The internal combustion engine polyakov century. and. and hydroelectric power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention can be used in the composition of the power units in Autonomous vehicles, in particular for creation of the Autonomous injection installations for pumping of liquid, gaseous, liquid materials, air-compression and steam-ejection-compressional refrigeration, hydraulic and power units tidal and river hydropower plants. The invention allows to reduce the toxicity of products of combustion and to increase engine efficiency up to 45-48%, 3-8% better than piston engines. The internal combustion engine consists of a cylindrical body, end caps with bearings and seals and eccentric placed in them finned rotor with sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies based on the edges of the rotor and the housing. It is equipped with a blower and regulator ratio of fuel and air, as well as the extender. 7 C. and 11 C.p. f-crystals, 26 ill.

The invention relates to internal combustion engines, which are used in power units in Autonomous vehicles (cars, tractors, trucks, motorcycles, locomotives, ships, LASS="ptx2">

Known designs of rotary, rotary-piston internal combustion engines. The main advantages of the rotary piston and rotary engines, compared with the most common piston are significantly lower consumption, compactness, short time to achieve the desired rotor speed. (See, for example, Zh. "Driving". 12, 1997; 2, 1998). However, due to the unreliability of the seals, high toxicity of combustion products they have not received wide distribution.

The prototype of the present invention is a rotary internal combustion engine according to the patent of R. F. N 2028476 (C1; 6 F 02 In 53/00) with the working chambers of the continuous combustion of fuel-air mixture formed hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with a flat movable blades-seals located in the cavities of the cylindrical rotor. All items, limiting the working volume of the combustion chambers, made of carbon-carbon composite or heat-resistant ceramics. The surface of the combustion chamber and the glow plug is covered with a catalyst that increases the rate of chemical reactions. Internal petavom, for example, on the basis of graphite. Experienced motor with a rotor diameter of 120 mm, a length of 100 mm at a rotational speed of 6000 rpm.min, weight 12 kg, had a capacity of 24 kW, which is the unit of power is 5-10 times better than piston engines.

The prototype of the claimed invention "hydroelectric power plant" is a technical solution in kN.: "Hydro", Moscow, "Energoizdat", 1981 Ed. by C. I. Obrazcov pages 23, 25, 33.

The engine prototype has the following disadvantages. A lack of full use of the internal volume of the cylindrical housing to accommodate the modified combustion chambers. The massive rotor and vanes significantly limit the possibility of increasing diameter, the length of the rotor and engine power. The author of the invention of the prototype recommends the use of its low-power motor boats, motor boats, etc., the Inevitability of rapid increased wear covered inside with anti-friction composition and catalyst housing and sealing elements in the form of end washers and flat blades, such as the process of working on the internal surface of the housing. The centrifugal force presses the blade to the surface, within the operating range of frequencies of rotation of the rotor will be quite large. Friction Lopato the strokes at high temperatures, always will be accelerated. Incomplete removal of products of combustion. Working combustion chamber through the channel output due to the pressure drop in the fraction of a second to open it manages to leave only a portion of the combustion products, and a certain amount of their remains and mixed with each new batch of fuel-air mixture, which reduces the efficiency of the engine. The products of combustion out of the engine with excessive pressure. The potential energy of the products of combustion is lost to the environment. The need for the use of rare and expensive materials for the manufacture of parts, limiting the working volume, in particular, carbon composite or heat-resistant ceramics. This significantly increases the cost of the engine and operating costs. Increased heat loss through the walls of the combustion chambers, thermal instability mode, which reduces the efficiency of the engine and increase the toxicity of combustion products.

These drawbacks are eliminated in the present invention.

The invention is aimed at reducing the cost of the engine and operating costs, to improve efficiency of the engine, on polygeneration combustion, formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, the sealing elements are in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies based on the edges of the rotor and the inner surface of the casing;

engine under item 1, the body of which is made in the form of two parallel intersecting cylinders, the smaller of which is eccentric posted by hollow shaft with a hollow rotor having a hollow movable plate with flanges at the edges of the rotor and sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies;

engine under item 1, the casing of which is heat-sealed casing, with the hollow space between the casing and the housing, on the outer surface of which has a rib strength, serves as a heater and mixer fuel and air, and some of the channels in the body casing used for the steam generator to produce steam and wipe them products of combustion from the chambers;

engine under item 1, at the ends of the ribs of the rotor which is fixed removable pads, and the surface of the rotor is not subject to wear by friction, covered with chemically active materials, in particular palladium,m mounted on Prohorova support rod, which the valve opens the nozzle, letting the fuel to the combustion chambers, and has a feedback sensor operating parameters of the engine through the automatic controls of temperature, pressure, shaft speed, content of toxic and other substances in the pipes release of combustion products, the sending control signals to the terminal via the associated actuators, and controls the oxidizer lever associated kinematic chain with flap, passing compressed air, and an electric circuit with the terminal via a resistor and an electromagnet;

engine under item 1, on the shaft of which is fixed to the rotor of the blower, for example, plate, blade, turbine, or consisting of a cylindrical body, an eccentric placed in him finned rotor with sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, end caps, suction and pressure pipes, while the discharge port of the compressor is connected by a duct with the air inlet pipe of the engine;

engine under item 1 are installed on a common shaft with the compressor and expander, each of which consists of a cylindrical body with an eccentric placed in him finned R is Vostochnoi mixture, the nozzles of the products of combustion and steam from the steam generator motor is connected to the expander through a combined cycle gas turbine combustion chamber air-fuel mixture;

engine under item 1 in the form of several modules of the same or different capacity and sizes, connected by a common frame, power supply system, fuel supply, cooling, remote monitoring and control, as well as the shaft, giving the total torque;

engine under item 1 with a perforated pipe that is inserted in the bottom of the hollow body of the ejector and connected via a pipe with the pipe output of products of combustion;

engine under item 1 is installed on the shaft hollow glass, inside of which is a movable fluid-filled hollow elastic element, wheel discs with friction plates and the bearing of the driven shaft with the driven disk, from the outside, it has two antiresonance eccentric drives and electric excitation winding, and the glass is located inside the housing of the reversible electric machine and end is closed by a flange with a second bearing of the driven shaft;

engine under item 1 with the filing of various components of the fuel into the combustion chambers of the two channels, with the channel for the first comp compression ratio of the first component;

engine under item 1 mounted on a cylindrical rotating parts or nodes antiresonance disks of different mass, the inner bore which is eccentric outer circles, and disks have the possibility of slippage during rotation;

internal combustion engine of the Autonomous injection installation formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, and the engine is made dened on a common shaft connected additional blowers, consisting of cylindrical shells with an eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotation body and the piping between the blower and after the last compressor is equipped with heat exchangers "pipe-in-pipe with nozzles, which are connected to respective nozzles of the engine and blower for circulating the coolant and the release of combustion products;

internal combustion engine an Autonomous air-compression refrigeration unit formed by a hollow cylindrical Corviglia sealing elements, made dened on a common shaft additional compressors and expansion machine, each of which consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, with at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the air cooler, the expansion machine and successively installed heat exchangers, one of which is placed in a cooling chamber, and the other off camera;

internal combustion engine for offline steam-ejection-compression refrigeration unit formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements are installed on a common shaft additional blowers, each of which consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, with at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the condenser hudoiberganova ejector, and discharge the last refrigerant vapor flows from the two heat exchangers, the heated products of combustion and fluid, coolant engine;

internal combustion engine for use as a hydraulic motor, formed by a casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements made with input guide having a tapering socket, and the body is made in the form of one or two intersecting cylinders with end caps, the smaller of which is posted by eccentric shaft with finned rotor and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, and the angle between the inlet and outlet Windows in the building is less than 180oand the rotor is equipped with a hollow movable plates with sides and elastic elements;

internal combustion engine for use as a hydraulic floating Autonomous self-aligning unit team of a hydroelectric dam, formed by a casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable seal is an elastic rubber valves apron with window and secured to one of the nozzles of the generator, and an eccentric placed in the cylinder rotor with ribs and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies;

hydroelectric containing reservoir, a dam, a stationary abutment, a hydraulic motor, an electric generator, is made of having the ability to rotate is fixed the lower ends at the bottom of the reservoir and arranged in a row between the fixed coastal and gateway supports multiple hollow floating Autonomous self-aligning units, each of which is equipped with a hydraulic motor consisting of a cylindrical body with tapering bound elbows and eccentric placed in him finned rotor with sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, each unit is also equipped with fish protection net, ballast, hoist with moving valves, check valves, gear connecting the hydraulic motor to a generator, and having the lift hollow sealed double sluice gates mounted on a common vertical axis can be rotated and adjunction to a stationary gateway and coastal supports.

For Paul can be done with the body, formed by two parallel intersecting cylinders, the smaller of which is eccentric posted by hollow shaft mounted hollow rotor having a hollow ribs movable plate with flanges and gaskets in the form of a cylinder.

To reduce heat loss to the environment and use it for heating and mixing of air-fuel mixture to the engine block heat-sealed casing. The hollow space between the casing and the housing, on the outer surface of which has a rib strength, serves as a heater and mixer of fuel and air. In the body of the casing is provided with hollow channels, some of which are used for the steam generator to produce steam and wipe them products of combustion from the chambers.

In order to achieve high completeness seal, reduce the toxicity of products of combustion and wear to the edges of the rotor at the ends of the ribs reinforce removable pads, with the pads and cylindrical seals are made of materials that can be break by friction, for example, metal, cermet, ceramics, end caps and crowns of the cylindrical body before assembling grind in to achieve integrity and jointly markerstudy palladium, platinum, rhodium on aluminum.

To reduce the toxicity of combustion products of the engine is performed by the controller of the ratio of fuel and oxidant comprising fixed on Prohorova support rod, which valve opens the nozzle, letting the fuel in the conduit to the combustion chambers, and has a feedback sensor operating parameters of the engine through the automatic controls of temperature, pressure, shaft speed, content of toxic and other substances in the outlet pipe of the combustion products, the sending control signals to the terminal via the associated actuators, and controls the oxidizer lever associated kinematic chain with flap, which transmits the compressed oxidant, e.g. air, and an electric circuit through the rheostat and an electromagnet with a core.

Such a device engine with integrated regulator eliminates the use of traditional injector and to optimize the ratio of fuel and oxidant. If necessary, increase the torque on the motor shaft it first increases air flow and only then increases the supply of fuel and reduction of torque first decrease is Hania air-fuel mixture and to avoid incomplete combustion of fuel due to lack of oxidizer, as well as to prevent accidents due to the deviation of engine parameters from the maximum permissible values for any reason. It can also be used for regulating piston and other engines, boilers and devices that have a camera combustion of the fuel.

To increase the compression ratio of the air-fuel mixture, fuel economy and reduction of materials consumption on the motor shaft can be installed additional rotor of the compressor, for example, blade, turbine. The plate or made like the engine in the form of a casing with suction and discharge nozzles, eccentric accommodated in the housing finned rotor and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, while the discharge port of the compressor is connected by a duct with the air inlet pipe of the engine.

To further increase the capacity of the engines and reduce their cost of production through the organization of production parametric number of engines of various capacities from standardized parts and components of the engine, comprising a cylindrical body and an eccentric inside of the rotor with a cylindrical pack is razmerov, United General frame, power supply system, fuel supply, cooling, remote monitoring and control, as well as the shaft, giving the total torque. It is known that the effective coefficient of performance (COP) in % is: 34-42 for internal combustion engines, 42-43 for steam turbine engines, 35-40 for gas turbine engines, 47-52 for parogazoturbinnogo engines, 15-20 for magnetogasdynamics generators, 52-55 for magnetogasdynamics installations, including MGDG and PDD, 20-25 for solar generators, 3-10 relative to the energy of natural uranium for nuclear PTD and GTD with fast reactors. Due to restrictions imposed by the real conditions, each of the power converters has its scope. The proposed rotary internal combustion engine with the sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies or cylinders can have efficiency equal to or slightly greater than that of the best piston engines, and therefore has a broad prospect of application. However, significantly increase the beneficial use of the heat of combustion of the fuel is possible only through an integrated use of heat lost P CLASS="ptx2">

For a more complete use of the fuel energy motor is installed on a common shaft with the compressor and expander, each of which consists of a cylindrical body with an eccentric placed in him finned rotor and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, and the input channel of the supply air-fuel mixture, the nozzles of the products of combustion and steam from the steam generator motor is connected to the expander through a combined cycle gas turbine combustion chamber air-fuel mixture.

For a comprehensive use of the heat of combustion of fuel the engine can be made with a perforated pipe is inserted into the lower hollow cone ejector and connected via a pipe with the pipe output of products of combustion. This allows you to use the engine at the same time as airlifting and hot water installation for lifting water from wells, wells for irrigation, and other technical needs, as well as heating and water circulation in heating systems of residential and industrial buildings and structures.

When the machines start to derive from the state of rest of their working bodies are required simultaneously to overcome the force of static friction, to have the torque is much greater, than while driving. To facilitate starting the engine was equipped with a clutch, which, by means of a lever or lever-hydraulic mechanisms include manually after the motor has reached the desired speed of rotation of the shaft. At the same time during each run the engine give significantly more fuel than necessary, so as not to come stop the engine due to lack of power. In cars of the latest models of the engine equipped with automatic clutch, made in the form of hydraulic machines. However, the latter require careful skilled maintenance and inspection with the use of special technical means. Cars with hydraulic couplings, in order to avoid destruction of the clutch and engine are not permitted to tow. To repair them you can deliver in the TechCenter only using a special machine for the tow truck. Automotive internal combustion engines with automatic clutch consume 8-10% more fuel than with couplings that are controlled manually. In addition to these shortcomings, it should be noted that while the engines are equipped with separate starter motors and generators electric current.

Modern engines is to a group of machines with high vibration and wear. To prevent dangerous destruction of the engine resonance oscillations of the shafts of the engines equipped with counterweights, flywheels, and engines mounted on shock absorbers. All of these activities significantly increase the total weight of the engines and the cost thereof.

To ensure you run at optimum fuel consumption, reduced material consumption and prevent dangerous resonant oscillation motor is installed on the shaft hollow glass, inside of which is a movable fluid-filled hollow elastic member such as rubber Luggage, wheel discs with friction pads and the swivel bearing of the driven shaft with the driven disks. Outside the glass has two antiresonance eccentric drives and electric excitation winding. When this glass is located inside the housing of the reversible electric machine and end is closed by a flange with a second bearing of the driven shaft. This embodiment electrotransfection engine block allows to combine in one device the automatic clutch that transmits torque immediately after reaching the set speed EIT electrotransport.

Japanese scientists from the University of Yokohama found that the main cause of asthma is the exhaust of diesel engines running on low-quality, but cheaper fuel. Leading medical centers in the developed countries require their conversion to gas. Medical experts warn that if you do not, the asthma will become one of the most sinister diseases, because in the cargo fleet diesel engines are in Germany 80%, France - 90%, USA - 75%, in other countries - from 20 to 60%.

Due to increasing environmental pollution and limited world reserves of fossil fuel for more than 50 years they are developing environmentally friendly internal combustion engines using hydrogen and oxygen. To work on two kinds of fuel, such as hydrogen and oxygen, it must be supplemented known reservoirs for storage of gases in compressed or liquefied form, shutoff and control valves corresponding to the individual nozzles, shut-off needle. While the engine is running with separate connections to a separate input of the fuel components. For one component in the housing provide for inlet pipe, placed at the beginning of the region of compression, and the other inlet pipe is placed in the region of the supply of material of the Autonomous injection of a system using the proposed engine they are installed on a common shaft connected additional blowers consisting of cylindrical shells with an eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotation body and the piping between the blower and after the last compressor equipped with heat exchangers "pipe-in-pipe with nozzles, which are connected to respective nozzles of the engine and blower for circulating the coolant and the release of combustion products.

For a comprehensive use of the heat of combustion of the fuel while reducing the material intensity of the Autonomous air-compression refrigeration unit engine performs dened on a common shaft additional compressors and expansion machine, each of which consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, with at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the air cooler, the expansion machine and successively installed heat exchangers, one of which is placed in a cooling chamber, and the other outside of it.

Autonomous air-compression you can see the airports for rapid cooling of vehicles and cargo before loading. Air-compression refrigerating system, in contrast to the vapor compression, allows to obtain a lower temperature cooling materials, products, for example, up to 140oC, which is extremely necessary for the technological requirements of different industries.

For a comprehensive use of the heat of combustion of fuel and decreasing the material offline steam-ejection-compressor refrigeration unit engine performs dened on a common shaft additional blowers, each of which consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, with at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the condenser of the refrigerant control valve located in the cooling chamber evaporator the refrigerant and the suction inlet of the steam ejector, and discharge the last of the refrigerant vapor supplied from the two heat exchangers, heated respectively by the combustion products and liquid cooling the motor.

To increase service life, prevent increased the ski rotating parts or nodes, antiresonance disks of different mass, the inner bore which is eccentric outer circles, and disks have the possibility of slippage during rotation.

The total hydro potential of the rivers of the former USSR is estimated 4,000 million MWh, representing about 12% of the world. Mastered a little over 10%. Potential tidal European part of Russia is estimated at 40 million MWh, and in the far East - 170 million MWh.

In order to apply the proposed motor as the actuator is last performed with input guide having a tapering nozzle body in the form of one or two parallel intersecting cylinders with end caps, the smaller of which is posted by eccentric shaft with finned rotor and seals of the cylinders, the angle between the inlet and the inlet Windows in the building is less than 180oand the rotor may have ribs spring elastic elements hollow movable plate with sides.

This engine can be used in small hydropower, especially in remote areas rich in water resources of small and medium rivers, where it is not economically feasible to import fuel, to power lines. In combination the Directors and ensuring individual farms and small settlements.

The proposed hydraulic motor provides a new approach to the solution of problems of development of water resources of the middle and even high power. The construction and operation of hydroelectric power plants of medium and high power with their main advantages, the use of renewable natural water resources and the low cost of electricity, revealed a number of significant drawbacks.

Hydroelectric power plant typically has a reservoir, the overlap of a large concrete dam installed in the body of the actuator, resulting in a rotation of the generators, computer room with heavy cranes for installation and repair of equipment, transformer and electrorelease device, utility room. On navigable rivers to dams adjacent shipping gateways with heavy double gates. Each canvas offers self bulky electric. Hydro also arrange special channels with locking devices for the passage of spawning fish and back. HPP with gateways is a unique, very individual material, complex high strength and therefore expensive hydraulic structures with a large repair and households. Build ituloy base with all the infrastructure for adoption accommodation, lodging, and subsequent evacuation of thousands of team builders engaged primarily in heavy unskilled labor. During construction of long-frozen enormous material, labor, and money. From agricultural use under a huge reservoir seized vast areas of fertile land, demolished many settlements, has lost some of its historical monuments, in some places worsened climate, there was a fog over airports near large reservoirs and reduced the time of their work, reduced natural reproduction of fish. Over the inhabitants of the surrounding settlements hangs the threat of flooding in the cases of natural and man-made disasters, and military action. There is a hypothesis linking part of zemletryasenii with seepage of water from Alpine reservoirs in areas of high geological activity. There are many supporters of the elimination of existing hydropower plants.

Some of these drawbacks can be eliminated by applying the proposed engine design and construction of hydroelectric power stations of the unified floating Autonomous self-aligning units of different capacity zavadskas is maintained facilities, reduce material consumption, reduce the cost of manual labor in the construction of hydroelectric power plants engine with slight modifications can be used in Autonomous floating samoustraniajutsia unit team of a hydroelectric dam.

For this tidal hydroelectric run of having the ability to rotate around a horizontal axis and secured the lower ends at the bottom of the river or reservoir, placed in series between the fixed coastal and gateway supports multiple hollow floating Autonomous self-aligning units. Each of the uniform blocks are equipped with a hydraulic motor consisting of a cylindrical body with a tapered guide pipe, and an eccentric placed in him finned rotor seals in the form of cylinders. Each unit is equipped with fixed in the side walls of the pipe with the axis of the shock absorber, the protection net, winch damper, Balasta, the inlet and outlet Windows with a non-return valve, Overdrive gearing connecting the motor to a generator. In addition, to use the gateway as a fish passage channel, reducing operating costs, reducing adusa lifting force, hollow sealed double gate, mounted on a common vertical axis, can be rotated 90oand close abutment to a fixed gateway and shore support. This hydroelectric power station to the gateway can operate when the difference in water levels of less than 1 meter.

Of the proposed unified Autonomous units of small capacity and hollow sealed double gate gateways factory can be built, or rather to mount using the floating crane, prefabricated dam tidal and river hydroelectric power station in 1-2 years, thus significantly reduces the cost of construction and subsequent operation.

Schematically shown in Fig.1 is a cross section of the engine with a cylindrical casing, finned rotor seals in the form of cylinders, cooling systems, fuel supply and ratio controller of the flow of the liquid fuel and air; Fig.2 is a cross - section of the engine 1-1; Fig.3 - section ribs of the rotor with replaceable cover plate; Fig.4 is a fragment of the cross-section of the same engine with the body, formed by two parallel intersecting cylinders and hollow rotor with movable plates in the ribs; Fig.5 is a fragment of the cross section of the engine block on the p-P with o-ring manifold for n is TBA joint management of the nozzle and the air valve in the neutral position before adjustment; Fig.7 is a fragment of a cross-section of the ribs of the rotor with a hollow movable plate; Fig. 8 - combined kinematic and technological scheme of the engine with an additional combined-cycle and combustion chamber, the compressor and expander on a common shaft; Fig.9 - placement of locking needles on the common core while using liquid and gaseous fuel components; Fig.10 is a cross section of the air pump to the hollow rotor and seals in the form of a cylinder; Fig.11 is an internal combustion engine of the two terminals and one common blower, each of which has its own case; Fig.12 - in the context of two-piece internal combustion engine with three rotors on the same shaft in a common housing with the intermediate walls; Fig.13 - the internal combustion engine of the Autonomous injection setup with an automatic clutch that transmits torque only after reaching the set speed of the rotor; Fig. 14 is a fragment of the cross-section of the engine, done with an installed on the shaft hollow glass, inside of which is placed a rubber Luggage, the driving and driven disks, provided outside antiresonance drives and electric winding inside arachnae section of glass motor with spline grooves and the spring support; Fig.17 - fragment cross-section of the glass, closed with an end flange with a bearing of the driven shaft; Fig.18 is a cross section of perforated pipe of the engine, is inserted into the lower hollow cone ejector; Fig.19 - internal combustion engine with a perforated pipe is inserted into the lower hollow cone ejector, and a glass on the shaft inside of the reversible electric machine, as part of the equipment of the house with the well; Fig.20 - combined kinematic and technological scheme of the internal combustion engine of the Autonomous air-compression refrigeration systems using rotary compressors and expander; Fig. 21 - combined kinematic and technological scheme of the internal combustion engine offline steam-ejection-compressor refrigeration systems using rotary compressors and steam ejector; Fig.22 is a cross-section of the hydraulic motor with the case of two parallel intersecting cylinders; Fig.23 - in the context of the hydraulic motor to drive an electric generator in the fragment Autonomous self-aligning unit team of a hydroelectric dam; Fig. 24 - in the context of the actuator is composed of a floating Autonomous self-aligning in hydroelectric, collected from Autonomous self-aligning units with hydraulic motors, and a gateway with two ship moves; Fig. 26 is a view in plan on self-aligning units with hydraulic motors team dam tidal hydroelectric power.

The internal combustion engine (Fig. 1, 2, 5, 6) consists of interconnected hollow cylindrical body 1, the end caps 2 and 3 with bearings 4, an eccentric located in the case of a cylindrical finned rotor 5 with movable sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies resting on the ribs, and the inner surface of the housing 1. The housing 1 has on the narrow ends protruding crowns 1, 9, which in the manufacture lapped with end caps 2 and 3, are checked for tightness of connections and collaboration are marked. The body Assembly and the end cap is made without pads, which can increase the mechanical gap between the casing and the end caps and significantly reduce the efficiency of the engine. Use pastes-sealant or hot melt adhesive in combination with verification of dimensions after Assembly. Sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies can be made a solid 6.1 or closed Tora. Mechanical seal between the rotor sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies and end caps are achieved through very small gaps in the manufacture of the housing 1 and the rotor 54 with the use of special tooling ensures exact parallelism and perpendicularity of the surfaces of the stationary and rotating parts of the engine during Assembly and during operation. Moving sealing elements carried by the edges of the rotating rotor 5. When the rotor 5, as shown by the arrow a, they are due to centrifugal forces is snug against the inner surface of the housing 1 and form a seal between the edges of the rotor and the inner surface of the cylindrical body. Due to friction forces that occur when moving, cylindrical sealing elements also get rotation, as shown by the arrow B. When this occurs, the rolling friction and sliding on the inner surface of the housing 1 and the surface of the ribs of the rotor 5. The friction force in both cases is very small. The wear of the contact surfaces will also be insignificant.

To prevent wear of the edges of the rotor 5, the ends of the latter may be equipped with removable plates 51, as shown in Pagosa break-friction, for example, metal, ceramics, pottery. The surface of the rotor is not subject to wear by friction, to increase the speed of chemical reactions can be covered with a layer of catalyst 5.2, includes aluminum, chemically active rhodium, palladium, platinum.

End caps 2 and 3, in addition to the bearings 4 are packing 2.1 and 3.1, the inlet pipes 2.2 and 3.2, annular coolant 2.3 and 3.3, outlet connections 2.4 and 3.4, and holes 2.5 and 3.5 to install them in glowing spark ignition fuel-air mixture. Glowing candles in the holes conventionally not shown. For extra glowing candles in large engines provide additional holes 1.3 and 1.4 in the casing and the casing 1. To increase the strength of thin-walled ribs of the rotor 5 can be connected by couplers 5.3, which occupy a small part of the volume of the combustion chambers. Finned rotor 5 can be made with a solid body, as shown in Fig.1, or hollow, as shown in Fig.4, 10. The ribs of the rotor 5 can be made solid, as shown in Fig. 1, 3, 10, or hollow, with movable plates 5.4 inside edges, as shown in Fig.4, 7, 22. The choice is justified ASS="ptx2">

Plate 5.4 have the bounding sides of 5.5 to prevent their ejection from the cavities 5.6 edges of the rotor 5 by the action of centrifugal forces, and may also have a cavity 5.7 to reduce weight. Select the type of ribs and plates depends on the type of fuel, the estimated speed and size of the rotor, the required degree of compression of the air-fuel mixture and other factors. So, for example, for a rotor with a hollow movable plate shown in Fig.7, it is advisable to use a casing formed by two parallel intersecting cylinders, the smaller of which is eccentric cylindrical hollow rotor with lightweight movable plates. The manufacture of such a body with the necessary parallelism and perpendicularity of the surfaces requires special tooling, and therefore much more difficult and expensive. However, the case of two parallel intersecting cylinders allows to obtain a definite advantage in increasing the degree of compression of fuel-air mixture, a single and specific power of the engine. This case is more suitable for the hydraulic motor (Fig.22).

The motor housing shown in Fig.4, is formed by two parallel intersecting cylinders sledushyaya Pp. At distance1from the center O1placed the center ABOUT2the small cylinder with radius Rcmat a distance of Y2from the center O1placed the center ABOUT3the large cylinder with radius RCB. Radius RCBalways more of radius Rcmdescribed their circles intersect at points W and Yu Forming a through the rotation radius Rcmand RCBgives the internal surface of the engine block with two parallel intersecting cylinders. A slight ridge at the site of the junction of the intersecting cylinders SpryAssets. For the case of large diameters may be performing an adjunction on the surface of the third cylinder.

In the rest of the housing, a rotor with a cylindrical sealing elements, end caps with bearings and oil seals, fuel supply system, cooling system, regulate the flow of air and fuel for an engine with a cylindrical casing and a motor casing formed by two parallel intersecting cylinders, launch and operation of the same and in the drawings have the same numbering.

A cylindrical housing 1 is located in the body parallel to the axis, canadian between an annular reservoir 1.5 and 1.6, equipped with a 1.7 jumpers. Channels 1.1 are used to skip him coolant from the tank 7 by the circulation pump 8. Channels 1, 2 connected in series between an annular reservoir 1.5 and 1.6 with 1.7 jumpers and used for the steam generator. Circulation of fluid in the body and end caps carried by pipelines, channels and arrows J. Fluid under pressure is fed into the intake pipes 9, 2.2, 3.2, out of the nozzles 10, 2.4, 3.4 and through the radiator 11 is returned to the tank 7. Part of the heated fluid passes through the heat exchanger 12, such as a heater, and is returned to the tank 7. The other part of the heated liquid through thermostat 13 is returned to the tank 7, and when the desired temperature is reached, through him, the same goes in the jacket of the heat exchanger 14 for preheating of water intended for supply to the steam generator. From the jacket of the heat exchanger 14 who gave some of the heat, the coolant is returned to the tank 7. Part of the coolant from the tank 7 under pressure from the pump 8 through the three way valve 8.1 served in the pipes 2.2 and 3.2 on the end caps 2 and 3, the hollow shaft 16, which is shown by an arrow G. It cools the bearings 4 and packing 2.1 the material of the device for draining fluid from a rotating hollow shafts, pipes, not shown in the drawing, is returned to the tank 7.

Demineralized water, as shown by the arrow D, of the heat exchanger 14 through the check valve 15, the electromagnetic valve 17 by a pump 18 is supplied under pressure into the inlet pipe 19 of the steam generator formed in the body housing 1 channels 1.2, ring collectors 1.5 and 1.6 with 1.7 jumpers to the end caps 2 and 3. From the exhaust pipe 20 steam is supplied into the channel 21, as shown by the arrow P. In the channel 21 are interchangeable nozzles 22. The shape, size and number of channels 1.1, 1.2, 21, cross section and number of the nozzles 22 is determined by calculations based on power, speed and size of the rotor, other engine parameters. For the engine with a spanner (Fig.8) all channels 1.1 and 1.2 are used for the steam generator. While the pipes 9 and 19 are not met, and the pipe from the pump 18 is connected with the pipe 10.

On the outer side of the housing 1 has ribs 23, which are designed to increase the heat exchange surface and enhance the strength of the housing 1. On top of the body 1 tightly covered in heat-insulating casing 24, which together with the end edges and the outer surface of the housing 1 forms a cavity that is connected with an inlet pipe 25 for supplying who is via the hollow space between the casing 1 and the casing 24 is fed into the channel 26 and then through a slit-like channel 26.1 in the housing 1 in the intercostal space of the rotor 5. In the air pipe 25 is installed rotary valve 27, which is kinematically connected to the lever 28 (Fig. 1,6) controlling the supply of air and fuel.

To the input channel 25 air flow (Fig.1, 6) is attached and fixed on Prohorova leg 29 of the two spaced cross-shaped elastic plates the terminal controller 30 of the ratio of fuel and oxidant, for example air. The terminal has the ability to rotate in the same plane. Dynamic seal rod 30 in connection with the channel 25 is performed by using bellows 30.1. At the opposite end of the rod 30 in a similar Prohorova support replaceable valve in the form of needles 31.1 with the specified profile tip. The needle can be manufactured with different profiles of the tip, as shown in Ref. 31.2 and POS. 31.3, as well as any other necessary for each specific engine. For engines using gaseous fuel, the valve may be made rotatable on an axis, similar to the valve 27. Needle 31.1 locks the nozzle 32, a transmissive liquid fuel to the combustion chambers, as shown by the arrow T, circulating through the pressure reducing valve 35 and coming from the tank 34 under the pressure pump 33 into the air channel. Opening the e gap 28.1 and 28.2. In the area of the slits on the lever 28 is fixed nuts and locknuts 28.3, allowing you to adjust the length and location of the slits relative to each other. The nozzle 32 consists of a body 32.1 screw caps 32.2 and replaceable washers 32.3 calibrated with rectangular holes. Washer 32.3 installed between the cover and 32.2 housing 32.1 seal and without distortions with respect to the locking needle 31.1. The body of the nozzle 32 and the needle 31.1 fixed respectively to the motor and the rod 30 to rotate without friction on Prohorova supports the dual state, allowing the needle 31.1 effortlessly leave and enter a calibrated orifice washer 32.3 and when necessary ensure full closure of openings through which fuel passes. The lever 28 is fixed in the fixed support 28.4 and 28.5 can move forward and backward. In the crevices of the lever 28 is installed floaters, 28.6 and 28.7. The slider 28.7 through the plug 28.8 with adjusting nuts and lock nuts and spring-loaded sector 28.9 kinematically connected with the valve 27 in the air duct 25. The slider 28.6 made of dielectric or rigidly connected through a dielectric stand with a movable contact 36 of the rheostat 37. The last electric circuit is connected with the electromagnet 38, Sastre is ogene sliders 28.6 and 28.7 nuts and counternuts 28.3 configured as follows.

When the extension arm 28 to the left first slider 28.7 opens an air valve 27, and then by selecting the free running, the crawler 28.6 shifts the movable contact 36 of the rheostat 37 so that increases the current in the circuit of the electromagnet 38. Force of the spring 39 is overcome by increasing the power of the core of the electromagnet 38. Under the action of the spring 40, the rod 30 and the needle 31.1 move towards the opening of the nozzle 32. In this case, the increase in the fuel supply occurs after increasing the air supply.

When the extension arm 28 to the right first moves the slider 28.6 and the movable contact 36 of the rheostat 37. This decreases the strength of the current passing through the coil of the electromagnet 38, the core of which moves to the right under the action of the spring 39 moves the rod 30 with locking needle 31.1 and begins to close the nozzle 32 earlier than the slider 28.7 through the plug 28.8 start to close the air valve 27. The difference in time increase or decrease the flow of fuel and air relative to each other is governed by the value of the free running "x" on the floaters, 28.6 and 28.7 in cracks 28.1 and 28.2 of the lever 28 and the fork 28.8. Change the connecting terminals when the coil is energized by a rheostat 37 allows you to change the direction of movement of the lever 28 to increase or decrease Pankow adjustment forces the latter against the force of the spring 39. If this

in all cases, the settings may be optimal, lean or stoichiometric air-fuel mixture. By adjusting the position of the sliders 28.6 and 28.7 relative to each other can provide the desired degree of pereobogaschennaya air-fuel mixture.

The rod 30 is kinematically connected with actuators 41 automatic controllers with sensors of engine parameters, in particular temperature, pressure, rotor speed and contents of toxic or other substances, such as oxygen in the combustion products. Regulators are not shown. All known regulators have a common device, in particular sensors with output electrodynam installed in the appropriate places of the engine, the combination of adjustable parameters, units of comparison, actuators and instrumentation. Electromagnetic actuators mounted on a separate shaft 42 near the rod 30 with the possibility of vertical movement when setting relative to the core of the electromagnet 38 and connected with the latter plugs 43, having a free-wheeling interval to configure and adjust. When exceeding a given value of the control the bones, steam pressure in the steam generator and gas in different parts of the body, shaft speed, the oxygen content in the combustion products, each of them through his fork 43 moves the rod 30 in the direction of decreasing fuel supply. This feedback rod 30 with the sensor controlled operating parameters of the engine through the automatic controls can prevent emergency situations, as well as the mode of incomplete burning of fuel due to the lack of an oxidant or other reasons. Instead of the rod 30, the nozzle 32 with the needle 31, the motor can be equipped with other devices for charge air and injector that its outlet pipe attached to the inlet pipe 25 of the engine and has inherent device adjustment and management, but do not provide an integrated approach to the regulation of motor operation.

The engine can run on either liquid or gaseous, liquid, mixed with a gaseous hydrocarbon fuel, gas oil, crude oil, hydrogen, mixtures of propane-hydrogen, air, oxygen-enriched or used instead of air technically pure oxygen. The latter allows the most efficient use of the internal volume of the cylinder dignaga fuel. The fuel supply system consists of the fuel tank 34, the pump 33, the supply and recirculation piping relief valve 35 that is configured to maintain the fuel pressure in the supply pipe and the nozzle 32 in a given interval of values. The direction of flow and circulation of the fuel is shown by an arrow So

When the engine is operating on gaseous fuels, including hydrogen (Fig.9), in the system instead of the fuel tank 34 and the pressure reducing valve 35 provides for the installation of the cylinder 44 of compressed gas with a specific shut-off, control, safety valves, corresponding to the rules of operation and safety in using certain types of gas, for example, the pressure reducing valve 45, the pressure relief valve 46. However, entering a gaseous fuel into the engine can be carried out without heating, for which the nozzle 25 of the air supply nozzle 32 and the core 30 connect directly with slit-like input channel 26.1 of the housing 1.

When the engine is liquid hydrocarbon fuel with air and partially by the addition of gaseous fuel, for example hydrogen, engine parts cylinder 44 of compressed gas and the corresponding locking and adjusting the spruce, designed to work on two gaseous fuels such as hydrogen and oxygen, is different from the engine that runs on liquid hydrocarbon, the fact that its complement is known reservoirs for storage of gases in compressed or liquefied form, shutoff and regulating valves, separate rods 30 and the respective nozzles 32, needles 31.1, as well as individual connections to a separate input of the fuel components. One component of the fuel injected directly into the channel 26.1, and the other is injected under pressure in the auxiliary intake box 26.2 in the case of the cylinder 1 in the end of the compression first. The area of the compression begins, in the course of rotation of the rotor 5, from the point of intersection of the seal 6.2 internal surface of the body with the greatest distance from the center of the rotor, and ends at the point with the minimum. In Fig.4 this is indicated by the points I and E. Additional window 26.2 is not provided in cases of using other fuels.

The engine with the blower on a common shaft shown in Fig.8, 11, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21. For the proposed engine on a common shaft may be mounted rotor blade, vane, turbine or made like the engine. the future, as shown in Fig.12, or a separate housing, as shown in Fig.11, 13, 19, on a common shaft 16 of the engine. The supercharger in the context in a separate case in Fig.10 is conventionally shown without the cooling system. On your device, it's almost the same engine and consists of a cylindrical body 47 with advanced suction inlet 47.1 for air inlet and a narrower pressure pipe 47.2, eccentric placed in the enclosure on the hollow shaft 16 finned hollow rotor 5 with the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. The housing 47 is attached, not shown in the drawing, the end cap. Their structure is similar to the caps 2 and 3 of the engine. In the intake area of the chassis includes grille 47.4 preventing the ejection of the sealing elements 6.2 under the action of centrifugal forces. The direction of rotation of the rotor 5 is indicated by an arrow A, the seal of the arrow B, the inlet and outlet of compressed air by the arrow C. the Compressor may have a body with two parallel intersecting cylinders, shown in Fig.4. Other differences supercharger with the case of two intersecting cylinders is not. The engine can be equipped with multiple series-connected blowers. This allows you to create the engine Gates, as well as independently with private or shared drive for movement of various gases, liquids, gas-liquid mixtures, including under vacuum. In the latter case, given that the liquid is not compressible, inside the housing of the compressor 47 for pumping liquids or gas-liquid mixtures provides additional channels 47.3. The number, shape and size of the channels 47.3, their total living section are determined based on the ratio of liquid and gas phases, performance pressure, the physical properties of floating material, and other factors. When filing under the pressure of the compressed gas, liquid, or gas-liquid mixture in the opposite direction, i.e. in the channel 47.2, supercharger turns into an expansion machine or extender, Aerohydrodynamic that the energy of compressed air flow, gas or liquid converts into mechanical energy of a rotating shaft. This allows you to use the compressor as a reversible machine. In particular, in an engine with a compressor and the expander (Fig.8), Autonomous air-compression refrigeration plant with internal combustion engine (Fig.20), in other machines and apparatus. The expansion machine or extender connected with leala generator and to produce a current on the main water - oil-gas pipelines.

The engine combined cycle combustion chamber air-fuel mixture and an additional blower and expander on a common shaft shown in Fig.8. The proposed engine is arranged, as shown in Fig.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. On a common shaft 16 of the engine 50 can be mounted rotor blade, vane, turbine or made like the motor rotor. Supercharger air of the internal combustion engine 50 of Fig. 10 is conventionally shown without the cooling system. The engine 50, the blower D and the extender 84 can be placed in public or private buildings, as shown in Fig.8, on a common shaft 16 of the engine. In some cases, the expander and the compressor can be mounted on a separate shaft. Supercharger D similar to those described above and consists of a cylindrical body with an extended suction inlet 47.1 for air inlet and a narrower pressure pipe 47.2, eccentric placed it on the hollow shaft 16 finned hollow rotor 5 with the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. The unit is attached, not shown in the drawing, the end cap. Their structure is similar to the caps 2 and 3 of the engine. The direction of rotation of the rotor 5 is indicated by an arrow C. the Compressor may have reproaches from a cylindrical body with a narrow entrance and 84.1 wide prom 84.2 nozzles and eccentric placed in him finned rotor 5 with the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. He may have a body with two parallel intersecting cylinders, shown in Fig.4. The rotor 5 is arranged similarly shown in Fig. 1, 2, 3, 7, 10. The unit is attached, not shown in the drawing, the end cap. Their structure is similar to the caps 2 and 3 of the engine. The direction of rotation of the rotor 5 is indicated by an arrow A.

The combustion chamber 49 is input from 49.1 and exhaust 49.2 nozzle rigidly attached to the housing 49.6. Within the last posted pipe 49.5 open end for supplying air-fuel mixture directly to the igniter 49.7. It can be made in the form of a spiral, heated electric shock or spark in the form of candles. Inlet 49.3 combustion chamber through a sealed safety valve pipe 46 is connected with additional pipe 50.1 on the motor housing 50 in the area of start of compression of the fuel-air mixture. The nozzle 1.8 for the release of combustion products (arrow G) from the engine 50 is connected by a pipe to the inlet side 49.1 camera. The discharge port 20 of the steam generator in the motor housing 50 tubes is connected through a tight relief valve 46 with the input 49.4 combustion chamber and the inlet channel 21 with a nozzle 22 for supplying steam into the chamber for continuous combustion .1 extender 84. Relief valve 46 is passed through pairs (arrow P) and the fuel-air mixture (arrow) only above certain values, determined empirically when tuning the engine, based on the conditions of combustion of the main part of the fuel in the engine 50. The pipe connecting the pipe 50.1 engine with inlet connection 49.3 combustion chamber is installed check valve 50.2, preventing the flow of products of combustion and steam from the chamber 49 in the channel 26 of the engine.

In Fig.11 shows an engine consisting of two modular engines 50.1 and 50.2 are the same or different capacity and sizes, connected by a common shaft 16, the remote control 51 systems, fuel supply, cooling, fume exhaust, frame 52, the compressor 47 and air distribution duct 48. Each engine 50.1 and 50.2, supercharger 47 have their own housing, and a duct 48 connects with the outlet of the compressor 47 input sockets 25 of two adjacent engines 50.1 and 50.2 are the same or different capacity. A common shaft 16 passes total torque. Each modular engine 50.1 and 50.2 are equipped with a separate rod 30 with the nozzle 32 for separate filing sati 38, each partition are connected to a common lever 28 and the resistor 37.

With minor use of cheap standardized parts and components, but with less material and less weight can be made two-piece engine of the three rotors on a common shaft in one housing. As shown in Fig. 12 in section, of the engine consists of a General composite cylindrical body 1, separated by an intermediate wall 53, the end caps 2 and 3, the hollow shaft 16, the rotor of the compressor 5.9. The General frame, remote control systems, fuel-supply drawing conventionally not shown. On both sides of the blower 5.9 in the housing 1 accommodates two modular rotor internal combustion engines 5.8 and 5.10. Each eccentric rotor accommodated in a common housing and provided with sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. The bearings 4, packing 2.1 and 3.1, pipes, intake, exhaust ports, an annular manifold cooling system is placed in the end covers 2, 3 and the intermediate wall 53 by analogy with the cooling system shown in Fig.1, 2, 5. The rotor 5.9 blower, as shown by the arrow B, provides compressed air to the rotors 5.8 and 5.10 engines is about air and fuel, while kinematic and an electric control circuit including an electromagnetic coil 38, of each section are connected to a common lever 28 and the resistor 37.

In Fig.11 and 12, the direction of rotation of the shaft 16 is shown by an arrow A, the compressed air from the compressor 47 to the engines and 50.1 and 50.2 respectively from the supercharger 5.9 rotors 5.8 and 5.10 - arrow, tap of products of combustion of the arrow,

The choice of type, size and number of blowers to the proposed internal combustion engine is substantiated in each case separately calculations required shaft speed, performance, pressure, power consumption, material use, design features, operating conditions.

The engines shown in Fig.13 and 19, made with electrotransfection blocks 60 (automatic clutch + starter + alternator electric current) transmitting torque only after reaching the set speed of the rotor.

The internal combustion engine of the Autonomous injection setup shown in Fig.13. It is installed on a common shaft 16 series-connected additional blowers made from the cylinder the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. While the piping between the blower and after the last compressor is equipped with heat exchangers "pipe-in-pipe with nozzles, which are connected to respective nozzles of the engine and blower for circulating the coolant and the release of combustion products.

The device of the engine with optional blowers 55, 57, 58, 59 shown in Fig.1, 2, 4, 10 and 13.

The internal combustion engine of the Autonomous injection setup (Fig. 13) on the main pipeline can operate on natural gas, crude oil, kerosene, gasoline, diesel, or other fuel, which pumps the installation. This eliminates the need to drive for her special fuel or maintain a power line to its motor.

Two variants of use of blowers. On the first version of one of the blower 55 is designed to provide compressed air to the actual engine, and the other 57 for pumping gaseous, liquid, gas-liquid or viscous substances and materials. The input pipe of the engine 54 is connected by a duct 56 with the outlet of the compressor 55 air. The suction pipe 63.4 blower 57 to heat perekati the 3.7 and 63.6 for input and output of fluid. The discharge pipe 63 may also be provided with a heat exchanger 63.3 "pipe in pipe" pipe 63.1 and 63.2 for input and output of fluid. The engine and pump have a common remote control 64, the frame 65, the cooling system with a capacity of 7 and a pump 8, a heat sink 11, the electromagnetic valve 54.1.

The second option blowers 57, 58, 59 connected in series between the pipes 66, 62. The pumped material enters the nozzle 59.1, comes under pressure from the pipe 63. For heating the pumped material, such as a viscous oil on the discharge pipe 63 is provided the heat exchanger 63.3 "pipe in pipe", with the nozzles 63.1 and 63.2 for input and output of fluid. The suction pipe 59.1 can be provided with a similar heat exchanger 63.5 "pipe in pipe" with pipes and 63.6 63.7 for input and output of fluid. The engine and blowers also have a common remote control 64, the frame 65, the cooling system with a capacity of 7 and a pump 8, a heat sink 11, the electromagnetic valve 54.1. The direction of rotation of the rotor indicated by the arrow A, the movement of the coolant by the arrow W, the compressed air by the arrow B, the products of combustion of the arrow G, the pumped material-the m block 60, which is shown in detail in cross section in Fig.14, 15, 16 and 17.

Electrotransport 60 is installed on the control shaft 16 of the motor hollow glass 60.1 attached to its outer surface electrical excitation winding 60.2, United with her electric circuit collector 60.3, brushes 60.5, brush holders 60.4 on the elastic leashes 60.6 and eccentric non-resonant drive 60.8 that are put on the outer surface of the glass 60.1, with the possibility of slippage during rotation of the Cup. Inside the hollow glass 60.1 have internal splines 60.9, swivel bearing 60.10, the annular elastic lining 60.11, on which is laid a thin-walled rubber chamber partially filled with liquid having external splines disks 60.13 is rigidly mounted on them of the friction lining. Leading drives 60.13 have the opportunity to freely move through the slotted grooves Cup 60.1 and the driven shaft. Driven shaft 61 has on its outer end slots, which are worn with the possibility of longitudinal slip disks 61.1 and extreme drive 61.2 sleeve and the locking bolt. Driven disks 61.1 and 61.2 provided with rigidly attached to them of the friction lining. Drives 60.13 drive shaft and 61.1, 61.2 know what dcam adjacent disks. In the absence of a compressive force, the elasticity of the springs 61.3 holds the discs and output shafts of the open condition. The end of the driven shaft 61 is fixed in samoustraniajutsia bearing 60.10 located in the hollow glass 60.1. Glass 60.1 winding 60.2 placed in the housing 62 with the excitation winding 62.1 reversible electric machine, which with the use of the known variants of manual or automatic winding connection and the electrical control circuit may alternately operate in electric mode, generator of electric current or electromagnetic brake. The sides of the housing 62 is rigidly connected to end caps 63 and 64, in which there are bearings and 63.1 64.1. The motor shaft 16 is connected to the sensor 60.7 tachometer. For glasses of medium size can be extra spring supports with bearings under glass 60.1 the side opposite to the shaft 16, as shown in Fig.16. The filling rubber camera 60.12 liquid is held with the adjustment as follows. In rubber chamber introduces a small amount of fluid, after which the glass Assembly with accessories is put into rotation. Due to centrifugal forces, the liquid inside the flexible chamber presses the concentration in the t transmit torque from the drive shaft 16 to the slave shaft 61. The greater the frequency of rotation of the glass, the greater the force of the compression disk with friction linings between themselves, the more the transmitted torque and Vice versa. The tachometer readings clarify the feasibility of adding or reducing fluid depending on the required frequency start the rotation of the driven shaft 61. Operation is repeated several times, until they reach the desired result. Perhaps the use of freezing liquids, including heavy mortars. After adjustment of the glass Assembly with accessories mounted on the working shaft of the engine and does not need regular maintenance before natural wear and term replacement of worn parts. Electrotransport in the form of a hollow Cup with a rubber camera, leading and slave drives the excitation winding in the case of the reversible electrical machine with two electric excitation windings may alternately perform the functions of the starter motor when starting the internal combustion engine, a generator of electric current after the release of the latest in idle mode and the electromagnetic brake when the need for greater braking effect on the system drive of the working bodies of cars and A7, arranged in the same way as shown in Fig.14, except for the addition of the flange 65 with a self-aligning bearing 65.1 necessary to distribute the load from the glass 60.1, winding 60.2 on it and drives with friction linings on two feet. The flange 65 is rigidly connected with the flange of the Cup 60.1 after installing prefabricated non-resonant drive 60.8. Each anti-resonant flat disc (Fig.15) is inside the hole of the cylindrical shape located eccentric outer circumference and is mounted on rotating parts or nodes, in this case on hollow glass, with the possibility of slippage during rotation of the Cup. The disks have different masses.

Glass 60.1 Assembly to be balanced. However, to achieve high accuracy is difficult due to movement along the shaft 61 of a rapidly rotating mass. To prevent dangerous destructive resonance oscillations allow antiresonance disks 60.8 different masses. Due to friction forces on the outer surface of the glass 60.1 and inertia forces due to displacement of the shaft axis from the settlement, eccentric disks 60.8 having different masses, also start to rotate with some delay from the frequency of rotation of the glass. During the rotation centers Manoj system will be continuously on arbitrary law be displaced relative to the estimated axis. This prevents the glass to enter into a state of destructive resonance oscillations. Selection of assorted drives 60.8 is empirically after a preliminary static and dynamic balancing of the glass Assembly with accessories.

Antiresonance disks, to prevent dangerous destruction of resonant oscillations can also be used in other machines with rotating unbalanced masses, particularly in centrifugal separators, centrifuges, grinders, dryers, evaporators, turbines, motors, generators.

Running the engine with electrotransport 60 and multiple compressors with heat exchangers can reduce the toxicity of combustion products, the consumption of the installation as a whole, as well as the costs of fuel for pumping heated materials due to the reduction of viscosity of the near-wall layer and reduce the resistance to their movement through pipelines.

The engine with a perforated pipe is inserted into the lower hollow cone ejector shown in Fig.18. He is not different from that shown in Fig.1, 8, 11, 12, and only supplemented by a perforated pipe 70.1 inserted into the tube 70. The latter is rigidly fixed in the wall of the cone 69 perforated pipe 70.1 is centered slightly below the plane of the connection cones 68 and 69. Total living section of the holes of the perforated pipe 70.1 more living section of the exhaust pipe 1.8 engine so as not to create additional resistance at the exit of products of combustion from the engine. Pipe 70 with a perforated pipe 70.1 can connect with the outlet 1.8 engine directly or through an intermediate pipe 79, depending on the technological requirements for the installation and use of equipment.

Internal combustion engine with a blower, electrotransport and a perforated pipe connected with the outlet pipe of the combustion gases, is inserted into the ejector for lifting and water heating as part of the equipment set 2-storey house with a well in the section shown in Fig. 19. The kit consists of similar to the one shown in Fig.13, the actual engine 50, the blower 47, electrotrance 60, tanks for coolant 7, pump 8, the heat sink 11, placed in the tank 71 for heating potable water, and tank 72 for heating potable water, and tank 72 for heating water technical quality. Tank 71 pipe 73 is connected to the shells 75 76 and shower. Tank 72 pipe 74 connected to the STI pipe 78 is fixed ejector, it is shown in Fig.18. Its input pipe 70 with a perforated pipe 70.1 intermediate pipe 79 is connected to the outlet 1.8 engine 50 or the extender 84 for release of combustion products. On the wall is an additional tank 80 for water technical quality, inside which is placed a pipe 81 with a fixed bottom ejector, inlet pipe 70 which are connected by an intermediate pipe 79 to the exhaust pipe 1.8 engine. The lower end of the pipe 81 with the ejector lowered into the well or bore 82. To the tank 80 is attached pipe 83 for irrigation, washing machines and the site. The direction of rotation of the rotor shaft of the engine is shown by an arrow A, the movement of products of combustion of the arrow G, the coolant - arrow W, water quality - arrow, technical water quality - arrow M

The engine that runs on hydrogen and oxygen, is made, as shown in Fig. 1, 4, 9. It differs only by the fact that the filing of various components of the fuel into the combustion chambers of the two channels. One of them 26.1 placed at the beginning of the compression field, and another 26.2 in the area of the end of the compression ratio of the first component. Fuel, more oxidant, such as oxygen, is fed into the channel 26.2 in liquid form Pease which opens its corresponding nozzle 32 and 32.4, placed in a separate pipelines separate supply of fuel components. A pair of low-pressure hydrogen after the gear 45 of the cylinder 44 or from the evaporator vessel for storing liquefied hydrogen are fed through the nozzle 32.4 in the channel 25 of the engine. Continuous regulation of the ratio of supplied quantities of fuel and oxidant is under control of electrical signals supplied to the rod 30 by the regulator oxygen content in the combustion products through the actuator 41 and the plug 43. When this sensor regulator oxygen (lambda probe) in the combustion products is mounted directly on the pipe 1.8 for the release of combustion products.

Internal combustion engine air-compression refrigeration unit (Fig. 20) consists of directly by the engine 50, blowers D and H, expander 84, centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86 and technologically related cooling chamber 85, heat exchangers 87 and 89, the water tank 88. The device of the engine 50 is shown in Fig.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12. The device of the compressor shown in Fig.10. The rotors of the engine, compressors, expander, centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus mounted on a common shaft 16. To the unification of parts and components in each case separately and may exceed specified in the text and in Fig.20. The engine 50, blowers D and H, the expander 84 are each of cylindrical shells with an eccentric placed in them finned rotors 5 and the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. One of the blowers H discharge port 47.2 pipes connected to the intake air through the heat exchanger - air cooler 87, the expander 84 and consistently installed heat exchangers, one of which 85.4 placed in a cooling chamber 85, and the other 89 out of the camera. The liquid circulation cooling the motor 50, is shown by an arrow G. It is produced from the reservoir 7 pump 8 in the inlet pipe 9 through the housing and end cover of the motor 50, the outlet 10 of the engine, the inlet and 89.1 outlet 89.2 heat exchanger-heater 89 air back into the tank 7. The air for the formation of an air-fuel mixture in the engine 50 is supplied via the duct by the blower D through pressure pipe 47.2 in the input channel 25 of the engine, as shown by the arrow WD. The air cooling chamber 85 (arrow I) is sucked through the filter check valve 85.1, tube heat exchanger 89 in the input channel 47.1 supercharger H, then under pressure moved out of the socket 47.2 into the input socket of 87.3 teploobmennikachimejutsja 84, from the outlet of 84.2 circulates through the heat exchanger - cooler 85.4 back into the heat exchanger-heater 89 and supercharger H. On the shaft 16 may be mounted rotor 86.1 centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86 for cooling water circulating through the heat exchanger 87, as shown by the arrow I. the Water from the tank 88 through the pipe through the valve 88.1 enters the rotor 86.1 where sprayed rotor blades, mixed with air, is cooled by evaporation and removed from the apparatus the pressure tube 86.2 in the inlet pipe 87.1 heat exchanger 87 and forth from the outlet of 87.2 back into the tank 88. All blowers and motor are connected with heat exchangers piping shown in the diagram. The circulation path of the fluid, cooling the engine 50, as shown by the arrow W, the movement of the air - refrigerant - arrow I, the path of movement of air for the engine - arrow VD, products of combustion of the arrow G, the cooling water of the heat exchanger 87 - arrow I.

Engine offline steam-ejection-compression chiller (Fig.21) consists of directly by the engine 50, blowers D and H, centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86. The device of the engine 50 show what asceta performance of the refrigeration unit and the feasibility of unification of parts and components in each case separately and may exceed specified in the text and in Fig.21. Supercharger D provides compressed air to the motor 50 for the formation of an air-fuel mixture. Supercharger H is designed to compress refrigerant, such as freon, ammonia, and attached to its suction pipe 47.1 steam ejector 93. The rotors of the engine 50, blowers D and H, centrifugal heat and mass transfer device 86 mounted on a common shaft 16. Each of the blowers and the motor consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors 5 and seals cylinder 6.2. In fact, at least one of the blower discharge port 47.2 connected with suction 47.1 through a capacitor 87 of refrigerant control valve 90.3, evaporator 85 refrigerant placed in the chamber 85 cooling, the suction nozzle 93.2 steam ejector 93. In the discharge nozzle 93.1 refrigerant vapor flows from the two heat exchangers 92 and 91, heated respectively by the products of combustion and coolant from the engine 50. All blowers and motor are connected with heat exchangers piping shown in the diagram. The circulation path of the fluid, cooling the motor 50, as shown by the arrow W, the movement of refrigerant nab the second capacitor 87, - arrow I.

In Fig.22 shows the engine, which is used as a hydraulic motor. It is made with input guide having a tapering socket 94 housing 95 in the form of two parallel intersecting cylinders with end caps. End caps are executed, as shown in Fig.2., except for the channels for cooling. The housing can also be cylindrical, as shown in Fig.1.23. The engine with the case of two cylinders is more difficult to manufacture, but has more power per unit mass of the engine. This case and finned rotor 5 in it similar to those shown in Fig.4. In the smaller of the cylinders posted by eccentric shaft 16 with finned rotor 5 and the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. The rotor 5 has ribs hollow movable plate 5.4 with sides, spring-loaded elastic elements-springs 5.7. In some cases, when high calculation speed of the shaft, sufficient for reliable extension plates to the housing by the action of centrifugal forces, the elastic elements are not required. The housing 95 has a lattice 95.1 in the input box and 95.2 in the exhaust to prevent ejection of the seals 6.2 in the form of cylinders. The angle at the centers of the inlet and outlet Windows in UPRAVLENIE of rotation of the rotor indicated by the arrow A.

The actuator floating Autonomous self-aligning unit of the national hydro-power dams is shown in Fig.23 and 24. From the hydraulic motor of Fig.22 he is performing housing 95 in the form of a cylinder with a hole 95.1 exhaust, fitted two input sockets 94.1 and 94.2 with back elastic rubber valves and 94.3 94.4, apron 94.5 window 94.6. On one of the pipes attached to the generator 98. In the housing wall of the unit there is a hole 99.16 for air release. The shaft 16 of the hydraulic motor is connected to the shaft of the generator 98 gear or chain drive, placed on the end cap and is not shown in the drawing. Gear greatly increases the rotational speed of the shaft of the generator. Finned rotor 5 has a solid rib, which is placed between the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. Sealing elements 6.2 can be solid, hollow, closed on the ends or in the form of open tubes. The choice is substantiated by calculations. The actuator is in the Autonomous floating samoustraniajutsia unit 99 (Fig.24) team of a hydroelectric dam at the same time used as ballast and hydraulic generator. Energopro the vessel with the power frame inside. Assembled without ballast unit has buoyancy. For convenience of transportation in some cases it can be manufactured in teams of several sections with flanges. At the bottom of the unit 99 has an end in the form of a wedge, filled Balasta, such as sand, gravel. Inside the unit is fixed to the hydraulic motor to a generator 98, shown in more detail in Fig. 23, and valves and 94.3 K.4. The unit can have multiple hydraulic motors with power. Below the hydraulic drive outside of the housing unit fixed flat rubber valve 99.3 and 99.5, respectively closing the window and 99.4 99.6. To prevent the fish in the hydraulic motor outside the housing provides protection grid 99.7 and 99.8. Between the grids and the valve housing is located and 99.9 99.10, opening or closing the path of water in the inlet pipes of the hydraulic motor. To lift the flaps on the outside of the housing, in the upper part, is provided by the winch 99.11 with rope made of synthetic material and a sealed motor with manual drive. In the lower part of the housing through the side wall omitted and the fixed pipe 99.12 into which is inserted the axle 99.13 for attaching the unit to the place of jitelstva hydropower plant on the river with a one-way direction of water movement need in the box, 99.6, valves 99.3 and 99.5, the valve 99,9, fish protection grid 99.7, apron 94,5, valves and 94.3 94.4 disappears.

Tidal hydroelectric power plant from floating Autonomous units dochodowy shipping gateway, as a General version of the technical solutions of the problems, as shown in Fig. 25, 24 and 26. It is from having the ability to rotate around a horizontal axis fixed lower ends at the bottom of the river or pond and placed in series between the fixed coastal 100 and gateway 101 supports a multitude of uniform hollow floating Autonomous self-aligning units 99. Each of the 99 units are equipped with a hydraulic motor, comprising a cylindrical body 95 with a tapering guide pipe, and an eccentric placed in him finned rotor 5 with a seal in the form of a cylinder 6.2. Each unit is equipped with fixed in its lateral walls of the pipe 99.12 with the axis 99.13, shock absorber 99.14 in the form of a tire, the protection nets 99.7 and 99.8, winch 99.11 with flaps and 99.9 99.10, ballast 99.2, the inlet and outlet Windows with non-return valves 94.3, and 94.4 99.3, 99.5, Overdrive gearing connecting the motor with the generator 98, and a flat gasket 99.15 to overlap the longitudinal gaps between the unit is to be on the base plate 103 or on the ground with a pile 104. The choice is determined by calculations of the loads block with buoyancy. Hydroelectric power plant on the river is different from the tidal application units with one-way water inlet. This double gate gateways hydroelectric run of having the lift hollow sealed double gate 106, mounted on a common vertical axis 107 with the possibility of rotation on the 90oand close abutment to a fixed gateway 101 and the coast supports 108. The latter has a small indentation to lock in the closed position. The axis 107 of the gate is supported by bearings. The lower fixed on underwater concrete base, the upper beam 109, based on the axis and a concrete pole 110 and the bearing on himself the electric double gates. In the closed position the gate is tightly adjacent to the coast supports 101 and 108. Performing gate hollow sealed with two blades is equal to the area allows for the balancing of the hydrostatic forces acting on the blade of the gate, and the action of buoyancy force equal to the weight of the water displaced, substantially reduce the vertical load on the lower bearing, strength, and accordingly the capacity of the actuator for opening and closing ducholet nashen the hydraulic motor, consisting of a cylindrical body 95 with a tapering guide pipe, and an eccentric placed in him finned rotor 5 with the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies and the generator 98 may operate when the difference in water levels of less than 1 meter.

Start and run a pre-configured and tuned engine with a cylindrical casing and a motor casing made of two intersecting cylinders, as well as single or multiple't have differences. The engine on liquid hydrocarbon fuels is as follows.

Start the engine, shown in Fig.1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, with its own blower 47, shown in Fig.10, is carried out from outside the starting of the engine, for example, electric powered battery, after turning on the ignition key. At the same time on the shaft 16 rotates the rotor 5 engines 50.1 and 50.2, blower 47 air, opens the electromagnetic valve 17, are included pumps 8, 18, 33, is current on the surface of the candles in the holes 2.5, 3.5, 1.3, 1.4, and in the control circuit of the electromagnet 38, the rheostat 37, automatic controls operating parameters of the engine and sensors.

The control lever 28 which increases the current in the coil of an electromagnet 38, which overcomes the resistance of spring 39. Under the action of the spring 40, the lower end of the rod 30 with needle 31.1 partially opens the hole in the nozzle 32. Fuel under pressure from the pump 33 is supplied to the input channel 25 where it is mixed with the stream of air supplied under pressure by the blower 47.

The blower of the internal combustion engine shown in Fig.10, 11, 12, 13, 20, 21, works in the following way. When the shaft 16 of the ribs 5 move the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies. Due to centrifugal forces, the seals move to the inner surface of the cylindrical body 47 and create a reliable seal. Air is drawn in through an extended nozzle 47.1 for air inlet and gradually moves to the edges 5 of the rotor. Thus by reducing the volume between the cylinder 47 and eccentric placed it on the hollow shaft 16 finned rotor air is compressed, heated and under pressure emerges from the discharge pipe 47.2. The direction of rotation of the rotor 5 is indicated by an arrow A, it coincides with the direction of rotation of the motor rotor, the seal of the arrow B, the inlet and outlet of compressed air by the arrow C. the Supercharger with the case of the two to move different liquids, gas-liquid mixtures, including under vacuum, it works the same, but the liquid phase is expelled through the channels 47.3.

The first compression air is the compressor before feeding it into the engine and is accompanied by a preliminary heating. Next, the air-fuel mixture, as shown by the arrow C (Fig.1), under pressure passes through the channel 26 between the casing 24 and the outer surface of the housing on the intercostal channels to the input channel 26.1 and through him into the housing to the rotor 5. On the way the components of the mixture is intensively mixed together due to friction against the walls of the ribs 23, the housing 24, the housing 1, the bolts connecting the end cap and the housing, glowing candles in the cavity between the casing and the casing. Moving and rotating sealing elements 6.1 or 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies is carried out by the edges of the rotating rotor 5. When the rotor 5, as shown by the arrow A, the seals under the action of centrifugal forces is snug against the inner surface of the body 1 of the engine, and due to the driving forces of the ribs of the rotor they are tight to the last. Due to friction forces that occur when moving, cylindrical sealing elements also acquire rotational digitisation placement of the rotor, the fuel-air mixture between the ribs of the rotor is additionally compressed and heated. When reaching into the combustion chamber temperature of ignition of the compressed mixture is lit from the glowing candles and additionally expanding. The gas pressure on all sides of each working chamber of the combustion of the same, but due to the difference of the squares of the edges with a seal occurs the difference of the forces acting on the ribs in the direction indicated by the arrow A. the Release of combustion products through the exhaust pipe 1.8 due to the difference of pressures in the combustion chambers and the tube connected with the atmosphere. The rotor speed increases due to the increased flow of fuel-air mixture, the engine warmed up and running in idle mode, provided the initial setting and starting the engine ignition key is turned off. The combustion products at the outlet of the exhaust pipe 1.8 engine depending on the power required and fuel consumption, settings can have a temperature of from 180 to 450oC and a pressure of from 0.3 to 1-2 kgf/cm2the engine is not dispolsal energy fuel.

Coolant is conducted through pipelines and arrows J. the Pump 8 gigalo from the hot body 1, and out of the nozzle 10. Similarly, the fluid enters through the inlet nozzles 2.2 and 3.2, cools the annular channels 2.3, 3.3 to the end caps with bearings and oil seals and outlet pipes, 2.4 and 3.4 to the end caps is returned to the tank 7. The heated liquid is returned into the container 7 through the radiator 11. However, only part of the heated fluid passes through the heat exchanger 12, such as a heater, and is returned to the tank 7. The other part of the heated liquid is returned into the container 7 through thermostat 13, and when the desired temperature is reached, through him, the same goes in the jacket of the heat exchanger 14 pre-heating of water intended for supply to the steam generator. From the jacket of the heat exchanger 14 who gave some of the heat, the coolant is returned to the tank 7. Part of the coolant from the tank 7 under the pressure of the pump 8 is supplied to the common hollow shaft 16 of the motor and blower, as shown by the arrow W, where it cools the shaft 16 and the rotor 5 engines 50.1 and 50.2, blower 47 and their bearings and seals to the end caps. Of the shaft 16 of the heated fluid F through a special known device for draining fluid from a rotating hollow shaft, not shown in the drawing, the ez-return valve 15 and the electromagnetic valve 17 by a pump 18 is supplied under pressure into the inlet pipe 19 of the steam generator, formed in the body housing 1 channels 1.2 and ring collectors 1.5 and 1.6 with 1.7 jumpers to the end caps 2 and 3. You can use rain water derived from snow, condensation boilers, and even ordinary. In the latter case will require periodic flushing of the channels 12 of the steam generator orthophosphorous acid for dissolving scale, then neutralization of the residual acid alkali and washing residual alkali water. Taking heat from the hot body 1, the water in the canals 1.2 into steam. From the exhaust pipe 20 pairs continuously fed into the channel 21, as shown by the arrow P. Through a nozzle 22 in the channel 21 steam under pressure fine spray jet enters the intercostal space of the rotor 5 and displaces the combustion products in the exhaust pipe 1.8. In this part the pair remains in the combustion chambers and mixes with the incoming heated air-fuel mixture. This provides steam superheat, its extension, a more even distribution of the flame in the combustion chamber and a lower combustion temperature. Fuel consumption for steam superheat is very small and is compensated by its extension, as the main part of the cost of heat for the vaporization used due Vostochnoi mixture, passing through the outer side of the housing 1 with the ribs 23, which are designed to increase the heat exchange surface and enhance the strength of the housing 1. The amount of steam directed to displace the combustion products, is regulated by adjustment of the engine by installing a removable nozzles 22. The steam from the nozzles may be made in reciprocating internal combustion engines.

If necessary, increase the frequency of rotation of the rotor lever 28 retracts farther to the left. This increases the supply of air and fuel in accordance with the configure terminal controller 30 of the ratio of fuel and oxidant. If necessary, reduce the frequency of rotation of the rotor, the lever 28 is diverted to the right, whereby it decreases the supply of fuel, and only then air.

In all cases, changes in the supply of air and fuel lever 28, the rod 30 also receives control signals on circuits feedback from automatic controls operating parameters of the engine through an electromagnetic actuators 41 relevant regulators and in excess of a predetermined level of any one of them automatically reduces the supply of fuel prevents incomplete combustion of fuel isaku sensors, automatic regulators and electromagnetic actuators 41 with electrical circuits and signals and the feedback passage of control signals takes only seconds and regulation is carried out in instantaneous mode. The combustion is carried out continuously under the control of the sensors of engine parameters and content of toxic and other substances with a clear fast feedback. The latter is particularly important for the regulation of engines operating in variable modes, such as cars, motorcycles, tractors and other vehicles.

In the same way, starts and runs multiple engine shown in Fig. 12, having a common housing, the shaft 16, the blower 5.9, fuel supply system, power supply, cooling and two Autonomous rod 30, one for each section 5.8 and 5.10 of the engine, with the appropriate components, electrical and kinematic chains and links.

The engine with additional combustion of part of the air-fuel mixture, mounted on a common shaft, the compressor and expander (Fig.8, 1, 2, 5), runs and operates as described above. The difference is in the surrounding of the engine 50, only in the hollow shaft 16 and the end caps 2 and 3 with bearings 4 and stuffing-box seals 2.1 and 3.1. Demineralized water pump 18 through a check valve 15 under pressure supplied to the pipe 10. All channels 1.2 in the case of the engine used for the operation of the steam generator. For sufficient heating of the amount of steam generated by the steam generator in the channels 1.2 of the housing 1 of the motor 50 will be insufficient. The extender 84 on a common shaft 16 a few minutes during the cold start of the engine is vacuumless, creating a vacuum in the pipe 1.8 for the release of combustion products. As the engine warms up 50 the amount of steam produced in the channels 1.2 steam generator, and the pressure due to overheating increases. Overcoming the specified resistance sealed safety valve 46, the excess steam (arrow P) through the pipe enters the inlet 49.4 and mixed with passing through the combustion chamber 49 of the combustion products (arrow G), having a temperature of 180-450oC.

The temperature and pressure of the mixture are averaged. The motor 50 is beginning to work with increasing back pressure in the nozzle 1.8 for the release of combustion products. Through virustrojan 84.1 expander 84, where the energy of compression of the mixture is converted into mechanical energy of the rotating shaft 16. When submitting supercharger D excess air portion heated in the channel 26 of the engine 50 mixture (arrow), overcomes the resistance of sealed valve 50.2 and relief valve 46, enters through the inlet pipe 49.3 in pipe 49.5 open end and then directly to the fiery spiral igniter of 49.7. Excess air-fuel mixture under pressure blower 47 passes countercurrent through the pipe 49.5 additionally heated by the walls of the pipe and in contact with the heated coil ignitor 49.7 outlet pipe burns that gives extra warmth to the products of combustion from the engine. Increasing the temperature of combustion products in the combustion chamber 49 leads to a corresponding increase in the quantity of heat energy, which in the expander 84 is converted into mechanical.

The connection of the outlet pipes for the release of combustion products, steam generators and duct air-fuel mixture of the engine to the expander through a combined cycle gas turbine combustion chamber part of the air-fuel mixture, allows you to use part of the heat loss on the formation of parisite due to this temperature and pressure of the combustion products at the outlet to the atmosphere and to increase the effective efficiency of the heat of combustion of fuel to 45-50%, that 3-8% better than reciprocating engines.

The internal combustion engine is made with a perforated pipe is inserted into the lower hollow cone ejector and a glass on the shaft inside of the reversible electric machine shown in Fig.19. It is designed for lifting and water heating as part of the equipment of the house with a well. The engine starts with the preliminary combustion gases in the atmosphere for a period of entering the idle mode. To do this, before starting the engine described and shown in Fig.1, 4, 11, 12, 19, first open the valve 79.1 connecting pipe 79 for supplying products of combustion to a perforated pipe 70.1, with an exhaust pipe 78 and start the engine 50 with the blower 47 and a glass of 60.1 on the motor shaft, as described and shown for the engine of Fig. 1, 11. After the release of the engine 50 at idle and warm-up valve 79.1 closed. Under the pressure of the combustion products, as shown by the arrow G through the perforated pipe 70.1 small bubbles appear in the cavity of the lower cone 69 and form a water-gas mixture whose density is much less than water. This mixture due to the difference of hydrostatic forces and pressure of the combustion products p and nscontainerframe gases through an exhaust pipe opening into the atmosphere. By lowering the pipes 74 and heater 77 water having a higher density than the gas mixture descends further into the pipe 78 to a perforated pipe 70.1. So there is a continuous circulation of the heated water, as shown by the arrow M, and is home heating due to the energy of the hot combustion products. If you want to use waste energy products of combustion to rise technical water from a well or wells for irrigation, washing vehicles, sidewalks, and other household needs pipe 79 connects with the pipe 70, equipped with a perforated pipe 70.1. The rise of water in the tank 80 is described manner, the water removal is performed through the pipe 83. The use of heated water for irrigation can increase yields of agricultural crops.

The motor 50 having a capacity of 7, and the circulation pump 8, can also be used to heat the potable water in the tank 71 is inserted in a sealed heat exchanger - a heat sink 11, which pipe 73 is connected to the shell 75, shower 76. Water circulation through the motor housing 50 and the blower 47 is shown by an arrow J.

The engine that runs on hydrogen and oxygen (Fig.1, 4, 9), sauske is carried out in two channels. One of them 26.1 placed at the beginning of the field of compression of the hydrogen, and the other 26.2 - in end of the compression first. Fuel, rather oxidizer oxygen, is fed into the channel 26.2 in liquid form under pressure by a pump, not shown in the drawing. A pair of low-pressure hydrogen after the gear 45 of the cylinder 44 or from the evaporator vessel for storing liquefied hydrogen are fed through the nozzle 32.4 in the channel 25 of the engine. Continuous regulation of the ratio of supplied quantities of fuel and oxidant produced by the rod 30 under control of electrical signals supplied to it by the regulator oxygen content in the combustion products through the actuator 41 and the plug 43. The products of combustion (water) discharged through the nozzle 1.8 for the release of combustion products. Running on hydrogen and oxygen, the engine requires a large complex system storage of liquefied gases, therefore, it may be economically feasible only for high-performance engines, such as diesel locomotives, ships, refrigerated, large and medium size fishing freezer trawlers, tankers, rail refrigerated sections and trains, where the complex can use the fuel and the cold liquefied gases having a very high those who roletnih installations near nuclear power plants through the use of time mezhpikovoe loads, when the reduced consumption of electricity, and nuclear reactors preferred constant load. The filling station for liquefied gases can be arranged in the ports, large railway junctions.

The motor 54 (Fig.13) Autonomous injection installation performed by electrotransport 60, started using as a starting motor own electric cars. In this case, as in the conventional direct current motor, the battery current is simultaneously supplied to the stator winding 62.1 fixed inside the housing 62, and through brush and 60.5 collector 60.3 in the rotor winding 60.2, fixed outside the glass 60.1. Start the engine 54 is as described above. After the release of the motor 54 in idle mode and warm it up, manually or automatically, the stator winding 62.1 connect the electrical circuit with consumers, and in the excitation winding 60.2 Cup 60.1 through the collector 60.3 and brush 60.5 serves current. This reversible electric machine begins to operate in the normal mode of the generator of electric current and provides electricity needs. Start the engine 54 is facilitated by the fact that before reaching the shaft 16 preset speeds, leading dis is implemented in the calm before the release of the motor 54 in a given mode of operation. After reaching the motor 54 with a given frequency of rotation of the shaft 16, the liquid in the movable elastic chamber 60.2 under the action of centrifugal force moves adjacent the disc 60.13, overcomes the resistance of spring 61.3 and enters the master and slave disks with friction linings in a tight grip. Driven shaft 61 starts to rotate. The increase in the load is gradually increasing the frequency of rotation of the finned rotors and seals in the cylinder.

The engine of the Autonomous air-compression refrigeration unit (Fig. 20) is started, as described above. Compressed air for the formation of an air-fuel mixture in the engine 50 is supplied via the duct by the blower D through pressure pipe 47.2 in the input channel 25 of the engine, as shown by the arrow WD. Fuel supply, electricity supply, regulation is unchanged from above. The difference lies only in the fact that at the same time when you start start to rotate the rotors of the engine 50, blowers D and H, expander 84, centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86. Start is facilitated by the fact that the seals of the cylinder creates a seal and workload only after Costigan adeusi engine 50 (arrow W). It is produced from the reservoir 7 pump 8 in the inlet pipe 9 through the housing and end cover of the motor 50, the outlet 10 of the engine, the inlet and 89.1 outlet 89.2 heat exchanger-heater 89 air back into the tank 7. The temperature and pressure of the air in the tubes of the heat exchanger - air heater 89 is gradually increasing. Heated air (arrow I) is sucked through the inlet 47.1 supercharger H, shrinks them, in addition heated and under pressure is directed through pipe 87.3 in tube heat exchanger 87, where water from the tank 88, circulating in the casing under the pressure of the pressure tube 86.2 centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86 is cooled and sent through the pipe 84.1 in the vessel housing 84. Compressed air pushes against the edges of the rotor with a cylindrical sealing elements. Due to the difference of the squares of the edges of the sealing elements and, accordingly, the pressure forces the air causes the rotor to rotate and simultaneously expanding, pereohlajdenia and enters the heat exchanger - cooler 85.4 inside the cooling chamber 85, where it takes heat from the air surrounding the cargo inside the chamber, and flows back through pipe 89.3 in Teploobmennik what about the air - refrigerant occurs, if necessary, through a filter - check valve 85.1. Applying heat to the liquid coolant of the engine 50, for heating and air compression of the refrigerant, and the extender 84 converts the energy of flow of the chilled water compressed air into mechanical energy of a rotating shaft 16, reduces the load on the engine and fuel costs per unit produced cold. The use of centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus, multiple compressors on a common shaft of the internal combustion engine makes it possible to reduce the consumption of materials, to increase the compactness of the Autonomous refrigeration unit.

Engine offline steam-ejection-compressional refrigeration unit (Fig.21) is started, as described above. Compressed air for the formation of an air-fuel mixture in the engine 50 is supplied via the duct by the blower D through pressure pipe 47.2 in the input channel 25 of the engine, as shown by the arrow C. the fuel Supply, air supply, the regulation is unchanged from above. The difference lies only in the fact that at the same time when you start start to rotate the rotors of the engine 50, the blower D and H, centrifugal, diploma is I create a seal and workload only after reaching a certain frequency of rotation of the rotors. At the same time starts the circulation and heating of the liquid, cooling the motor 50, which is shown by an arrow G. It is made from the annulus of the heat exchanger 91 pump 8 in the inlet pipe 9 through the housing and end cover of the motor 50, the outlet 10 of the engine, the inlet and 91.1 outlet 91.2. During the circulation of the liquid is continuously gives off its heat in the heat exchanger 91 liquid vapor to the freon or ammonia in the tubes. The products of combustion from the nozzle 1.8 under pressure of the engine 50 are passed through the tubes of the heat exchanger 92 and out into the atmosphere, giving its heat to the liquid and vaporous refrigerant in the annular space of the heat exchanger 92 (arrow G). Supercharger H is designed to compress refrigerant, such as freon, ammonia, and attached to its suction pipe 47.1 steam ejector 93. Sucking a pair of refrigerant from the ejector 93, supercharger H compresses, heats, directs them from the discharge end of 47.2 pipe 87.3 capacitor 87 through which circulates in the casing water (arrow), supplied under pressure from a pressure tube 86.2 centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86. In the tubes of the condenser 87 pairs of refrigerant is cooled, condensed and shiroudi valve 90.3 in the evaporator 85.3, placed in a cooling chamber 85. In the control valve 90.3 liquid refrigerant is expanding dramatically, turns into a supercooled vapor, which takes the heat from the cargo in the cooling chamber. From the evaporator 85.3 pair of refrigerant sucked steam ejector 93 and supercharger H, again compressed, heated and returned to the circulation path of the refrigerant (arrow f). Portion of the liquid refrigerant pump 90 through the pressure regulator 90.1 directed into the inlet pipe 91.3 heat exchanger 91, where in the pipes is heated by the liquid, cooling the motor 50, and turns into steam. Another part of the liquid refrigerant pump 90 through the same pressure regulator 90.1 directed into the inlet pipe 92.1 heat exchanger 92, where it passes through the annular space, is heated, turns into steam, which connects with the steam from the heat exchanger 91, under pressure is directed into the discharge pipe 93.1 ejector 93 and is included in the total pressurized circulation path of the refrigerant.

Water cooling a pair of refrigerant in the condenser 87, from the tank 88 through the valve 88.1 served by gravity into the rotor of the centrifugal heat and mass transfer apparatus 86, where it is sprayed rotor blades, mixed with air, part of which is shown by the arrow I.

Use heat products of combustion and fluid, cooling the internal combustion engine, allows to significantly reduce fuel costs per unit produced cold, and also to reduce the consumption of the Autonomous refrigeration unit, to increase its compactness.

The internal combustion engine (Fig.13, 14, 17) with antiresonance drives 60.8 per Cup 60.1 runs and operates as described above. Increasing the frequency of rotation mounted on the shaft 16 cups 60.1 increases the speed of disk 60.8. In this case, each having a different mass disks, due to the sliding behind glass and rotates with a natural frequency different from the frequency of rotation of the Cup and the adjacent disk. The Central moment of inertia of the entire rotating system is constantly shifting, does not allow her to enter the dangerous condition of resonance oscillations. The motor operates in continuous combustion without noisy exhausts, has dangerous vibrations, can be installed in non-residential parts of buildings and structures, used in Autonomous vehicles, pumping, gasmotorenfabrik, refrigeration, welding machines, power plants. In some variants of its applications to the P CLASS="ptx2">

In Fig.22 shows the engine, which is used as a hydraulic motor. He works as follows. Water in the pipe 97 from the reservoir 96 under pressure is supplied to the input guide tapering nozzle 94 of the housing 95, made in the form of two parallel intersecting cylinders with end caps. Eccentric placed in a smaller cylinder shaft 16 with finned rotor 5 and the sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies under the water pressure begins to rotate. Gave his energy water freely under the action of gravity discharged from the discharge window with bars, 95.2. At low rotor speed, the elastic elements are springs 5.7, due to the preliminary compression in the cylinder with a smaller radius, make movable plate 5.4. With sufficient frequency that occurs due to the centrifugal force. Sealing elements 6.2 in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies under the action of gravity and centrifugal forces, securely block the gap between the edges of the rotor and the housing. This allows you to almost completely convert the energy of water flow into mechanical energy of a rotating shaft. Other hydraulic motors loss of potential energy of water reach 5-15%, small namereny the hydraulic motor can be used in small hydropower to drive mills, pumps, generators, especially with remote foothill areas rich in water resources of small rivers.

Now the hydraulic motor, comprising a floating Autonomous self-aligning unit of the dam, can be applied to river and tidal hydroelectric plants, especially where it is not economically feasible to import fuel, to power lines.

The actuator (Fig. 23) fixed Autonomous floating samoustraniajutsia unit 99, shown in Fig.24 in the neutral position of the national tidal dam hydroelectric works in the following way. When the water level side flaps 99.10 increases, fixed at the bottom to rotate a hollow fpus 99 gradually declined towards the lowest level. When reaching a certain difference in water levels from different sides of the unit, such as 0.8 to 1 meter, winch 99.11 automatically raises the valve 99.10 and water under the action of gravity to its pressure opens the valve 94.3, passes between the housing 95 and the upper part tapering pipe to the window with bars 95.1. Check valve 94.4 water pressure closes the window 94.6 in the apron 94.5. Under the action of gravity, the water Zap is ranked on the elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies 6.2, overlying the gap between the casing and the ribs. The rotating shaft 16 of the hydraulic motor through reducer rotating shaft of the generator 98, which produces electricity and cable transmits it to the regulators and converters of voltage and current on the shore. When the tide is ended, and the difference in water levels is becoming less defined, winch 99.11 lowers the valve 99.10, the operation of the hydraulic motor and the generator stops. With increasing low tide and when the desired difference of levels winch 99.11 opens opposite the valve 99.9 and the process is repeated but in the opposite direction. The output of the water passing through the hydraulic motor is alternately through the check valve 99.3 and 99.5 towards the bottom of the water level. The release of very small amounts of air dissolved in water, will occur through the holes and 95.1 99.16 in the housing unit 99. When applying the hydraulic drive comprising self-aligning unit of the national hydro-power dams on the river, the process is similar, but continuously and in one direction only.

Tidal hydroelectric many floating Autonomous units with the gateway, as a General version of the technical solution shown in devout prepared metal frame - the patterns of location of the piles. Piles 102 or 104 under the supervision of a diver score exactly in the slot of the template. Then, if necessary, laid the Foundation blocks 103. In a prepared bed of floating crane alternately lowered collected on the shore of 99 units with lowered flaps 99.10 and 99.9, as well as longitudinal flat seals 99.15 of the rubber material. While the unit 99 is suspended on the hook of the crane and has the ability to move them, divers connect the ends of each pipe 99.12 unit 99 coupler 105 of the anchor chain or rope from the pile 102. When mounting units 99 in the river need to pile 102 and the couplers 105 on the side of low water level disappears. Under the action of gravity to the lower end of the unit 99 is lowered onto the Foundation unit or soil. Convinced of the reliability of the lower mounting unit, the integrity and the accuracy of the placement and action of the hydraulic motor, electric generator 98, winches 99.11, protection nets 99.7 and 99.8, flaps and 99.9 99.10, check valves and 94.3 94.4, 99.3 and 99.5, flat seal 99.15, disconnect it from the hook of a crane. Similarly alternately mounted units with dampers 99.14. Then connect them via connectors on the generator 98 electric is dinasti compounds and include in the work, as described above, each unit independently as needed.

Hydro dam of Autonomous hollow floating units 99, each of which is equipped with a hydraulic motor, comprising a cylindrical body 95, with tapering the guide pipe, and an eccentric placed in him finned rotor 5 with a seal in the form of a cylinder, and an electric generator 98 may operate when the difference in water levels of less than 1 meter. This plant can have a small reservoir with a length less than 2-3 km With a minimum height of backwater 2-3 meters. Regulation of seasonal accumulation and water use can be carried out by cascade similar to HPP. Electricity and water in small reservoirs are close to consumers. A cascade of small reservoirs, with a small interval changes in water level in each of them, will improve conditions for natural reproduction of fish. Gateways are mounted on a common axis double gates will be able to skip two counter-flow vessels made forest, and when they are incomplete opening, without great loss of water, may occasionally be used as a fish passage channel. Floating eneable temporarily continue to operate in a partially submerged or under moving over them with ice. Repair unit can be on the beach after lifting by the crane, while the output from the unit can be immediately replaced by a spare, and large losses in electricity generation will not. If the national dam of many self-aligning units each of them operates independently, has a small capacity, which allows you to Deposit and withdraw them from work in accordance with the actual load. Because electricity cannot accumulate near the hydroelectric power station can be equipped with additional mechanical, thermal batteries, cheap energy, electrochemical batteries, electrolyzers for producing hydrogen and oxygen required by other consumers. Design and construction, the development of the capacity and operation of hydroelectric power stations with standardized units prefabricated instead of a huge concrete dam with a unique heavy generators will require less time, materials, manpower, funds, will review the prospective reserves of water resources in the direction of their increase, and to increase the generation of electricity for export. This creates new jobs lstmetallurgy and related enterprises.

1. The internal combustion engine is formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that the sealing elements made in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies based on the edges of the rotor and the inner surface of the housing.

2. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the casing is made in two parallel intersecting cylinders, the smaller of which is eccentric posted by hollow shaft with a hollow rotor having a hollow movable plate with flanges at the edges of the rotor and sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotating bodies.

3. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the housing is sealed in heat-insulating casing, while the hollow space between the casing and the housing, on the outer surface of which has a rib strength, serves as a heater and mixer fuel and air, and some of the channels in the body casing used for the steam generator to produce steam and wipe them products of combustion from the chambers.

4. The engine under item 1, characterized in that at the ends of the ribs of the rotor is fixed removable lining, and paspalidium, platinum, rhodium, aluminum.

5. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the regulator ratio of fuel and oxidant comprising fixed on Prohorova support rod, which valve opens the nozzle, letting the fuel to the combustion chambers and has a feedback sensor operating parameters of the engine through the automatic controls of temperature, pressure, shaft speed, content of toxic and other substances in the pipes release of combustion products, the sending control signals to the terminal via the associated actuators, and controls the oxidizer lever associated kinematic chain with flap, passing compressed air, and an electric circuit with the terminal via a resistor and an electromagnet.

6. The engine under item 1, characterized in that on its shaft fixed to the rotor of the blower, for example, plate, blade, turbine, or consisting of a cylindrical body, an eccentric placed in him finned rotor with sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, end caps, suction and pressure pipes, while the discharge port of the compressor is connected by a duct to run on a common shaft with the compressor and expander, each of which consists of a cylindrical body with an eccentric placed in him finned rotor and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, and the input channel of the supply air-fuel mixture, the nozzles of the products of combustion and steam from the steam generator motor is connected to the expander through a combined cycle gas turbine combustion chamber air-fuel mixture.

8. The engine under item 1, characterized in that it is made of several modules of the same or different capacity and sizes, connected by a common frame, power supply system, fuel supply, cooling, remote monitoring and control, as well as the shaft, giving the total torque.

9. The engine under item 1, characterized in that it is made with a perforated pipe that is inserted in the bottom of the hollow body of the ejector and connected via a pipe with a pipe the output of the combustion products.

10. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the installed on the shaft hollow glass, inside of which is a movable fluid-filled hollow elastic element, wheel discs with friction plates and the bearing of the driven shaft with the driven disk, outside of he supply the puppy inside reversible electric machine and end is closed by a flange with a second bearing of the driven shaft.

11. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the feeding of various components of the fuel into the combustion chambers of the two channels, with the channel for the first component placed in the beginning of the region of compression, and the second channel for the other component is in the area of the end of the compression ratio of the first component.

12. The engine under item 1, characterized in that the wearing of the cylindrical rotating parts or nodes antiresonance disks of different mass, the inner bore which is eccentric outer circles, and disks have the possibility of slippage during rotation.

13. The internal combustion engine of the Autonomous injection installation formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that it is made dened on a common shaft connected additional blowers, consisting of cylindrical shells with an eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of a cylindrical rotation body and the piping between the blower and after the last h is webcami motor and blower for circulating the coolant and the release of combustion products.

14. The internal combustion engine of the Autonomous air-compression refrigeration unit formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that it is made dened on a common shaft additional compressors and expansion machine, each of which consists of a cylindrical buildings with eccentric placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, with at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the air cooler, the expansion machine and successively installed heat exchangers, one of which is placed in a cooling chamber, and the other off camera.

15. The internal combustion engine for offline steam-ejection-compression refrigeration unit formed by a hollow cylindrical casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that it is made dened on the about placed in them finned rotors and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, in this case, at least one of the blower discharge pipe connected with the suction through the condenser of the refrigerant control valve, the evaporator refrigerant placed in a cooling chamber, and a suction nozzle of a steam ejector, and in the discharge nozzle latest refrigerant vapor flows from the two heat exchangers heated by combustion products and liquid cooling the motor.

16. The internal combustion engine for use as a hydraulic motor, formed by a casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that it has an input guide tapering nozzle, the body is made in the form of one or two intersecting cylinders with end caps, the smaller of which is posted by eccentric shaft with finned rotor and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, and the angle between the inlet and outlet Windows in the building is less than 180oand the rotor is equipped with a hollow movable plates with sides and elastic elements.

17. The internal combustion engine for use as a GI and, formed by a casing, end caps with bearings and eccentric located in the housing, a cylindrical rotor with movable sealing elements, characterized in that it is made in the form of a cylinder with a hole for air release and two input pipes with elastic rubber valves, apron with a window and secured to one of the nozzles of the electric and eccentric placed in the cylinder rotor with ribs and sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies.

18. Hydroelectric containing reservoir, a dam, a stationary abutment, a hydraulic motor, an electric generator, characterized in that it is made of having the ability to rotate, fixed lower ends at the bottom of the reservoir and arranged in a row between the fixed coastal and gateway supports multiple hollow floating Autonomous self-aligning units, each of which is equipped with a hydraulic motor consisting of a cylindrical body with tapering bound elbows and eccentric placed in him finned rotor with sealing elements in the form of cylindrical rotating bodies, each unit is also equipped with fish protection grid,a generator, and having the lift hollow sealed double sluice gates mounted on a common vertical axis can be rotated and adjunction to a stationary gateway and shore support.

 

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