The method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion device and the device for its implementation
(57) Abstract:Method and device for its implementation are intended to control the vehicle with inertial propulsion. When implementing the method transform of periodic short-term effect rotating inertia of the elements on the body in unidirectional force, the control elements provide the magnitude of the displacement and angle of rotation. The body is made in the form of a flywheel with an annular outer rim mounted on the axis of rotation of the actuator. Inertial elements are placed within the rim in limiters. Controls inertial elements are connected by a power amplifier included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and set the device. The invention allows control of the direction and magnitude of the inertial elements. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il. The invention relates to the field of inertial propulsion (referred to in some cases intercode), which may be used primarily for the movement of vehicles on the bearings rolling or sliding with friction.The known method and device of the vehicle control in ntov on the vehicle body by moving the spring-loaded inertial elements.The disadvantage of this method and device is the complexity of implementing and managing the direction of movement of the vehicle.There is a method of operating a vehicle with inertial propulsion device and the device for its implementation (2). This method and device for its implementation are the closest to this invention to the technical essence and the achieved result.There is a method of operating a vehicle with inertial propulsion is that the transform of periodic short-term impact of the rotating inertial elements on the vehicle body in a unidirectional force through periodic movement of the inertial elements in the radial direction.A known control device of a vehicle with inertial propulsion device includes a flywheel with an annular rim mounted on the axis of rotation of the actuator. Inside the ring posted by inertia elements made in the form of balls. It is provided with a means to control the radial position of the inertial elements, fixed to the vehicle body.For treating reactions in the form of IOM is Hovik, rotating in the opposite direction with the same speed.The disadvantage of this method and device is the inability to control the direction of the unidirectional force and its magnitude, and therefore, the direction and speed of movement of the vehicle.The technical objective of this invention is to provide an active control the conversion of the rotational motion of the inertial elements to obtain a controlled unidirectional forces movement (thrust).The technical result of the present invention is to improve the controllability of the vehicle with inertial propulsion devices as in the sense of regulating the magnitude of the unidirectional movement (thrust), and the meaning of the regulation of the direction of action of the specified strength.This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known method of control of the vehicle with inertial propulsion, consisting in the transformation of the periodic shock short-term impacts rotating inertial elements on the vehicle body in unidirectional force, by periodically moving inerting rotation and offset.This technical result is also achieved by the fact that the known control device of a vehicle with inertial propulsion containing the flywheel with an annular outer rim, mounted on the axis of rotation, the inertial elements in the form of balls inside of the rim in limiters fitted controls the radial position of the inertial elements.These controls are connected to the amplifiers, which are included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and specifies the device through which specify the desired direction and speed of movement of the vehicle.In Fig. 1 presents a functional diagram of the method of Fig. 2 - structural diagram of the inertial propulsion device of Fig. 3 - vehicle with inertial propulsion device of Fig. 4 is a block diagram of the control loop.Functional diagram of the method of control of the vehicle according to Fig. 1 contains the flywheel 1 with the rim 2, inside of which is placed inertial elements 5 in the form of balls, which rotate together with the flywheel 1.During the rotation of the inertial elements 5 are acted centre pulse power control Fydirected radially toward the center of rotation. Thus the inertial element is detached from the rim 2. Upon termination of the force Fyinertial element under the action of inertial forces bumping on the rim 2, passing it the impulse of momentum.Under the action of this pulse flywheel 1 moves in the direction of the momentum of momentum. Choosing the magnitude and point of application of force Fydepending on the angle, you can change the size and direction of the speed of the vehicle.The device for implementing the method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion device according to Fig. 2 contains the flywheel 1 with an annular outer rim 2, which is installed on the axis of rotation 3 of the actuator 4. The inside of the rim 2 posted by inertia elements 5 made in the form of balls of a ferromagnetic material. The rim 2 is made limiters 6 (or holes) for fixing the inertial elements 5, preventing the displacement around the circumference. Next to each inertial element 5 on the flywheel 1 are means 7 controls the position of the elements 5, for example, in the form of electromagnets. These controls are connected to the control unit 8 of the vehicle. Opina frame 10 of the vehicle (Fig. 3), which in turn is placed on the supports 11 with friction.The control unit 8 includes an angle sensor 12, a transmitter 13, a driver 14 and the power amplifier 15. The angle sensor 12 of rotation of the flywheel 1 is connected to the computer 13, which is connected to the setting device 14 and the amplifier 15 is connected to the computer 13 and the management tool 7 via the current sensor 16, which is also connected to the computer 13.This device operates as follows.Under the action of the actuator handwheel 1 spins up to high speeds. The resulting centrifugal force presses the inertial elements 5 to the rim 2 in the positions defined by the clamps 6. Using the setting device 14 in the transmitter 13 enter the desired direction and speed of movement of the vehicle. The computer 13 determines the score of the angular velocity of the signal generated by the sensor of angular position 12. The transmitter depending on the specified direction and speed, and obtained estimates of the angular velocity selects appropriate for this task management tool 7 (electromagnet) inertial element 5 and calculates the angle of pre-emption (time on). When reaching a certain inertia element 5 15. Under the action of increasing the electromagnetic force of the inertial element 5 is detached from the rim 2 and is moved along the radius to the center of rotation. Upon reaching the other angular position, which is formed by the calculator 13 depending on the speed and the preset direction and value of the speed of the vehicle, the vehicle control 7 served the maximum voltage of the opposite sign. The cut-off voltage is determined by the moment of attainment of the predetermined current, small, close to zero values using the current sensor 16. When removing the power inertial element 5 is returned to the initial position defined by the clips 6, and transmits the impulse to the amount of movement of the rim 2. Rim 2 being associated with the frame 10 of the vehicle passes the specified pulse. At the moment of impact of the inertial element 5 on the rim 2 angular position of the bearings (wheels) must be consistent with the selected direction of movement of the vehicle.Sources of information
1. Patent RU 2062354, CL F 03 G 3/08 from 20.06.1996, bull. 17.2. Patent RU 2047001, CL F 03 G 3/08 dated 27.10.1995, bull. 3. 1. The method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion, which is Sportage funds in a unidirectional force through periodic movement of the inertial elements in the radial direction, characterized in that the control of the inertia elements realize the magnitude of the displacement and angle of rotation.2. The control unit of the vehicle with inertial propulsion containing the flywheel with an annular outer rim, mounted on the axis of rotation, the inertia of the items placed inside the rim in limiters, and also controls the radial position of the inertial elements, characterized in that the said control means is connected to the power amplifiers, which are included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and set the device.
FIELD: power engineering; buffer energy accumulators; transport systems, emergency power supply units, wind-power and solar stations.
SUBSTANCE: proposed accumulator has flywheel and drive with supports located in evacuated chambers having different levels of vacuum and separated from each other; evacuated chambers are filled with rarefied gas; electric drive is located in one of them at low level of vacuum; flywheel is located in other chamber at increased level of vacuum of 0.1 to 0.01 Pa; turbo-molecular pump mounted on flywheel shaft is used for maintenance of increased vacuum in chamber by pumping the gas from this chamber to chamber of drive. At least one chamber is used for drives and supports which is separated from flywheel chamber by seals; they are hermetic during working rotational speeds of flywheel.
EFFECT: low aerodynamic losses in flywheel chamber; enhanced cooling efficiency without availability separate cooling systems.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: gravitational engines and energy sources with flywheels.
SUBSTANCE: according to proposed invention, axially symmetrical closed flow of ions or electrons is used rotating inside vacuum envelope of crossed-field generator providing generation of oscillations at frequency at which charge flow rotates at angular velocity from which its acceleration by gravitational field forces starts. Device is placed in anode voltage control circuit of crossed-field generator controlled by amplitude detector of generated oscillations which, providing constant frequency of generation and angular frequency of rotation of cloud of ions or electrons in process of acceleration increases electronic efficiency.
EFFECT: reduced requirements of flywheel material.
FIELD: scientific and cognitive means, in particular, means for movement in medium.
SUBSTANCE: means for movement in medium has floating base, movable members mounted on base, and mechanism adapted for moving said members relative to base and comprised of column mounted on base in offset relation relative to center. Plate is fastened to column, and electric engine and other column are secured by means of stator on said plate. Said means also comprises electric contact system. Toothed wheel is fixed on rotor of electric engine. Small gear is mounted through pin on said other column so as to cooperate with toothed wheel. Electric contact system comprises immovable contacts and contact plate disposed on toothed wheel. Stator attachment place is spaced from surface of toothed wheel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in investigating of non-traditional movement under floatability conditions.
FIELD: mechanical engineering; drives.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drive has drum 1, shaft 2 on which planetary gear trains are installed parallel to each other. Each planetary gear train, 3 and 4, respectively, consists of sun gear 5, 6, idler gear 7, 8 and crown gear 9, 10 made in form of toothed rims, one of which is connected to inner surface of drum, and the other, to fixed frame 17. Carrier 11 connected to idler gears 7, 8 interacts with shaft 2, being installed for rotation around shaft. Device providing power action on drum 1 is made in form of weight 15 connected through wire rope to drum 1 or, in form of spring 16, connected by one end to outer surface of drum 1 and by other end, to fixed object. Flow of gravitational or potential energy gets partially to first planetary gear train 3, and partially, through carrier 11, to second planetary gear train 4 and then to drive shaft 2, thus creating excess torque and increasing effectiveness of drive.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of drive at enlarged area of its application.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.
SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
29 cl, 35 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering; self-propelled vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed moving device contains support, rotary engine, gear wheels and working mass installed for movement. Device contains fixed rod with central gear wheel, carrier mounted for movement on fixed rod for rotation by engine, cantilevers with working mass fixed on each one, idler gear installed for movement on carrier, and gear wheel engaging with central gear wheel through idler gear so that cantilevers are kept parallel in unchangeable direction.
EFFECT: provision of smooth running.
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device that can be used in mechanical systems provided with energy supply, for instance to organize motion of off-line space vehicles without changing their mass has two electric motors whose rotors and stators are free to rotate in two respective axles rigidly fixed on axle bases moved apart along system case guides and intercoupled by tightening springs. Stators of two electric motors are rigidly coupled in axially symmetric manner with respective pair of disks, permanent mechanical contact between them being maintained by means of mentioned tightening spring and braking wedge with its drive to periodically introduce this braking wedge between mentioned disks. Braking disk drive is electrically connected to power output of pulse generator. Electric motors are connected to electric current supply through two switching units whose control inputs are connected to second output of pulse generator. These two motors are connected to electric current supply so that their stators rotate in opposing directions.
EFFECT: ability of converting energy of mass rotary motion to translational movement.
1 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: floating mechanical toys used in training and cognitive processes.
SUBSTANCE: vehicle has floating base, large-sized electric engine immovably fixed on base and offset from center, and power supplying contact system. Vehicle is furnished with additional small-sized electric engines arranged around large-sized electric engine. Each of small-sized electric engines is immovably fixed on floating base by means of mounting platforms connected to their stators and placed so as to be repositioned on surface of floating base. Rotors of small-sized electric engines rotate in counterclockwise direction while rotor of large-sized electric engine rotates in clockwise direction.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of vehicle which allows non-standard motion to be investigated under floatability conditions.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: according to invention, kinetic energy generating mechanism consists of initial mechanism generating kinetic energy using for this purpose potential energy of one or several compressed springs. Said initial mechanism transmits energy through clutch controlled by centrifugal governor to drive shaft of main mechanism generating kinetic energy and sets this mechanism into operation. Main mechanism accumulates energy on flywheel of main mechanism. Clutch controlled by centrifugal governor can disengage drive shaft of main mechanism from initial mechanism, thus providing stopping of initial mechanism and operation of main mechanism using energy accumulated by flywheel of main mechanism drive shaft. Internal combustion engine can be used as initial mechanism.
EFFECT: increased output performance characteristics.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to power industry and may be used in autonomous systems of electric power supply. Method of electric energy generation consists in acceleration of inertial accumulator by means of starter motor through intermediate shaft, such as shaft of induction motor disconnected from the generator in the moment of acceleration, at that after acceleration electric motor is switched into working mode provided by its continuous make-up with electric energy from generator with simultaneous disconnection of starter drive, at that the latter is internal combustion engine, the shaft of which is connected to the shaft of induction motor through gearbox, and electric generator is synchronous generator with self-excitation.
EFFECT: generation of electric energy on the basis of standard devices application, simplification of system servicing and operation, increase of efficiency from the point of view of fuel consumption.
1 cl, 1 dwg