Device for rehabilitation of functional disorders of the central nervous system

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to medicine, namely to physiotherapy, and can be used to stimulate regenerative processes in the body after stress, causing the development of pathological conditions or aggravate disorders of the Central nervous system. The device has connected between a source of sound energy, amplifier, emitter follower, the step-up transformer, the measuring head and the electrodes. As a source of sound energy use player. The device provides the ability to supply an electrical signal, modulated with the relevant musical fragment, prevents the development of stress changes, restores the functional relationships of all body systems. 2 Il.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to physiotherapy, and can be used to stimulate regenerative processes in the body after stress, causing the development of pathological conditions or aggravate disorders of the Central nervous system. It can be applied as a preventive tool before performing any work related to physical, emotional is the recorder, providing acoustic effects on auditory analyzer specially selected pieces of music. This effect on the Central nervous system of a person for therapeutic purposes was named music therapy (H. p. Brusilovsky. Music therapy: a Guide to psychiatry. -M. : Medicine, 1979). Thanks to the use of this device is the impact on the Central nervous system and its adjustable process of vital activity of the organism is mediated through the auditory analyzer (ear) with the subsequent transfer of excitation in the auditory area of the cortex and subcortical structures through a complex system of neural connections.

This complex organization of the response of the body to the acoustic impact and a big load on auditory analyzer, in particular on its cortical end, sick people impose limitations, associated with the active man-made environmental influences (different kind of noise, vibration, TV radio signals).

Known devices closest to the technical nature of the proposed device for the implementation of the Central nervous system is the Apparatus for electrocrystallization "Micro-Linar" mass-produced by the pilot plant TSNIITMASH (passport). It contains nominal genel, the average current limiter, the device display and control, timer, power protection, voltage Converter, a set of electrodes for supplying affecting the pulse voltage from the device to the patient. This device allows to obtain a sequence of rectangular pulses with a repetition rate of 1000 Hz and an exposure duration of 0.25 and 0.75 MS 20%, which is coming to the electrodes attached to the patient's head.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the fact that after 10 min of exposure is the adaptation of the organism to pulse, which naturally leads to a decrease in the effectiveness of treatment.

The disadvantages should be considered and also the use of complex electronic circuits.

The technical result of the invention is to restore the functional relationships of all body systems and simplify the design of the device.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known device, containing the master oscillator, switch modes, effects, inverter, amplifier, limiter, pre-and output amplifier, limiter, average current, the device display and control, timer, block protection, be patient, as a master oscillator uses the audio player or other device that plays music, the output of which is connected with an emitter follower, which is consistently associated with the amplifier connected to the step-up transformer, the output of which is serially connected with the measuring head of alternating current and an electrode package for submission to the Central nervous system of an electrical signal changing in accordance with the harmonic law corresponding to a particular musical piece. This signal is characterized at each point in time by changing the duration, amplitude and frequency of exposure that gives you the opportunity to get a new physiological stimulus, which does not occur the addiction during the entire course of treatment. In addition, this set of essential features allows to considerably simplify the design of the device.

In Fig. 1A shows a block diagram of a device for rehabilitation of the Central nervous system. In Fig. 1B shows the structural arrangement of the functional units of the block diagram. In Fig.2 shows a General view of the device illustrating its operation.

In Fig.1A is a block diagram of the device. It includes formator 5, the measuring head AC 6 and the electrode 7, which are secured on the patient's head. In Fig. 1B it is seen that the device consists of 3 main units. The node I is an audio player 2, the output of which the signal harmonic form arrives at the electronic site II, which includes blocks 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, the output of which is amplified in accordance with the load signal is supplied to the node III, representing the set of electrodes 7, which are mounted on the patient's head. In Fig. 2 shows a General view of the device, which in conjunction with Fig. 1B will allow you to understand the operation of the proposed device.

Does such a device is as follows. The plug 10 is inserted into the network voltage 220V, then the switch 8 is set in the "on" position if it should turn signal light bulb 9. In the audio player 2 insert a cassette with the appropriate music. Clicking the audio player 2 on the start button, the harmonic signal is supplied to the emitter follower 3, then the power amplifier 4 and the step-up transformer 5. With the secondary winding of the step-up transformer 5, the signal passes through the measuring cylinder, AC 6, carrying information about the value of the stimulus current,you can adjust the value stimulating current is within the specified limits. At the request of the patient, the treatment efficiency can be increased by connecting the patient headphone 11.

The proposed device for rehabilitation of functional disorders of the Central nervous system provides the ability to supply an electrical signal, modulated with the relevant music on the Central nervous system. It helps prevent the development of stress measurements, to strengthen the inhibitory processes in the Central nervous system, and improves the "quality of life", provides a higher level of regulated effects on the Central nervous system the autonomic functions of the body and performs the correction of disorders of the Central nervous system. The proposed device is intended also:

- to reduce the voltage after the emotional and physical overload in healthy;

- for prevention of disease in persons with hypersensitivity to stress, as well as those dealing with private and/or intense emotional overload;

- for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with chronic somatic diseases (initial stage), the pathogenesis of which plays a significant role emotional strain (hypertension; ulcers is>/BR>- to increase the effectiveness of other methods of psychotherapy (autogenic training, progressive muscle relaxation and other) and control the degree of relaxation during treatment. The results of the research of this device on volunteers showed that after a single session of exposure for 20. ..30 min marked improvement in General condition, relieves anxiety and tension. According to electroencephalographically studies in these patients has increased, 1 rhythm. Discovered and favorable changes in the peripheral vascular system. In the schema of the prototype used: resistors - 25 units, condensers - 9 units, diode - 12 PCs, transistors - 9 pieces, chips - 4 pieces, probe - 1, relay - 2 pieces, microtuble - 1 piece button Assembly - 2 piece button P2K - 1 piece, indicator light - 1 piece unlike the prototype, the proposed device is used: resistors - 6 units, condensers 3 units, diodes - 4 pieces, transistors - 2 pieces, probe - 1 piece, transformer - 1 piece, the toggle - 1 piece, indicator light - 1 piece

Device for rehabilitation of functional disorders of the Central nervous system, comprising a master oscillator, characterized in that CY repeater, which is serially connected with the amplifier connected to the step-up transformer, the output of which is serially connected with the measuring head and the electrodes.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to medicine, Pediatrics
The invention relates to medicine, dermatologii
The invention relates to medicine, neurology
The invention relates to medicine, neurology

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely to gastroenterocolitis used principally for the recovery of motor-evacuation function of the gastrointestinal tract in the early postoperative period

The invention relates to medicine, addiction

The invention relates to medicine, namely to the device to determine the temperature and perform the stimulation of organs and tissues in obstetrics and gynecology, dentistry, and is intended for the diagnosis of health status before and after treatment, and for prevention and treatment of inflammatory and other diseases
The invention relates to medicine, namely to vertebrology, neurology, neurosurgery

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: through puncture opening in proximal and distal directions one should perform osseous tunnels being coaxial to osseous log to connect, thus, the cavity of osseous cyst with medullary canal. Through the parts of healthy bone at the distance of 1-2 cm against cyst's edge in oblique direction one should implant rigid electrodes at the angle of 45 deg. against its center by applying beck's needles with dielectric covering. Subcutaneously one should implant elastic electrodes in projection of lesion focus and connect an electrostimulating unit to cutaneous ends of electrodes. Onto intraosseous electrodes one should supply impulse current of negative polarity, and onto elastic ones - of positive polarity at 10-20 mcA power and frequency of 0.5 Hz, of total duration and front of rectangular impulses cut being 200 mcsec, not more.. One should affect with impulse electric currents on the 24-h basis till complete covering the osseous defect observed.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine; cosmetics.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing and applying electrically activated cosmetic therapy substance. Preparation process involves passing alternating electric current through electrolyte material. The alternating current is applied for at least 10 min with preferential time being 4-8 h long for changing physical properties of the substance. Then the current is switched off. The active substance is administered as inhalation in pulmonary tract or as injections into human or animal body. The substance properties are retained for some limited time.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; excluded electric current passage through patient tissues; excluded drug concentration in the vicinity of electrodes.

50 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves concurrently acting with stimulating electric pulses and back pressure pulses upon the prostate from the large intestine side synchronized with the stimulating electric pulses under excessive rinsing solution pressure into posterior urethra region. Device has pneumatic massage unit as elastic shell enveloping hollow cylindrical casing having a row of radial holes for supplying compressed air into the shell and periodic pulsating pressure source having at least one unit for producing electric pulses and pneumo-electromagnetic valve which electromagnet anchor is connected to electric pulse production unit outputs. Unit for electrically stimulating perineal muscles and prostate having stimulating catheter electrode and reservoir containing rinsing solution attached to catheter electrode are available in the device. Electric stimulation unit output is connected to input of unit for producing pressure pulses. Periodic pulsating pressure source is manufactured as elastic pneumatic chamber brought in continuous mechanical engagement with electromagnet anchor of the pneumo-electromagnetic valve and tightly joined via tube, cylindrical tube cavity and radial holes therein to the elastic shell of the massage member.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; accelerated treatment course.

3 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out endoscopic operation. SCENAR-therapy is additionally administered with pulsating bipolar electric current being used without constant component as pulses at succession frequency from 10 to 350 Hz including swinging frequency mode within 30-120 Hz bandwidth with 2 to 8 pulses formed as batches at succession rate of 540 Hz to 4.5 kHz. The signal is modulated by varying ratio of action time to pauze duration within 1:1-1:5. 1-3 SCENAR-therapy courses are administered with 1-3 months long pauses. The first course begins at the first menstrual cycle occurred after endoscopic operation. Each course is carried out according to a scheme. 15-20 sessions are administered during the first menstrual cycle and 7-10 sessions are administered during the second menstrual cycle. The 25-40 min long sessions are applied daily.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves concurrently acting upon patient auditory system with acoustic signal produced by a musical composition selected on basis of patient health state and electric signals of the same musical composition acting upon patient skin. The electric signals amplitude-modulated with depth of 15-85%, act upon the patient via adhesive skin electrodes during 15-40 min. Hearing-add device is subjected to acoustic signals amplitude-modulated with depth of 15% and higher. Amplitude-modulation frequency is selected within the limits of 1.2-9.8 Hz. Modulation is carried out with frequency corresponding to patient disease frequency and action power is chosen on basis of subjective patient sensations. Device has unit for performing musical composition, the first and the second power amplifier, matching unit, adhesive electrodes and electroacoustic converter as well as electrostimulation modulator, acoustic modulator, the first and the second modulation depth regulator, the first and the second power control unit. Musical signal reproduction output unit is connected to the first inputs of electrostimulation modulator and acoustic modulator, which second inputs are connected to input of introduced controllable modulation frequency oscillator and modulation depth regulators are connected to their third inputs. Electrostimulation modulator output is connected to adhesive electrodes via the first power amplifier and matching unit. Sound modulator is connected to the electroacoustic converter via the second power amplifier. The first and the second power regulator are connected to the second inputs of the first and the second power amplifier. Unit for recording sessions is additionally introduced for replicating therapeutic sessions, its first input being connected to the electrostimulation modulator and the second one to the sound modulator output.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves specifying disease stage, determining suggestibility degree, programming on abstinence from alcohol consumption for a 6-12 months long period the patient determines on the own free will. Treatment is administered with bipolar electric asymmetric current pulses of 3-5 mA being applied on the background of relaxing melody later on in reanimation room. Assurance in overcoming difficulties of life and becoming free of alcohol addiction is suggested on this background. Placebo is concurrently intravenously administered as drop infusion imitating coding preparation as alcohol receptor blocker. Suggestive accentuation is concentrated on possible complications caused by alcohol consumption after introducing the preparation. The aversion against alcohol is invoked by making drop infusion of medicament mixture causing fever sensation and myorelaxation. The patient swallows 2-3 gulps of alcohol and the provoked responses are associated to them with a cause-effect relation like alcohol-bad health state and fixed with intramuscular placebo injection simulating oil code preparation.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; prolonged remission period.

6 cl

FIELD: medicine, neurosurgery.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with surgical treatment of neurological complications in patients with degenerative-dystrophic vertebral lesion and partial disorder of conductor-segmental spinal functions. One should surgically remove spinal compression due to resecting anterior departments of affected osseous-cartilaginous structures of vertebral-motor segment. One should apply electrodes: one pair - intraoperationally epidurally upon dura mater above anterior spinal departments being above the level of its lesion; then another pair of electrodes - by puncturing into area of posterior departments being below the level of its lesion to conduct electrostimulation. Moreover, therapy should be supplemented with phonophoresis with neuroprotector preparations. Electrostimulation of posterior spinal departments starts on the 2nd d, and that of anterior departments - on the 3d or 4th d after operation. Parameters of curative electrostimulation should be matches for every patient individually with the help of electroneuromyography. The innovation enables to decrease postoperative complications.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

2 cl,1 ex

FIELD: medicine, traumatology, neurosurgery, microsurgery, neurotraumatology.

SUBSTANCE: one should fulfill autoneuroplasty of nervous defect, implantation of wire electrodes epineurally for both ends of contact areas of nerve's affected part at arranging insulation-free electrodes with their opened active ends along the direction of affected nerve. Moreover, before implantation of wire electrodes one should divide their ends into fibers to obtain filamentous wires and embrace nerve trunk and autoneurotransplant along their circumference. Electrodes should be placed at distal and proximal ends of affected nerve being about 5-10 mm above and below neurorhaphy area to perform electrostimulation. The method enables to accelerate regeneration of nervous fiber and decrease lesions of nervous tissue.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

1 cl, 5 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, physiotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: at the first stage, one should affect with magnetic field upon vertebral reflexogenic areas - volar surfaces - located at colored plates as straps. At the second stage, one should affect with magnetic field upon the area of vertebral column that helps to improve psychoemotional state in patients.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

2 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine, neurology, psychiatry.

SUBSTANCE: one should affect with amplipulsephoresis of "Berlition" preparation in rectified mode. One should apply types III and V of operations at modulation frequency being 130-150 Hz, modulation depth of 50-75%, impact duration for every type of operation lasts for 5-7 min. During the 1st d electrode-cathode should be located in inferior cervical - superior thoracic department of vertebral column, and electrode-anode - at anterior and posterior surfaces of forearms. During the 2nd d - in inferior thoracic - superior lumbar department of vertebral column and at anterior-lateral and posterior surfaces of shins, correspondingly. The present method improves clinico-electrophysiological and biochemical parameters.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.

5 ex, 8 tbl

Up!