The way lavrukhina realization of man's physical abilities
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the production of sports and recreational equipment and can be used to create new models of machines and equipment-analogues: bicycles, scooters, roller skates, skis, snowmobiles, sledges, skates, ice-boats, rowing boats, canoes, Canoeing. The new model allows for the most effective physical capabilities, combining the efforts of the muscles of the hands and feet, focusing them on the line of the force vector of gravity of the whole body, to sum up therefore, gaining more momentum, because part of the freewheel (the jerk, acceleration) and directing the resultant of all forces on the rotation of the flywheel. The athlete gets on the pedal attaching slings himself to the platform and in turn influencing them reciprocating arms and legs at the same time, and all the weight of his body, and using the extra momentum (the effect of jerk and acceleration from the upper dead point to the beginning of the stroke), reaching through joint convergence of all the forces on the vertical passing through the center of gravity of the body, spins the flywheel. In equilibrium, the system is held by a sling, perceiving reactionism consumers. 1 Il. The invention relates to the production of sports and leisure equipment, can be used to create a fundamentally new models of shells for the sports industry, health physical education and entertainment, aimed at extracting the maximum effect when implementing physical abilities of the person.It is known that by using various accessories, people can develop tremendous power, for example, in the pole vault. But there is a fundamental flaw - developed power is held by the athlete is negligibly short time, which eliminates the use of reception anywhere else, except jumps (the Magazine "Science and life", N 11, 1989).The closest analogue of the invention is the method of development of physical abilities of man, namely, that the athlete, attach slings to the platform, standing, effect pedal accumulating energy of the flywheel under the sequential operation of right and left limbs, reciprocating (EN, 2093423 C1, 20.10.97).However, the known invention has limited use only with electric transmission.The invention usaet possible wide use of it in various designs, from simulators to vehicles on the ground, snow, ice, water at speeds far exceeding the speed of the cyclist, skier, skater, oarsman.This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the way of the development of physical abilities of man, namely, that the athlete, attach slings to the platform, standing, effect pedal accumulating energy of the flywheel, under the sequential operation of right and left limbs, reciprocating, according to the invention the athlete performs the reduction to a common vector of the efforts of the limbs and the weight of the whole body by holding the center of gravity along the line of the vector resultant of all forces, pre-time impulse movement to the beginning of the stroke due to its run-in position slightly below the upper dead point, and maintaining the equilibrium of the system "man-fixture".The essence of the invention consists in the following.Experiments have shown that the most effective use of the physical abilities of man is in his position standing under the sequential operation of right and left limbs, moving Lenogo momentum), holding the center of gravity line of the resultant vector (P) of all the powers and transfer them on a fairly massive flywheel, leveling the entire process, accumulating energy and tells her forth to different consumers. The system is kept in balance by a sling, perceiving the response and transmitting it to the base.Practical implementation of the idea in the model is depicted in the form of a schematic diagram (Fig. 1) where on the platform 1 hinge 2 are mounted: the flywheel 3, performing in a number of cases and the function generator at the same time; pedal 4, a special configuration that enables collaboration of the hands and feet; slings 5.The model that implements the method works as follows.Athlete, attach slings 5 to the platform 1, and, standing on the pedals 4, jerk with a maximum force acts on one arm, a leg and the weight of his body, rejecting thus the flywheel 3 in the opposite direction. Then repeat this with the opposite sign, and so on, promoting thus the flywheel. At this time, the system is a triangle with the same base (the body of the athlete) and the top, moving left to right from him and Vice versa. With increased speed Maho is. This is the end of the run and start working model.Shooting in a variety of ways (including transmission) energy from the flywheel and telling her different type of propulsion (wheel, propeller, caterpillar), will receive the above mentioned vehicles. In some cases (wheel, propeller) function of the flywheel and propulsion can be combined.If we consider all existing systems: "Springer-pole", "cyclist-pedal", "canoeist-paddle" and so on, as some units, the proposed model of efficiency has no equal among them, and conducted numerous experiments suggest that to create something like that, and the more superior it is impossible.Example.24-year-old cyclist B. Allen (USA), weighing 61 kg, held the power of 0.45 HP for 12 minutes, the Author of the present invention, a 56-year-old and a weight of 63 kg, not as an athlete, holding in his model power 0.5 HP 18 - 20 minutes, working in a sparing mode.The prospect of the invention, due to its extremely wide adaptability and high efficiency is undeniable. The way of realization of man's physical abilities, namely, that the athlete, attaching ceremnoy work right and left extremities, reciprocating, characterized in that the athlete performs the reduction to a common vector of the efforts of the limbs and the weight of the whole body by holding the center of gravity along the line of the vector resultant of all forces, pre-time impulse movement to the beginning of the stroke due to its run-in position slightly below the upper dead point and maintaining the equilibrium of the system man - fixture.
FIELD: medicine, pedagogy, sport and play training equipment.
SUBSTANCE: the suggested equipment contains a personal computer consisted of a systemic block, a "mouse", a display and a key-board, a photo transmitter that registers the duration of inter-pulse interval constantly and being a constituent of a pulse detector connected with a systemic block of a personal computer, and a software block that operates the activity of a personal computer. The suggested equipment is additionally supplemented with a bicycle training device, a transmitter of "conditional" dislocation, a power "mouse", two analog-digital transformers, two supports for legs, a fixing unit for a handle bar's position and a stabilized source of power. Moreover, there is a leadout from left-hand key of optic "mouse" switcher that ends with a button fixed at a handle bar, optic "mouse" scanning spherical surface of a power "mouse" rod operates a cursor's position on display screen, transmitter of "conventional" dislocation being near rotating wheel of bicycle training device and a pulse detector connected electrically towards a systemic block of a personal computer through the first and the second analog-digital transformers, correspondingly, being supplied from a stabilized power source. Due to affecting cardio-vascular system and perception organs of a patient it is possible to train him physically and intellectually: by physical exercises with the help of a bicycle training device, by dosed technique due to loading muscles of inferior limbs, with the help of a power "mouse" by dosed technique due to loading the muscle of brachial girdle and muscles that develop vertebral muscular corset, and due to doing intellectual tasks suggested with the help of a personal computer of corresponding software for an user to fulfill them with the help of a power "mouse" and a personal computer, and due to performing all these intellectual task along with physical loadings and physical exercises along with intellectual tasks - the development goes in a conjugated way and interdependently. The suggested equipment is characterized by widened functional capacities due to providing the impact upon different human physiological parameters.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of application.
FIELD: medicine and pedagogy, as well as sportive and playing exercisers used for conjugated mutually dependent development of child's physical and intellectual abilities on motivational and health improving bases.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has arcuate frame with two supporting members, pipe, seat, shaft with lever put thereon and provided with hands and feet stop, additional foot support, power member placed within pipe and connected to cable, and stretching unit connected to cable and power member by means of three pulleys. Two handles are additionally introduced into apparatus, said handles being designed for left hand and right hand, respectively. There is output leading from left-hand button of computer optical mouse to two buttons connected in series, one of said two buttons being positioned within hand stop and other button being positioned within one of additional handles. Amplifier-former designed for pulse frequency measurement is electrically connected through input to pulse frequency sensor and through output to USB - port of base unit of personal computer, and AD converter is electrically connected with its input to lever motion and power force measuring sensor and with its output to single bus of base unit which is positioned in lower part of support for personal computer. Personal computer display is positioned on adjustable-height top of said support. Lever motion and power force measuring sensor, pulse frequency sensor and amplifier-former for pulse frequency measurement are connected to power source.
EFFECT: motivation-based development of child's physical and intellectual abilities.
SUBSTANCE: method of training of abdominal muscles, e.g. its oblique muscles and the lower part of prelum abdominale by alternate stress of the exercised muscles includes rotation of the disk to the right and to the left by a sportsman with constant muscle force and adjustable rotation force, disk rotation is performed in horizontal position lying on the back with the disk fixed at the vertical stand that is placed in front of the sportsman. Training device for abdominal muscles e.g. its oblique muscles and the lower part of prelum abdominale consists of a basement, horizontal guide bar with a vertical stand, a disk that is a freely either side rotating wheel with an adjustable rotation force, it has an arm rest, a deck-chair for a sportsman with safety handles and a back with an adjustable elevation angle that provides horizontal shifting according to sportsman height, herewith the wheel is fixed at the vertical stand with different elevation angles and height levels with a pedal on the joint base. Use of the present group of inventions helps to increase effectiveness of training and development of abdominal oblique muscles and the lower part of prelum abdominale.
EFFECT: increase of effectiveness of abdominal muscles training.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering, particularly, to equipment intended for physical training in space. Proposed training machine consists of two square supports and rectangular support wherein axle is fixed. Tube is fitted on said axle to run thereon in bearings. Cradle is secured to aforesaid tube by means of bushes and small-diameter retaining tubes. Reduction gear with pedal drive is fixed at said cradle. Reduction gear is engaged with larger inner-gearing wheel via output gear of reduction gear. Wheel with massive rim is used to compensate for moment of rotation. For synchronous rotation of the tube whereto cradle and wheel with massive rim are secured chain drive and two gears are used, one of the latter being attached to hub.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.