The method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion device and the device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Method and device for its implementation are intended to control the vehicle with inertial propulsion. When implementing the method transform of periodic short-term effect rotating inertia of the elements on the body in unidirectional force, the control elements provide the magnitude of the displacement and angle of rotation. The body is made in the form of a flywheel with an annular outer rim mounted on the axis of rotation of the actuator. Inertial elements are placed within the rim in limiters. Controls inertial elements are connected by a power amplifier included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and set the device. The invention allows control of the direction and magnitude of the inertial elements. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 Il.

The invention relates to the field of inertial propulsion (referred to in some cases intercode), which may be used primarily for the movement of vehicles on the bearings rolling or sliding with friction.

The known method and device of the vehicle control in ntov on the vehicle body by moving the spring-loaded inertial elements.

The disadvantage of this method and device is the complexity of implementing and managing the direction of movement of the vehicle.

There is a method of operating a vehicle with inertial propulsion device and the device for its implementation (2). This method and device for its implementation are the closest to this invention to the technical essence and the achieved result.

There is a method of operating a vehicle with inertial propulsion is that the transform of periodic short-term impact of the rotating inertial elements on the vehicle body in a unidirectional force through periodic movement of the inertial elements in the radial direction.

A known control device of a vehicle with inertial propulsion device includes a flywheel with an annular rim mounted on the axis of rotation of the actuator. Inside the ring posted by inertia elements made in the form of balls. It is provided with a means to control the radial position of the inertial elements, fixed to the vehicle body.

For treating reactions in the form of IOM is Hovik, rotating in the opposite direction with the same speed.

The disadvantage of this method and device is the inability to control the direction of the unidirectional force and its magnitude, and therefore, the direction and speed of movement of the vehicle.

The technical objective of this invention is to provide an active control the conversion of the rotational motion of the inertial elements to obtain a controlled unidirectional forces movement (thrust).

The technical result of the present invention is to improve the controllability of the vehicle with inertial propulsion devices as in the sense of regulating the magnitude of the unidirectional movement (thrust), and the meaning of the regulation of the direction of action of the specified strength.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known method of control of the vehicle with inertial propulsion, consisting in the transformation of the periodic shock short-term impacts rotating inertial elements on the vehicle body in unidirectional force, by periodically moving inerting rotation and offset.

This technical result is also achieved by the fact that the known control device of a vehicle with inertial propulsion containing the flywheel with an annular outer rim, mounted on the axis of rotation, the inertial elements in the form of balls inside of the rim in limiters fitted controls the radial position of the inertial elements.

These controls are connected to the amplifiers, which are included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and specifies the device through which specify the desired direction and speed of movement of the vehicle.

In Fig. 1 presents a functional diagram of the method of Fig. 2 - structural diagram of the inertial propulsion device of Fig. 3 - vehicle with inertial propulsion device of Fig. 4 is a block diagram of the control loop.

Functional diagram of the method of control of the vehicle according to Fig. 1 contains the flywheel 1 with the rim 2, inside of which is placed inertial elements 5 in the form of balls, which rotate together with the flywheel 1.

During the rotation of the inertial elements 5 are acted centre pulse power control Fydirected radially toward the center of rotation. Thus the inertial element is detached from the rim 2. Upon termination of the force Fyinertial element under the action of inertial forces bumping on the rim 2, passing it the impulse of momentum.

Under the action of this pulse flywheel 1 moves in the direction of the momentum of momentum. Choosing the magnitude and point of application of force Fydepending on the angle, you can change the size and direction of the speed of the vehicle.

The device for implementing the method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion device according to Fig. 2 contains the flywheel 1 with an annular outer rim 2, which is installed on the axis of rotation 3 of the actuator 4. The inside of the rim 2 posted by inertia elements 5 made in the form of balls of a ferromagnetic material. The rim 2 is made limiters 6 (or holes) for fixing the inertial elements 5, preventing the displacement around the circumference. Next to each inertial element 5 on the flywheel 1 are means 7 controls the position of the elements 5, for example, in the form of electromagnets. These controls are connected to the control unit 8 of the vehicle. Opina frame 10 of the vehicle (Fig. 3), which in turn is placed on the supports 11 with friction.

The control unit 8 includes an angle sensor 12, a transmitter 13, a driver 14 and the power amplifier 15. The angle sensor 12 of rotation of the flywheel 1 is connected to the computer 13, which is connected to the setting device 14 and the amplifier 15 is connected to the computer 13 and the management tool 7 via the current sensor 16, which is also connected to the computer 13.

This device operates as follows.

Under the action of the actuator handwheel 1 spins up to high speeds. The resulting centrifugal force presses the inertial elements 5 to the rim 2 in the positions defined by the clamps 6. Using the setting device 14 in the transmitter 13 enter the desired direction and speed of movement of the vehicle. The computer 13 determines the score of the angular velocity of the signal generated by the sensor of angular position 12. The transmitter depending on the specified direction and speed, and obtained estimates of the angular velocity selects appropriate for this task management tool 7 (electromagnet) inertial element 5 and calculates the angle of pre-emption (time on). When reaching a certain inertia element 5 15. Under the action of increasing the electromagnetic force of the inertial element 5 is detached from the rim 2 and is moved along the radius to the center of rotation. Upon reaching the other angular position, which is formed by the calculator 13 depending on the speed and the preset direction and value of the speed of the vehicle, the vehicle control 7 served the maximum voltage of the opposite sign. The cut-off voltage is determined by the moment of attainment of the predetermined current, small, close to zero values using the current sensor 16. When removing the power inertial element 5 is returned to the initial position defined by the clips 6, and transmits the impulse to the amount of movement of the rim 2. Rim 2 being associated with the frame 10 of the vehicle passes the specified pulse. At the moment of impact of the inertial element 5 on the rim 2 angular position of the bearings (wheels) must be consistent with the selected direction of movement of the vehicle.

Sources of information

1. Patent RU 2062354, CL F 03 G 3/08 from 20.06.1996, bull. 17.

2. Patent RU 2047001, CL F 03 G 3/08 dated 27.10.1995, bull. 3.

1. The method of controlling a vehicle with inertial propulsion, which is Sportage funds in a unidirectional force through periodic movement of the inertial elements in the radial direction, characterized in that the control of the inertia elements realize the magnitude of the displacement and angle of rotation.

2. The control unit of the vehicle with inertial propulsion containing the flywheel with an annular outer rim, mounted on the axis of rotation, the inertia of the items placed inside the rim in limiters, and also controls the radial position of the inertial elements, characterized in that the said control means is connected to the power amplifiers, which are included in the control loop containing the angle sensor, the transmitter and set the device.

 

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