The device of the horizontal movement of heavy loads

 

(57) Abstract:

The device of the horizontal movement of heavy loads, for example, come with rails units of rolling stock or the like, includes a lifting cylinder for lifting, supporting surface, hydraulically actuated mechanism for moving with moving horizontally placed cylinder, which is mounted on the upper side of the support surface in different positions with the help of the locking bolt and has an effect in the area of the lifting cylinder or support for horizontal movement of the lifting cylinder relative to the support surface. When the locking bolt is moved vertically in the body of the anchor from the starting position to the lock position and Vice versa with an effective fixing in position of locking in both directions relative to the support surface. The invention provides accurate and reliable moving in both directions relative to the support surface. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention concerns a device horizontal movement of heavy loads, for example, come with rails units of rolling stock or the like.

and against the direction of movement. However, if moving the cylinder has passed the maximum path of travel, the cylinder, including the body of the anchor is tightened, whereby the locking bolt is released automatically in one direction and blocking occurs in the subsequent grooves in this direction.

A device horizontal movement of heavy loads, for example, come with rails units of rolling stock or the like, containing at least one lifting cylinder to lift the cargo support surface, for example, with the rolling bridge to lift descended from rail rolling stock, driven preferably hydraulically travel mechanism, which has at least one horizontally moving cylinder, with the locking bolt for latching the moving cylinder with a bearing surface in various positions on its upper side and for the impact in the area of the lifting cylinder or support for horizontal movement of the lifting cylinder relative to the support, and along the support surface are grooves, in which are immersed the locking bolt in the appropriate position by movement of heavy loads in one direction. However, if the use of such devices would need to move in the opposite direction, then they would be installed on the load an additional device, and staff would work under the load.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the standard of the device so that you can make accurate and reliable moving in both directions relative to the support surface.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the device horizontal movement of heavy loads, for example, come with rails units of rolling stock or the like, containing at least one lifting cylinder to lift the cargo support surface, for example, with the rolling bridge to lift descended from rail rolling stock, driven, preferably hydraulically, the transfer mechanism, which has at least one horizontally moving cylinder with the locking bolt for latching the moving cylinder with a bearing surface in different positions on her framemedia lifting cylinder relative to the support, and along the support surface are grooves, in which are immersed locking the anchor in position locking the moving cylinder and the locking bolt mounted in the housing with the ability to move vertically from the starting position to the lock position and Vice versa, and locking the anchor in the area immersed in the corresponding groove side has a tapering up on part of a circumferential surface of the form, and moving the cylinder is made in the form of a cylinder double acting.

Technical solution provides carried out from two sides operation without requiring finding service personnel under the load, to ensure the rotation of the device.

In accordance with another variant implementation of the invention the locking bolt in the lock position pre-tension by means of a spring. Move the locking bolt from the locking position into the release position is effected hydraulically.

In accordance with another variant of carrying out the invention the body of the anchor has guides, made of sheet metal, which cover is made on a support surface protrusions for positioning stephone positioning the body of the anchor in the transverse direction of the support surface, thanks to the locking bolt sinks into the corresponding groove without causing damage. The dimensions of the recesses expediently selected in such a way that the locking anchor under its own weight or pre-stressing without problems slide during movement along the support surface in the recess.

The locking anchor has an anchor head and the body of the anchor configured to anchor protrusion of the head relative to the upper surface of the said housing. Tapering up form sinking into the corresponding groove of the end retainer anchor provides a self-locking action of the device. Moving the cylinder is telescopic.

The use of the moving cylinder double-acting, for example telescopic moving cylinder, provides a wide ranges of movement. Moving the cylinder and/or hoist cylinder by means of the coupling elements with the help of hydraulic lines connected to the remote control.

Using the remote control, using control line is connected with the connecting elements moving or lifting cylinder, Oberoi is a friction plate. Friction strap through the locking protrusion provided on its lower side and included in the corresponding groove on the support of the lifting cylinder connected with the said support, with friction bracket is installed with the possibility of lateral movement, in particular in the transverse direction relative to the direction of movement of support lifting cylinder.

The use of friction of the strap between the lifting cylinder and the hydraulic support cylinder, allows to compensate occur during the movement of the lateral force and this prevents dangerous unstable position moving cargo.

Suitable embodiment of the present technical solution is explained in more detail below using the drawings.

Fig. 1 - the image in the future are rolling on the bridge to lift down the rails rolling device of an improved type.

Fig. 2 - the image of the cross section of the moving cylinder, including the anchor and the body of the anchor device in accordance with Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 - image of a partial section of another variant execution moves cilindr decision device 1 in the complex. In accordance with the image in Fig. 1 it is on the upper side of the supporting surface 5, for example, on the upper side is installed on the rails of ro-ro bridge to lift descended from rail rolling stock, which in the drawing is represented only in part.

The device 1 includes a lifting cylinder 2 to lift moved. The lifting cylinder 2 by means of two connecting elements 15 connected to two hydraulic pressure piping. Between the support surface 5 and the lifting cylinder 2 is bearing 4 on the lower side of which (not shown) is provided for insertion to enhance the ability of the sliding bearing 4 along the support surface 5.

Between the lifting cylinder 2 and its support is the so-called friction strap 22, which by means of the clamping protrusion (not shown in the drawing) on its lower side is connected to the support 4 of the lifting cylinder 2. The locking protrusion is included in the corresponding (not shown on drawing) hole on the support 4 and its dimensions are selected in such a way that provides lateral movement of the friction of the strap 22, in particular in the transverse direction relative to the direction of movement of OSU horizontally located along the supporting surface 5 of the moving cylinder 3, one end of which is a casing 7 of the anchor and the other end acts through the piston rod 8 on the support of the hydraulic cylinder 2.

In Fig. 1, in addition, it is seen that along the supporting surface 5 is provided located at certain distances of the recesses 16, which is invisible in Fig. 1 anchor, which is located in the housing 7 of the anchor, with the purpose of locking the moving cylinder 3 in both directions relative to the support surface 5.

The body of the anchor 7 has, in addition, the guides 11 of sheet metal, which is designed in such a way that the side cover is made on the supporting surface 5 of the projections and thus provides accurate positioning of the housing 7 of the anchor, i.e. anchor in the transverse direction relative to the reference surface 5, bad however, considering the possibility of moving in the longitudinal direction.

Separate connecting elements 12, 13, and 14 moving cylinder 3 or the housing 7 of the anchor and connecting elements 15, 20 of the hydraulic cylinder 2 double steps are connected via connecting lines (not shown) with the remote control, so that the management device 1 can make him way the anchor 9 is rigidly connected anchor head 19 is visible on the top side of the housing 7 of the anchor. In addition, the locking bolt 9, as shown in Fig. 2, the pre-tension by means of a spring 10 in the lock position, the top side of the anchor head 19 in accordance with Fig. 2 securely closes the top side of the housing 7 of the anchor.

Moving the locking bolt 9 from the locking position, i.e., prestressed position, the release position is effected hydraulically, and simultaneously anchor the cylinder 19 in a released state of the locking bolt is on the top side of the housing 7 of the anchor, providing a visual position control device 1.

Fig. 3 shows a slightly modified version of the moving cylinder 3 and the body 7 of the anchor and the locking bolt 9. Contrast the above scenarios is that while there is a separate control pin 17, which in the unloaded state is retained by the spring 21 in the hole.

However, if the locking bolt 9 is transferred into the release position, the control pin 17 as a result of moving the locking Academy of Sciences of the relevant operating state of the device 1.

In addition, in Fig. 3 clearly shows that converted to the corresponding recess 16 side locking bolt 9 is made skosana tapering up that in the horizontal loading of the locking bolt 9 is provided in the lock position function samostoyanye.

It is evident from Fig. 2, and Fig. 3, it is obvious that the shape of the locking bolt 9 is provided in order to provide a locking action, which operates in both directions.

On the upper side of the moving cylinder 3 is the handle 18, by means of which a simple way can be transported or installed device.

On the left side of the piston rod 8 moves the cylinder 3 is provided by the connection of the piston rod 8 with the support 4 of the lifting cylinder 2.

The device 1 in accordance with the proposed solution works as follows. The device is installed on the surface or rolling the bridge to lift descended from rail rolling stock 5. Then the load is lifted.

To move cargo the action is moving cylinder 3, the latter built the locking bolt 9, which is in the lock position, i.e., included in one of previ surface 5. If the path of movement of the moving cylinder 3 is exhausted, the locking bolt 9 inside the housing 7 of the anchor hydraulically lifted, and the moving cylinder 3 can move in the same direction or the other.

The proposed solution is in contrast to known so far, the devices of this type provides two-way movement of goods without conducted under the weight of additional activities. Therefore, the device 1 makes a substantial technical contribution in the relevant technical field, lifting descended from rail rolling stock.

1. The device of the horizontal movement of heavy loads, for example, come with rails units of rolling stock or the like, containing at least one lifting cylinder to lift the cargo support surface, for example, with the rolling bridge to lift descended from rail rolling stock, driven preferably hydraulically travel mechanism, which has at least one horizontally moving cylinder with the locking bolt for latching the moving cylinder with a bearing surface in different positions on movement of the lifting cylinder relative to the support, and along the support surface are grooves, in which are immersed locking the anchor in position locking the moving cylinder, characterized in that the locking bolt is installed in the housing with the ability to move vertically from the starting position to the lock position and Vice versa, and locking the anchor in the area, immersed in the corresponding groove side tapering up on part of a circumferential surface of the form, and moving the cylinder is made in the form of a cylinder double acting.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the locking bolt in the lock position pre-tension by means of a spring.

3. The device under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the movement of the locking bolt from the locking position into the release position is effected hydraulically.

4. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the body of the anchor has guides, made of sheet metal, which cover is made on a support surface protrusions for positioning the locking of the anchor in position across the longitudinal axis of the support surface.

5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that stopo is sustained fashion the upper surface of the said body.

6. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that the moving cylinder is telescopic.

7. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 - 6, characterized in that the moving cylinder and/or hoist cylinder by means of the coupling elements with the help of hydraulic lines connected to the remote control.

8. Device according to one of paragraphs.1 to 7, characterized in that between the lifting cylinder and its support is the friction strap.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the friction strap through the locking protrusion provided on its lower side and included in the corresponding groove on the support of the lifting cylinder connected with the said support, with friction bracket is installed with the possibility of lateral movement, in particular in the transverse direction relative to the direction of movement of support lifting cylinder.

 

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