A device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy, equalizer water pressure for the power block of the depth of the hydroelectric power plant mounting system for the assembly of this unit and the test stand to test the water pressure equalizer

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the construction of hydropower and are designed to produce electrical energy by converting the potential energy of the oceans in deep hydroelectric power. A device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy contains located on the bottom of the reservoir energy block deep hydroelectric power station, consisting of a series set in the direction of water flow is placed in a reservoir of water intake for the turbine, the turbine pipe, spiral chamber with guide vanes, hydraulic unit, the suction pipe and the outlet channel associated with the atmosphere. The device is equipped with a balancer water pressure within the structure of the power unit, connected to lateral channel and ensuring the alignment of the water pressure in otodrom channel with water pressure in the reservoir and the continuous pumping of water from the outlet of the channel back into the reservoir. Given the design of the equalizer pressure of water for the power block of the depth of the hydroelectric power plant mounting system for the Assembly of this unit and which provides increased efficiency deep hydroelectric power plants and the increase in electricity generation, as well as expanding Arsenal of technical means for the production of electricity. 4. p. F.-ly, 26 ill.

This group of inventions relates to the construction of hydropower and is designed to produce electrical energy by converting the potential energy of the oceans in deep hydroelectric power.

Known hydroelectric power plant, including gidroagregata block, the upper and lower pools, and the bottom of the pool is made in the form of a closed tank rigidly connected with gidroagregata unit and fixed on the bottom of the upper basin (SU 484280 A, 26.12.75).

Also known hydroelectric power plant, containing placed on the bottom of the reservoir gidroagregata block, the bottom of the pool aeration mine, coupled with gidroagregata unit pipeline, work the bolt, placed in gidroagregata the block, and you gidroagregata block and the bottom of the pool placed on the section of the bottom of the reservoir having a slope, and the lower pool is located above gidroagregata unit (SU 1186730 A, 23.10.85).

These known plants though are deep, but have a periodic action and are intended only Evista is known hydroelectric, contains located on the bottom of the reservoir energy block deep hydroelectric power station, consisting of a series set in the direction of water flow: placed in a reservoir of water intake for the turbine, the turbine pipe, spiral chamber with guide vanes, hydraulic unit, the suction pipe and the outlet channel associated with the atmosphere (GB 2032008 A, 30.04.80).

The disadvantage of this known power plant is the low efficiency of its work, reflected in a low power generation.

The closest analogue of the proposed erection of the complex is known mounting system used in the method of construction of the deep hydraulic structures on the bottom of the reservoir and contains two non-self-propelled pontoon, identical in design (SU 1465471 A1, 15.03.89).

The disadvantage of this known mounting complex is that it is not adapted for Assembly on the bottom of the reservoir of the power unit depth hydroelectric power.

The proposed equalizer water pressure for the power block of the deep hydroelectric and test bench droppy invention is to improve the efficiency of deep hydroelectric power plants and the increase in electricity generation, as well as expanding Arsenal of technical means for the production of electricity.

The solution of this problem is achieved in that a device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy, containing situated on the bottom of the reservoir energy block deep hydroelectric power station, consisting of a series set in the direction of water flow: placed in a reservoir of water intake for the turbine, the turbine pipe, spiral chamber with guide vanes, hydraulic unit, the suction pipe and the outlet channel associated with the atmosphere, according to the invention is equipped with a balancer water pressure within the power block, United with the lateral channel and ensuring the alignment of the water pressure in otodrom channel with water pressure in the reservoir and the continuous pumping of water from the outlet of the channel back into the pond.

When the water pressure equalizer for the power block of the deep hydropower consists of water and axial pumps, combined in a single apparatus, and contains, in addition, connected in series: a receiving chamber with a working Sony axial pump, the discharge pipe which is communicated with the reservoir and the working nozzle connected by pipeline to a floating liquid from the lateral channel power block deep hydroelectric power.

In mounting the complex, mainly to build the power block deep hydroelectric power plants on the bottom of the reservoir that contains two non-self-propelled pontoon, identical in design, according to the invention, the pontoons have a different purpose and their equipment: one of them, mounting, designed and equipped for the Assembly of the mounting sections of the power unit depth hydroelectric power plants, and second, the installation for removing collected the mounting section of the mounting of the pontoon and its installation is collected at the bottom of the reservoir energy unit, each pontoon is made with the possibility of lowering and rise in body mounted on it collect parts of the power unit and includes associated pumps, tanks for ballast water, made with side walls in the form of a bellows and having the ability to change its volume depending on fill their ballast water.

The test stand to test exp is the first work is an underwater catamaran, consisting of two nuclear submarines, connected by a platform, which is the subject equalizer water pressure and folding discharge pipe with guide vanes of the turbine for regulating the supply of water in the water pressure equalizer.

The essence of the inventions included in this group, illustrated by drawings, where:

in Fig. 1 shows a diagram of a device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy;

in Fig. 2 - sketch balancer water pressure for the power block of the depth of hydroelectric power;

in Fig. 3 power block deep hydropower;

in Fig. 4 - the same, the section a-a in Fig. 3;

in Fig. 5 - section b-B in Fig. 4;

in Fig. 6 - section b-b of Fig. 4;

in Fig. 7 is a plan of the location of the energy blocks deep hydropower;

in Fig. 8 - bridge Assembly mounting sections, a transverse incision;

in Fig. 9 - the same plan;

in Fig. 10 - mounting (installation) pontoon, top view;

in Fig. 11 - the same, lateral view;

in Fig. 12 - section G-G in Fig. 10;

in Fig. 13 is a view D in Fig. 10;

in Fig. 14 - section e-E in Fig. 10;

in Fig. 15 - a view W of Fig. 13;

on. 9 - sequential filling the ballast tanks with water.

in Fig. 20 - test bench to verify the functionality of the equalizer water pressure, longitudinal section;

in Fig. 21 - the same plan;

in Fig. 22 - the same, lateral view;

in Fig. 23 - folding discharge line;

in Fig. 24 - section And in Fig. 23;

in Fig. 25 - section K-K in Fig. 23;

in Fig. 26 diagram straightening the discharge pipe.

A device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy includes (Fig. 1) placed under level 1 of the deep reservoir hydroelectric power station (GGAS) 2 with lateral channel 3 connected with the atmosphere by a pipe 4. With lateral channel 3 by means of pipe 5 for roaming fluid is connected to the pressure equalizer 6 of the water, working with the nozzle 7. The entire device is placed on the bottom 8 of the reservoir.

The pressure equalizer 6 water for the power block of GGAS (Fig. 2) contains a receiving chamber 9, the working nozzle 7, the mixing chamber 10, the diffuser 11, the pressure line 12, pump 13, and a discharge pipe 14, the motor 15 in a sealed capsule, the pipe 5 for roaming liquid (water), non-return valve 16, pipe 17, the supply is>The pressure equalizer 6 is a structure and axial waterjet pump, integrated into a single unit with a new principle in comparison with the principle of the water jet pump.

The main purpose of the equalizer 6, the pressure is continuous pumping of water from the outlet channel 3 and with a minimum expenditure of electrical energy for the operation of axial pump 13. This can be done when the pressure equalizer 6 in front of the entrance of water into the pump 13 has created the conditions P1= P2where: P1- the water pressure in the suction space; P2- the water pressure in the space discharge.

It should be emphasized that the alignment of the water pressure in the specified process is equivalent to the recovery of the potential energy of the water included in the pressure equalizer 6, to the value of the potential energy of water in the reservoir, since P1= P2and under these conditions the amount of potential energy in the suction space (P1) is equal to the value of the potential energy in the space discharge (P2), which creates the inexhaustibility of the potential energy in the reservoir during operation of GGAS.

Conditions of entry threads are moved and working fluids B1=2S2C2,

where S1and S2square the input and output sections, m2;

1and2the density of liquid, kg/m3;

C1and C2- flow velocity, m/s

This equation is called the equation of continuity of flow, which implies that at the steady state flow of fluid completely filling the pipeline, through each of its cross-section passes in unit time the same amount of liquid.

It follows that if the pressure equalizer 6 axial pump 13 is pumped n-th amount of water, then the same n-th amount of water included in the equalizer pressure 6 to line 5 for roaming fluid and working through the nozzle 7. Moreover, the calculation of the inner diameters of the end portion of the inlet pipe 5 and the working nozzle 7 is done so through the supply line 5 and the working nozzle 7 per unit time must be equal to the amount of water, i.e., n/2.

Based on the conditions of entry threads are moved and the working fluid by a pump 13 (Fig. 2) in the pressure equalizer 6 absorbed two water streams: the first stream from the outlet of the channel 3 through the pipe 5 into the receiving Cam is th thread the working fluid (water) with great energy, with great speed and with great pressure in the flow enters through the working nozzle 7 into the intake chamber 9 directly from the reservoir.

These two streams, on the basis of the law of conservation of momentum, mix and exchange pulse energy in the inlet chamber 9 and the mixing chamber 10, which leads to averaging of the energy, pressure and velocities of the first and second threads. Mixed stream with the average energy is supplied to the diffuser 11.

In the diffuser 11, on the basis of the law of conservation of energy and Bernoulli's equation we applied for a pipeline with a variable cross-section, as is the diffuser 11, a transition is part of the kinetic energy of the mixed flow into potential energy of pressure, i.e. there is a reduction of speed mixed flow, but increases the water pressure in the flow at the exit of the diffuser 11.

Due to the energy of the pump 13 water from the outlet pipe 14 with a slight excess pressure of about 2 m, is pushed back into the reservoir.

The water pressure in the flow at the exit of the diffuser 11 and the delivery pipe 12 becomes equal to the water pressure at the level of the water outlet of the pump 13 in the reservoir, i.e., P1=the eat (space discharge) created conditions for water pumping, when P1= P2that required for normal operation of GGAS, i.e., with minimum expenditure of electrical energy for the operation of the pump 13 of the pressure equalizer 6, pumping the water from the outlet channel 3 GGAS.

From the principle of operation of the pressure equalizer 6 shows that the alignment of the water pressure to the condition that P1= P2occurs only at the expense of the potential energy of the reservoir. Another type of energy to conduct this process in a pressure equalizer 6 is not supplied.

Energy block deep hydropower plants (Fig. 3 and 4) includes a base 19 GGAS with metal piles, the pressure equalizer 6, the pad 20 for installation of the pressure equalizer 6, the intake 21 of the water to the turbine 22, the turbine pipe 23, a spiral chamber 24, the inlet 25, the duct 26, the hydrogenerator 27, turbine 22 with direct suction pipe 28, the pressure line 29, lined pipes for structural strength, the thrust bearing 30 discharge pipe 29, the conduit 31 for communication with the atmosphere, the frame casing 32, a vertically adjustable, hydraulic Jack 33, the pipe 34, the inlet water flow to the pressure equalizer 6, the suction pipe 28, the cover 35 saving is the time, consisting of two systems A and B, connected by a vertically integrated rhythm.

System A is a normal HPS, but working under water at a given water depth. Within the system A is supported by atmospheric pressure.

The main purpose of A conversion of potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy.

System B - equalizer pressure 6 water system GGAS.

The purpose and principle of operation of the equalizer 6 pressure written above.

The energy unit is assembled from eight mounting sections I-VIII (Fig. 4):

I mounting section is adjustable vertically of the casing 32 for the Foundation unit of GGES;

II mounting section of the base 19 of the unit, including the equalizer pressure 6;

III mounting section - discharge pipe 29 Assembly (outlet channel 3);

IV mounting section - direct suction pipe 28 in the collection;

V mounting section - spiral chamber 24 in the collection, including the turbine 22;

VI mounting section - hydro generator 27 in the collection;

VII mounting section cover 35 energy installation;

VIII mounting section of the duct 26 in the collection.

Mones mounting section reaches tens of thousands of tons.

The coupling of the mounting sections vertically by using a docking sites similar docking sites spacecraft, which will provide junction nodes mechanical strength and sealing.

To simplify the scheme shown in Fig. 4, the connecting nodes at the junctions of the mounting sections not shown.

The power supply unit operates as follows.

Water from the reservoir with a working pressure through the intake 21 of the water to the turbine 22 to the turbine pipe 23 enters the volute 24, where through the guide apparatus is directed to the blades of the turbine 22. In the hydro energy of the water flow is converted into electrical energy, which is sent to the consumer. The water flow, giving their energy, goes in a straight suction pipe 28 and out into the discharge line 29 (outlet channel 3) working under atmospheric pressure. The connection of the discharge pipe 29 with the atmosphere via the conduit 31, the duct 26 and through the inlet 25. In the delivery pipe 29 is maintained at a constant water level, i.e. the level that defines the height of the column of floating liquid, chit in the thrust bearing 30 discharge pipe 29, where divided into four inlet pipes 34. Each of the inlet pipe 34 is connected a few of the pressure equalizer 6 of the water. The water flow that passes through the pressure equalizer 6 is communicated to the reservoir.

Communication units interconnected via transition vestibule with a deep-water passage (not shown).

The main condition for the location of the units GGAS is the ease of Assembly and disassembly without disturbing adjacent units. In Fig. 7 shows a plan of this location 14 units in a single GGAS.

The layout of the units GGAS (Fig. 7) shows: the units 36, the control unit 37 GGAS, underwater passage 38, the installation pontoon 39, laser sight 40, nuclear submarines 41.

Between units 36 are not shown transient platforms and underwater crossings, in order not to obscure the plan.

With this arrangement, the units 36 in the reservoir can be made as an Assembly and dismantling, replacement and installation sections in every unit 36 using the installation pontoon 39 and two nuclear submarines 41.

The number of installed units 36 depends on the elevation of the bottom of the reservoir, and it operacnymi sections of a large weight is mounting complex.

When mounting unit 36 of the mounting sections I-VIII use the overpass, which is shown in Fig. 8 and 9, which shows: level 1 reservoir, the left mounting pad 42, the mounting pontoon 43, right Assembly platform 44, loose sandy soil 45.

The construction of the trestle is in the waterfront district shipyard, where the main bulk nodes of the unit 36. For piers selected the site on the depth and her erect flyover, which consists of two mounting pads 42 and 44.

For the construction of GGAS in the deep sea are two self-propelled pontoon: installation 43 installation 39.

The movement of the mounting and installation of pontoons 43 and 39 in the reservoir by using auxiliary ships (four vessels, two of them are towing, two - insure pontoons, holding their ropes).

And mounting the pontoons 43 and 39 in their design basically identical and differ from each other only additional equipment.

The pontoon Assembly 43 or the installation contains 39 (Fig. 10-19) sheet metal in the role of the upper deck 46, butting 47 nuclear submarine 41, the tank 48 for ball pumps 51 (each pump motor 51 is placed in a hermetic capsule), pipe 52, constituting the frame of the pontoon 43 or 39 and to determine the displacement, the access hatch 53 docking station to approach divers to the remote control 54 pontoon 39 or 43, the pipe 55, the inlet of the ballast water to the tanks 48, tapered pipe 56 for the supply (outlet) of ballast water, the input (output) tubes 57, I-beams 58, clamps 59 on the shelves of I-beams 58, cables 60, the lugs 61 of the cables 60, sheet metal, performing the role of the lower deck 62, the laser sights 63, holes 64 in the metal plates for the passage of water from a reservoir in the pontoon 43 or 39 and back side metal sheets 65 pontoon 43 or 39. In addition, in Fig. 10, 16 and 17 in units I to IV shown pumping units, and Fig. 19 - various States of the reservoir 48 for ballast water: a) compressed air tank 48 for ballast oxen; b) partially filled with ballast water tank 48; C) completely filled with ballast water tank 48.

The mounting or installation of non-propelled pontoon 43 or 39 is a rectangular parallelepiped.

The basis of the pontoon 43 or 39 is a skeleton collected from the pipe 52. Cross section of the pipe 52 is shown in Fig. 14.

Top frame Assembly pontoon 43 is covered with a thick methodolgy and transverse pipes 52 of the frame along their entire length, what provides the strength of the top part designs pontoon 43.

To the bottom of the pontoon 43 or 39 perpendicular to the longitudinal pipes 52 are welded I-beams 58. For installation of the pontoon 39 to I-beams 58 are additionally connected mobile grippers 59 and cables 60 to connect the installation of the pontoon 39 with a mounting section, which, in turn, is assembled on the mounting pontoon 39.

On the top shelf I-beams 58 between the longitudinal tube 52 is welded metal sheets, performing the role of the lower deck 62. Lower deck 62 provides the strength of the lower part of the structure of the pontoon 43 or 39. The side walls of the frame are sheathed by a metal sheet 65. In metal sheets, asiausa frame (top, bottom and sides), there is a sufficient number of holes 64, which connects the reservoir with the free space inside the pontoon 43 and 49. As a result, on any horizontal plane of the inner space of the pontoon 43 and 39 of the magnitude of the water pressure in the reservoir and the inside of the pontoon 43 or 39 are the same.

Consequently, there is no significant difference in water pressure between the reservoir and the reservoir 48 to l is the material for the tank 48 can serve as a canvas or SWAM (fiberglass anisotropic material), which should be rubber protected by polyisobutylene. Polyisobutylene is resistant to the action of sea water.

Diving pontoon 39 or 43 in the reservoir or its ascent to the surface water body used four pumping units I-IV. Pumping units are United in working couples: two blocks I and III on the flow of ballast water into the reservoir 48 and two blocks II and IV of pumping water from the reservoir 48. The pumping units of the same destination are located in opposite corners of the pontoon 43 or 39 (diagonally) and included in the work at the same time.

In the static position of the pontoon 43 or 39, the valves 50 are closed, and the pump 51 is disconnected from the source of electrical energy.

On the pontoons 43 and 39, there are two overlapping control panel 54, which is controlled by the operation of the pontoon. In addition, the process control unit 54 is connected to the Central control console, located on the rack, auxiliary vessel and a nuclear submarine.

Diving pontoon 43 or 39 in the reservoir included both pump 51, and the water through the valve 50, which are gradually opening up, starts to enter the two tubes 55 for ballast water. Two pipes 55 water is distributed through twenty the water simultaneously from both sides of the pontoon 43 or 39 (right and left). The reservoir 48 to the ballast water is a vessel, the bottom wall of which is the lower deck 62. The upper wall of the tank 48 is a plate. The side walls of the tank 48 is made in the form of an accordion. This allows the tank 48, upon receipt of water in it, to change its volume.

Due to the influx of water into the tanks 48 increases the weight of the pontoon 39 or 43, and he begins to slowly sink into the water. Dive pontoon 39 or 43 in the reservoir can be slow or fast stop by closing valves 50 and disconnected the pump 51.

Before lifting pontoon 43 or 39 on the surface of the pond it should be in a static state, i.e., to be still and horizontally in the reservoir, should be all pumps 51 is disconnected from the energy source and the valve 50 is closed.

For floating pontoon 39 and 43 is used a second pair of pumping units II and IV. When turning on the pumps 51 and the gradual opening of the valve 50, the water from tank 48 through slots 49 and tapered pipe 56 is supplied ballast water in the inlet pipe 55. Then the water enters the pump 51 and through the valve 50 and the nozzles 57 overlook the pond. When pumping water from the reservoir 48 through the pressure of the external water accordion tank is IU on the horizontal plane.

Pumped from the tanks 48 water decreases the weight of the pontoon 39 or 43, and he begins to float towards the surface of a pond. The rise of the pontoon 39 or 43 is stopped by the overlap of the valves 50 and disconnecting the pump 51 from the energy source.

The process of building GGAS carry out the successive stages as follows.

The first stage.

For the construction of GGAS in the pond choose a suitable size for a flat area and additionally it level. Aligned pad mark on the scheme shown in Fig. 7.

The second phase.

In the area of the shipyard collect the overpass (Fig. 8 and 9) for mounting sections I-VIII of the unit. The rack consists of two parallel platforms 42 and 44, which are located all technological equipment for Assembly and installation of partitions and accommodations for staff.

When mass building GGAS it is advisable to build eight racks, so that each overpass was the Assembly section of the same type.

With the help of tugs between the pads 42 and 44 rack mount installation pontoon 43. Mounting pontoon 43 using clamps can freely using the ropes to the walls of the platforms 42 and 44.

During installation increases the weight of the pontoon Assembly 43, and he delves into the reservoir, respectively dispensed mooring ropes. Using barges and cargo helicopters on the ramp are delivered and installed four truck crane (one for each pad 42 and 44). Two cranes are installed on the mounting pontoon 43.

The deck is now ready for mounting sections I-VIII of the unit.

The third stage.

Self-propelled barge ride to the overpass large nodes mounting section I served on the mounting pontoon 43 using cranes.

Assembly section I is from the center to the periphery at the same time four cranes (two at sites 42 and 44 and two on the mounting pontoon 43).

After complete Assembly of the mounting section I installation of the pontoon 43 relieve cranes, which are mounted on the platforms 42 and 44 of the rack, and then into the tanks 48 ballast water pontoon Assembly 43 serves water from a reservoir (the speed of water flow and the amount is adjusted with the remote control rack). Mounting pontoon 43 together with the mounting section I fall on the sandy bottom lake. Water in the tanks 48 and installation of the pontoon 43 runs so much to pop.

Using the four tugs installation pontoon 39 is slid over the viaduct with laser sights 63 on control points establish pontoon 39 just above the mounting pontoon 43, which lies at the bottom of the reservoir. Include the water supply in the reservoirs 48 installation of the pontoon 39 and lowered it slowly into the pond. Simultaneously released the cable from tugs.

Lowering the installation of the pontoon 39 to produce the level in the reservoir when the lugs 61 of the cables 60 can be secure hooks welded to the base mounting section I. the Number of hooks is determined by calculation and observance of the center of gravity of the mounting section I. Divers to fix the lugs 61 of the cables 60 on the hooks, open locks, fixing the position of the mounting section I on the mounting pontoon 43, and leave the place of joining of the two pontoons 43 and 39. Gradually pumped water from the tanks 48 ballast water installation of the pontoon 39. As a result of this installation pontoon 39 together with a mounting section 1, anchored by cables, rises to the surface of a pond and not reaching the surface of a pond, stops.

Disables the remote control, and mounting pontoon 39 together with the mounting section I, hanging under the bottom of the pontoon 39, of the s court (two towing and two belayer), which tow the installation pontoon 39 under water to the construction site GGAS.

After leaving the installation of the pontoon 39 from overpasses pump water from the reservoir 48. Pontoon 43 rises to the surface of the reservoir and is moored to the wall of the overpass. Helicopters are removed from the platforms 42 and 44 two crane and put back on the mounting pontoon 43. The deck is now ready for Assembly and installation section II.

The fifth stage.

Delivered to the construction site GGAS installation pontoon 39 with attached mounting section I is installed on the bottom of the reservoir, according to the markings (Fig. 7), in two steps:

with approximate accuracy the installation pontoon 39 with attached mounting section I set at a certain height above the reference points located on the bottom of the reservoir. This technique is done by means of four support vessels, delivered the installation pontoon 39;

for precise mounting section I at the bottom of the reservoir by control points will need to make certain offset installation of the pontoon 39 on the horizontal plane.

Using a special docking station, located at each nuclear submarine 41, to the installation dvdname boats 41 gradually released safety ropes on auxiliary vessels, and begins to be produced with the help of Hiking boats 41 leveling the installation position of the pontoon 39 control points located on the bottom of the reservoir and the installation pontoon 39. When matching reference points begin to pour water into the tanks 48 installation of the pontoon 39 and ballast camera nuclear submarines 41, which leads to lowering of the whole structure to the bottom of the reservoir. When lowering strictly support leveling on control points.

When reaching the bottom 1 of the mounting section of the running water in the tanks 48 installation of the pontoon 39 continues until until it weakens the load voltage in the cables 60 and will not be automatically disconnected from the lugs 61 of the cables 60 from the hooks 1 mounting section. Once the tanks 48 installation of the pontoon 39 pump out the water. At the same time from the ballast chambers submarines 41 pushes the water in the reservoir. In the result, the ascent begins the installation of the pontoon 39 and submarines 41 to the surface of a pond. At a certain depth of the reservoir installation pontoon 39 rusticoville with submarines 41. Boats 41 moves aside, and auxiliary vessels, pulling up the rope, begin towing the installation of the pontoon 39 back to the pier.

The seventh stage.

In the prepared formwork 32 (Fig. 4) with floating concrete plant continuously for five sleeves comes in a concrete mix. The concrete mix in the mold 32 compacted by vibrators. As the filling of the casing 32 concrete begin to align a horizontal surface. Then give the time to the hardened concrete.

The eighth stage.

II mounting section of the pre-gather in the Assembly shop shipyard from separate components, but the connection between individual nodes of the unit is collapsible, i.e., temporary.

After shop Assembly II mounting section and check compliance with its technological conditions, it is disassembled into components and parts. All loaded on a self-propelled barges that are directed to the overpass for the final Assembly of the base unit on the mounting pontoon 43.

On the deck of the pontoon Assembly 43 assemble the base unit also gasketed fixtures. Check the conformity of the Assembly is rd. After this operation remove demountable fastening.

The base of the unit (II installation section) ready for transportation to the construction site GGAS.

Further movement of the mounted base unit is carried out as described in the third, fourth and fifth stages.

The ninth stage.

It is installed on (Foundation II mounting section (base unit) are two underwater drilling rigs. From the centre of the base unit to the periphery begin to be drilled through the holes in the metal sheet. In the resulting wells leave the casing, the latter are metal piles. Thus, the base unit of GGAS through the Foundation is attached to the bottom of the reservoir and thereby eliminates the shift unit horizontally and vertically. The number and diameter of the metal piles determined by calculation.

The tenth stage.

III mounting section - discharge pipe 29 (outlet channel 3) going on a special cargo trucks on the boat shipyard in a horizontal position. The collected discharge pipe 29 descends into the pond and oboxious to the site YY install water discharge pipe 29 in a vertical position. In a further admission of water into the pontoons discharge pipe 29 is lowered to the predetermined depth of the reservoir in an upright position.

Installation pontoon 39, located on the site of GGAS, connect two nuclear submarines 41. Using nuclear submarines 41 installation pontoon 39 is installed on the discharge pipe 29. Next, the installation pontoon 39 cables connected to the discharge pipe 29.

Install the discharge pipe 29 to the base of the unit is carried out using the same techniques that were described in the fifth stage.

With an installed discharge pipe 29 is removed both additional pontoon and take away them. Then disconnect the cables and installation pontoon 39 together with nuclear submarines 41 away from the unit.

The eleventh stage.

IV mounting section - direct suction pipe 28 Assembly on the mounting pontoon 43 is mounted according to the manufacturing conditions of the Assembly.

The twelfth stage.

V mounting section - spiral chamber 24 in the collection, including the turbine 22, is mounted on the mounting pontoon 43 according to the manufacturing conditions of the Assembly.

Thirteenth step.

The fourteenth stage.

VIII mounting section cover 35 power unit is mounted on the mounting pontoon 43 according to the manufacturing conditions of the Assembly.

The process of installation and mounting partitions into the unit on the eleventh to fourteenth stages is similar to the third to fifth stages.

The fifteenth stage.

VIII mounting section of the duct 26 is mounted on a special cargo trucks on the boat shipyard in a horizontal position.

Further, the process of mounting and installation of the duct 26 is carried out by analogy with the tenth stage, i.e. similar to the installation of the discharge pipe 29.

Similarly, fifteen stages of Assembly of the first unit are mounted the other units.

After installation in the reservoir of all power units under construction platform. On the grounds of the platform above the level of the reservoir, installed all the equipment required for GGAS, namely the transmission of electrical energy to the mainland, accommodations for staff and going to remote control HGAS.

Test bench to verify the functionality of the equalizer tadstable a (Fig. 20-26) underwater catamaran 66, consisting of two nuclear submarines 67 connected between a pad 68, which is the test pressure equalizer 6 and folding discharge pipe 69 with the intake 70 water, which used the guide apparatus of the turbine for regulating the supply of water, and pontoons 71 for lifting (lowering) the discharge pipe 69, which consists of a top section 72, an intermediate section 73 and the lower section 74, which docking ports 75 are connected with the base 76 of the sections of the discharge pipe 69. The pressure equalizer 6 is connected by a pipe 77 with pressure pipe 69 and the frame sections, the latter composed by pipe 78. In the expansion portion 79 of the discharge pipe 69 entered the inlet pipe 80, and to communicate the discharge pipe 69 to the atmosphere provided the pipe 81. Catamaran 66 is located below the level 82 of the reservoir at its bottom 83. Each submarine 67 66 catamaran has a docking station 84 for connection with the installation pontoon 39.

In Fig. 26 also shows:

a) pressure pipe 69 in the stowed position;

b) partially rectified discharge pipe 69;

C) discharge pipe 69 in the Yes set the test pressure equalizer 6 and discharge pipe 69 (three sections 72, 73 and 74) in the stowed position. The movement of the test bench to the construction site GGAS can be carried out both on the surface and submerged.

Arrived at the construction site of GGAS test stand start-up of water in the ballast chamber submarines 67 is lowered to the bottom 83 of the reservoir at a given point. By appropriate manipulation of the flow of water or air in the ballast chamber submarines 67 - establish strictly horizontal position to the ground 68 (Fig. 20). This position is strictly fixed by means of hydraulic jacks.

The start of the air in the pontoons 71 begins the ascent of the discharge pipe 69 with the gradual straightening up strictly vertical position relative to the horizontal platform 68 (see Fig. 26, the figures "b" and "C").

The frame of the discharge pipe 69 and pontoons 71 made of pipe 78 so that the total amount (weight) of the water displaced would be a little more weight to the discharge pipe 69 in the collection. In this case, the weight of the discharge pipe 69 no pressure on submarines 67, and Vice versa buoyancy force of the water raises several discharge pipe 69 to the surface of a pond.

Discharge pipe 69 is special is 69, it provides a vertical position, in which the test stand is ready for testing of the pressure equalizer 6.

After testing of the pressure equalizer 6 open the locks connecting nodes 75 discharge pipe 69 and running water in the pontoons 71 discharge pipe 69 is formed in the initial field position on a catamaran 66. The test stand is ready to return to base.

1. A device for converting potential energy of the oceans into electrical energy, containing situated on the bottom of the reservoir energy block deep hydroelectric power station, consisting of a series set in the direction of water flow is placed in a reservoir of water intake for the turbine, the turbine pipe, spiral chamber with guide vanes, hydraulic unit, the suction pipe and the outlet channel associated with the atmosphere, characterized in that it is equipped with a balancer water pressure within the power block, United with the lateral channel and ensuring the alignment of the water pressure in otodrom channel with water pressure in the reservoir and the continuous pumping of water from run-off channel is Estancia, consisting of water and axial pumps, combined into a single apparatus that contains, in addition, connected in series receiving chamber with a working nozzle for feeding water directly from the reservoir, a mixing chamber, the diffuser and the pressure line associated with the axial pump, the discharge pipe which is communicated with the reservoir and the working nozzle connected by pipeline to a floating liquid from the lateral channel power block deep hydroelectric power.

3. Mounting complex, mainly to build the power block deep hydroelectric power plants on the bottom of the reservoir that contains two non-self-propelled pontoon, identical in construction, characterized in that the pontoons have a different purpose and their equipment: one - installation is designed and equipped for the Assembly of the mounting sections of the power unit depth of hydroelectric power, and the second installation is to remove the assembled mounting section of the mounting of the pontoon and its installation is collected at the bottom of the reservoir energy unit, each pontoon is made with the possibility of lowering and rise in body mounted on it parts of the collected energy is by Russia in the form of a bellows and having the ability to change its volume depending on fill their ballast water.

4. Test bench to test the water pressure equalizer for the power block of the deep hydroelectric power plants in natural conditions, representing underwater catamaran consists of two nuclear submarines, connected by a platform, which is the subject equalizer water pressure and folding discharge pipe with guide vanes of the turbine for regulating the supply of water in the water pressure equalizer.

 

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