder. End surface of metal-cutting surface extends transversely to cylindrical spindle part.
EFFECT: increased quality of acting water tap usage and repair, elimination of water leakage and increased service life of the tap.
9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly adapted for domestic or public use, as well as for railroad transport, production departments and service rooms as well as for hospitals.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied through head having rod-provided reciprocal valve mechanism, body and return spring installed in inner cavity coaxially to the body, wherein the spring cooperates with water dose. Method involves lifting the rod, opening orifice providing water discharge during valve opening; accumulating water dose in the head; lowering the rod; closing orifice adapted for water discharge during valve closing and blocking water dose discharge. Constant magnet field is created inside the head with the use of annular magnet along with silver ionization, magnetization and charging of each water dose. The rod is produced of magnetic material including silver or silver coating. The rod may cooperate with conical normally partly compressed spring. Each water dose inside the head is magnetized and electrically charged by applying constant magnetic and alternate current fields thereto.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities and increased operational reliability.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly water supply systems, namely mixing taps.
SUBSTANCE: mixer comprises tank formed as a fixture connected to horizontal part of drainage pipe. The tank comprises body with seat. The mixer also has drainage system formed as isolated air cavity, which communicates upper part of tank interior with ambient space surrounding water flow at tank outlet area. The mixer is provided with valve having head, which has positive floatability in summary with the valve. The mixer has vessel made as horizontal connection pipe adapted to connect horizontal drainage pipe part with the tank. Connection pipe interior communicates with tank interior. Lower end thereof is located above contact area between the valve and the tank body seat. Upper part of connection pipe interior does not project over upper tank body edge. Cross-section of connection pipe interior is not less than that of drainage tank orifice. Connection pipe length is selected to provide summary volume of water accumulated inside the tank and inside the connection pipe, which is 1.5-2 times as much as that of water accumulated in the tank.
EFFECT: improved service performance and reduced water consumption.
3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water.
SUBSTANCE: method involves using water tap with valve heads, discharge jet and nozzle connected to outlet end of discharge jet. The nozzle includes removable cylindrical body of non-magnetic material, namely bronze or brass, and disc with through orifices coaxially fixedly secured to lower body part. Hollow magnetic bush is arranged on the disc so that the bush is coaxial to the body. Conical spiral normally released spring is inserted in the bush and cooperates with water. The spring is made of silver or magnetic material covered with silver.
EFFECT: simplified structure, extended field of application, increased uniformity of water supply and enhanced water cleaning.
FIELD: water supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: hydrant comprises housing with inlet passage and at least one outlet passage, valving member mounted in the outlet passage and provided with the through passage, and rod for control of the valving member outside of the housing. The valving member is made of a rotation body. The hydrant is additionally provided with the normally closed valve. The inlet passage is inclined to at least one outlet passages in the housing at an angle greater than 0° and smaller than 180°. The through passage in the valving member is curved. The valving member is provided with at least one additional through passage for permitting coincidence of its inlet port with the inlet passage of the housing and its outlet port with at least one output passage of the housing. One part of the cut-off control member of the valve is set into the through passage of the housing, and the other part is set in the outlet passage of the housing.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
6 cl, 12 dwg